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This little six-year helper in Rock Creek berry field, near Baltimore, Md., was working hard. They begin about 4:30 A.M. and sometimes work until sunset. Her family (Scholtz) has been South--Bluffton, S.C.--for a few years. Seen in Appalachicola and Biloxi. They are Polish. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

Bertha Marshall a berry picker on Jenkins Farm, Rock Creek, near Baltimore, Md. Been at it 2 summers. Picks about 10 boxes a day. (2 cents a box). Photo July 7, 1909. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

A strawberry field on Rock Creek, near Baltimore. Whites and negroes, old and young, work here from 4:30 A.M. until sunset some days. A long hot day. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

John Slebzak - see #837. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

Some of the workers in a Md. packing company. Plenty of work for even the tiniest hands. Many have to carry heavy boxes full of beans etc. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

View of the berry fields near Baltimore, Md. Many girls and boys, old and young, working here with the negroes who are often not good associates. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

Farrand Packing Co. A young berry picker on Curran's farm, Rock Creek. This boy, Irvan Stevans, and the other (see 828) were the only whites working with a large number of negroes that day, and bad language was abundant. Says he works from "sunup to sundown" and has been working 3 summers. On card with captions for both #827 and #828: Norris Lovitt. Been picking for 3 years in berry fields near Baltimore, Md. (See 827 and label). July 8, 1909. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

This little six-year helper in Rock Creek berry field, near Baltimore, Md., was working hard. They begin about 4:30 A.M. and sometimes work until sunset. Her family (Scholtz) has been South--Bluffton, S.C.--for a few years. Seen in Appalacicola and Bixloxi. They are Polish. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

A young berry picker on Bottomley's farm, near Baltimore, Md. She worked one winter at Youngs Island, S.C. Mother says, "No more." Location: Baltimore, Maryland

A young berry picker on a Rock Creek farm near Baltimore, Md. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

Bertha Brandt, 9 years old. Picks berries on a Rock Creek farm near Baltimore, Md. (See my report July 10, 1909.) Location: Baltimore, Maryland

Name: George Sajdak, a Polish boy who picks berries on a Rock Creek farm, near Baltimore, Md. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

Name: A four year old helper in the berry field Rock Creek, Baltimore, Md. Mother said, "He helps a little." July 7, 1909. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

Slebzak family (Polish) working on Bottomley farm, near Baltimore, Md. They have worked here 3 years and one winter at Avery Island, Louisiana. All work except the very smallest. She hangs around the fields. Begin work about 4 A.M. and sometimes works until sunset. (See #838.) Location: Baltimore, Maryland

Laura, a nine-year-old berry picker on Rock Creek, near Baltimore, Md. Been working in the South two winters. (See my report July 10, 1909.) Location: Baltimore, Maryland

Annie Bissie, a little picker in the fields near Baltimore. (See label 835). Location: Baltimore, Maryland

Johnnie Goldberg and father on a Rock Creek farm. Boy worked at Young Island, S.C. one winter. July 7, 1909. Location: Baltimore, Maryland

In the group are: 2 four year old boys, 1 five year old boy, 1 six year old boy, 1 ten year old boy, 1 eleven year old boy, 1 twelve year old boy, 2 five year old girls, 1 six year old girl, 2 nine year old girls, 1 ten year old girl, 1 twelve year old girl. In front of shacks at noon, Florence colony ?, Whites Bog, Browns Mills, N.J. This is the fourth week of school and the people expect to remain two weeks more. E.F. Brown Witness. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey

A group of berry pickers on Newton's Farm, Cannon, Del. 2 Children are 9 years of age, 1 Child, 15, and 1--16. These children have all been picking for the past 2 years. Location: Cannon, Delaware

Marshintonio family. Forsythe's Bog, Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey

Fank Denato, 6 years old; Tom Denato, 4 years old; Domino Denato, 12 years old. 902 Montrose St., Philadelphia, and Padrone. White's Bog, Browns Mills, N.J. This is the fourth week of school and the people expect to remain here two weeks more. Witness E.F. Brown. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey

General view of White's Bog. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey

