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Terrible loss of life! Burning of a tenement-house in Forty-fifth Street, near Sixth Avenue, on the morning of the 28th inst. / / sketched on the spot by our artist.

End of the poor Funeral from a tenement house in Baxter Street, Five Points, New York / / from a sketch by our artist.

A tenement house in Mulberry Street / C.A. Vanderh[..]f. Inspection of fruit in New York markets, by order of the Board of Health / drawn by R. Lewis.

New York City - The recent "heated term" and its effect upon the population of the tenement districts A night scene on the East Side / / from sketch by a staff artist.

New York City - The old and the new styles of tenement houses / from sketches by a staff artist.

Homes of the poor / drawn by T. De Thulstrup.

A tenement-house alley gang : Candidates for crime / / R.T.S.

Our religious landlords and their rookery tenants / C.J. Taylor.

What he wants to see, be gosh! / J.S. Pughe.

[Interior of tenement house, New York City]

[Exterior of tenement house, New York City]

[Exterior of tenement, New York City]

[Exterior of tenement, New York City]

[Court of tenement, New York City]

A Christmas sermon / J.S. Pughe.

Yard of a tenement at Park Ave. [Avenue] and 107th St., New York

[Stairway and hall, tenement, New York City]

[New York, N.Y., yard of tenement]

[Court of tenement house, New York City]

[Family in an attic home with drying laundry]

[Yard of tenement, New York, N.Y.]

Rear view of a tenement building, San Juan, Porto Rico

[New York City, interior of tenement house]

Yard of tenement at Park Ave. and 107th St., New York

The tenement - a menace to all / Keppler.

A residence in the old part of Naples, Italy

An Italian ragpicker's home

6 cents a gross. Make regularly from 10 to 12 gross a day. 122 Sullivan St. Mr. Malatesta - Helps because Health too bad work out. Mrs. Malatesta; Frank Malatesta, age 14; John Malatesta, age 11; Lizzie Malatesta, age 4. Boys w[or]k Sat. aft[ernoon] & evenings till 10 or 11. Lizzie separates petals. Location: New York, New York (State)

122 Sullivan St. 2nd Floor rear. Leveroni family. Earn 4 cents a gross making violets. Can make 20 gross a day when children work all day. Father has work. Mrs. Leveroni; Tessie Leveroni, age 9; Stephen Leveroni, age 6; Margaret Leveroni, age 7; Josephine Cordono, age 10. These children work on Saturdays on afternoons after 3 o'clock, and evenings until 8 or 9. Location: New York, New York (State)

Group of "Model Tenements" occupied by the workers in Augusta (Ga.) Cotton Mills. Location: Augusta, Georgia.

John Gannon (14 years old) 104 Cherry St. John cannot secure an employment certificate because he lacks weight and cannot pass the physical test; he is also under sized for his age; has passed the school requirements. Mother is a widow, does day's work and earns $3 a week. Mary, oldest daughter, fields envelopes at $4 a week. Two children in the orphan asylum. Mother struggling hard to get office cleaning, so that she may take the children out and have a home of her own, as at present they are lodging with friends. We are giving a scholarship to John. Location: New York, New York (State) / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Exterior of 260 Terrace Street. Several Italian families, which spend the summer in the Cannery District, live here. Location: Buffalo, New York (State)

[Tenement house with children in front. Possibly 36 Laight St. Location: New York, New York (State)]

3:30 P.M. Group in tenement hallway. Ages, 14 months, 2, 5, and 7 years. Mother in shop sewing. Father out of work, bartender. Family, Novi, 189 Chrystie Street. Location: New York, New York (State)

[Three girls and a boy working on garments]. Location: [New York?, New York (State)?]

