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Barney Goldstein, 83 W. 5th St. Newsboy, 10 years of age. Selling newspapers 1 year. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Selling papers own choice. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 5 hours per day. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

Leo Franklin, 419 E. 3d St. 12 years of age. Selling papers 2 years. Average earnings 50 cents a day. Selling papers own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Visits saloons. Don't smoke. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

Joseph Wench, newsboy, 315 W. 2nd St. 7 years of age. Selling papers 2 years Average earnings 50 cents per week. Selling papers own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Visits saloons. Works 6 hours per day. Mother and father separated. Lives with grandmother. This boy was found on King St. (marked), eating rotted orange which he picked up from the gutter. He was bare footed, shabbily clad and seemed under fed. When asked whether grandmother needed his earnings, he replied that she was comfortable and that he wanted money to go to moving pictures and buy candy. May, 1910 Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Nardie[?] Diffondall, 328 E. 8th St. 7 years of age. Selling papers 1 year. Average earnings 25 cents per week. Selling newspapers own choice. Don't smoke. Earnings not needed at home. Visits saloons. Works "last paper" scheme. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

Walter Ray, 400 Walnut St. 8 years of age. Selling papers 1 year. Average earnings 35 cents per week. Selling papers own choice. Don't smoke. Earnings not needed at home. Visits saloons. Works 5 hours per day. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

John Gibson, Newsboy, 13 years of age. Selling newspapers 7 years. Average earnings $1.25 per week. Selling newspapers own choice. Smokes. Visits saloons. Works 9 hours per day. John's brother is a messenger who directed investigator to a number of houses of prostitution, on Tatnall and Orange Sts. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

Al. Brown, newsboy, 219 W. 2nd [3rd?] St. 11 years of age. Selling newspaper 3 years. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Father merchant tailor, $26 weekly. Selling papers own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 7 hours a day. Wants money to spend . Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

Donald Mallick, ("Happy"), 203 King Street. 9 years of age, selling newspapers 5 years. Average earnings 35 cents a week. Sells from choice. Father, rivet driver, $20 weekly. "Happy" is well known character in town. When first interviewed gave story of sleeping in broken buildings and lots at night. Found out in streets at 11 P.M. at night pitching pennies and working "last paper" scheme. Flips cars and has sister who is 8 years of age who begs and sells papers. Boy very imaginative, and when last seen had a rusty 5 inch knife which he said he found and was playing with same in gutter. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Wilmington, Del. May, 1910. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Robert Reynolds, newsboy, 228 Parrish St. 14 years of age. Selling papers 4 weeks. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Visits saloons. Don't smoke. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

Andy Kormack, 9 years old, and Samuel Kormack, 7 years old, Newsboys. 1712 Church St. Andy been selling papers 2 years. Average earnings 50 cents week. Earnings not needed at home. Sells papers from choice. Don't smoke. Works 6 hours daily. Samuel, selling papers 1 years, average earnings, 50 cents week. Sells from choice. Works from choice. Don't smoke. Works 5 [...] Location: Wilmington, Delaware.

Earl Kelly, 116 E. 2% [i.e., 2nd?] Street. 9 years of age. Selling papers 2 weeks. Average earnings 10 cents per day. Sells from choice. Earnings not needed home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. On Sunday, May 22d this boy was found on the street at 6 P.M. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

James Morgan, 119 French St. Newsboy. 9 years of age. Selling newspaper 4 years. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Selling papers own choice. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 6 hours per day. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

[Donald Mallick, ("Happy"), 203 King Street. 9 years of age, selling newspapers 5 years. Average earnings 35 cents a week. Sells from choice. Father, rivet driver, $20 weekly. "Happy" is well known character in town. When first interviewed gave story of sleeping in broken buildings and lots at night. Found out in streets at 11 P.M. at night pitching pennies and working "last paper" scheme. Flips cars and has sister who is 8 years of age who begs and sells papers. Boy very imaginative, and when last seen had a rusty 5 inch knife which he said he found and was playing with same in gutter. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Wilmington, Del. May, 1910.] Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Arthur H. Toody, 536 Market St. Newsboy, 8 years of age. Selling papers 1 years [sic] Average earnings 20 cents per week. Selling newspapers own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 5 hours per day. Wants money for moving picture. May, 1910. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

[Donald Mallick, ("Happy"), 203 King Street. 9 years of age, selling newspapers 5 years. Average earnings 35 cents a week. Sells from choice. Father, rivet driver, $20 weekly. "Happy" is well known character in town. When first interviewed gave story of sleeping in broken buildings and lots at night. Found out in streets at 11 P.M. at night pitching pennies and working "last paper" scheme. Flips cars and has sister who is 8 years of age who begs and sells papers. Boy very imaginative, and when last seen had a rusty 5 inch knife which he said he found and was playing with same in gutter. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Wilmington, Del. May, 1910.] Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Walnut Grove School. Average attendance 20, out of an enrollment of 32. Absences chiefly due to berries. 51 in Census. Location: Rockcastle County, Kentucky / Lewis W. Hine.

