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Street and Negro quarters, Retreat Plantation, Port Royal Island, S.C. / Photographed by Hubbard & Mix, Beaufort, S.C.

Home of the cotton picker

Home of the cotton picker

Home of cotton picker

Home of cotton picker

[Workmen's houses, Pullman, Ill's.]

Workmen's houses, Pullman, Ill's.

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Worker houses and gardens before landscaping]

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Worker house gardens before landscaping]

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Workers garden before landscaping]

N.A. Berlin - Italian Camp Sec. 4 - Oct. 19, 1896

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Workers garden with pathway before landscaping]

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Pump and building before landscaping]

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Worker houses and gardens before landscaping]

Magnolia-on-the-Ashley (i.e. Magnolia Gardens), cabin homes of the Negro caretakers, Charleston, S.C.

[Ford Colliers]

[Magnolia-on-the-Ashley (i.e. Magnolia Gardens), cabin homes of the Negro caretakers, Charleston, S.C.]

Ford Colliers

This is where the mill children live. Compare photo 342. Lancaster, S.C. Location: Lancaster, South Carolina

This is where the mill children live. Compare photo 342. Lancaster, S.C. Location: Lancaster, South Carolina.

Employees' residences, National Cash Register [Company], Dayton, O[hio]

Characteristic employees' home, National Cash Register, Dayton, Ohio

Employees' residences, National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio

Characteristic employees' home, National Cash Register, Dayton, O[hio]

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Worker house gardens after landscaping]

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Worker garden after renovation]

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Worker vegetable garden]

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Workers garden with pathway after landscaping]

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Pump and building after landscaping]

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Worker house gardens after landscaping]

Willie Lee, 24 Ozark Mill, Gastonia, N.C. 10 years old. Been in mill 2 months. Doffer. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina.

A row of houses of the cotton mill people. Lydia Mills, Clinton, S.C. Witness, Sara R. Hine. Dec. 2, 1908. L.W.H. Location: Clinton, South Carolina.

Mill School House (in middle) surrounded by mill houses. Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Small need here for large schoolhouse. Most of the children in mill. Location: Dillon, South Carolina

Carolina cotton mill worker and his family all are working. Location: South Carolina

Carolina cotton mill worker and his family all are working. Location: South Carolina.

Willie Lee, 24 Ozark Mill, Gastonia, N.C. 10 years old. Been in mill 2 months. Doffer. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina

Mill School House (in middle) surrounded by mill houses. Maple Mill, Dillon, S.C. Small need here for large schoolhouse. Most of the children in mill. Location: Dillon, South Carolina.

A row of houses of the cotton mill people. Lydia Mills, Clinton, S.C. Witness, Sara R. Hine. Dec. 2, 1908. L.W.H. Location: Clinton, South Carolina

Row of mill houses belonging to Holden, Leonard Co., woolen mill, Bennington, Vt. Rents are from $6 to $8 a month. Location: Burlington, Vermont.

Augusta, Ga. A typical street scene in Gregtown where the employees in King Mill live. The Secretary of Associated Charities said this is the most degraded part of Augusta. Location: Augusta, Georgia.

A four-family house crowded close to the Chace Cotton Mill, Burlington, Vt. Homes of mill hands. Location: Burlington, Vermont.

Row of mill houses belonging to Holden, Leonard Co., woolen mill, Bennington, Vt. Rents are from $6 to $8 a month. Location: Burlington, Vermont

Group of "Model Tenements" occupied by the workers in Augusta (Ga.) Cotton Mills. Location: Augusta, Georgia

A four-family house crowded close to the Chace Cotton Mill, Burlington, Vt. Homes of mill hands. Location: Burlington, Vermont

Augusta, Ga. A typical street scene in Gregtown where the employees in King Mill live. The Secretary of Associated Charities said this is the most degraded part of Augusta. Location: Augusta, Georgia

Group of "Model Tenements" occupied by the workers in Augusta (Ga.) Cotton Mills. Location: Augusta, Georgia.

Zhilyi︠a︡ zavodskīi︠a︡ postroĭki. Kovzha. [Rossiĭskai︠a︡ imperii︠a︡]

Lights and shadows / Keppler.

Exterior of one of the shacks containing 24 rooms. Forsyth's Bog at Stop-the-Mode [sic.] near Pemberton, N.J. This is the fourth week of school in Philadelphia and people will stay here two weeks more. See Photo 1113. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey.

