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A dose for the Tories, come hither brother tradesman ...

Boston, October 22, 1779. Whereas Colonel Sheldon has, by insinuations base and dishonorable, calumniated the memory of my deceased brother Captain Stoddard. Conscious of the rectitude and innocence of his conduct ... [Boston, 1779].

News from Worthing. In a letter from a beast of burden to her brother Jack / [I. Cruikshank ?].

The death of General Ross, near Baltimore, as soon as he perceived that he was wounded he fell into the arms of a brother officer / G.M. Brighty del. ; Brown sculp.

The death of General Ross, near Baltimore, as soon as he perceived that he was wounded he fell into the arms of a brother officer / G.M. Brighty del. ; Brown sculp.

The board of managers of the Washington national monument society to the American people ... New York. Oliver & Brother, Printers 89 Nassau Street [1835?].

E. Goodwin & Brother's Spanish mixed smoking tobacco. 153, South Street, N.Y.

Stolen between the evenings of the 3d and morning of the 5th of July, from the umbrella and parasol warehouse of John I. Smith 232 Pearl St. N. York the following goods ... New York. Oliver & Brother, Steam Job Printers [185-?].

Address of the Lancaster County Whig Committee to their brother Whigs of Lancaster and other counties of Pennsylvania ... Lancaster, Sept. 13, 1850.

First annual commencement. Order of exercises ... Henry Female College. Thursday, July 1st, 1852. Louisville. Hull & Brother, printers [1852].

Col. F.G. D'Utassy & Brother

Captain Hume on the staff of Sir John Campbell & his brother

Col. F.G. (left) D'Utassy & Brother

John Clem & Brother

John Clem and Brother

[Unidentified woman, possibly a nurse, during the Civil War] / Bell & Brother, photographers, 480 Pennsylvania Av., Washington, D.C.

[Unidentified woman, possibly a nurse, during the Civil War] / Bell & Brother, photographers, 480 Pennsylvania Av., Washington, D.C.

Hannibal Ferrari, Co. D, 51st N.Y. Vol. / Bell & Brother, photographers, 480 Pennsylvania Av., Washington, D.C.

[Unidentified woman, possibly a nurse, during the Civil War] / Bell & Brother, photographers, 480 Pennsylvania Av., Washington, D.C.

[Unidentified soldier in Union uniform] / Bell & Brother, photographers, 480 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D.C.

[Unidentified woman] / Bell & Brother, photographers, 480 Pennsylvania Av., Washington, D.C.

[Unidentified soldier in uniform] / Bell & Brother, photographers, 480 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D.C.

Oh, scorn not thy brother. H. De Marsan, Publisher, 38 & 60 Chatham Street, N. Y

A. P. Ely to Abraham Lincoln, Wednesday, July 24, 1861 (Telegram inquiring about his brother)

Henry May to Abraham Lincoln, Friday, September 13, 1861 (Telegram requesting permission to visit brother)

C. C. Putnam, 3rd Me. / Bell & Brother, photographers, 480 Pennsylvania Av., Washington, D.C.

[George Armstrong Custer, in uniform, seated with his wife, Elizabeth "Libbie" Bacon Custer, and his brother, Thomas W. Custer, standing]

James M. Buford, Sunday, January 10, 1864 (Printed request for information about his brother, General John Buford)

Albin Schoepf to Thomas W. Harman, Friday, January 27, 1865 (Release of Harman's brother)

Washington, D. C., March 30, 1868. Dear brother: It has been determined to make a united effort by the members of the Young Men's Christian association to raise the money needed to secure our new building ... Affectionately your O. O. Wororm. Pr

Good little brother

["Brother Jonathan" welcoming other countries to U.S. Centennial]

The gentler sex - charity for the drunken brother, contempt for the unfortunate sister / J.A. Wales.