10 members of the Engraving Division of the Hydrographic office of the Navy Dept. Average yrs. of service is over 32. Chief J.A. Waddey has just completed 50 yrs. Front row: A.C. Ruebson, 36 yrs., J.A. Waddey, 50 yrs., R.A. Daniel, 33 yrs., Fred Ely, 29 yrs., C.W. Lehew, 24. Back row: C.G. Dougherty 29 yrs., H.H. McKeever, 32, Ross E. Gray, 38, M.M. Cleaves 22 & J.C. Forrest, 31

San Fernando Federal Subsistence Homesteads. Forty homes, each with three quarters of an acre land. Average family income eight hundred dollars per annum. All of the homes are occupied

Mexican quarter of Los Angeles. One quarter mile from City Hall. Area has been condemned and will be torn down shortly to make space for the new Union Railroad station. Average rent is eight dollars

San Fernando federal subsistence homesteads. Forty occupied homes, each with nearly an acre. Average yearly income eight hundred dollars

El Monte Federal subsistence homesteads. One hundred homes, each with three quarters of an acre land, all occupied. Average family income, eight hundred dollars per annum

Hot Springs federal shelter. One of the five federal camps for homeless men in California. Year ago enrollment three hundred seventy five men, now one hundred fifty seven. Average age fifty; all physically disabled and not capable of manual or project work. Administration building. California

El Monte federal subsistence homesteads. One hundred homes, all occupied, each with three quarters of an acre land. Average family income eight hundred dollars per annum

El Monte federal subsistence homesteads. 100 homes. All occupied, each with nearly an acre. Average yearly income eight hundred dollars. California

El Monte Federal subsistence homesteads. One hundred homes, all occupied, each with nearly an acre of land. Average family income eight hundred dollars per annum

El Monte federal subsistence homesteads. One hundred homes, all occupied, each with three quarters of an acre land. Average family income, eight hundred dollars per annum

Hot Springs federal shelter. One of the five federal camps for homeless men in California. Year ago enrollment three hundred seventy five men, now one hundred fifty seven. Average age fifty; all physically disabled and not capable of manual or project work. Dining hall, kitchen and hospital. California

San Fernando federal subsistence homesteads. Forty homes, all occupied, each with nearly an acre of ground. Average income eight hundred dollars yearly. California

Men's dormitory at night at the homeless men's bureau, Sioux City, Iowa (for unattached men). Unemployment is the primary cause of their being here. This unemployment has been the direct cause of broken homes, through divorce and incompatibility. Most of the men are willing to work if they could find it. Average age fifty-two. Most of the men are from the urban districts

El Monte federal subsistence Homesteads. One hundred occupied homes, each with three quarters of an acre. Average yearly income eight hundred dollars. California

El Monte federal subsistence housing. 100 homes all occupied. Each with nearly an acre. Average yearly income eight hundred dollars. California.

El Monte federal subsistence homesteads. One hundred homes, all occupied, each with three quarters of an acre land. Average family income, eight hundred dollars per annum

El Monte federal subsistence homesteads. One hundred homes. All occupied, each with nearly an acre of ground. Average yearly income eight hundred dollars. California

Mexican quarter of Los Angeles. One quarter mile from City Hall. Areas have been condemned and will be torn down shortly to make space for the new Union Railroad station. Average rental eight dollars. Some of the houses have plumbing

Mexican quarter of Los Angeles, California. Average rental is eight dollars. Some houses have plumbing. See card 1799-C for detailed information

San Fernando federal subsistence homesteads. Forty homes all occupied, each with nearly an acre land. Average yearly income eight hundred dollars. California

El Monte federal subsistence homesteads. One hundred occupied homes, each with three quarters of an acre. Average yearly income eight hundred dollars. California

El Monte federal homesteads. One hundred occupied homes, each with nearly an acre. Average yearly income eight hundred dollars. California