Zavodskīi︠a︡ poselenīi︠a︡ Kamenskago zavoda Kamensk-Uralʹskiĭ

Noon hour. Going to work in Avondale Mills. I saw these girls at work inside. Location: Birmingham, Alabama

Zavodskīi︠a︡ poselenīi︠a︡ Kamenskago zavoda [Kamensk-Uralʹskiĭ]

Zavodskīi︠a︡ poselenīi︠a︡ Verkh-Isetskago zavoda. [Ekaterinburg]

View of the Washington Mills, Fries Va. Housing conditions are fairly good, but housekeeping not very good. Working very good. Good light, fresh air. Fries, Va. Location: Fries, Virginia

Vid na Kaslinskīĭ zavod

Zavodskīi︠a︡ poselenīi︠a︡ Verkh-Isetskago zavoda. [Ekaterinburg]

Vid na poselenīi︠a︡ Kushvinskago zavoda. [Kushva]

Kamenskīĭ zavod s rabochimi poselenīi︠a︡mi [Kamensk-Uralʹskiĭ]

Upper floor of hallway, opening into 12 rooms (see photo #1145) in large shack occupied by cranberry pickers on Forsythe's Bog, Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. 12 rooms on first floor. One small window 21 x 26 inches in each room. Sept. 29, 1910. Witness E.F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey Photo Lewis W. Hine

Vid na Kyshtymskīĭ zavod

View of the Washington Mills, Fries Va. Housing conditions are fairly good, but housekeeping not very good. Working very good. Good light, fresh air. Fries, Va. Location: Fries, Virginia.

Vid na Kyshtymskīĭ zavod

Shack of Jo. Mermilla family, cranberrries pickers on Whites Bog, Browns Mills, N.J in settlement called Florence. Six persons live in this room. One bed on floor. Food exposed to flies, etc, on rafters and on floor. The children were very dirty and ill-kept. E.F. Brown Witness. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey.

Noon hour. Going to work in Avondale Mills. I saw these girls at work inside. Location: Birmingham, Alabama.

Upper floor of hallway, opening into 12 rooms (see photo #1145) in large shack occupied by cranberry pickers on Forsythe's Bog, Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. 12 rooms on first floor. One small window 21 x 26 inches in each room. Sept. 29, 1910. Witness E. F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey / Photo Lewis W. Hine.

Two girls (not the youngest) who work in Avondale Mills,. Location: Birmingham, Alabama

Exterior of one of the shacks containing 24 rooms. Forsyth's Bog at Stop-the-Mode sic. near Pemberton, N.J. This is the fourth week of school in Philadelphia and people will stay here two weeks more. See Photo 1113. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey

Bolʹnit︠s︡a i poselenīi︠a︡ Kyshtymskago zavoda. Gora Sygomak

A shack of one of the berry picking families on Giles Farm, Seaford, Del. There is one room in this shack unpartitioned in which 2 families (8 people) live. One half of the shack is taken up by a berth of four compartments. Rags and straw furnish the bedding. Clothes are hung inside to dry. Location: Seaford, Delaware

Interior of one of the living rooms in shack used by pickers on Theodore Budd's Bog, Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. Three persons lived in this room. See photo #1114. This is the fourth week of school in Philadelphia and people will stay here two weeks more. E. F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey.

Interior of one of the living rooms in shack used by pickers on Theodore Budd's Bog, Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. Three persons lived in this room. See photo #1114. This is the fourth week of school in Philadelphia and people will stay here two weeks more. E.F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey

Small shack on Forsyth's Bog, occupied by De Marco family, 10 in the family living in this one room. Room is 10 ft. x 11 ft. x 5 12 ft. high and gable attic above. (See family picking cranberries in Photo #1151.) Wooden toilets near at hand, and bushes used as such, gave forth very offensive odors. Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. E.F. Brown Witness. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey

A shack of one of the berry picking families on Giles Farm, Seaford, Del. There is one room in this shack unpartitioned in which 2 families (8 people) live. One half of the shack is taken up by a berth of four compartments. Rags and straw furnish the bedding. Clothes are hung inside to dry. Location: Seaford, Delaware.

Small shack on Forsyth's Bog, occupied by De Marco family, 10 in the family living in this one room. Room is 10 ft. x 11 ft. x 5 1/2 ft. high and gable attic above. (See family picking cranberries in Photo #1151.) Wooden toilets near at hand, and bushes used as such, gave forth very offensive odors. Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. E.F. Brown [Witness]. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey.

Two girls (not the youngest) who work in Avondale Mills,. Location: Birmingham, Alabama.

Bolʹnit︠s︡a i poselenīi︠a︡ Kyshtymskago zavoda. Gora Sygomak

Name: Bedroom, 5 1/2 ft. x 6 1/2 ft. with one window 21" x 16 " in which 3 persons sleep. Food was lying all over the bed unprotected and covered with flies. Large shack on Forsythe's Bog, nr. Pemberton. N.J. Sept. 29, 1910. Witness E. F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey.

