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James L. Edwards to Abraham Lincoln, Wednesday, March 28, 1849 (Pension Claims)

Pension of ice. June 1, 1853. For the purpose of preventing the numerous frauds that are daily attempted upon this office the following rules, having been approved by the Secretary of the interior, will be strictly enforced ... [Washington, 1853

The Late Colonel Theodore S. Bowers, General Grant's adjutant-general / / photographed by Brady. Paying United States pensioners at the pension office in the New York Custom-House / sketched by A.R. Waud

Paying United States pensioners at the Pension Office in the New York Custom-House / sketched by A.R. Waud.

[The Pension Office] / Abdullah Frères, Constantinople.

The new Pension Bldg.

Dr. John Scott Mrs. Harrison's father, aged 89, at work in the Pension Office, for A.P.A., Nov. 16.

The Inauguration Ball, at the Pension Building, on the evening of March 4th - exterior view, and scene in the Grand Ball-Room, upon the arrival of President Harrison

[Wengen, Pension Lauerner and Jungfrau, Bernese Oberland, Switzerland]

[Kander Valley, Blausee, and pension, Bernese Oberland, Switzerland]

[Inaugural decorations, McKinley inauguration, Pension Building]

U.S. Pension Bureau Building and Grounds

[Hotel Pension la Tete Noire, somewhere in Europe, with horses and carriages in foreground]

Pension Office (Special Examiners)

Vast interior of the Pension Building arranged for the Inaugural Ball, Washington

Pension office

Preparing grand interior of Pension office for Taft Inaugural Ball, Washington, D.C.

[Inaugural ball in the Pension Building during the inauguration of Benjamin Harrison]

Pension Ofc.

Int. Pension Office

Int. Pension Office

[Detail of exterior of Old Pension Office Building, Washington, D.C.]

Protection du réformé, no. 2. Assistance aux malades et blessés de la guerre, réformés sans pension. Crédit Foncier de France

Pension Ofc. interior, [Washington, D.C.]

Pension Ofc. interior, [Washington, D.C.]

Jno. R. Weathers, Pension Ofc., [5/1/20]

E.B. Simonds Pension Ofc., [5/1/20]

[D.C. Wash. Pension Office bldg. view across park]

Old Pension Office Building, Washington, D.C.: interior - court, 1921

Sen. Pat Harrison. Sen. Pat Harrison, chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, had a busy day Tuesday as hearings were held on the administration's old-age pension bill. 1/22/35

Sen. Wagner talks insurance. Sen. Robert F. Wagner, D. of New York, discusses the proposed old-age pension law before the Senate Finance Committee. 1/22/35

United States Code: Civil War, War with Mexico, and Revolutionary War - Service and Disability Pensions of Veterans; Widows, Children, Dependent Relatives; Pension to Army Nurses, 38 U.S.C. §§ 268-331 (Suppl. 1 1925)

United States Code: Civil War, War with Mexico, and Revolutionary War - Service and Disability Pensions of Veterans; Widows, Children, Dependent Relatives; Pension to Army Nurses, 38 U.S.C. §§ 268-331 (Suppl. 2 1925)

United States Code: Civil War, War with Mexico, and Revolutionary War - Service and Disability Pensions of Veterans; Widows, Children, Dependent Relatives; Pension to Army Nurses, 38 U.S.C. §§ 268-331 (Suppl. 3 1925)

United States Code: Civil War, War with Mexico, and Revolutionary War - Service and Disability Pensions of Veterans; Widows, Children, Dependent Relatives; Pension to Army Nurses, 38 U.S.C. §§ 268-331 (Suppl. 7 1925)

United States Code: Civil War, War with Mexico, and Revolutionary War - Service and Disability Pensions of Veterans; Widows, Children, Dependent Relatives; Pension to Army Nurses, 38 U.S.C. §§ 261-329 (1925)

United States Code: Civil War, War with Mexico, and Revolutionary War - Service and Disability Pensions of Veterans; Widows, Children, Dependent Relatives; Pension to Army Nurses, 38 U.S.C. §§ 268-331 (Suppl. 4 1925)

