Library Of Congress
Library Of CongressPublic Domain ArchivePart of Not developed or endorsed by the Library of Congress
  • searchSearch
  • photo_albumStories
  • collectionsCollections
  • infoAbout
  • star_rateUpgrade
  • account_boxLogin
Kreider-Reisner Aircraft Company, Factory No. 1, 851 Pennsylvania Avenue, Hagerstown, Washington County, MD

Kreider-Reisner Aircraft Company, Factory No. 1, 851 Pennsylvania Avenue, Hagerstown, Washington County, MD

  • save_altThumbnail200x200
  • save_altSmall640x466
  • save_altMedium1024x745
  • save_altLarge1600x1164
  • save_altOriginal3840x2794
  • photo_size_select_largeUpscale 2x7680x5588


Significance: Kreider-Reisner Factory No. 1 (also known as Fairchild No. 1) was built as a result of a partnership between upstart airplane builders Ammon H. Kreider and Lewis E. Reisner and aviation industrialist Sherman Fairchild in 1929, in order to meet demand for the Challenger, a popular sport biplane. A modern open industrial structure by the late 1920s standards, the factory was constructed in only four months in the former airfield behind the original Kreider-Reisner Shed. Here Kreider-Reisner Aircraft Company and Fairchild Aviation Corporation developed and mass produced several innovative commercial aircraft, including the KR-31 and KR-34 Challengers, the F-22 and F-24, and the F-91 Amphibian. Entering the defense field in 1939, Fairchild's PT-19 Primary Trainer and C-82 Packet both earned major Army contracts, leading to tremendous expansion of both the factory and the company. During World War II, Fairchild No. 1 was the center of the "Hagerstown System" of manufacturing as Fairchild subcontracted with over twenty-five businesses throughout the city to assist in the production of military aircraft for the war effort. Although Fairchild closed in the 1980s, the factory survives as a symbol of Fairchild's and Hagerstown's heyday as a major aviation manufacturing center.
Survey number: HAER MD-137
Building/structure dates: 1929 Initial Construction
Building/structure dates: 1931 Subsequent Work
Building/structure dates: 1941 Subsequent Work
Building/structure dates: 1935 Subsequent Work
Building/structure dates: 1965 Subsequent Work
Building/structure dates: 1987 Subsequent Work



Historic American Engineering Record, creator


hagerstown39.65508, -77.71827
Google Map of 39.655076, -77.718267


Library of Congress

Copyright info

No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted.

Exploresherman m fairchld

Explorefairchild aviation corporation

Exploreaviation corporation

Library Of Congress

The objects in this archive are from Library of Congress - the nation’s first established cultural institution and the largest library in the world, with millions of items including books, recordings, photographs, maps and manuscripts in its collections. The Library provides Congress, the federal government and the American people with a rich, diverse and enduring source of knowledge to inform, inspire and engage them and support their intellectual and creative endeavors.

Disclaimer: A work of the Library of Congress is "a work prepared by an officer or employee" of the federal government "as part of that person's official duties." In general, under section 105 of the Copyright Act, such works are not entitled to domestic copyright protection under U.S. law and are therefore in the public domain. This website is developed as a part of the world's largest public domain archive,, and not developed or endorsed by the Library of Congress,

Developed by GetArchive, 2015-2020