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The Associated Chamber of Commerce of [...] Imperial County, California, and the Yuma, Arizona, Chamber [...] Commerce, invited President Coolidge to attend the California [...] Arizona highway celebration to commemorate the completion of [...] last link in the only all the year highway from the Atlantic [...] the Pacific. This event will be held at Yuma, February 28, 1925 [...] In the group, left to right, are: Rep. Philip D. Swing, Senator S. Shortridge, Mrs. R.L. Moyal, Senator Ralph Cameron, President Coolidge, Miss Charlot Hall, Gol. B.F. Fly, Rep. John Raker and Secretary to the President Everett Sanders [White House, Washington, D.C.]

Official map of the City of Brawley, Imperial County, California /

Negro field worker. Holtville, Imperial Valley, California. He has just made himself shoes out of that old tire

Drinking water for field worker's family. Imperial Valley, California, near El Centro

Slums of Brawley, California. Imperial Valley

Slums of Brawley, California. Imperial Valley

Slums of Brawley. Mexican field workers' homes. Imperial Valley, California

Mexican picking melons in the Imperial Valley, California

Waiting for relief checks. Calipatria, California

Ex-tenant farmer on relief grant in the Imperial Valley, California

Capped cantaloupe. Imperial Valley, California

Recreation in a migratory agricultural workers' camp near Holtville, California

Drought refugees waiting for relief checks. Calipatria, California

Auto camp north of Calipatria, California. Approximately eighty families from the Dust Bowl are camped here. They pay fifty cents a week. The only available work now is agricultural labor

Slums of East El Centro, California. Housing for Mexican field workers. They rent for eight dollars a month. Imperial Valley

Drought refugees in California near Holtville

Camp of migratory agricultural workers. Imperial County, California

Irrigation ditch along the road. Imperial Valley, California

Children of migratory carrot pullers, Mexicans. Imperial Valley, California

Irrigator in brushed and capped cantaloupe field. Imperial Valley, California

Oklahomans now working or looking for work in the pea harvests of California. Outskirts of Calipatria. Imperial Valley

Filipino crew of fifty-five boys cutting and loading lettuce. Imperial Valley, California

Desert agriculture. Brushed chili field. Replanting chili plants on a Japanese-owned ranch. Imperial Valley, California

Mexican picking cantaloupes in the Imperial Valley, California. This is highly skilled labor

Dust bowl refugee from Chickasaw, Oklahoma. Imperial Valley, California. "Black Sunday, 1934, that was the awfullest dust we ever did see"

One of a Mexican field gang of migratory laborers thinning and weeding cantaloupe plants. The young plants are "capped" with wax paper spread over a wire wicket to protect against cold and accelerate growth. The laborers' wages are thirty cents an hour. Imperial Valley, California

Forty families of drought and depression refugees camped by the roadside beside an irrigated pea field. A freeze which destroyed the pea crop threw practically every family in this camp on emergency relief. Nine miles from Calipatria, California

Drought and depression refugee from Oklahoma now working in the pea fields of California. Imperial Valley

Camp along the roadside. Drought refugees. Imperial County, California

Waiting for relief checks. Calipatria, California. Imperial Valley

Waiting for relief checks. Calipatria, California

Waiting for relief checks. Calipatria, California

Camp of migratory agricultural workers. Imperial County, California

Ditch bank housing for Mexican field workers. Imperial Valley, California

Housing typical of that afforded Mexican field workers of the Imperial Valley. These people are not migrants, but live on the edge of the ranches and work in peas and melons

Tent housing a family of four who will be returned to Oklahoma by the Relief Administration. Imperial County, California

Refugee family from the Rio Grande Valley, Texas, camped in the brush in a river bottom near Holtville, California

Ditch bank housing for Mexican field workers. Imperial Valley, California

Refugee families near Holtville, California

Laundry facilities in migratory labor camp. Imperial Valley, California, near Calipatria

Children of Oklahoma migrants in agricultrual workers' camp near Calipatria, California

Auto camp north of Calipatria, California. Approximately eighty families from the Dust Bowl are camped here. They pay fifty cents a week. The only available work now is agricultural labor

Desert agriculture. Brushed chili field. Replanting chili plants on a Japanese-owned ranch. Sticks, palm leaves and paper are used for protection against wind and cold. Tomato plants are cultivated by the same method. Imperial Valley, California

Mexican gang of migratory laborers under a Japanese field boss. These men are thinning and weeding cantaloupe plants. Wages thirty cents an hour. These young plants are "capped" with wax paper spread over a wire wicket to protect against cold and to accelerate growth. Imperial Valley, California

Camp of migratory agricultural workers. Imperial County, California

Ex-tenant farmer on relief grant in the Imperial Valley, California

Waiting for the semi-monthly relief checks at Calipatria, California

Auto camp north of Calipatria, California. Approximately eighty families from the Dust Bowl are camped here. They pay fifty cents a week. The only available work now is agricultural labor

Squatter camp on county road near Calipatria. Forty families from the dust bowl have been camped here for months on the edge of the pea fields. There has been no work because the crop was frozen

Water supply: an open settling basin from the irrigation ditch in a California squatter camp near Calipatria

Drought refugees in California near Holtville

Porch of Mexican worker's home in East El Centro, Imperial Valley, California

Unemployed family from the Rio Grande Valley, Texas, camped on a river bottom near Holtville, California

