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Aviatrices

Female AviatorsCreated by: Library Of CongressDated: 1920
Mrs. G. Curtiss
Élisabeth Thible flew above Lyon, France in 1784. Jeanne Labrosse became the first woman to parachute. Sophie Blanchard took her first balloon flight in 1804, and was made Napoleon's chief of air service in 1811.

In 1903, Aida de Acosta, an American woman vacationing in Paris piloted airship, becoming the first known woman to pilot a motorized aircraft. Katharine Wright flew the Wright Model A. Emma Lilian Todd designed her own airplanes. Her first plane flew in 1910. Georgia "Tiny" Broadwick became the first woman to jump from an aircraft in 1913.

Raymonde de Laroche, was the world's first licensed female pilot. Seven other French women followed her in 1901-1902. Blanche Scott claimed to be the first American woman to fly an airplane and established herself as a daredevil pilot. Bessica Raiche recognized as the first American woman to make a solo flight. Harriet Quimby became the USA's first licensed female pilot on August 1, 1911 and the first woman to cross the English Channel by airplane the following year.

Lidia Zvereva, the first female Russian license performed her first aerobatic loop in 1914. In 1913, Lyubov Golanchikova signed a contract to become the first female test pilot to test "Farman-22" manufactured in Russia. In 1916, Zhang Xiahun (Chinese: 張俠魂) China's first female pilot crashed, becoming a national heroine when she survived.

Katherine Stinson became the first woman air mail pilot, when the United States Postal Service. The following year, Ruth Law flew the first official U.S. air mail to the Philippines. In 1936, Hanna Reitsch of Germany became one of the first persons to fly a fully controllable helicopter and earned the first woman helicopter pilot's license. In 1937 Sabiha Gökçen of Turkey became the first trained woman combat pilot, participating in search operations and bombing flight.

In 1943 Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) were flying new planes from factories to Army Air Force bases, worked as test pilots.

In 1942 Soviet Union created an all-woman combat flight unit, the 588th Night-Bomber Air-Regiment or the Night Witches. They flew harassment and precision bombing missions and "dumped 23,000 tons of bombs on the German invaders". The Soviets also had the only women to be considered flying aces like Lydia Litvyak and Yekaterina Budanova.
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145 Media in collectionpage 1 of 2
Experience aërostatique faite à Lyon; d'un ballon de cent pieds de diamètre le 10 [i.e. 19] janvier 1784, à midi 48 min[u]tes

Experience aërostatique faite à Lyon; d'un ballon de cent pieds de dia...

Print shows the balloon, "Le Flesselles" ascending over Lyon, France, on January 19, 1784, carrying seven passengers including Joseph Montgolfier and Jean François Pilâtre de Rozier. (Source: A.G. Renstrom, LC ... more

Air-balloons / A. Bell, sculpt.

Air-balloons / A. Bell, sculpt.

Book illustration shows five early balloon ascensions in France: two Montgolfier balloons (Fauxbourg St. Antoine and St. Germain); a 1784 balloon of Jean-Pierre Blanchard; and a Charles and Robert balloon being... more

Baron du Pont Duchambon, elève du roi à l'École royale militaire de Paris le jour ou il a voulu s'enlever dans le balon de Blanchard au Champs de Mars, 1784 / / Peint par son cousin eleve du Roi.

Baron du Pont Duchambon, elève du roi à l'École royale militaire de Pa...

Half-length portrait of Baron Du Pont Duchambon with balloon in background. Title from item. Tissandier collection.

Ludwig XVIII König von Frankreich in Paris

Ludwig XVIII König von Frankreich in Paris

Print shows King Louis XVIII standing on a balcony and a crowd below watching a hot air balloon in the distance. Title from item. Landauer Collection of Aeronautical Prints and Drawings. Accession box no. DLC/P... more

Madame Blanchard (Madeleine Sophie Armand) aéronaute née vers 1778 [death symbol] à Paris 6 juillet 1819 / / Jules Porreau, sc., 1859.

Madame Blanchard (Madeleine Sophie Armand) aéronaute née vers 1778 [de...

Half-length portrait of French balloonist, Marie-Madeleine-Sophie Armand Blanchard. Title from item. Tissandier collection. Reference copy in LOT 3844.

Le ballon "Le Géant" aux environs de Nimbourg (accident du 19 octobre). D'après un croquis de M. Adrien Tournachon, sur les indications de son frère Nadar / P. Blanchard ; B. Callow Smeeton.

Le ballon "Le Géant" aux environs de Nimbourg (accident du 19 octobre)...