United States Code: Civil War, War with Mexico, and Revolutionary War - Service and Disability Pensions of Veterans; Widows, Children, Dependent Relatives; Pension to Army Nurses, 38 U.S.C. §§ 268-331 (Suppl. 5 1925)

Pension Office Building. Interior of Pension Office Building

Pension Office Building. Exterior of Pension Office Building

Hungarian miner, Calumet, Pennsylvania. Worked in the mines for thirty-four years, now sixty-three with no pension and no work

The photographs in the Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph

Twenty-two million people behind Dr. Townsend, he says. Dr. Francis E. Townsend, right, author of the $200 a month pension bill, chats with Rep. John. S. McGroarty, D. of Calif., as doctor waited to give testimony before the House Ways and Means Committee. Dr. Townsend advocates a payment of $200 a month to all people over 60 years of age. He says 20,000,000 are behind him in his plan. Rep. McGroarty introduced the bill in the House. The administration also is supporting a pension bill, but one which calls for a much smaller payment. 2/1/35

The photographs in the Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph

The photographs in the Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph

Economic Security Director. Edwin E. Witte, Executive Director of the Presidential Committee on Economic Security, explains the old age pension proposal of the president to the Ways and Means Committee of the House, 1/21/35

Ways and Means Committee ready to act on pension bill. Rep. Robert L. Doughton, D. of N.C. chairman of the Ways and Means committee, left, listens to Edwin E. Witte, Executive Director of the Presidential Committee on Economic Security, as the committee considers various remifications of the old age pension bill now before the House. Wittee explained the broad phases of the entire economic security program, 1/21/35

A home for the old folks. Old age pension advocates get together, frame a bill and introduce it into the house. Rep. John Steven McGroaty, D. of Calif., standing, introduced the Townsend pension bill which calls for $200 a month for all over 65 years of age. Rep. John M. Costello, D. of Calif., is seated on the left, and Dr. Francis Everett Townsend, author of the pension plan, is on the right, 1/16/35

The photographs in the Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph

The photographs in the Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph

Pennsylvania photographs - Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Photograph.

DENIES GENERAL PENSION PLAN. WASHINGTON, D.C. APRIL 15. M.A. ARLAN OF THE DISABLED AMERICAN VETERANS, STANDING, TELLS PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT THAT THERE IS NO MOVEMENT WITHIN HIS ORGANIZATION FOR GENERAL PENSIONS

Votes for first time at 79. Arlington, VA, Oct. 15. This is Mrs. O'Leary (not the Mrs. O'Leary who kissed the cow who kicked over the lantern to start the Chicago fire) but Mrs. Lucy O'Leary of this town who will cast her first vote on November 3 at age 79, for Gov. Landon. She now lives on small government pension with the aid of a small garden

[Offices in The Pension Building, Washington, D.C.]

PRESIDENT CONFERS WITH NEW HEAD VFW. WASHINGTON, D.C. OCTOBER 6. IN A CONFERENCE WITH PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT AT THE WHITE HOUSE TODAY, COL. BERNARD W. KEARNEY, NEW COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE VETERANS OF FOREIGN WARS, ASSURED THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE THAT WORLD WAR VETERANS ARE CHIEFLY CONCERNED WITH STEADY JOBS RATHER THAN A GENERAL PENSION SYSTEM. IN A LETTER LEFT WITH THE PRESIDENT, KEARNEY SAID THAT NO ACTION WHATSOEVER WAS TAKEN ON THE GENERAL PENSION SYSTEM BY HIS ORGANIZATION AT ITS DENVER ENCAMPMENT

[Offices in The Pension Building, Washington, D.C.]

