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Fort Washington, Fort, 13551 Fort Washington Road, Fort Washington Forest, Prince George's County, MD

Fort Washington, Fort, 13551 Fort Washington Road, Fort Washington Forest, Prince George's County, MD

 
 
description

Summary

Significance: Fort Washington's predecessor, Fort Warburton, was completed in December 1809 to guard the Potomac River entrance to the Capital City. During the War of 1812, on August 27, 1814, it was destroyed by its garrison to prevent the capture of its equipment and munitions by enemy forces. In less than two weeks Major Pierre L'Enfant was hired by the U.S. government to clear the remains and to construct new defenses, to be named Fort Washington. L'Enfant worked on them briefly before he was replaced by Lieutenant Colonel Walker Armistead, chief engineer of the Alexandria District, who completed the new fort on October 2, 1824. The fort was remodeled during the 1840's to correct deficiencies in the original design. During the Civil War, it was held by Union forces under the command of Captain Joseph A. Haskins. It was the only garrison for the National Capital until a circle of forts was built around the city in the 1860's. From 1875 to 1921 it was a military post and headquarters for the defenses of the Potomac. Until 1939 the 3rd Battalion, 12th Infantry, and the Honor Guard for the Military District of Washington were stationed at the fort. During World War II, the fort was the home of the Officer's Candidate School of the Adjutant General's Corps. From 1944 until 1946, it was a Veteran's Administration Hospital. In 1946, the fort was turned over to the Department of the Interior for use as a park.
Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N264
Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N691
Survey number: HABS MD-307-D
Building/structure dates: 1809 Initial Construction
Building/structure dates: 1814 Demolished
Building/structure dates: 1824 Initial Construction
Building/structure dates: after. 1840- before. 1850 Subsequent Work

person

Contributors

Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
Fort Warburton
l'Enfant, Pierre
Armistead, Walker
Haskins, Joseph A
Bittner, Brian, field team
Harrington, Brian, field team
Maksay, Adam, field team
McFarlane, Devroy, field team
Mui, Helen, field team
Snoap, Matt, field team
Price, Virginia Barrett, transmitter
Vazquez, J Raul, photographer
Schara, Mark, photographer
Harrell, Greg, photographer
Schara, Mark, delineator
Vazquez, J Raul, delineator
Harrell, Greg, delineator
Hutto, Frank, delineator
Padgett, Anthony, delineator
Hernandez, Naomi, delineator
Ayor, Angel, delineator
Boucher, Jack, photographer
Davis, Judy, photographer
place

Location

Fort Washington Forest38.78492, -76.87210
Google Map of 38.78492110000001, -76.8720961
create

Source

Library of Congress
copyright

Copyright info

No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html

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