Gizzi family, 175 Sullivan St., 3:30 P.M. Make little roses which are easier than violets, but bring only 9 cents gross. Left to right: Leo, 11 years old. Louise 14 years old. Jose 12 years old. Work after school and Saturday. Location: New York, New York (State)

Garment workers. Upper East Side, N.Y.C. Location: New York, New York (State)

Anna Dazet (14 years old) 334 West 49th St. Girl unable to procure employment certificate because she lacks the required number of days. Father tubucular, in advanced stage, and in hospital. Worked just as long as he possibly could. Mother takes in a little washing. There are 5 children, including Anna. Family occupy 3 rooms. We are giving a scholarship to Anna. Location: New York, New York (State)

Garment Workers on East Side 4:30 P.M. Vincenzie, 14 years old. Jovannina, 9 years old. Michael, 5 years old. Location: New York, New York (State)

4 P.M. John Sachatello, a barber with a steady job helping family make flowers, 302 Mott St. Making "bluettes" at $2.00 a gross. Makes $12.00 to $13.00 a week when all work. Mary 5 yrs. old. Tommy 7 yrs. old. Location: New York, New York (State)

Italian family living 428 E. 116th St., 2 floor back. They were so illiterate I couldn't get their names. Have been in U.S. only one month. Mother is learning to make lace for factory near by. Location: New York, New York (State)

Mrs. Maggie Conte, 428 E. 116th St., top floor makes about $2.00 a week working lace collars, yokes, etc. for Cappellino's factory. Husband is carpenter. Work not steady. Brother-in-law boards with them. Location: New York, New York (State)

5:15 P.M. Father hanging around the home while family works on feathers. Said, "I not work. Got some sickness. Dunno what." Mother; Millie, 16 yrs.; Jimmie, 11 yrs.; Mary, 12; Camilla, 5 all work. Some of the children until 9 and 10 P.M. at times. They said "Camilla, she can tie feathers but she don't want to." If all work, they make $4, $5, or even $6 a week. Dirty floor. Vermin abounded. Garbage standing uncovered near the work,. Location: [New York, New York (State)].

Florence Valentino, 12 yrs. old, and sister Jennie, working on crochet hats in dirty kitchen tenement, 3126 Jerome Ave. (Bronx). They make heavy hats, muffs, scarfs, slippers, etc. Jennie, 15 yrs. old, works in a Tremont Av. factory part of the time. Can make 1Πdozen heavy hats in half a day. Florence makes five hats in half a day, being in school only half a day. Have been at it one year. Location: New York, New York (State)

Mrs. Mary Caperale (a widow), 141 Hudson St., picking nuts, while her two daughters help her. The dirty children are handling the nuts and playing with them. The open bag of nuts stands around all day. Room littered with waste and kindling wood. Make $3.00 to $3.50 a week. An 18 year old girl works in a paper box factory by day and helps pick nuts at night. Location: New York, New York (State)

Tessie Sposato, 12 yrs. old girl and her mother picking nuts in attic of tenement, 141 Hudson St., N.Y. She holds the nuts against her dirty apron as she picks them out. Works until 9 p.m. some nights. They live in 2 small rooms; paying $5.00 a month rent. Makes $2.00 a week. A 15 yr. old brother works in factory and sleeps in folding bed in this room. Location: New York, New York (State)

"Everybody works but----." A common scene in the tenements. Father sits around. "Sometime I make $9.00, sometime $10.00 a week on the railroad; sometime nottin'." Helen, 5 years old, and Adeline, 10 years old, help pick nuts. Tessie, a neighbor, helps too. Adeline works until 9 p.m. at times. All together they make $4.00 a week. Family of Dometrio Capilluto, 141 Hudson St., N.Y. Location: New York, New York (State)

Mary, 13 years old. Short-sighted girl with glasses working after school on flowers [?] with Mrs. Mary - her aunt. 4:30 P.M. Location: New York, New York (State)

A phase of our tax system - the greater the service, the heavier the tax / K.