A Dream / Charles C. Curran. Michaelmas daisies / F.D. Millet. Brother and sister / Abbott H. Thayer. Variations in flesh-color and green--the balcony / James McNeill Whistler. Pottery market at Nuremberg / Louis C. Tiffany

Bob Lim and brother, Chinatown, San Francisco

Bob Lim and brother, Chinatown, San Francisco

Bob Lim and brother, Chinatown, San Francisco

Brother Odoricus, Mission Santa Barbara, California

Maude's naughty little brother /

A.V. Roe and brother

Czar at 13 years, with his brother (now dead)

Mr. Rudy (Brother William)

[Reuchlin Wright, brother of Wilbur and Orville, age 40, head and shoulders]

[Reuchlin Wright, brother of Wilbur and Orville, age 40, head and shoulders]

[Lorin Wright, brother of Wilbur and Orville, seated holding his children, Horace, Ivonette, and Leontine]

[Three full-length portraits of Harry Houdini and his brother Theodore Hardeen]

Young Reynolds, brother of C. B. Reynolds, with sheep.

Young Reynolds, brother of C. B. Reynolds, with sheep.

Carhart & Brother celebrated B-D & T roasted coffee

Trenton Mill, Gastonia, N.C. Smallest boy,--Tom Jenkins. Said 13 years old. Been in mill 3 years. Brother Walter Jenkins. Said 15 years old. Been in mill four years. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.

Boys working in Scotland Mill, Laurinburg, N.C. Smallest boy--Junior Bounds--Beginning. Next, Rollin Hudson - 3 years in mill. Next, Lloyd Willoughby - 3 years in mill. Next, Preston Torrent - 8 years in mill. 6 years night work - 14 years old now. "Haven't been in school more'n 3 days in my whole life." Father blind. 2 older sisters and 1 younger brother work in mill now. Has doffed all 8 years. Gets about 60 cents a day. Asked him if he didn't get tired, "No, when you get used to it you don't get tired. Some of the boys goes to sleep when they begin." Showed a remarkable degree of refinement and consideration for others. Work has not blunted this. Sunday, Dec. 6/08. Witness, Sara R. Hine. Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Count L. Szechenyi and brother talking together

A Saturday ball game. Springstein Mills, Chester, S.C. Boy with glove, Malcom Rogers. (See photo 329). Next to him - Ben Deaton--12 years old. 52 inches high. Weaver. Runs 6 looms at $1.00 a day. 2 years in mill. I asked him if it wasn't hard work. "Hardest part if it is I have to stretch so much to reach up." (Tallest boy) John Lewis--12 years old. 1 yr. in mill. Weaves--4 looms. Got 40 cents to start. 60 cents now a day. Brother and father in mills. Nov. 28/08 Witness Sara R. Hine. Location: Chester, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

P.C. Hains and brother leave court

John Lewis (boy with hat) 12 years old. 1 year in mill. Weaver--4 looms. 40 cts. to start, 60 cents a day now. Brother and mother in mill. Morris Small (boy with cap) "Reckon I been in mill 2 yrs. Don't remember." Witness S.R. Hine. Location: Chester, South Carolina.

[Trenton Mill, Gastonia, N.C. Smallest boy, Tom Jenkins. Said 13 years old. Been in mill 3 years. Brother Walter Jenkins. Said 15 years old. Been in mill four years.] Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.

Backing Up Brother Abbott

5:30 A.M. Emma and her brother starting out to sell and peddle before school. They sell after school and on Saturday and Sunday also. Albert is 10 years old and been at it 1 year. Emma is 11 years old. She and Paul have been at it 2 years. Location: Bridgeport, Connecticut.

8 P.M. Harry Laudeman, 13 years old. Has sold papers for 7 years. Brother, Morris, 7 years old 46 inches high. Beginning. Hartford, Conn. Location: Hartford, Connecticut.

To state it politely There seems to be a brunette brother in the neighborhood of the political cordwood / / Bart.

Newsies selling on Court St., 8 P.M. Left to right: Frank Spegeale, 13 years old, 72 Terrace St.; Dominick Gagliani, 10 years old, 230 Court St.; Charlie Decarlo, 8 years old; Anthony Decarlo (brother) 13 years old, 32 Front Ave.,. Location: Buffalo, New York (State)

Sultan of Sulu with his brother and others

Victoria Borsa, 1223 Catherine St., Philadelphia. 4 year old berry picker. Brother 7 years old. While I was photographing them, the mother was impatiently urging them to "pick, pick." Whites Bog, Brown Mills, N.J. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey.