Vid na poselenīi︠a︡ Kushvinskago zavoda. Kushva

The negro berry pickers shacks on the farm of Col. J. J. Ross, Del. The interior of these shacks consists of a flooring of straw, a few bags, and absence of light and air. Location: Ross, Delaware.

Shack of Jo. Mermilla family, cranberrries pickers on Whites Bog, Browns Mills, N.J in settlement called Florence. Six persons live in this room. One bed on floor. Food exposed to flies, etc, on rafters and on floor. The children were very dirty and ill-kept. E.F. Brown Witness. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey

The negro berry pickers shacks on the farm of Col. J. J. Ross, Del. The interior of these shacks consists of a flooring of straw, a few bags, and absence of light and air. Location: Ross, Delaware

Housing conditions in settlement at Seacoast Cannery #7, Eastport, Me., not very good. This is the home of the Goodell family. They live here all the year in these temporary quarters. The father works in the mill nearby. Four or five of the children are in the canneries. Clarence, 8 years; George, 9 years; Lottie, 12 years; "Makes a couple of dollars some days"; Violet, 15 years, "has made four dollars a day packing at times," (see upper window). Location: Eastport, Maine

Housing conditions at Lynchburg Cotton Mills are not very good. Houses are ill-kept and out of repair. Location: Lynchburg, Virginia

Home of Kettles family. Housing conditions in the mill settlement at Magnolia, Miss. are good. Working conditions are good also. Location: Magnolia, Mississippi.

Housing conditions in the settlement of workers in Alabama Canning Co. Two families to a house, but they are separated. Housing conditions fairly good. Location: Bayou La Batre, Alabama

Housing conditions in the settlement of Dunbar. They are better than the average. See church in distance. Have their own jail. Houses and wood furnished. Location: Dunbar, Louisiana

Housing conditions in mill settlement, Water Valley, Miss., not good. Location: Water Valley, Mississippi

Housing conditions in settlement at Seacoast Cannery #7, Eastport, Me., not very good. This is the home of the Goodell family. They live here all the year in these temporary quarters. The father works in the mill nearby. Four or five of the children are in the canneries. Clarence, 8 years; George, 9 years; Lottie, 12 years; "Makes a couple of dollars some days"; Violet, 15 years, "has made four dollars a day packing at times," (see upper window). Location: Eastport, Maine.

Shack near John D. Crocker's Bog. Housing 7 Portugese in bunks. Dirty clothes and garbage on the floor. There were bunks for 12 persons. The shack was 10 x 12 feet and 8 or 9 feet high. Location: Falmouth, Massachusetts.

View of the Washington Cotton Mills, Fries, Va. Housing conditions are fairly good, but housekeeping not very good. Working conditions in the mill are very good. Good light, fresh air. Location: Fries, Virginia.

One of the labor camps for workers in Peerless Oyster Co. About 18 families live here. While conditions are not so bad here as I have seen them in their Maryland and Delaware quarters, they are not far from ideal. Location: Bay St. Louis, Mississippi

Housing conditions in the settlement of Dunbar. They are better than the average. See church in distance. Have their own jail. Houses and wood furnished. Location: Dunbar, Louisiana.

One of the labor camps for workers in Peerless Oyster Co. About 18 families live here. While conditions are not so bad here as I have seen them in their Maryland and Delaware quarters, they are not far from ideal. Location: Bay St. Louis, Mississippi.

Mill Village, Winona Cotton Mills, Miss. Fairly good conditions generally, but many very slovenly houses. Location: Mill Village, Mississippi.

Housing conditions at Lynchburg Cotton Mills are not very good. Houses are ill-kept and out of repair. Location: Lynchburg, Virginia.

Housing conditions at Lynchburg Cotton Mills are not good. Houses are ill-kept and out of repair. Location: Lynchburg, Virginia

"We don't pay them till the end of the season or they would all leave at any time." The boss said 18 of his Syrian workers were housed in this small shack - others in similar and smaller ones. He said, "these people work in the factories the rest of the year and give up their jobs for a time to come down here and get a holiday. I go every year and get them." Location: East Wareham [vicinity] - Maple Park Bog, Massachusetts.

Housing conditions in the settlement of workers in Alabama Canning Co. Two families to a house, but they are separated. Housing conditions fairly good. Location: Bayou La Batre, Alabama.

Housing conditions at Lynchburg Cotton Mills are not good. Houses are ill-kept and out of repair. Location: Lynchburg, Virginia.

Housing conditions in mill settlement, Water Valley, Miss., not good. Location: Water Valley, Mississippi.

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