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(a) L. Seizwater, 333 Christian St., age 13, sells papers in subway. Works from 2 P.M. to 11 P.M. daily. Saturdays from 9 A.M. to 2 A.M. Sundays. Earnings 25 cents daily. (b) Jacob Cross, 1404 S. 8th St., age 15, newsboy. Sells from 3 P.M. to midnight daily. Saturdays works all night. The agent of the Juvenile Protective Association called the boy the typical night newsie of Philadelphia, having all their vices and ways and a class degenerating to low criminality. (c) Sol Feltman, 2442 S. Marshall St., age 10 sells papers in Subway from 4 P.M. to 10 P.M. Saturdays from 4 P.M. to midnight. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Barney Goldstein, 83 W. 5th St. Newsboy, 10 years of age. Selling newspapers 1 year. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Selling papers own choice. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 5 hours per day. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

Leo Franklin, 419 E. 3d St. 12 years of age. Selling papers 2 years. Average earnings 50 cents a day. Selling papers own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Visits saloons. Don't smoke. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

William Lynch, 11 years of age, and Cornelius Lynch, 9 years of age, 607 ["606" crossed out] E. 6th Street. Newsboys. William has been selling papers 4 years, average earnings 25 cents per week. Sells from choice. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 5 hours a day. Cornelius selling 3 years, average earnings 35 cents a week. Earnings not needed at home. Sells from choice. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 7 hours a day. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Joseph Wench, newsboy, 315 W. 2nd St. 7 years of age. Selling papers 2 years Average earnings 50 cents per week. Selling papers own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Visits saloons. Works 6 hours per day. Mother and father separated. Lives with grandmother. This boy was found on King St. (marked), eating rotted orange which he picked up from the gutter. He was bare footed, shabbily clad and seemed under fed. When asked whether grandmother needed his earnings, he replied that she was comfortable and that he wanted money to go to moving pictures and buy candy. May, 1910 Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

[Harry Silverstein, Newsboy, 703 W. 6th St., 7 years old. Sells papers, (selling 3 months average earnings 25 cents per week). Father working Morocco Mills, earns $18 weekly. Boy's earnings not needed at home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 8 hours per day. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. ]. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Dominick Carroll, 8 years old (appears 6). Newsboy. Sells from 3 P.M. to 7 P.M. income 25 cents per day. This boy sells papers for his brother who is 12 years old. Does not gamble, drink or smoke. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Nardie[?] Diffondall, 328 E. 8th St. 7 years of age. Selling papers 1 year. Average earnings 25 cents per week. Selling newspapers own choice. Don't smoke. Earnings not needed at home. Visits saloons. Works "last paper" scheme. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

Walter Ray, 400 Walnut St. 8 years of age. Selling papers 1 year. Average earnings 35 cents per week. Selling papers own choice. Don't smoke. Earnings not needed at home. Visits saloons. Works 5 hours per day. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

Girl and boys selling papers. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Al. Brown, newsboy, 219 W. 2nd [3rd?] St. 11 years of age. Selling newspaper 3 years. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Father merchant tailor, $26 weekly. Selling papers own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 7 hours a day. Wants money to spend . Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

Harry Silverstein, Newsboy, 703 W. 6th St., 7 years old. Sells papers, (selling 3 months average earnings 25 cents per week). Father working Morocco Mills, earns $18 weekly. Boy's earnings not needed at home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 8 hours per day. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Louis Birch, 4th & Pine Sts. Newsboy, 12 years of age. Just started selling. Made 10 cents one day. Father dead. While not under any compulsion to sell papers, Louis, of his own accord, took it up in order to help support his widowed mother. Louis is a brother of Stanley Birch, whose full history is contained in the text of the general report. Louis stays out until 12:30 every night and goes with his brother, Stanley, who is a messenger, on all calls because Stanley is afraid to be out on the street alone at night. Louis is clean, bright and willing. Visits saloons. Don't smoke. Works 9 hours per day. Gives money to mother. , May 1910. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Earl Kelly, 116 E. 2% [i.e., 2nd?] Street. 9 years of age. Selling papers 2 weeks. Average earnings 10 cents per day. Sells from choice. Earnings not needed home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. On Sunday, May 22d this boy was found on the street at 6 P.M. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Robert Reynolds, newsboy, 228 Parrish St. 14 years of age. Selling papers 4 weeks. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Visits saloons. Don't smoke. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

James Morgan, 119 French St. Newsboy. 9 years of age. Selling newspaper 4 years. Average earnings 50 cents per week. Selling papers own choice. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 6 hours per day. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., May, 1910.

