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American Hand-Colored Lithographs

American Hand-Colored LithographsCreated by: Library Of CongressDated: 1846
Surrender of Cornwallis: at York-Town Va. Oct. 1781
The invention of lithography at the turn of the 19th century opened a new world for bird illustrators. It brought many advantages to the artist — ease of use, a softness of line, and a new freedom to effect bold designs with a wide range of light and dark tones. Most of the fine ornithology books of the 19th century were prepared in folio format with hand-colored lithographic plates.

The lithographic process is one of flat surface printing from a design drawn on stone. It is based on the principle of the resistance of grease to water. There are no raised or cut portions, as there are in engraving and etching. The image is drawn with greasy ink or chalk on a smooth stone, and the rest of the stone is treated with gum arabic and nitric acid. The gum retains the lines of the greasy design, which repels the water used in printing. Special paper and ink, as well as a special press, are needed to produce the prints.

First used for bird illustration in 1820, lithography was widely adopted by the best artists of the century. The technique was popular because the artist could draw his own illustration directly on the lithographic stone. Prints could be made from the drawing with no intermediary such as an engraver. Accurately reproduced and then colored by hand, the resulting illustrations gave the impression of original watercolor paintings.
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1844
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1894
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1,020 Media in collectionpage 1 of 11
James K. Polk - eleventh president of the United States / lith. & pub. by N. Currier, 2 Spruce St., N.Y.

James K. Polk - eleventh president of the United States / lith. & pub....

James K. Polk, half-length portrait, seated, facing slightly left, with the U.S. Capitol seen through window in the background. Title from item. Conningham no. 2614. Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / comp... more

Sarah Ann

Sarah Ann

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 5787

The brilliant charge of Capt. May--At the Battle of Resaca de la Palma (Palm Ravine) 9th of May 1846 [...]

The brilliant charge of Capt. May--At the Battle of Resaca de la Palma...

No. 554. Copyright by N. Currier. Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 772.

The lovers
Washington: first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen

Washington: first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of h...

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 7036

The capture of General Vega (In the act of discharging a canon) by the gallant Capt. May, of the U.S. Army, during the engagement of the 9th May / / Lith. & pub. by Sarony & Major, 117 Fulton St. N.Y.

The capture of General Vega (In the act of discharging a canon) by the...

Print shows Captain Charles Augustus May, on horseback, stopping General Vega, in the act of lighting a fuse on a cannon; troops all around them are still fighting. Forms part of: Popular graphic art print fili... more

Eliza Jane
Emeline
Trial of the Irish patriots at Clonmel, Oct. 22nd. 1848 Thos. F. Meagher, Terence B. Mc.Manus, Patrick O'Donohue, receiving their sentence / / lith. & pub. by N. Currier.

Trial of the Irish patriots at Clonmel, Oct. 22nd. 1848 Thos. F. Meagh...

Print shows Lord Chief Justice Doherty, standing (left), delivering a death sentence to members of the rebel group, Young Ireland, standing (right). Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Rese... more

Fête de la Concorde, arrivée des corporations au Champ-de-Mars / dessiné par Jules Gaildreau et Ch. Fichot.

Fête de la Concorde, arrivée des corporations au Champ-de-Mars / dessi...

Print shows a distant balloon ascending above the Champ de Mars in Paris, France, on May 21, 1848, in a ceremony commemorating the French Republic. A large crowd is assembled in the foreground; monuments, banne... more

Louisa
[Shankland's American fashions, 1849]

[Shankland's American fashions, 1849]

Print shows in two horizontal panels, at top, eight men, a woman, and four children standing outdoors along a dirt roadway, two of the men are dressed for hunting and carry rifles, and at bottom, eight men and ... more

The high priest in his robes. Exod. xxviii. 39 / lith'y. of A. Kollner Phila ; H. Camp's lith'c. press.

The high priest in his robes. Exod. xxviii. 39 / lith'y. of A. Kollner...

Print shows a priest, full-length portrait, standing, wearing robes, holding a censer with burning incense. Title from item. (DLC/PP-2001:068) Forms part of: Marian S. Carson collection at the Library of Congress.

American fashions, fall & winter 1849-50, by John R. Shankland, no. 100, Chesnut St. Philadelphia / designed & lithographed by Hoffy, No. 20 Sth. 3rd. Street, Philadelphia ; P.S. Duval's Steam lith. Press, Philadelphia.

American fashions, fall & winter 1849-50, by John R. Shankland, no. 10...