Periodical illustration shows Felix Nadar's balloon, "Le Geant" over a rural area in its second and final flight in 1863. High winds force the balloon to the ground, dragging the basket dangerously close to an ... more

Mr. and Mrs. L. Bleriot, with crowd

Mr. and Mrs. L. Bleriot, with crowd

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Mme. Colliers & Gabron

Mme. Colliers & Gabron

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Mme. Franck

Mme. Franck

Full length, seated in biplane, (5 - facing front). Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Flight; Amer. Heritage Flight. Capt... more

Mons. and Madame Wagner

Mons. and Madame Wagner

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Mr. and Mrs. Bleriot, aeroplane, crowd, on field, Dover

Mr. and Mrs. Bleriot, aeroplane, crowd, on field, Dover

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Mme. Franck

Mme. Franck

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Mrs. G. Curtiss

Mrs. G. Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Orville, Wilbur, and Katherine Wright, with others

Orville, Wilbur, and Katherine Wright, with others

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... more

Women in airplanes: Mr. & Mrs. Wagner

Women in airplanes: Mr. & Mrs. Wagner

Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Caption card tracings: PI; Women; Shelf.

A corner in wheat

A corner in wheat

A greedy tycoon decides, on a whim, to corner the world market in wheat. This doubles the price of bread, forcing the grain's producers into charity lines and further into poverty. Shows the differences between... more

The light that came

The light that came

Grace, a disfigured young woman with two beautiful sisters, Vivian and Daisy, falls in love with Carl Wagner, a blind violinist, and they become engaged. Though she fears losing his love when he sees the scar o... more

Through the breakers

Through the breakers

Happily married, Mr. and Mrs. Normand are soon blessed with a child. Unfortunately, as the baby grows up, the Normands become less interested in the child, and more interested in their social lives. By the age... more

Blanche Scott

Blanche Scott

Photo shows American aviator Blanche Stuart Scott (1885-1970). (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2008)

[Mrs. Glenn Curtiss at the controls of an airplane]

[Mrs. Glenn Curtiss at the controls of an airplane]

J146867 U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright by George Grantham Bain.

Blanche Scott

Blanche Scott

Photo shows American aviator Blanche Stuart Scott (1885-1970). (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2008) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Colle... more

Blanche Scott

Blanche Scott

1st woman to drive auto cross country, with friends. Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

Blanche Scott

Blanche Scott

1st woman to drive auto cross country, in airplane. Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

The newlyweds

The newlyweds

After being jilted by their respective sweethearts, Dick Harcourt and Dora Dean have both become disenchanted with the opposite sex. Unknown to each other, they happen to share a seat on a passenger train. Due ... more

Miller, Miss Bernetta. Moissant Aviatrix, in Bleriot plane

Miller, Miss Bernetta. Moissant Aviatrix, in Bleriot plane

Title from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection for similar negative LC-H261-1678. On negative: Miller. Date based on date of negatives in same range. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1... more

Katherine Stinson and her aeroplane

Katherine Stinson and her aeroplane

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Mrs. Oren Root

Mrs. Oren Root

Photo shows Aida de Acosta (1884-1962) whose first husband was magnate Oren Root. She later married lawyer Henry S. Breckinridge. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009) Title from data provided by the Bain News... more

Katherine Stinson and her aeroplane

Katherine Stinson and her aeroplane

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Harriet Quimby

Harriet Quimby

In her Bleriot monoplane, 1911. Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Connected with 40222.

Helene Dutrieu

Helene Dutrieu

Photo shows Helene Dutrieu (1877-1961), Belgian aviator, cyclist, ambulance driver and hospital director. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009)

Harriet Quimby

Harriet Quimby

Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Caption card tracings: PI; Women; Shelf.

Harriet Quimby in cockpit of plane

Harriet Quimby in cockpit of plane

Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

MILLER, MISS BERNETTA. MOISSANT AVIATRIX. IN BLERIOT PLANE

MILLER, MISS BERNETTA. MOISSANT AVIATRIX. IN BLERIOT PLANE

Title and date from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.g... more

Harriet Quimby in cockpit of plane

Harriet Quimby in cockpit of plane

Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

Harriet Quimby

Harriet Quimby

Quimby in her Bleriot monoplane. Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

[Harriet Quimby, full-length portrait, standing, in aviation costume] / Marceau, New York.

[Harriet Quimby, full-length portrait, standing, in aviation costume] ...

Copyright by Theodore C. Marceau. On recto: Marceau, 258 Fifth Avenue, New York. New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection (Library of Congress).

Women in airplanes: Katherine Stinson in Partridge plane

Women in airplanes: Katherine Stinson in Partridge plane

Photo by Bain News Service, N.Y.C. Title and other information transcribed from unverified, old caption card data and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Caption card tracings: Shelf; PI; Woman.

