John Delaplane House, State Route 623, Delaplane, Fauquier County, VA
Significance: The Delaplane House is one of the focal points of the Fauquier County hamlet that bears its name. The Manassas Gap Railway, c. 1852, was responsible for the settlement of the village, which was first known as Piedmont Station. At that time, B.C. Shacklett built the general store and warehouse beside the railway, south of the tracks, and the house on the hill to the north, fronting on the railway. John Delaplane who came from Ohio in 1873, purchased the house and added the rear wing. He also bought the general store and warehouse. The village soon acquired his name. The original front porch was replaced with the current longer one, c. 1913. In 1976 the house was purchased by Howard E. Paine and Jane M. D'Alelio, who subsequently sponsored a program of research and renovation conducted by M. Hamilton Morton Jr. A.I.A. During the course of the work, it was discovered that the first floor of the rear wing was in part a log cabin concealed apparently by the Delaplane construction. The log cabin is thought to date from the second decade of the 19th century. The brick mansion is somewhat transitional in style and contains both Greek Revival and Italianate details. In the rear yard is an early stone and frame outbuilding partially built into the slope of the hill.
Survey number: HABS VA-967