Print shows in two horizontal panels, at top, eight men, a woman, and four children standing outdoors along a dirt roadway, one man is dressed for hunting and carrying a rifle, and at bottom, six men, five chil... more

Paris moderne. Les Tuileries, le Louvre, et la rue de Rivoli, vue prise du Jardin des Tuileries (nord-ouest) / dessiné par Ch. Fichot ; lith. par Noury.

Paris moderne. Les Tuileries, le Louvre, et la rue de Rivoli, vue pris...

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. No. 5 handwritten at bottom of print Plate from Souvenirs de Paris et de ses environs. Monuments et sites les plus remarquables, dessinés d'après na... more

Reindeer polka

Reindeer polka

Artist: G.E. Lewis (signature on image). Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 5537

Design and model of the new steamer America, for the western lakes

Design and model of the new steamer America, for the western lakes

Print showing port side view of the steamer America. Title from item. Caption continues: To be built and run between Buffalo and Cleveland. Invented, designed and drawn by Darius Davison, New York. Copyright 18... more

Albany, N.Y. / on stone by Hatch & Severyn ; J.W Hill.

Albany, N.Y. / on stone by Hatch & Severyn ; J.W Hill.

Title from item. This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Hatch & Severyn.

The Bower of roses

The Bower of roses

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 0714

Sunny side: the residence of the late Washington, Irving near Tarrytown, N.Y.

Sunny side: the residence of the late Washington, Irving near Tarrytow...

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 6356

Brook trout--just caught

Brook trout--just caught

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 0790

Clara
Bridgeport Conn. and environs, from Old Mill Hill / WS ;  drawn from nature & on stone by W. Stængel, 66 Cannon St. ; print of A. Weingartner's Lithy, 87 Fulton St. N.Y.

Bridgeport Conn. and environs, from Old Mill Hill / WS ; drawn from n...

Print showing cityscape view of Bridgeport, Connecticut from a nearby hill. Title from item. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1857 by John Cornwall, in the Clerk's Office of the District of Connecticut.

Kimball & Gorton Philadelphia R.R. Car Manufactory, 21st & Hamilton Streets Philadelphia / F. Moras fe.

Kimball & Gorton Philadelphia R.R. Car Manufactory, 21st & Hamilton St...

Print shows an advertisement for the Kimball & Gorton Philadelphia R.R. Car Manufactory, with side views of a railroad passenger car and a city street-railroad passenger car that is passing P.S. Duval's lithogr... more

Fairmount

Fairmount

Print shows activities along the Schuylkill River with the Fairmount Water Works in the background on the left and a distant view, on the right, of a suspension bridge spanning the Schuylkill River in Philadelp... more

Summer shades

Summer shades

Artist: Louis Maurer (signature on image). Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 6344

The trial and sentence of Christ / by Wm. C. Robertson, 59 Cedar St., NY.

The trial and sentence of Christ / by Wm. C. Robertson, 59 Cedar St., ...

Print shows Jesus Christ wearing a crown of thorns, with hands loosely bound, sitting in a large room surrounded by theologians who hold up their sentences against him. Pointius Pilate of Jerusalem is the judge... more

The Eagle's nest The Union! it must and shall be preserved.

The Eagle's nest The Union! it must and shall be preserved.

Print shows American eagle in its nest of the American flag, which holds 34 eggs representing the states; the eggs representing the Southern states are cracked, rotten, or have various animals being hatched fro... more

Capture of Fort Henry by U.S. gun boats under the command of Flag Officer Foote, February 6th 1862 / J.G. ; Middleton, Strobridge & Co. Lith. Cin. O.

Capture of Fort Henry by U.S. gun boats under the command of Flag Offi...

Print shows four Union ironclads in the foreground, identified as the "St. Louis", "Carondelet", "Cincinnati", and the "Essex", bombarding Confederate Fort Henry in the background; also shows two Confederate st... more

Uebergang über den Rappahannock

Uebergang über den Rappahannock

Print shows Union infantry crossing the Rappahannock River in pontoon boats and firing at and being fired at by Confederate sharpshooters in Fredericksburg, Virginia.

"The people of these United States are the rightful masters of both congresses and courts, not to over-throw the Constitution, but to over-throw the men who pervert that Constitution" / E.B. & E.C. Kellogg, 245 Main Street, Hartford, Conn.

"The people of these United States are the rightful masters of both co...

