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Cherokee National Capitol Building, 101-29 South Muskogee Avenue, Tahlequah, Cherokee County, OK

Cherokee National Capitol Building, 101-29 South Muskogee Avenue, Tahlequah, Cherokee County, OK



Significance: The Cherokee National Capitol, completed and occupied by circa 1869, was constructed on the site which had served as the meeting place for the Cherokee Government since their arrival in Indian Territory in 1839. Built to replace its wooden predecessor (which had burned during the Civil War), it housed the Cherokee Supreme Court as well as the Cherokee legislature, which convened there for the longest unbroken period of time in its history. With statehood in 1907, the National Council lost its power as a lawmaker, and the building soon became the property of Cherokee County. It has served as the County Courthouse ever since. Its Italianate appearance reflects the apparent time lag of popular architectural styles from East to West.
Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: FN-26
Survey number: HABS OK-24
Building/structure dates: 1867-1869 Initial Construction
Building/structure dates: ca. 1880- ca. 1881 Subsequent Work
Building/structure dates: 1886 Subsequent Work
Building/structure dates: 1904 Subsequent Work
Building/structure dates: 1928 Subsequent Work
National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 66000627



Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
Goodlander, C W
Marsh, J C
Tomlan, Michael A, project manager
Smalling, Walter, photographer
Hnedak, John D, historian
Grashof, Bethanie C, delineator
Higgins, Vicki J, delineator
Holmes, Nicholas H, delineator
Swayze, Roger D, delineator
McCown, Susan, historian


Tahlequah (Okla.)35.91327, -94.97097
Google Map of 35.9132744, -94.9709721


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