Housing typical of that afforded Mexican field workers of the Imperial Valley. These people are not migrants, but live on the edge of the ranches and work in peas and melons

Waiting for the semimonthly relief checks at Calipatria, Imperial Valley, California. Typical story: fifteen years ago they owned farms in Oklahoma. Lost them through foreclosure when cotton prices fell after the war. Became tenants and sharecroppers. With the drought and dust they came West, 1934-1937. Never before left the county where they were born. Now although in California over a year they haven't been continuously resident in any single county long enough to become a legal resident. Reason: migratory agricultural laborers

Drought refugee living in a ditch bank camp. Imperial County, California

Waiting for the relief checks at Calipatria, California

Lettuce cutting in the Imperial Valley, California. A Filipino crew of fifty-five boys, migrants

Mail boxes and irrigation gates. Imperial Valley, California

Four families, three of them related with fifteen children, from the Dust Bowl in Texas in an overnight roadside camp near Calipatria, California

Auto camp north of Calipatria, California. Approximately eighty families from the Dust Bowl are camped here. They pay fifty cents a week. The only available work now is agricultural labor

Camp of migratory workers. Imperial County, California

Ditch bank housing for Mexican field workers. Imperial Valley, California

The incessant struggle for cleanliness amid dust and dirt. Imperial County, California

This family without food and work about to be returned to Oklahoma by the Relief Administration. They have lost a baby as a result of exposure during the winter. Had to sell their tent and car to buy food. Neideffer Camp, Holtville, Imperial Valley, California

Mexicans picking cantaloupes one mile north of the Mexican border. Imperial Valley, Califoria. 6:00 a.m. This is highly skilled labor

Water supply: an open settling basin from the irrigation ditch in a California squatter camp near Calipatria

Home of a dust bowl refugee in California. Imperial County

Squatter camp on county road near Calipatria. Forty families from the dust bowl have been camped here for months on the edge of the pea fields. There has been no work because the crop was frozen

Ditch bank housing for Mexican field workers. Imperial Valley, California

Waiting for the semi-monthly relief checks at Calipatria, California

Pea fields of the Imperial Valley, California. Tamarisk trees are commonly planted along the irrigation ditches for shade so necessary in this desert valley. Note water barrels

In Calipatria, California, where thousands of refugees congregate

Mexican gang of migratory laborers under a Japanese field boss. These men are thinning and weeding cantaloupe plants. Wages thirty cents an hour. These young plants are "capped" with wax paper spread over a wire wicket to protect against cold and to accelerate growth. Imperial Valley, California

Capped cantaloupe. Imperial Valley, California

Migratory field worker's home on the edge of a pea field. The family lived here through the winter. Imperial Valley, California

Waiting for relief checks. Calipatria, California

Laguna Dam. The All American Canal, when completed, will extend desert land to cultivation by irrigation in the southwestern United States

California migratory farm laborers, drought refugees from Oklahoma, camped in the brush on the river bottom with no water or sanitation. On the outskirts of Brawley. Imperial Valley, California

Young family just arrived from Arkansas camped along the road. Imperial Valley, California

Oklahomans encamped on a river bottom near Holtville, California

One of a Mexican gang of migratory laborers thinning and weeding cantaloupe plants at thirty cents an hour; the young plants are capped with wax paper spread over a wire wicket to protect against cold and accelerate growth. Imperial Valley, California

Cabbage harvesting. Imperial Valley, California

Irrigation ditch alongside the road. Imperial Valley, California

The kind of work drought refugees and Mexicans do in the Imperial Valley, California. Planting cantaloupe

Water supply: an open settling basin from the irrigation ditch in a California squatter camp near Calipatria

Slums of East El Centro, California. Typical of housing and sanitary conditions of Mexican field workers of the Imperial Valley. The houses rent for eight dollars a month

Family of four to be returned to Oklahoma by the Relief Administration. "They won't go until they get so hungry that there's nothing else for them to do. They won't go--not twenty-five percent will go" said a transient case worker in Imperial County. This family was hungry. They lost a two-year-old baby as the result of exposure during the winter. Holtville, California

Young Oklahoma mother, age eighteen, penniless, stranded in California. Imperial Valley

Mexican melon picker of the Imperial Valley, unloading his bag. California

Waiting for relief checks. Calipatria, California

Children of migratory carrot pullers, Mexicans. Imperial Valley, California

Home of a dust bowl refugee in California. Imperial County

Washing facilities for families in migratory pea pickers' camp. Imperial Valley, California. Mostly Oklahomans and Texans

Cabbage cutting and hauling by new Vessey (flat truck) system, now also used in carrots and lettuce. Imperial Valley, California

Calipatria (vicinity), California. Native of Indiana in a migratory labor contractor's camp. "It's root hog or die for us folks"

Filipino crew of fifty-five boys cutting and loading lettuce. Imperial Valley, California

Lettuce cutting in the Imperial Valley, California. A Filipino crew of fifty-five boys, migrants

Desert agriculture. Brushed chili field. Replanting chili plants on a Japanese-owned ranch. Imperial Valley, California

Desert agriculture. Brushed chili field. Replanting chili plants on a Japanese-owned ranch. Imperial Valley, California