4:00 P.M. Mrs. Frances Rosep, 309 E. 110th St., New York., ground floor; and three children who work on willow plumes. Tony is 7 years old, Annie, 10. They are learning. Ruby, 12 years old, has worked some months. All make $2.50 a week. Father is a butcher. Location: New York, New York (State)

Father loafs while children work. He has no employment (Marion Zerpoli, 145 Hudson St., N.Y.) Mother picks nuts in Habicht, Braun Nut Factory, Hudson and Laight Sts., N.Y. Gets $4.00 a week. The children say they make $3.00 a week. Michael is 13 yrs. old. Madeline, 6 yrs. old and has cross eyes. Were working in a very dim light (no gas or lamp used except when most necessary). Location: New York, New York (State)

Making willow plumes under unsanitary conditions. A dirty home, the father and several friends had been rushing the growler and booze was literally flowing around over table and floor. The father is a truck-driver out of work. The mother, Freddie (11yrs. old) and Antoinette (8 yrs. old) all work $1.50 to $2.00 a week now, "but we make $3.00 a week in summer when we can work all day and not go to school." Vincent Tranutolo, 309 E. 110th St., ground floor. Location: New York, New York (State)

3:30 PM Mrs. Rosy Capello, 311 E. 111th St., top floor rear. Makes 50 cents to $1.00 a week on willow plumes. Husband works irregularly as tailor. Location: New York, New York (State)

A "reflection" on the parent. Reflection in looking glass shows the father who had been picking nuts but refused to be photographed. He is out of work. Tommy Mascola, 5 years, picks some, Minne, 7 years, Rosie 9, and Angeline 11. Make $3.00 and $4.00 a week. 145 Hudson St., New York City. Location: New York, New York (State)

Cottage Street hovels down by the river in which a great deal of home work is done on suspenders. Location: Easthampton, Massachusetts.

Cottage Street hovels down by the river in Easthampton, Mass., in which a great deal of home work is done on suspenders. Location: Easthampton, Massachusetts.

Cottage Street hovels down by the river in Easthampton, Mass., in which a great deal of home work is done on suspenders. Location: Easthampton, Massachusetts.

Night scene. 7:30 P.M. January 29, 1912. Making violets, and they often work later. Pollinni family, 5 Carmine St., N.Y. living in a reary [i.e., rear.] tenement. The six year old helps some. The eight, ten, and twelve year olds work later than this at times. Brothers, 15 and 17 years old, work in factory. Location: New York, New York (State)

5 P.M. Making dolls legs for Campbell Kids. Cattena family, 71 Sullivan St., 5[th] floor front. As soon as the photo was taken, Rose carried the box full of finished legs to the Aetna Doll and Toy Co, (whose name was on the box). Tessie, (on the right) lives down stairs and does this work there. Was helping here. Rose is 14 yrs. old. Lena, (deformed), is 12, Nettie, 9 yrs. old is very deft. They all work after school and often until 10 P.M. Location: New York, New York (State)

Making hair-goods in the kitchen-living-room of H. Mowshowitz's, a contractor, 178 E. 2nd St., N.Y. The partly made puffs and switches were lying around on the floor. Apartment is small and three persons live there. They give out work also. See photo and label 2880. Location: New York, New York (State)

Yetta Leider, making hair-goods for Mowshowitz (of 178 E. 2nd St., N.Y., see photo 2878) 2nd floor front in dirty and ill-kept bed-room at 81 Ridge St., N.Y. Dark kitchen and inner bed-room in the distance. On the bed, just out of the photo, was her mother, laid up with the grippe (they said). She makes these puffs too. Location: New York, New York (State)

(For Child Welfare Exhibit 1912-13.) Basement Tenement, High Street, Central Falls, R.I. Location: Central Falls, Rhode Island.