San Fernando federal subsistence homesteads. Forty homes, all occupied, each with nearly an acre of ground. Average income eight hundred dollars yearly. California

Wife of formerly rehabilitation client. Now operating own farm under Tenant Purchase Act. A year and a half ahead on their payments. Family labor harvesting milo maize. Average loan for purchase of farm and improvements in San Joaquin County is seven thousand four hundred and sixty-five dollars. Near Manteca, California

Near Manteca, California. Formerly rehabilitation clients. Now operating own farm under Tenant Purchase Act. A year and a half ahead on their payments. Family labor harvesting milo maize. Average loan for purchase of farm and improvements in San Joaquin County is seven thousand four hundred and sixty-five dollars

Near Manteca, California. Formerly rehabilitation clients, now operating own farm under Tenant Purchase Act. A year and a half ahead on their payments. Family labor harvesting milo maize. Average loan for purchase of farm and improvements in San Joaquin County is seven thousand four hundred and sixty-five dollars

Near Manteca, California. Formerly rehabilitation client harvesting milo maize. Now operating own farm under Tenant Purchase Act. A year and a half ahead on their payments. Average loan for purchase of farm and improvements in San Joaquin County is seven thousand four hundred and sixty-five dollars

Loading truck in sugar beet field. Average wage of field worker: two dollars and fifty cents per day and dinner and supper during topping. Near Ontario, Malheur County, Oregon

View of sugar beet field with crew loading truck for Nyssa factory. Average yield of beets in excess of sixteen tons per acre in this region. Near Ontario, Malheur County, Oregon

Inside of rolling store with tank of kerosene on back (at left). Coffee County, Alabama. Average daily sale is sixty dollars and they take in lots of produce

Loading truck in sugar beet field. Average wage of field worker: two dollars and fifty cents per day and dinner and supper during topping. Near Ontario, Malheur County, Oregon

FIRST LADY EATS FIVE CENT MEAL. WASHINGTON, D.C. MAY 14. CLIMAXING A CONFERENCE OF 'DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN DEPRESSION,' MRS. FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT AND OTHER PROMINENT WOMEN TONIGHT ATE A FIVE CENT 'RELIEF' DINNER. THE FIVE CENT MEAL WAS BASED ON THE ACTUAL PER- MEAL PER-PERSON FOOD BUDGET OF THE AVERAGE WOMAN WORKING ON WPA. IT EXCEEDS BY 2 CENTS THE AVERAGE FOR RELIEF FAMILIES. SHOWN IN THE PICTURE, L TO R: MRS. HUGH EASLEY, ST. LOUIS, MO, TYPICAL MOTHER ON RELIEF; LITTLE ...BASLEY, 3 YEARS OLD; AND MRS. ROOSEVELT

Wheat fields on Eureka Flats. Walla Walla County, Washington. Average yield here was thirty-three bushels of wheat per acre this year. Usual annual yield of wheat for Walla Walla County is 5,000,000 bushels. This year (1941) the yield was going to be 5,500,000 bushels

Butter in churn of the Dairymen's Cooperative Creamery. Caldwell, Canyon County, Idaho. Average price paid to members in 1940 was 32.43 cents (including cash dividend) per pound for butter fat. Average price for U.S. was twenty-eight cents

Wheat field after the combine has been through. Eureka Flats, Walla Walla County, Washington. Average yield on this land this year thirty-three bushels per acre

Irrigated potato field. Canyon County, Idaho. Average annual shipment of potatoes from Idaho is 30,000 cars

Samples of milk. Tillamook cheese plant, Tillamook, Oregon. Each dairyman's milk is tested twice a month at the cheese plant. Average butter fat content for last year was above 4.4 percent

Wartime conservation through home sewing is demonstrated by Powers model Cynthia Hope who works with a fabric-saving dress pattern. All patterns are now adjusted to WPB (War Production Board) conservation rules. Average saving: 1/8 yard per dress. Cynthia cuts the top of her contrast dress with a remnant which would otherwise be wasted. Utilizing remnants saves tremendous yardage, gets smart results

Wartime conservation through home sewing is demonstrated by Powers model Cynthia Hope who works with a fabric-saving dress pattern. All patterns are now adjusted to WPB (War Production Board) conservation rules. Average saving: 1/8 yard per dress. Cynthia cuts the top of her contrast dress with a remnant which would otherwise be wasted. Utilizing remnants saves tremendous yardage, gets smart results

Birmingham, Ala[bama]. Average negro homes / MST.