Print showing three-quarter portrait of Abraham Lincoln standing, holding a book, facing right. Title from item. "This picture is a good likeness of the original." Includes facsimile signatures of Abraham Linco... more

Voyage a la lune

Voyage a la lune

French cartoon shows a man riding on a bicycle-like flying machine while looking through a telescope attached to the front. Two balloons, "Veloc[ipedes]" and "Domanie," are attached at front and rear as are pro... more

Petites constructions. Wagons / Imagerie d'Épinal.

Petites constructions. Wagons / Imagerie d'Épinal.

Print showing paper cutout designs for three railroad passenger and freight cars. Title from item. Imagerie d'Épinal, no. 1205.

View on the Hudson - West Point

View on the Hudson - West Point

Print showing steamboats and sailboats on the Hudson River, people along the shore in the foreground, and West Point in the background. Title from item.

Petites constructions. Locomotive et tender / Imagerie d'Épinal.

Petites constructions. Locomotive et tender / Imagerie d'Épinal.

Print showing cutout designs for a steam locomotive and coal car with figures for the engineer and coal tender. Also shows the completed design for the small-scale construction paper cutout. Title from item. Im... more

Surrender of Napoleon III on Sepr. 2d. 1870 Übergabe von Napoleon III.

Surrender of Napoleon III on Sepr. 2d. 1870 Übergabe von Napoleon III.

Print shows Napoleon III handing his sword to Wilhelm I, King of Prussia, after the battle at Sedan. Title from item. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1871 by H. Schile in the Office of the Libr... more

Birdseye view of Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, with the buildings of the International Exhibition 1876

Birdseye view of Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, with the buildings of t...

Print shows the Schuylkill River with people strolling and riding in carriages in the foreground. 8590 U.S. Copyright Office Title from item. This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card.

The queen of love

The queen of love

Print showing a young woman holding a locket containing a portrait of a man. 4292 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Copyright 1878, by Haasis & Lubrecht.

Grand result Buying guns, ammunition, and fishing tackle from Paul Meyers, 625 South Second St., and 212 Vine St., Philadelphia, Pa. / / W. R. Hallowell, del., Phila.

Grand result Buying guns, ammunition, and fishing tackle from Paul Mey...

Print shows fisherman and hunter with abundant catches of fish and fowl. 21960 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item.

Le Sortie de l'opéra en l'an 2000 / A. Robida.

Le Sortie de l'opéra en l'an 2000 / A. Robida.

Print shows a futuristic view of air travel over Paris as people leave the Opera. Many types of aircraft are depicted including buses and limousenes, police patrol the skies, and women are seen driving their ow... more

Shooting on the bay shore

Shooting on the bay shore

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 5896

The wonderful East-River suspension bridge connecting the great cities of New York and Brooklyn

The wonderful East-River suspension bridge connecting the great cities...

Print showing view of the suspension bridge from docks at the Brooklyn side; includes views of three "Points of interest in New York City." Title from item. Copyright 1883, by Charles Lubrecht.

Trinket, by Princeps, dam Ouida, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian

Trinket, by Princeps, dam Ouida, by Rysdyk's Hambletonian

4544 U.S. Copyright Office. Title from item. Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 6636

[Douglasia laevigata] / M.S. del., C. Fitch, lith. ; Vincent Brooks Day & Son imp.

[Douglasia laevigata] / M.S. del., C. Fitch, lith. ; Vincent Brooks Da...

Illus. in: Curtis's Botanical magazine / London : Reeve Brothers, 1888, v. 114, pl. 6996.

The hero of Antietam. Gen. George B. McClellan

The hero of Antietam. Gen. George B. McClellan

Print shows General George B. McClellan, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left, wearing military uniform, flanked by two American Flags, with a battle scene below. Includes a narrative "Sketch of Ge... more

To the memory of

To the memory of

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 6583

My little friend

My little friend

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 4691

Washington's reception by the ladies, on passing the bridge at Trenton, N.J. April,--1789: on his way to New York to be inaugurated first President of the United States

Washington's reception by the ladies, on passing the bridge at Trenton...

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 7077

Surrender of Cornwallis: at York-Town Va. Oct. 1781

Surrender of Cornwallis: at York-Town Va. Oct. 1781

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 6369

In memory of

In memory of

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 3329

St. Philomena

St. Philomena

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 6296

Death of Genl. Andrew Jackson: President of the United States from 1829 to 1837

Death of Genl. Andrew Jackson: President of the United States from 182...

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 1614.

Maria

Maria

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 4326

Washington's reception by the ladies, on passing the bridge at Trenton, N.J. April, 1789: on his way to New York to be inaugurated first President of the United States

Washington's reception by the ladies, on passing the bridge at Trenton...

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 7078

Catharine

Catharine

Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 0939.

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