Senate Committee told million railroad employees back Crosser-Wagner Pension Bill. Washington, D.C., May 15. Appearing as the first witness in favor of the Crosser-Wagner Railroad Pension Bill, George M. Harrison, President of the Railway Clerks Association and Chairman of the Railway Labor Executives Association, today told the house Interstate Commerce Committee that 1,500,000 railroad employees favor this new bill which if passed, will replace the present Railroad Retirement Act. Harrison added there was "no doubt of its constitutionality" and that it had been worked out with railroad managements on the understanding that it would not be attacked in courts by them. In the photograph, left to right: George M. Harrison; Rep. Robert Crosser of Ohio, co-author of the bill; and Rep. Clarence Lea of California, 5/13/1937

"Ham and Eggs" advocate presents view to House. Washington, D.C., Feb. 7. Carl S. Kegley, advocate of California's '$30-Every- Thursday' or 'Ham and Eggs' plan, together with representatives of the General Welfare Federation and the Townsend Plan, each giving his respective view to the House Ways and Means Committee had a field day of old age pension plans, 2-7-39

General welfare movement concludes testimony. [Washington] D.C., Feb. 7. Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, Robert L. Doughton, and Rep. Charles [...] Washington, talking together before today's [hearing on] old age pension plans. Leavy concluded [arguments?] for the General Welfare Federation's plan of old [...] assistance, after several days of discussion before [... ] Committee, 2-7-39

Texas Representative talk on his pension bill. Washington, D.C., Feb. 3. Representative Wright Patman, Texas, shown here with Robert L. Doughton, Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, today briefly told the committee of his bill, H.R. 105, introduced Jan. 3, to provide $30 a month to eligible people over 65, from federal funds. Patman was followed by Arthur Johnson, President of the General Welfare Federation of America, 2-3-39

Townsend bill plan dishonest sponsor tells house committee. Washington, D.C., Feb. 2. Rep. Harry Sheppard, left, democrat of California, today told the House Ways and Means Committee he was 'washed up' with the Townsend Old-Age Pension Organization because he did not believe it was functioning on an 'honest basis'. Sheppard, who introduced the Townsend Bill in the last session of Congress, urged approval of a new measure sponsored by the General Welfare Federation of America. He is pictured with Thomas E. Boorde, center, president of the General Welfare Federation, and Arthur L. Johnson, secretary of the organization, 2-2-39

Townsend bill plan dishonest sponsor tells house committee. Washington, D.C., Feb. 2. Rep. Harry Sheppard, left, democrat of California, today told the House Ways and Means Committee he was 'washed up' with the Townsend Old-Age Pension Organization because he did not believe it was functioning on an 'honest basis'. Sheppard, who introduced the Townsend Bill in the last session of Congress, urged approval of a new measure sponsored by the General Welfare Federation of America. He is pictured with Thomas E. Boorde, center, president of the General Welfare Federation, and Arthur L. Johnson, secretary of the organization, 2-2-39

Hit Townsend pension plan. Washington, D.C., Feb. 23. Dr. Harold G. Moulton, right, President of the Brookings Institution, today told the House Ways and Means Committee that the Townsend Old Age Pension Bill 'can readily be demonstrated to be fantastic' while Dr. Willford I. King, left, of New York University, declared that most pension plans, such as the Townsend Plan, do not "add a dollar either to total demand or to total purchasing power," 2-23-39

Woman in dilapidated old house in the Mount Washington district of Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania. She is blind in one eye and her other one is going bad to0. She expressed the hope that she would lose her sight completely so she could get some money from blind pension

Mr. and Mrs. Jucius Catlan, old couple receiving old age pension. Greensboro, Greene County, Georgia

Mr. and Mrs. Bob Calloway, who get an old age pension Penfield, Greene County, Georgia

Mr. Bob Mullins, who receives old age pension, Penfield, Greene County, Georgia

Mr. and Mrs. Bob Callaway, couple receiving old age pension, Penfield, Greene County, Georgia

Greene County, Georgia. Old couple who receive old-age pension assistance

Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Negatives

Farm Security Administration / Office of War Information Negatives

Rent control. Protection for the home front. But the hardest hit were the inhabitants themselves. In a Texas town, an old widowed lady living on a small pension had paid $17.50 a month for a small home in which she and her daughter had lived for years. Threatened with a rent boost to $50, she wrote to the White House: "Please Mr. President, can't you stop this unlawful raising of rent on us? We don't even have $50 a month."

