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Beyond control / J. Keppler.

Beyond control / J. Keppler.

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Print shows William E. Gladstone, possibly dressed as a Greek marathon runner, passing an "Altar of Peace" on which there appears to be a small fire and a rifle labeled "Coercion", and a red military tunic and helmet that have fallen to the ground; several dogs labeled "Assassin, Ribbon Man, Desperado, Secret Society, [and] Fenian" attack Gladstone. Michael Davitt and Charles S. Parnell, with leash labeled "Land League" struggle to hold onto the dogs; Davitt has stumbled over John Dillon, all three are lying on the ground. In the background, a man runs into the forest after stabbing two men who were wearing top hats and may have been British government officials.

It wasn't really until the 1700s that caricature truly blossomed as a form of political criticism. In the late 1750s, a man named Thomas Townshend began using the techniques employed by earlier engravers and applying them towards a political model. This gave Thompson's cartoons a much greater feeling of propaganda than previous artistic critiques of the time. The intense political climate of the period, and often accusatory nature of most political cartoons forced many artists to use pseudonyms in order to avoid accusations of libel. Other artists took it a step farther, and left their cartoons completely unsigned, foregoing any credit they may have received. Political higher-ups were notoriously touchy about their reputations and were not afraid to make examples of offenders. Puck was the first successful humor magazine in the United States of colorful cartoons, caricatures and political satire of the issues of the day. It was published from 1871 until 1918.





Keppler, Joseph Ferdinand, 1838-1894, artist


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