[Donald Mallick, (#1513.) And Myrtle Mallick. Myrtle is 8 years. Selling papers 1 years, average earnings 35 cents per day. Sells from choice. Begs pennies and works "last paper" scheme. Earnings not needed at home. Visits saloons. (general report for further information.) Edward F. Brown, Investigator ]. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

[Harry Silverstein, Newsboy, 703 W. 6th St., 7 years old. Sells papers, (selling 3 months average earnings 25 cents per week). Father working Morocco Mills, earns $18 weekly. Boy's earnings not needed at home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 8 hours per day. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. ]. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Arthur H. Toody, 536 Market St. Newsboy, 8 years of age. Selling papers 1 years [sic] Average earnings 20 cents per week. Selling newspapers own choice. Earnings not needed at home. Don't smoke. Visits saloons. Works 5 hours per day. Wants money for moving picture. May, 1910. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Group of workers in the Massachusetts Mills, Lindale, Ga. Photo taken at noon, April 12, 1913, while they were being paid off. During the days following this, I proved the ages of nearly a dozen of these children, by gaining access to Family Records, Life Insurance papers, and through conversations with the children and parents, and found these that I could prove to be working now, or during the past year at 10 and 11 years of age, some of them having begun before they were ten. Further search would reveal dozens more. (See Hine Report.) Massachusetts Mills, Lindale, Ga. Apr. 12, 1913. Location: Lindale, Georgia / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Alfred Hicks, a 10-year-old newsie, selling Boston papers at noon. Location: Barre, Vermont / Lewis W. Hine.

Morris Levine, 212 Park Street. 11 years old and sells papers every day--been selling five years. Makes 50 cents Sundays and 30 cents other days. Location: Burlington, Vermont / Lewis W. Hine.

William Jerry, 457 North Bend Street. "I sells papers every day in the year; Sundays too. Been at it four years." 13 years old. Location: Burlington, Vermont / Lewis W. Hine.

Group of newsies (youngest 10 years) selling Boston papers at noon. In Barre and Montpelier newsies are excused from school a little early at noon and at night in order to get to their papers earlier. Location: Barre, Vermont / Lewis W. Hine.

4 p.m. Morrison Foster, 37 Anderson Street. Said he was 12 years old, and sells papers from 4 to 6 p.m. daily. No badge visible--pinned inside pocket. Near South Station. Boston, Massachusetts / Lewis W. Hine.

Ladies of the White House secretariat. Washington, D.C., Feb. 19. Headed by Miss Margaret "Missy" Lehand, personal secretary to President Roosevelt, these girl secretaries play an important part behind the scenes at the White House. They hail from five states and include brunettes, redheads, and blondes, with scatterings of iron-gray. In the front row, seated, left to right: Miss Robert Barrows, Secretary to Marvin H. McIntyre; Miss Grace Tully, to whom President Roosevelt dictates his speeches, State papers, etc.; Miss Marguerite Lehand; Miss Margaret Durand, Secretary to James Roosevelt; Miss Mary Eben, who cares for and catalogs the President's personal books and the White House Library. Back row, left to right: Paual Larabee takes care of the President's personal files and looks up things; Toinette [?] Bachelder, Assistant Secretary to Marvin McIntyre; Mabel Williams, Secretary to Bill Hassett, Steve Early's Assistant; Katherine Gilligan, Assistant in James Roosevelt's office; Prudence Shannon, Secretary to Stephen T. Early; Lucile Lewis handles much of the White House mail, routes it to Government Departments and Agencies for answer when necessary; Louise Hackmeister was brought from Albany to operate the White House switchboard, the first woman to ever man this important line of communication; and Lela Stiles, who assists Miss Lewis in handling the White House mail, 2/19/38

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Machen-Gresham Correspondence, 1871-1889; Machen, Arthur W., to Gresham, Minnie; 1872, Aug.-1873, Jan.

Decree in Ex parte Lewis, [Law papers].

Decree in Ex parte Lewis, [Law papers].

Decree in Ex parte Lewis, [Law papers].

Decree in Ex parte Lewis, [Law papers].

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862

Lewis H. Machen Family Papers: Diaries and Diary Transcriptions, 1860-1865; Diaries; Gresham, LeRoy Wiley; Transcriptions; 1862