U.S. Reports: Northeast Marine Terminal Co. v. Caputo, 432 U.S. 249 (1977)

U.S. National Law Enforcement Memorial and National Building Museum (Pension Building), Washington, D.C.

National Building Museum (Pension Building), Washington, D.C.

U.S. Reports: Florida v. Long, 487 U.S. 223 (1988)

U.S. Reports: Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. v. the LTV Corp., 496 U.S. 633 (1990)

U.S. Reports: Patterson, Trustee v. Shumate, 504 U.S. 753 (1992)

U.S. Reports: Concrete Pipe &Products of Cal., Inc. v. Construction Laborers Pension Trust for Southern Cal., 508 U.S. 602 (1993)

U.S. Reports: Commissioner v. Keystone Consol. Industries, Inc., 508 U.S. 152 (1993)

U.S. Reports: Boggs v. Boggs, 520 U.S. 833 (1997)

Column details located within the Pension Building, 401 F St., NW, Washington, D.C.

Civil War bas relief on the Pension Building, 401 F St., NW, Washington, D.C.

Civil War bas relief on the Pension Building, 401 F St., NW, Washington, D.C.

Column details located within the Pension Building, 401 F St., NW, Washington, D.C.

The Pension Building, view from Police Memorial, NW, Washington, D.C.

Column details located within the Pension Building, 401 F St., NW, Washington, D.C.

Civil War bas relief on the Pension Building, 401 F St., NW, Washington, D.C.

Civil War bas relief on the Pension Building, 401 F St., NW, Washington, D.C.

Bernstein and Felicia in evening dress at Philharmonic Pension Fund Concert. September. (Music Division)

[Dr. Francis E.] Townsend thanks president for pardon. Washington, D.C., April 21. Scheduled for only a five-minute appointment, Dr. Francis E. Townsend, pardoned old-age pension planner, spent over half an hour with President Roosevelt at the White House today. He thanked the president for the pardon from a 30-day jail sentence and then discussed economic conditions in the nation with the chief executive

Townsened pardoned. Washington, D.C., April 18. Newspapermen, photographers and court attaches surround Dr. Francis E. Townsend, old-age pension planner, as he displays his pardon from a 30-day jail sentence from President Roosevelt today. The pardon for the sentence he received for contempt of the House of Representatives arrived as Dr. Townsend made ready to leave for the D.C., Jail, 4/18/38

Old employees of Pension Ofc., 5/1/20

"$30 every Thursday" pension plan out as President discusses political situation with California candidates. Washington, D.C., Sept. 27. Sheridan Downey, who defeated Senator William Gibbs McAdoo, and other victors in the recent California Democratic Primary, were at the White House today to discuss the political situation with President Roosevelt. They admitted they did not discuss the "$30 every Thursday" pension plan with the Chief Executive. Pictured, left to right: Ellis E. Patterson, nominee for Lieut. Governor; Colbert L. Olson, Nominee for Governor; and Sheridan Downey, nominee for the Senate, 9/27/38

Townsend faces senate committee again. Washington, D.C., March 19. Dr. Francis E. Townsend made a brief appearance before the Senate Unemployment Committee today and argued that his old age pension plan would do away with unemployment. He filed with the Committee a statement explaining the plan of a pension of $200 a month to all persons over 65, 3/19/38

Veterans head urges change in pension plan. Washington, D.C., May 20. General Frank T. Hines, Director of the U.S. Veterans Administration, appearing before the Senate Finance Committee today to urge increase of veterans pensions under certain conditions, 5/20/38

Dr. Townsend happy over pardon. Washington, D.C., April 18. Shortly before he was to be transported from the U.S. Marshall's office to the D.C., jail today to serve a 30-day sentence, Dr. Francis E. Townsend, old-age pension planner, was notified of his pardon by President Roosevelt. He is pictured displaying the pardon to newsmen and passerby at the courthouse, 4/18/38

Inaugural Ball Room, Pension Building, Washington, D.C. March 4, 1905

United States Pension Office, Washington, D.C.

Boston Pops Pension Fund Benefit Concert, Sunday May 16, 1971