United States gunboat "Maritanza," July 4, 1862
Photograph shows the sidewheel steamship "Maritanza," in the James River immediately after the capture of the Confederate gunboat, "Teazer" (i.e. Teaser) by Union forces on July 4, 1862.
Purchase; Robin Stanford; 2015; (DLC/PP-2015:022).
Title from item.
Forms part of: The Robin G. Stanford Collection.
Digitized 2015 Funding from Center for Civil War Photography.
In the early years of the war many civilian ships were confiscated for military use, while both sides built new ships. The most popular ships were tinclads—mobile, small ships that actually contained no tin. These ships were former merchant ships, generally about 150 feet in length, with about two to six feet of draft, and about 200 tons. Shipbuilders would remove the deck and add an armored pilothouse as well as sheets of iron around the forward part of the casemate and the engines. Most of the tinclads had six guns: two or three twelve-pounder or twenty-four-pounder howitzers on each broadside, with two heavier guns, often thirty-two-pounder smoothbores or thirty-pounder rifles, in the bow. These ships proved faster than ironclads and, with such a shallow draft, worked well on the tributaries of the Mississippi.
During the Civil War, photographers produced thousands of stereoviews. Stereographs were popular during American Civil War. A single glass plate negative capture both images using a Stereo camera. Prints from these negatives were intended to be looked at with a special viewer called a stereoscope, which created a three-dimensional ("3-D") image. This collection includes glass stereograph negatives, as well as stereograph card prints.