These garters are made for Berger, 92 Spring St. 9:00 P.M., Feb. 27/12. Making garters (armlets). A Jewish family and neighbors working until late at night. This happens several nights in the week when there is plenty of work, the youngest children working until 9 P.M. and the rest until 11:00 or later. Family of Adolph Weiss, 422 E. 3rd St., N.Y., Seven-year-old Sarah, next is 11 yr. old sister. Next is 13 yr. old brother. On left is seven-year-old Mary and ten-year-old Sam, and next the mother is a 12 yr. old boy. The last three are neighbors children who come in regularly to work. "It's better than running the streets" the father said. He was a grocery clerk but has been out of work for some months and works at home on the garters. Location: New York, New York (State)

A Night Scene (Photo by 9:00 P.M.) Flower making. Family of Mary Bezzola, 212 Sullivan St., N.Y. George (10 years old) and Levia (9 years old) work until 9:00 P.M. when work is rushing. Location: New York, New York (State)

Mr. Rothenberg stitching neckties in small inner bed-room. See photo and label 2877. Location: New York, New York (State)

Exterior of home shown in 3129. (For complete details see Miss E. C. Watson's report.) Location: New York, New York (State)

Cutting out embroidery on the dirty kitchen floor. Battista family, 259 E. 151 St. N.Y. On the right is the married daughter, who lives down stairs and usually works there. On her right next to the boy is Flora, said to be 9 years old and very much stunted in size. "Been sick." Next to her is the mother and next is Linda, 11 years old. The baby, dirty and covered with sores, was being handed about. Probably has impetego. Location: New York, New York (State)

Mrs. Tony Racioppo, 260 Elizabeth St., N.Y. 1st floor rear, finishing pants in dirty tenement home. Althou[gh] it is a licensed house, the whole place is very much run down. The ahllway [i.e., hallway] is in the same condition as that one at 266 Elizabeth (see photo). Baby had bad cough. Mother said recovering from measles. Location: New York, New York (State)

A typical sight. Family and neighbors working on tags on door steps of Mrs. McCarthy, 88 Marcella Street, Roxbury, Mass. See Home Work report. Location: Roxbury, Massachusetts.

Exterior of rear tenement in which home-work is going on. (For complete details see Miss E.C. Watson's report.) Location: New York, New York (State)

Brush-making late at night. Photo taken at 9:00 P.M., and they work later. Girls are 12 and 14 years old and go to school working in the morning before school and at night after studying is finished. Mother said, "It is better for children to learn something useful to do." The three average one dozen brushes a day. (30 cents.) One of the girls said she would rather work then [i.e., than?] study. Shultz family, 476 Third Ave., Brooklyn. February 5, 1912. Location: New York--Brooklyn, New York (State)

8:00 P.M. January 29, 1912. Cardinale family making silk flowers. Father wears a cast. Does not work. (See report on schedule.) Boy, 11 years old, helps some, even at night. 43 Carmine St., N.Y. Location: New York, New York (State)

Carmela Picciano, 311 E. 149th St., 3[rd] fl[oor] rear. 12 years old. Making Irish lace for collars. Works until 9 P.M. sometimes. Dirty kitchen. Location: New York, New York (State)

Mrs. Larocca, 233 E. 107th St., N.Y., making willow plumes in an unlicensed tenement. Photo taken Feb. 29, 1912. License was revoked Dec. 19, 1911.Applied for again Feb 7, 1912, inspected Feb. 13 and refused Feb 14, 1912. Feb. 29, 1912 I found nine families (including the janitress) at work on feathers or with traces of the day's work still on the floor. Still other families were reported to be doing the work also, but were not home. When our investigator made her first calls here, she found the whole tenement in much worse condition (see schedule) Children had bad skin trouble, fever, etc. Grandmother was working the day this photo was taken. New York, New York (State)

Making hair-goods in a tiny hall-bedroom. Mrs. Chassin, 385 E. 3rd St., N.Y. top floor. The whole tenement is in a most dilapidated and disreputable state. Hair lying on the bed, trunk and bureau. Mrs. Chassin used to keep a shop herself but now works for a Delancy St. firm. Says she makes about $12 a week. Location: New York, New York (State)