Gang of older boys working in White's Bog Brown Mills, N.J. Cranberry bogs, a rough gang. Sept. 28, 1910. Witness, E.F. Brown. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey Photo by Lewis W. Hine

General view of Forsythe's Bog, Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. with Padrone. Sept. 29, 1910. Witness, E.F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Upper floor of hallway, opening into 12 rooms (see photo #1145) in large shack occupied by cranberry pickers on Forsythe's Bog, Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. 12 rooms on first floor. One small window 21 x 26 inches in each room. Sept. 29, 1910. Witness E.F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey Photo Lewis W. Hine

A group of berry pickers at Newton's Farm, Bridgeville, Del. 2 Children are 7 years of age. 2 Children are 8 years of age. 2 Children are 9 years of age. 2 Children are 11 years of age. 3 Children are 12 years of age. 1 Child is 13 years of age. 1 Child is 15 years of age. 6 Children have been working 3 years. 1 Child has been working 2 years. 2 Children have been working 5 years. 2 Children have been working 6 years. 1Child has been working 8 years. Location: Bridgeville, Delaware

Nick Cechini, 10 years old, been picking for three years, and Joe Cechini, 12 years old, been picking five years. 1147 Deliheigh St., Philadelphia. Witness E.F. Brown. Theodore Budd's Bog at Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. This is the fourth week of school in Philadelphia, and people will stay here two weeks more. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey

Tenjeta Calone, Philadelphia, 10 years old. Been picking cranberries 4 years. White's Bog, Browns Mills, N.J. This is the fourth week of school and the people here expect to remain two weeks more. Sept. 28, 1910. Witness E.F. Brown. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Exterior of one of the shacks containing 24 rooms. Forsyth's Bog at Stop-the-Mode sic. near Pemberton, N.J. This is the fourth week of school in Philadelphia and people will stay here two weeks more. See Photo 1113. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey

A shack of one of the berry picking families on Giles Farm, Seaford, Del. There is one room in this shack unpartitioned in which 2 families (8 people) live. One half of the shack is taken up by a berth of four compartments. Rags and straw furnish the bedding. Clothes are hung inside to dry. Location: Seaford, Delaware

Interior of one of the living rooms in shack used by pickers on Theodore Budd's Bog, Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. Three persons lived in this room. See photo #1114. This is the fourth week of school in Philadelphia and people will stay here two weeks more. E.F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey

Small shack on Forsyth's Bog, occupied by De Marco family, 10 in the family living in this one room. Room is 10 ft. x 11 ft. x 5 12 ft. high and gable attic above. (See family picking cranberries in Photo #1151.) Wooden toilets near at hand, and bushes used as such, gave forth very offensive odors. Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. E.F. Brown Witness. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey

Victoria Borsa, 1223 Catherine St., Philadelphia. 4 year old berry picker. Brother 7 years old. While I was photographing them, the mother was impatiently urging them to "pick, pick." Whites Bog, Brown Mills, N.J. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey

The Marnielli family. Forsythe's Bog, Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. Sept. 29, 1910. Witness E.F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Catherine Celaberta, 766 or 756? S. Darian St., Philadelphia, Pa. 6 years old. Been picking this summer at Theodore Budd's Bog at Turkeytown near Pemberton, N.J. This is the fourth week of school in Philadelphia and people will stay here two weeks more. Sept. 27, 1910. Witness, E.F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Group of children carrying in their pecks to the "bushel man." We measured one of these peck boxes and found it contained 10 quarts instead of 8. Theodore Budd's Bog at Turkeytown near Pemberton, N.J. This is the fourth week of school in Philadelphia and people will stay here two weeks more. E.F. Brown Witness Location: Pemberton, New Jersey

A group of cranberry pickers moving from one part of the bog to another. Whites Bog, Browns Mills, N.J. This is the fourth week of school and the people here expect to remain two weeks more. Sept. 28, 1910. Witness E.F. Brown. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Pete, the Padrone, and family and neighbors. Girl tending baby in sun. Forsythe's Bog, Turkeytown, near Pemberton, N.J. Sept. 29, 1910. Witness E.F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Pete Trombetta, 10 years of age, 6th season of work. Salvatore Trombetta, 14 years of age, 8th season of work, picks 200 quarts of berries a day. Mary Trombetta, 11 years of age, 6th season, picks 100 quarts berries per day on Johnson's Farm, Seaford, Del. These children start picking at about 5:30 A.M. and continue until 6 P.M. in the evening. The padrone estimated that the family of 6 can make from $9 to $12 per day picking 12 to 13 hours. Edward F. Brown, Investigator. Seaford, Del. May 28, 1910. Location: Seaford, Delaware Photo by Lewis W. Hine