Noon hour. These boys are all working in the Illinois Glass Co. 1) Smallest boy, Frank (?) Dwyer, 1009 1/2 E. 6 St., says he has been working here 3 months. 2) Joe Dwyer (brother) Has been working here over 2 years. 3) Henry Maul, 513 Central Ave. 4) Frank Schenk, Lives with uncle, 611 Central Ave. 5) Emil Ohley, 1012 E. 6th Street. 6) Wm. Jarett, 825 E. 5th Street. 7) Fred Metz, 707 Bloomfield Street. In addition to their telling me they worked I saw them beginning work just before 1 P.M. Photo at 12:30. Alton, Ill. May 17, 1910. Location: Alton, Illinois / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Home of Johnnie Merkle, 5110 N. Broadway. He is a regular newsie 6 years old. Father owns his home and butcher shop. Johnnie's brother owns and runs a nickelodeon. Location: St. Louis, Missouri.

Dominick Carroll, 8 years old (appears 6). Newsboy. Sells from 3 P.M. to 7 P.M. income 25 cents per day. This boy sells papers for his brother who is 12 years old. Does not gamble, drink or smoke. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

This boy and brother were picking discarded fruit out of barrels in market near 14th St. N.Y. City. He was also (when apparently unobserved) stealing good fruit from their barrels. Location: New York, New York (State)

De Rigny and Tety Langy holding dogs, D'Alveres and brother, Oscar and Stella Hammerstein

John Gibson, Newsboy, 13 years of age. Selling newspapers 7 years. Average earnings $1.25 per week. Selling newspapers own choice. Smokes. Visits saloons. Works 9 hours per day. John's brother is a messenger who directed investigator to a number of houses of prostitution, on Tatnall and Orange Sts. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

Kern, Mrs. Bryan, W.J. Bryan, and brother leaving hall

Johnnie Merkle 6 yr. Old newsie. Home of Johnnie Merkle, 5110 N. Broadway. Father owns this home and a butcher shop. Johnnie's brother owns and runs a nickelode[o]n. Location: St. Louis, Missouri.

Meyer Slein (12 years old) his brother Abe (10 years old) who has just returned from Industrial School (Reform School). Another brother is in the School. Show effects of street life and are Juvenile Court Boys. Location: St. Louis, Missouri.

Louis Birch, 4th & Pine Sts. Newsboy, 12 years of age. Just started selling. Made 10 cents one day. Father dead. While not under any compulsion to sell papers, Louis, of his own accord, took it up in order to help support his widowed mother. Louis is a brother of Stanley Birch, whose full history is contained in the text of the general report. Louis stays out until 12:30 every night and goes with his brother, Stanley, who is a messenger, on all calls because Stanley is afraid to be out on the street alone at night. Louis is clean, bright and willing. Visits saloons. Don't smoke. Works 9 hours per day. Gives money to mother. , May 1910. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

The Slein boys. Meyer Slein (12 yrs. old) his brother Abe (10 years old) who has just returned from Industrial School (Reform School). Another brother is in the School. Show effects of street life and are Juvenile Court boys. Location: St. Louis, Missouri.

Team work. Older brother makes smaller boy do the work. Small boy said he was 9 years old. Appears to be 7. May 7th, 1910. Witness E.N. Clopper. Location: St. Louis, Missouri.

Louis Birch, 4th & Pine Sts. Newsboy, 12 years of age. Just started selling. Made 10 cents one day. Father dead. While not under any compulsion to sell papers, Louis, of his own accord, took it up in order to help support his widowed mother. Louis is a brother of Stanley Birch, whose full history is contained in the text of the general report. Louis stays out until 12:30 every night and goes with his brother, Stanley, who is a messenger, on all calls because Stanley is afraid to be out on the street alone at night. Louis is clean, bright and willing. Visits saloons. Don't smoke. Works 9 hours per day. Gives money to mother. May 1910. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Johnnie Merkle 6 years old newsie. Home of Johnnie, 5110 N. Broadway. He is a regular newsie 6 years old. Father owns this house and butchers shop. Johnnie's brother owns and runs a nickelode[o]n. Location: St. Louis, Missouri.