Photo taken after 9 P.M. Mrs. Barattini, Janitress at 212 Sullivan St., N.Y., and son Louis, 14 years old, and daughter who works in a flower factory all day and helps her mother make these silk rose petals at night. I asked her if she did not get tired of it. "What's the use of gettin' tired when it's got to be done!". Location: New York, New York (State)

2 P.M. Mrs. Katie --- (refused to give their name), 134 1/3 Thompson St., one flight up, front. Making artificial flowers in a crowded and dirty room used as kitchen, bed room, living room, and work room. Mother and family work including 8 and 9 yr. old girls in the photo (who were at home 2 P.M. on a school day) and the little 3 and 4 yr. olds who were helping by separating the petals. See report on schedule. Name is Darelli [or Tarelli?] 3 days after photo was taken the home was sealed up and disinfected by Board of Health for tuberculosis; 14 yr. old boy. Immediately the flower making resumed again. Location: New York, New York (State)

Mrs. Eugene Lampron, Reservoir Street, Leeds, Mass., putting the bristles into tooth brushes in the kitchen of her home. She has been doing it for 9 years, and showed the effect of it. See also Home Work report. Location: Leeds, Massachusetts.

Cottage Street hovels down by the river in Easthampton, Mass., in which a great deal of home work is done on suspenders. Location: Easthampton, Massachusetts.

Yard full of home work. Some would not be in photo. 52 Medford Street. Somerville, Mass. See Home Work report. Location: Somerville, Massachusetts.

4:30 P.M. Flora Anseline, a busy girl. 5 Carmine St., N.Y. She goes to school, helps mother with housework, and makes flowers, working some nights until 10 P.M. The little boy helps some. Flora was 14 years old to-day, and said she expects to go to work as dressmaker soon. Location: New York, New York (State)

4 P.M. Katie and Josie, 137 Thompson St. Cassana and father working on artificial flowers. They work sometimes until 8 P.M., usually after school. Mother refused to be in the picture (see Miss Watson's schedule for data.) Location: New York, New York (State)

(See 2850). Entrance to rear tenement where many flowers are made. 210 Sullivan Street, N.Y. Location: New York, New York (State)

6 P.M. Francesco Forzaro, 313 E. 107th St., N.Y. Fifty-five year old man adding a little to income by making feathers. Can make about one dollar a week. Works by dim lamp-light in dark rooms. Is cheerful too. His 17 year old son helped him at this, but has just gone to work as an apprentice to plasterer. Location: New York, New York (State)

2 P.M. Workers on gloves, crowded into a small kitchen (photograph very inadequately represents congestion). Dallavalla, 50 McDougal St. Location: New York, New York (State)

(See 2823) 8:00 P.M. and not yet finished. The little one on the left is not yet four years, yet she works, irregularly, on flowers all day and sometimes until eight at night. In spite of a sore throat she was working steadily all the time I was there, occasionally dropping a sigh that was very pathetic. Father said, "She like to work." Oldest sister, (who makes six dozen of these little wreaths a day), said the little one makes one dozen wreaths a day. See Exhibit 2875--the wreath upon which she is working in the photo. Family of Peter Mortaria, 8 Downing St. Apt. 2, N.Y. Location: New York, New York (State)

Flower making. A night scene (Photo at 10:30 P.M. and not finished, Jan 29, 1912). Carrie Brindisi,12 years old, 134 1/2 Thompson Street, 2[nd] fl[oor] front. Carries [sic] goes to school. Works after school and nights, Rosie (six years old) helps too. Location: New York, New York (State)

Family of Mrs. Donovan, 293 1/2 Highland Street, Roxbury, Mass., tying tags for Dennison Co. This is the family that has worked on tags for 7 years and makes an average from that work $30. One month they made $42. Mrs. D. said: "Will we ever be able to do it again?" All the children aged 13, 9, 11, 7 and the twins 4 1/2 years, help the mother. They often have to work late at night to get done. See Home Work report. Location: Roxbury, Massachusetts.