The McNadd family on Truitt's farm at Cannon, Del. Oscar who is 7 years of age is picking berries his third season, averaging 34 quarts per day. Eve, 11 years of age, is picking berries her fifth season, averaging 100 quarts per day. Madge, 8 years old, picking berries fifth season, averaging 45 quarts per day. Alberta, 5 years old, second season, averaging 19 quarts per day (see 1581). Location: Cannon, Delaware

The De Marco family (see photos #1139-#1143, and E.F. Brown's report). Forsythe's Bog, Turkeytown near Pemberton, N.J. Sept. 29, 1910. Witness E.F. Brown. Location: Pemberton, New Jersey Photo by Lewis W. Hine

Shack of Jo. Mermilla family, cranberrries pickers on Whites Bog, Browns Mills, N.J in settlement called Florence. Six persons live in this room. One bed on floor. Food exposed to flies, etc, on rafters and on floor. The children were very dirty and ill-kept. E.F. Brown Witness. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey

The negro berry pickers shacks on the farm of Col. J. J. Ross, Del. The interior of these shacks consists of a flooring of straw, a few bags, and absence of light and air. Location: Ross, Delaware

Abbe, said 10 years old who picks 10 pails a day. Also two young Italian illiterates. Location: Rochester vicinity Eldridge Bog, Massachusetts

"Not a very happy job!" Mary Gilbert, said 10 years old. Lives Second Street, New Bedford. "Am pickin' now, couldn't get no place this mornin'." Location: Rochester vicinity Eldridge Bog, Massachusetts

Joe said 6 years old and his sister said 8 years old. Nine out of the seventy workers were from 6 to 12 years old. Mostly Syrians from Boston and Providence. Location: East Wareham vicinity - Maple Park Bog, Massachusetts

Joe Rose. Dumps cranberries for his father. Said he was 11 years old. Lived at Hourwich, Mass. 7 out of 57 workers were 6 to 12 years old. Working from 9 a.m. til 5 p.m. they said. Location: Hollow Branch Bog, near Wareham, Massachusetts

Gordon Peter, using scoop with metal teeth not covered. Said 10 years old. One of the smallest scoopers that we found. Usually scooping is done by adults. Been picking 3 years. Location: Makepeace near Wareham, Massachusetts

Young pickers on Swift's Bog. All working: including baby in foreground. (See names on other label.) Location: Falmouth vicinity - Swift's Bog, Massachusetts

Arthur Fernande. Said 8 years old. Picking cranberries by hand, and brother Charlie said he was 9 picking with a scoop. Said they worked from 9 till 5. Location: Hollow Branch Bog, near Wareham, Massachusetts

Arthur Farnande. Said 8 years old. Picking cranberries by hand, and brother Charlie said he was 9 picking with a scoop. Said they worked from 9 till 5. Location: Hollow Branch Bog, near Wareham, Massachusetts

Celia Perry. A young picker living in Rochester, Mass. Rochester vicinity Eldridge Bog, Massachusetts

Charlie Fernande showing the scoop with which he works. Most of the scooping is done by adults. Location: Hollow Branch Bog, near Wareham, Massachusetts

Amelia Louise Sousa, 12 years old. Picks 22 measures. Balmeda 4 years old. Children said she doesn't pick, but she was picking just the same. Location: Falmouth - Baker Bog, Massachusetts

Mamie, who said she was 9 and a regular picker was teaching her 6 year old sister Ada to use a scoop. Location: Hollow Branch Bog, near Wareham, Massachusetts

Mary Alimeda, 500 Wichendon Street, Providence. Is in 3rd grade. Also Anton Enos of E. Falmouth. Location: Falmouth vicinity - Swift's Bog, Massachusetts