A joy ride / Leighton Budd.

A joy ride / Leighton Budd.

Illustration shows a woman piloting an airplane with a frightened female passenger.

BLEVINS, MISS ELINOR, MOVIE STAR, AVIATRIX, AUTO FIEND

BLEVINS, MISS ELINOR, MOVIE STAR, AVIATRIX, AUTO FIEND

Title from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pn... more

BLEVINS, MISS ELINOR. MOVIE STAR, AVIATRIX, AUTO FIEND

BLEVINS, MISS ELINOR. MOVIE STAR, AVIATRIX, AUTO FIEND

Title from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pn... more

Mme. Delaroche [i.e., de Laroche]

Mme. Delaroche [i.e., de Laroche]

Photograph shows Raymonde de Laroche (1882-1919) a French pilot and the first woman in the world to receive an airplane pilot's license. she was born Elise Raymonde Deroche. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013)

Maude Stinson, Natalja & Mary Black

Maude Stinson, Natalja & Mary Black

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... more

Mme. Delaroche i.e., de Laroche

Mme. Delaroche i.e., de Laroche

Photograph shows Raymonde de Laroche (1882-1919) a French pilot and the first woman in the world to receive an airplane pilot's license. she was born Elise Raymonde Deroche. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 201... more

Kath. Stinson , 5/13/16

Kath. Stinson , 5/13/16

Photograph shows Katherine Stinson at Sheepshead Bay racetrack, Brooklyn, New York City. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2014)

Katherine Stinson in Tokyo

Katherine Stinson in Tokyo

Photograph shows aviator Katherine Stinson who visited Tokyo, Japan from December 1916 to May 1917. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2015) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Form... more

Gen. Nagaoka, Kath. Stinson, Miss Nagaoka, Marquise Nabeshima

Gen. Nagaoka, Kath. Stinson, Miss Nagaoka, Marquise Nabeshima

Photograph shows American aviator Katherine Stinson (1891-1977), Japanese air force commander Gaishi Nagaoka (1858-1933), and Marquise Nabeshima Nagako, wife of Japanese official Nabeshima Naohiro (1846- 1921)... more

Kath. Stinson & Dario Resta

Kath. Stinson & Dario Resta

Photograph shows Katherine Stinson in her airplane racing Dario Resta in his car at Sheepshead Bay Speedway in the "earth and air match," May 6, 1916, Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, New York City. (Source: Flickr Co... more

Kath. Stinson & Dario Resta

Kath. Stinson & Dario Resta

Photograph shows Katherine Stinson in her airplane racing Dario Resta in his car at Sheepshead Bay Speedway in the "earth and air match," May 6, 1916, Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, New York City. (Source: Flickr Co... more

Gen. Nagaoka, Kath. Stinson, Miss Nagaoka, Marquise Nabeshima

Gen. Nagaoka, Kath. Stinson, Miss Nagaoka, Marquise Nabeshima

Photograph shows American aviator Katherine Stinson (1891-1977), Japanese air force commander Gaishi Nagaoka (1858-1933), and Marquise Nabeshima Nagako, wife of Japanese official Nabeshima Naohiro (1846- 1921)... more

Katherine Stinson in Tokyo

Katherine Stinson in Tokyo

Photograph shows aviator Katherine Stinson who visited Tokyo, Japan from December 1916 to May 1917. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2015)

Mayor Okuda of Tokyo & Kath. Stinson

Mayor Okuda of Tokyo & Kath. Stinson

Photograph shows Yoshito Okuda, Mayor of Tokyo, (June 1915-August 1917) with American aviator Katherine Stinson (1891-1977). (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2015) Title from data provided by the Bain News Serv... more

Kath. Stinson in Japan

Kath. Stinson in Japan

Photo shows aviatrix Katherine Stinson standing by an airplane. Title and date from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of ... more

Katherine Stinson with her biplane

Katherine Stinson with her biplane

Photo shows American aviator Katherine Stinson (1891-1977) in front of her Curtiss-Stinson Special biplane that she flew to raise funds for the Red Cross during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 201... more

Katherine Stinson with her biplane

Katherine Stinson with her biplane

Photo shows American aviator Katherine Stinson (1891-1977) in front of her Curtiss-Stinson Special biplane that she flew to raise funds for the Red Cross during World War I (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2016... more