Average snowfall and poor infrastructure constrain aid delivery to Kosovo (U) /

[Donald Mallick, ("Happy"), 203 King Street. 9 years of age, selling newspapers 5 years. Average earnings 35 cents a week. Sells from choice. Father, rivet driver, $20 weekly. "Happy" is well known character in town. When first interviewed gave story of sleeping in broken buildings and lots at night. Found out in streets at 11 P.M. at night pitching pennies and working "last paper" scheme. Flips cars and has sister who is 8 years of age who begs and sells papers. Boy very imaginative, and when last seen had a rusty 5 inch knife which he said he found and was playing with same in gutter. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Wilmington, Del. May, 1910.] Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

[Donald Mallick, ("Happy"), 203 King Street. 9 years of age, selling newspapers 5 years. Average earnings 35 cents a week. Sells from choice. Father, rivet driver, $20 weekly. "Happy" is well known character in town. When first interviewed gave story of sleeping in broken buildings and lots at night. Found out in streets at 11 P.M. at night pitching pennies and working "last paper" scheme. Flips cars and has sister who is 8 years of age who begs and sells papers. Boy very imaginative, and when last seen had a rusty 5 inch knife which he said he found and was playing with same in gutter. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Wilmington, Del. May, 1910.] Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Wm. Gross, 516 Tatnall St. Newsboy, 15 years of age. Selling papers 5 years. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Father, carpenter, $18 week. Selling newspapers own choice, to get money to go to moving picture shows. Visits saloons. Smokes sometimes. "Serves" papers to prostitutes. On May 25 William gave to investigator a list of houses of prostitution written in his own handwriting, to which he serves papers. He also tells a story of occasionally guiding strangers to these houses, for which he receives from 15 cents to a quarter. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Wilmington, Del. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Louis [i.e. Lewis] W. Hine, May, 1910.

Wm. Gross, 516 Tatnall St. Newsboy, 15 years of age. Selling papers 5 years. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Father, carpenter, $18 week. Selling newspapers own choice, to get money to go to moving picture shows. Visits saloons. Smokes sometimes. "Serves" papers to prostitutes. On May 25 William gave to investigator a list of houses of prostitution written in his own handwriting, to which he serves papers. He also tells a story of occasionally guiding strangers to these houses, for which he receives from 15 cents to a quarter. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Wilmington, Del. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Louis [i.e. Lewis] W. Hine, May, 1910.

Average form and size of adult heads ... Arranged for showing the phenological developments of persons measured with the cephalometer by Enos Stevens. Boston. Tappan & Bradford's Lithog, [c. 1849].

Average form and size of adult heads ... Arranged for showing the phenological developments of persons measured with the cephalometer by Enos Stevens. Boston. Tappan & Bradford's Lithog, [c. 1849].

S. Russell, 33 E. 22nd St. Newsboy, 12 years of age. Selling newspapers 2 years. Average earnings 20 cents daily. Selling newspapers own choice. Father earns $18 weekly. Boy deposits earnings in du Pont Savings Bank, and on Saturday night works for Reynold's candy shop, delivering packages. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 5 hours daily, except Saturday, when he works 11. Location: Wilmington, Delaware.

S. Russell, 33 E. 22nd St. Newsboy, 12 years of age. Selling newspapers 2 years. Average earnings 20 cents daily. Selling newspapers own choice. Father earns $18 weekly. Boy deposits earnings in du Pont Savings Bank, and on Saturday night works for Reynold's candy shop, delivering packages. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 5 hours daily, except Saturday, when he works 11. Location: Wilmington, Delaware.

James Lequlla, newsboy, 12 years of age. Selling newspapers 3 years. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Selling newspapers own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 7 hours per day. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May 1910.

James Lequlla, newsboy, 12 years of age. Selling newspapers 3 years. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Selling newspapers own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 7 hours per day. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May 1910.

James Lequlla, newsboy, 12 years of age. Selling newspapers 3 years. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Selling newspapers own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 7 hours per day. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May 1910.

St. Johns Mission School, High Shoals, N.C. "Not supported by the Mill company, but we are always on good terms with them," said the Sister in charge. Supported by the Episcopal Church. (See Photo #278). Average attendance 15. Location: High Shoals, North Carolina.

St. Johns Mission School, High Shoals, N.C. "Not supported by the Mill company, but we are always on good terms with them," said the Sister in charge. Supported by the Episcopal Church. (See Photo #278). Average attendance 15. Location: High Shoals, North Carolina.