Smallest one Merilda, picking with her sister. Location: Rochester vicinity - Eldridge Bog, Massachusetts

Mary Birch with two boys - John 14 - Tony 10. Six more younger children at home. The boys pick 18-20 pails a day. Location: Falmouth - Week's Bog, Massachusetts

Girl who said she was 11 picking and carrying cranberries. Location: Hollow Branch, Massachusetts

Anne, small picker. Said 7 years old. Location: Rochester vicinity - Eldridge Bog, Massachusetts

Joe carrying cranberries. Said 10 years old. Picks also. Location: Falmouth vicinity - Swift's Bog, Massachusetts

Bella Roy, said 11 years old. "Been comin' here 7 years, been pickin' since I was 5 years old." Lives 44 Bowler St., Fall River. Sister Jeanette said 6 years old beginning to pick now. Also their cousin Anita (on right hand) 7 years old regular picker. Began last year. Location: South Carver vicinity - Smart's Bog, Massachusetts

Pete Le Tendre is the smallest worker. Said 9 years old. Lives 44 Bowler Street, Fall River, Mass. Location: South Carver vicinity - Smart's Bog, Massachusetts

Laura Santos and family, 500 Wichendon Street, Providence. Said 12 years. Picks 20 to 25 measures a day. Is in 4th grade will be here 5 weeks more. Location: Falmouth vicinity - Swift's Bog, Massachusetts

Mother and three children - Roderez family, E. Falmouth, Mass. James - 8 years; Manuel 5; Marion, the baby, 4. They pick 28 measures a day. Mother says, "We can't pick fast cause the baby is too fussy." Location: Falmouth - Baker Bog, Massachusetts

Five cranberry pickers - all cousins. Smallest is Joe Sylva, 618 Water St., New Bedford, said 10 years old. Picks 10 pails a day at 7 cents. Arthur Sylva, said 13 years, picks 30 pails a day. Carrie Maderyos, 618 Water Street, New Bedford, said 12 years - second year picking. The group expects to be picking here four weeks more which will cause loss of New Bedford schooling at least 6 weeks. (See photos of them picking next day). Location: Falmouth vicinity - Swift's Bog, Massachusetts

Justina, said 7 years old, and Amelia said 9 years old. Working on Elridge Bog. Location: Rochester - near Mary's Pond, Massachusetts

Mrs. Willett and two little girls. Said 8 and 12 years old. Living in W. Wareham, Mass. Location: Rochester vicinity Eldridge Bog, Massachusetts

Joe said 6 years old and his sister said 8 years old. Nine out of the seventy workers were from 6 to 12 years old. Mostly Syrians from Boston and Providence. Location: East Wareham vicinity - Maple Park Bog, Massachusetts

Group of workers on Smart's Bog. Location: South Carver vicinity, Massachusetts

Bessie Gonsalve, Said she was 11. Picking and carrying cranberries. Lives in Harwich, Mass. Expects to be here for several weeks more. Location: Hollow Branch Bog, near Wareham, Massachusetts

Group of Workers on Smart's Bog. Location: South Carver vicinity, Massachusetts

Manuel Thomas, 2 years old. Was picking a little. Location: Falmouth - Baker Bog, Massachusetts

The boy standing is Manuel Baptiste, 605 Acushnet Ave., Fall River, Mass. Said 10 years old. 7 year old Alphonse and 12 year old Alphonse Derosies, of 587 E. End Ave., Fall River, Mass., was working. Location: South Carver vicinity - Smart's Bog, Massachusetts

Anna Perry, 2 years old. Was picking a little. Location: Falmouth vicinity - Swift's Bog, Massachusetts

Thomas Vegas and family. Johnny, 11 years, Joe 9 years, and little Louise De Pont. Location: Falmouth vicinity - W.W. Eldridge, Jr., Bog, Massachusetts

Showing pickers at Swift's Bog. Location: Falmouth vicinity - Swift's Bog, Massachusetts

Manuel White, father with two children - Johnnie, 7 years - Sylva 12 years. Live on Brook Street, Dighton, Mass. Family picks 72 measures a day at 6 cents. Location: Falmouth - Baker Bog, Massachusetts