Pallagi (?) family finishing pants, 17 Monroe St., N.Y., 2nd floor front. None of them spoke any English. A neighbor's child said the young girl is 13 yrs. old. Photo taken at 2:45 P.M. Mar./6/12, a school day. In the next apartment, a 12 yr. old girl was finishing pants and explained, "I came home with the toothache." New York, New York (State)

Katie (13 years) and Angeline Javella (11 years), 311 E. 149th St. 2[nd] floor front, making cuffs, Irish lace. Income about $1 a week. Said they work some nights until 8 P.M. Location: New York, New York (State)

Mrs. Abrams, 15 E. 118th St., N.Y. (ground floor). Makes hair-puffs and switches in her parlor. Dresses hair also. The neighbors, in dark inner bed-room, converse as she works. Husband (photo on the wall) is a painter. Many so-called Hair Dressing Parlors, are of this type. Location: New York, New York (State)

3:30 P.M Mrs. Mary Femenella, 137 Thompson Street. Annie 12 yrs. old works sometimes until 10 P.M. making flowers. A brother 9 yrs. old not in the picture works after school also. Little Rosie 5 yrs. old works some every day. Often they make $2 to $2.50 a week. "Father he loafs, sells bottles sometimes." Location: New York, New York (State)

Entrance to tenements, 53 to 59 Macdougal St., N.Y., (licensed) in which coats and flowers are made. Location: New York, New York (State)

5 P.M. Mrs. Mary Molinari and family, 304 E. 107th St. "We made feathers some, but not much." Six-year-old Antoinette ties like an old hand. Dominick, 9 years old, works some. Annie 9, the oldest girl, works in a shirt-waist factory. Father is a hod carrier. Location: New York, New York (State)

Mrs. Montemora, Fifty-five years old, is janitress for a large tenement, 133 W. Houston St., (lives Apt. 7) housing 26 families. When not tending the furnace or occupied with other duties for others and her own family, she makes flowers, assisted by her niece Josephine, 12 years old. They both work until 10:00 P.M. frequently. Photo was taken at 2:30 P.M., Feb 2, 1912, a school-day, and their only explanation was, "She just stayed out." Making buds. Several adult men relatives live with them. The flowers bring in only a dollar or two a week. Location: New York, New York (State)

6 P.M. Callabria family, 647 E. 12th St., N.Y. (see schedule) Mother finishes clothing. The children paste needle packages onto cards and said they all work at times until 10 or 11 P.M. They are 9, 12, 14 and 15 years old and all go to school. They are undersized. The baby in the cart is one month old. Location: New York, New York (State)

Making dresses for Campbell Kid Dolls in a dirty tenement room, 59 Thompson St., N.Y., 4th floor, front--Romana family. The little boys, 5 and 7 years old, help to break the threads, the older boy, about 12 years old, operates the machine [when] the mother is not using it. Location: New York, New York (State)

Antoinette Fazzino, ten years old, makes Irish lace for collars and waists, after school. Her younger brother (by the stove) said, "Lace is too dam-cheap." Antoinette wears glasses. 303 E. 149th Street, N.Y. Location: New York, New York (State)

Summer days on New York's east side / Raymond Crawford Ewer 1914 ; painting by Raymond C. Ewer.

Civarro family, 2106 Second Avenue, second floor back, working on patriotic flag pins. They get 3 cents a gross for inserting pin and putting onto card. Mrs. Civarro with her three-months-old baby in her arms is working with four children aged 10, 9, 7 and 5, and a younger child that does not work (2 years). They work irregularly (as Mrs. Civarro does the janitor work for the building which is in fair condition, and receives in return only the rent free of three small rooms), and their net income for this work is $2 a week. 8 members of the family sleep in one small inner room. The tenement is not licensed for homework. Baby was a premature child and very small and frail. "It is so skinny." Husband is a laborer. Location: New York, New York (State) / Lewis W. Hine.

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