[Theodore Roosevelt and his brother in law, Douglas Robinson, on horse back]

"Teaching the young Idea How to Sell." Gus Hodges, age 11, instructing his brother Julius, age 5. I found Gus selling as late as 9:00 P.M., and he said that he had made over one dollar a day. Julius and another brother, 9 years old, has made 25 cents that day. Norfolk, Virginia.

Arthur Fernande. Said 8 years old. Picking cranberries by hand, and brother Charlie said he was 9 picking with a scoop. Said they worked from 9 till 5. Location: Hollow Branch Bog, near Wareham, Massachusetts.

Arthur Farnande. Said 8 years old. Picking cranberries by hand, and brother Charlie said he was 9 picking with a scoop. Said they worked from 9 till 5. Location: Hollow Branch Bog, near Wareham, Massachusetts.

Tessie Sposato, 12 yrs. old girl and her mother picking nuts in attic of tenement, 141 Hudson St., N.Y. She holds the nuts against her dirty apron as she picks them out. Works until 9 p.m. some nights. They live in 2 small rooms; paying $5.00 a month rent. Makes $2.00 a week. A 15 yr. old brother works in factory and sleeps in folding bed in this room. Location: New York, New York (State)

Teddy Szlosek, (Josef's Brother) (on right hand). Stanley Rogesky, 8 Joy St., Illiterate. A band boy in #10 mill. His playmates at school say he may be fourteen but not any more, and that he had been working there a long time. Location: Ludlow, Massachusetts.

Nan de Gallant, 4 Clark St., Eastport, Maine, 9 year old cartoner, Seacoast Canning Co., Factory #2. Packs some with her mother. Mother and two sisters work in factory. One sister has made $7 in one day. During the rush season, the women begin work at 7 a.m., and at times work until midnight. Brother works on boats. The family comes from Perry, Me., just for the summer months. Work is very irregular. Nan is already a spoiled child. Location: Eastport, Maine.

Angelo Ross, 142 Panama Street, Hughestown Borough, a youngster who has been working in Breaker #9 Pennsylvania Co. for four months, said he was 13 years old, but very doubtful. He has a brother, Tony, probably under 14 working. Location: Pittston, Pennsylvania.

Ben Key and his brother Tom. Latter helps Ben during the day time. (See report of L.W.H.) Brother Tom nine years old; goes to school and works until six P.M., sometimes until nine. They live at 1003 Scott Street, East. Location: Tampa, Florida.

Smallest boy is Dorris Fabanks[?], been working in Yocona Mill, Water Valley Miss., one year. Larger boy (brother) been there six years. Housing conditions bad. Location: Water Valley, Mississippi.

Frank Mello, 62 Grinell [i.e., Grinnel?] St. Brother of Joe. At the house his mother said he was 17 years. Location: New Bedford, Massachusetts.

All these boys are cutters in the Seacoast Canning Co., Factory #7. Ages range from 7 to 12. They live near the factory. Seven year old boy in front, Byron Hamilton, has a badly cut finger, but helps his brother regularly. Behind him is his brother, George, 11 years. He cut his finger half off while working. They and many other youngsters said they were always cutting their fingers. (See photo #2435 and label.) George earns $1.00 some days, $.75 usually. Some of the others said they earn $1.00 when they work all day. At times they start at 7 a.m., work all day and until midnight, but the work is very irregular. Names of those in photo are George Mathews, Johnny Rust, John Surles[?], Fulsom McCutchin (11 yrs.), Albert Robinson, Morris McConnell. Location: Eastport, Maine.

Nan de Gallant, 4 Clark St., Eastport, Maine, 9 year old cartoner, Seacoast Canning Co., Factory #2. Packs some with her mother. Mother and two sisters work in factory. One sister has made $7 in one day. During the rush season, the women begin work at 7 a.m., and at times work until midnight. Brother works on boats. The family comes from Perry, Me., just for the summer months. Work is very irregular. Nan is already a spoiled child. Location: Eastport, Maine.