Mother and three children - Roderez family, E. Falmouth, Mass. James - 8 years; Manuel 5; Marion, the baby, 4. They pick 28 measures a day. Mother sayd, "We can't pick fast cause the baby is too fussy." Location: Falmouth - Baker Bog, Massachusetts

Boy of 12 years picking cranberries with the scoop. Most of the scooping is done by adult workers, but some scoops ? are made small enough for the children to use. Location: Hollow Branch Bog, near Wareham, Massachusetts

Mary Gomez, 10 years old. Lives Waquoit. Picked 19 pails one day, generally picks 8 or 10. Location: Falmouth, Massachusetts

Carre Maderyos (See label #2554). Location: Falmouth, Massachusetts

Camille Carmo, Justine Carmo, seven and nine years old. The older one picks about 4 pails a day. Youngest was picking also. Location: Rochester vicinity Eldridge Bog, Massachusetts

Boss of this bog and his wife and two little children picking. Nine out of the seventy workers were from 6 to 12 years old. Mostly Syrians from Boston and Providence. Location: East Wareham vicinity - Maple Park Bog, Massachusetts

Napoleon Leighton, Said 9 years old, 14 12 Griffin Street, New Bedford, Mass. Also young Portuguese girl about 11 years old. Location: Rochester vicinity Eldridge Bog, Massachusetts

Camille Carmo, Justine Carmo, seven and nine years old. The older one picks about 4 pails a day. Youngest was picking also. Location: Rochester vicinity Eldridge Bog, Massachusetts

Two little pickers. Manuel Alvez - 12 years, Marion Alvez, 8 years. She picks 19 measures. He picks 10 measures. Live 320 Water St., New Bedford, Mass. Location: Falmouth - Baker Bog, Massachusetts

Carre Maderyos and Joe Sylva. (See preceding labels.) Location: Falmouth vicinity - Swift's Bog, Massachusetts

Manuel Robello, 10 years old. Picks and carries. Lives in Teaticket, Mass. Location: Falmouth - Baker Bog, Massachusetts

Young pickers on Swift's Bog. All working. Location: Falmouth vicinity - Swift's Bog, Massachusetts

Carrie Maderyos ready to pick. Said 12 years old - 2nd year picking. Location: Falmouth vicinity - Swift's Bog, Massachusetts

Belford Coldos, 27 Cannon St., New Bedford, Mass. 8 years old. Picking on Weeks' Bog. Location: Falmouth - Week's Bog, Massachusetts

Teixiera family, 50 Lombardt St., New Bedford. Mary J., 11 years; Manuel 10 years. Mother and these two children pick 40 measures a day at 7 cents a measure. See scoops and pail in foreground. There were two out of eighteen workers apparently under 12 and they expected to work several weeks more--losing some weeks of schooling. Location: Falmouth - Plimmey ? Bog, Massachusetts

Even the little tiny one about 5 years old was picking. Some others picking regularly. Location: Rochester vicinity Eldridge Bog, Massachusetts

Antone Fontes. Said 11 years old, and worked here last year. Lives in E. Providence, R.I. Location: Makepeace near Wareham, Massachusetts

Shack near John D. Crocker's Bog. Housing 7 Portugese in bunks. Dirty clothes and garbage on the floor. There were bunks for 12 persons. The shack was 10 x 12 feet and 8 or 9 feet high. Location: Falmouth, Massachusetts

Annette Roy, the youngest worker. Said 7 years old. Picked last year. Lives 171 Orange Street, Fall River, Mass. Also Napoleon Ruel, 53 Hopkins Street, Fall River, Mass. Said 9 years old. Location: South Carver vicinity - Smart's Bog, Massachusetts

"We don't pay them till the end of the season or they would all leave at any time." The boss said 18 of his Syrian workers were housed in this small shack - others in similar and smaller ones. He said, "these people work in the factories the rest of the year and give up their jobs for a time to come down here and get a holiday. I go every year and get them." Location: East Wareham vicinity - Maple Park Bog, Massachusetts

Group of Workers on Smart's Bog. Location: South Carver vicinity, Massachusetts

Walter Silva. Said 10 years old. Picks 3 or 4 pails a day. Location: Rochester vicinity Eldridge Bog, Massachusetts

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