AVIATION, ARMY. GROUP OF ARMY OFFICERS WITH MARJORIE STINSON, AVIATRIX

AVIATION, ARMY. GROUP OF ARMY OFFICERS WITH MARJORIE STINSON, AVIATRIX

Title from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pn... more

Mrs. Zelie Longley

Mrs. Zelie Longley

Title from unverified data provided by the National Photo Company on the negatives or negative sleeves. Date from negatives in same range. Gift; Herbert A. French; 1947. General information about the National P... more

PACKARD LePERE PLANE. STINSON, AVIATRIX

PACKARD LePERE PLANE. STINSON, AVIATRIX

Date and part of title from unverified data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection for related negatives LC-H261-29954 and 29955 Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewin... more

Mrs. Zelie Longley

Mrs. Zelie Longley

Title from unverified data provided by the National Photo Company on the negatives or negative sleeves. Date from negatives in same range. Gift; Herbert A. French; 1947. General information about the National P... more

McADOO, MRS. WILLIAM GIBBS, NEE ELEANOR WILSON. WITH MARJORIE STINSON

McADOO, MRS. WILLIAM GIBBS, NEE ELEANOR WILSON. WITH MARJORIE STINSON

Title from unverified caption data received with the Harris & Ewing Collection. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pn... more

Roxie Stinson fortune told, 32724

Roxie Stinson fortune told, 32724

Title from unverified data provided by the National Photo Company on the negative or negative sleeve. Gift; Herbert A. French; 1947. General information about the National Photo Company collection is available ... more

Roxie Stinson, divorced wife of the late Jesse Smith whose tales thrilled the Senate Committee investigating the Dept. of Justice

Roxie Stinson, divorced wife of the late Jesse Smith whose tales thril...

Title from unverified caption data on negative or negative sleeve. Date based on date of negatives in same range. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is avai... more

Roxie Stinson, 32724

Roxie Stinson, 32724

Title from unverified data provided by the National Photo Company on the negative or negative sleeve. Date from related neg. LC-F81-29670. Gift; Herbert A. French; 1947. General information about the National P... more

Miss Boku

Miss Boku

Photo shows Japanese aviatrix with airplane. Title and date from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General ... more

[Carl Spaatz and Amelia Earhart posed with seven other people]
Amelia Earhart of transatlantic fame is received by President Coolidge. Miss Amelia Earhart of Boston (left) who was the first woman to fly across the Atlantic, was received by President Coolidge today. She is shown in this photograph with Porter S. Adams, President of the National Aeronautic Association

Amelia Earhart of transatlantic fame is received by President Coolidge...

Title from unverified caption data on negative or negative sleeve. On sleeve: Watch Your Credit Line. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at htt... more

Amelia Earhart

Amelia Earhart

Portrait, head and shoulders, facing front. Copyright by Underwood and Underwood. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

Maj. Howard P. Davidson, Miss Ruth Nichols, Robt. C. Oertel, 31929

Maj. Howard P. Davidson, Miss Ruth Nichols, Robt. C. Oertel, 31929

Title from unverified data provided by National Photo Company on the negative or negative sleeve. Gift; Herbert A. French; 1947. General information about the National Photo Company collection is available at h... more

Ruth Nichols & Robt. C. Oretel, 31929

Ruth Nichols & Robt. C. Oretel, 31929

Title from unverified data provided by National Photo Company on the negative or negative sleeve. Gift; Herbert A. French; 1947. General information about the National Photo Company collection is available at h... more

Miss Ruth Nichols, 31929

Miss Ruth Nichols, 31929

Title from unverified data provided by National Photo Company on the negative or negative sleeve. Gift; Herbert A. French; 1947. General information about the National Photo Company collection is available at h... more

Famous transatlantic flyer demonstrates new type plane to Navy Officials. Clarence Chamberlain, famous Transatlantic flyer, and Ruth Nichols (in cabin) noted aviator, arrived in Washington today with the new Chamberlain cabin menoplane. In this photograph they are pointing out the many features of this new plane to Commander A.H. Douglas, Commandant of the Naval Air Station and Commander J.H. Towers, Assistant Chief of the Naval Bureau of Aeronautics (right). Unusual visibility and special aerlons which Chamberlain says practically makes it impossible for this ship to stall or go into a tailspin, are the new features

Famous transatlantic flyer demonstrates new type plane to Navy Officia...

Title from unverified caption data on negative or negative sleeve. On sleeve: Watch Your Credit Line. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at htt... more

Amelia Earhart, 2nd from right

Amelia Earhart, 2nd from right

Title devised by Library staff. Date based on date of negatives in same range. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp... more

Amelia Earhart, center

Amelia Earhart, center

Title devised by Library staff. Date based on date of negatives in same range. Gift; Harris & Ewing, Inc. 1955. General information about the Harris & Ewing Collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp... more

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