Left, Frank Chebarro, admitted 13 years old; been making bands all summer in Glenallen Mill. Said, "I wouldn't go to school until they come after me." Also brother Edgar, 8 years old, who "helps" brother. "He picks up bobbins and things like that." Location: Winchendon, Massachusetts.

Angelo Ross, 142 Panama Street, Hughestown Borough. A youngster who has been working in Breaker #9 Pennsylvania Company for four months, said he was 13 years old, but very doubtful. He has a brother Tony probably under 14, working. Location: Pittston, Pennsylvania.

John Velcich, ten years old, picks shrimp at Peerless Oyster Co. This is his third year at the work. Earns 55 cents a day. His hands were all sore and swelled up from the acid in the shrimp. Brother Tony, eight years old, picks some too, but is sick now. Location: Bay St. Louis, Mississippi.

"Teaching the young Idea How to Sell." Gus Hodges, age 11, instructing his brother Julius, age 5. I found Gus selling as late as 9:00 P.M., and he said that he had made over one dollar a day. Julius and another brother, 9 years old, has made 25 cents that day. Norfolk, Virginia

Alexander Ferrier, 6 Hampton St., (on left hand). Has been band boy in #8 mill for two years. He said that a short time ago an unprotected gear on his machine caught his sleeve and tore it off completely. Another boy had a large part of his hand taken off by the same machine. David Ferrier (brother to Alexander) has been doffer in #10 mill one month. Location: Ludlow, Massachusetts.

Left, Frank Chebarro, admitted 13 years old; been making bands all summer in Glenallen Mill. Said, "I wouldn't go to school until they come after me." Also brother Edgar, 8 years old, who "helps" brother. "He picks up bobbins and things like that." Location: Winchendon, Massachusetts

These garters are made for Berger, 92 Spring St. 9:00 P.M., Feb. 27/12. Making garters (armlets). A Jewish family and neighbors working until late at night. This happens several nights in the week when there is plenty of work, the youngest children working until 9 P.M. and the rest until 11:00 or later. Family of Adolph Weiss, 422 E. 3rd St., N.Y., Seven-year-old Sarah, next is 11 yr. old sister. Next is 13 yr. old brother. On left is seven-year-old Mary and ten-year-old Sam, and next the mother is a 12 yr. old boy. The last three are neighbors children who come in regularly to work. "It's better than running the streets" the father said. He was a grocery clerk but has been out of work for some months and works at home on the garters. Location: New York, New York (State)

The Norton boys and father on the way home to dinner. Smallest boy Edgar been sweeping 3 months in Saxon Mill, Spartanberg. Makes about 40 cents a day. His brother makes 60 cents. Father works in the spool room . Mother and 3 children at home. Father said Eddie is a hard worker. The mother told me later when I had to see the family record "The bible's here but the record, hits done got torn up." She said the boys were 12 and 13 years old. Location: Spartanburg, South Carolina.

Pearl said she was 10 years old and helps her mother in the weave room of the Pickett Cotton Mill, High Point, N.C. She said her brother 8 years old helps too. Location: High Point, North Carolina.

Accident to young cotton mill worker. Giles Edmund Newsom (Photo October 23rd, 1912) while working in Sanders Spinning Mill, Bessemer City, N.C., August 21st, 1912, a piece of the machine fell on to his foot mashing his toe. This caused him to fall on to a spinning machine and his hand went into the unprotected gearing, crushing and tearing out two fingers. He told the Attorney he was 11 years old when it happened. His parents are now trying to make him 13 years old. The school census taken at the time of the accident makes him12 years (parents' statement) and school records say the same. His school teacher thinks he is 12. His brother (see photo 3071) is not yet 11 years old. Both of the boys worked in the mill several months before the accident. His father, (R.L. Newsom) tried to compromise with the Company when he found the boy would receive the money and not the parents. The mother tried to blame the boys for getting jobs on their own hook, but she let them work several months. The aunt said "Now he's jes got to where he could be of some help to his ma an' then this happens and he can't never work no more like he oughter." Location: Bessemer City, North Carolina.