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A spinner in the Mollahan Mills, Newberry, S.C. Dec. 3/08. Witness, Sara R. Hine. Location: Newberry, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Frank F. Gibson, 1305 Linden St. Western Union Telegraph Co. Messenger No. 7. 14 years of age. 1 year in service. Visits houses of prostitution. Guides soldiers to segregated district. Smokes. Still at school and works from 8:30 P.M. to 12:30 A.M. Investigator, Edward F. Brown. Location: Wilmington, Delaware / Photo by Louis [i.e. Lewis] W. Hine, May, 1910.

Carefully trained women inspectors check and inspect cargo transport innerwings before they are assembled on the fuselage, Douglas Aircraft Company, Long Beach, Calif.

Woman working on an airplane motor at North American Aviation, Inc., plant in Calif.

American mothers and sisters, like these women at the Douglas Aircraft Company, give important help in producing dependable planes for their men at the front, Long Beach, Calif. Most important of the many types of aircraft made at this plant are the B-17F ("Flying Fortress") heavy bomber, the A-20 ("Havoc") assault bomber and the C-47 heavy transport plane for the carrying of troops and cargo

C. & N.W. R.R., Mrs. Dorothy Lucke, employed as a wiper at the roundhouse, Clinton, Iowa

Santa Fe R.R. locomotive shops, Topeka, Kansas

Gus Worke, a farmer who came from Germany 40 years ago, Southington, Conn.

C & NW RR; locomotives in the roundhouse at Proviso yard, Chicago, Ill.

[Printing press of Joducus Badius with three workers in shop]

[Workers in evaporation ponds at saltworks, Jamaica]

[African American workers standing on railroad tracks in front of a storage facility, possibly at Giesboro cavalry depot]

[Workers constructing a wood building]

[Tents, possibly used by workers at Giesboro cavalry depot]

[Railroad construction workers holding track]

[Railroad construction workers]

[Two railroad construction workers hammer track as third construction worker watches]

[Railroad construction workers straightening track]

[African American workers on Cape Fear River rice plantation, N.C. Threshing]

[African American workers on Cape Fear River rice plantation, N.C. Weeding]

[African American workers on Cape Fear River rice plantation, N.C. Reaping]

View of a battle, during a railroad workers' strike in Chicago, 1877. Soldiers on horseback, with swords, in crowd of fighting workers.

[The barracks of the dock workers]

[Coachman forming initial letter "W"]

[Vanderbilt mausoleum, Moravian Cemetery, Staten Island, New York, under construction with workers]

[Street scene in Javanese Village showing workers, Paris Exposition, 1889]

[Native workers in Javanese Village, Paris Exposition, 1889]

Tammany "workers" at the polls in Pell Street, New York - the beginning of a free fight / W.A. Rogers.

[Group of ten workers posed by palm trees, Saigon, South Vietnam]

[Workers grinding and processing the ink used to print paper money at the Bureau of Engraving & Printing]

Hong Kong--Dock workers

[Workers moving newly printed currency into a drying box where sheets will dry before the next wetting and printing at the Bureau of Engraving & Printing]

[African American workers doing laundry at the Bureau of Engraving & Printing]

[Workers in the postage stamp gumming and drying room in the Stamp Division at the Bureau of Engraving & Printing]

Workers taking mucilaged sheets of postage stamps from the drying box in the gumming and drying room of the Stamp Division at the Bureau of Engraving & Printing

[Convict railroad workers, Ussuri region, Siberia]

[Sheds, piles of bricks and workers during construction of the Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building, Washington, D.C., with the U.S. Capitol in the background]

Indian workers building railway

[Convict railway workers, Ussuri region, Siberia]

Indian workers constructing railway coaches

Nagasaki - workers loading ship with coal

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Workers garden before landscaping]

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Workers garden with pathway before landscaping]

Locust plague, workers

Costumes and characters, etc. Workers in mother-of-pearl / American Colony, Jerusalem.

Costumes and characters, etc. Workers in mother-of-pearl

Workers cleaning snow from streets, New York

U.S. Red Cross workers in Scylla

[Group of workers posed with bucket cart outside Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing Co., Detroit, Michigan]

A.I.C.P. -- Miss Bruere's Women Workers

Coming under canvas, George the magician and a full supporting cast of wonder workers and funmakers presenting a spectacle rich in scenic and electrical effects surpassing in splendor and magnitude all that has before it.

Schwab, greets, ship workers

Costumes, characters, etc. Workers in mother-of-pearl

Costumes, characters, etc. Workers in mother-of-pearl

Woman field workers near Namen, Germany

Workers, Patriotic Service League

[Coke delivery wagon and workers, Detroit City GasCompany, Mich.]

German Baghdad Railway, 190_. Workers making woodwork for stations E. of Aleppo

Red Cross workers

Workers in the vineyards, Germany

[Coke delivery wagon and workers, Detroit City Gas Co., Mich.]

Workers in colliery machine shop of S. Manchuria R.R., Chien-Chin, Chai

Red Cross canteen workers in Ancona

[Factory workers assembling engines at Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing Co., Detroit, Mich.]

Shenandoah, Pennsylvania. Several American Red Cross workers and some friends posing for a picture at a tent on the encampment grounds where the militia had been called during the coal mining strike

John Mitchell, national president of the United Mine Workers of America / The Henderson Lithographing Co., Cincinnati, O.

Shenandoah, Pennsylvania. 1902. American Red Cross quarters at the military encampment during the strike by the coal miners. Two tents, some stretchers, a horse-drawn ambulance wagon, and a group of the Red Cross workers appear in the picture

Shenandoah, Pennsylvania. John Mitchell, President of the UMWA (United Mine Workers of America), arriving in the coal town. His open four-horse carriage is surrounded by a crowd of boys. The driver of the high front seat is wearing a derby hat

Several workers stacking alfalfa near Buzzard Roost Ranch, Dawson County, Nebraska

D.F. Loar and workers stacking alfalfa near the Coleman Ranch, Eddyville, Dawson County, Nebraska.

D.F. Loar and workers stacking alfalfa near the Coleman Ranch, Eddyville, Dawson County, Nebraska.

President Roosevelt speaking before C.T.A.U. delegates and United Mine Workers of America, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., Aug. 10, 1905.

President Roosevelt, Cardinal Gibbons and John Mitchell, Mine Workers' Day, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.

Cardinal Gibbons entering President Roosevelt's carriage, Mine Workers' Day, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.

Cardinal Gibbons delivering his address to C.T.A.U. delegates and United Mine Workers of America, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., Aug. 10, 1905.

John Mitchell addressing C.T.A.U. delegates and the United Mine Workers of America at Wilkes-Barre, Pa., Aug. 10, 1905.

SHIPYARD AND NAVY YARD WORKERS AT WHITE HOUSE

[National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. Workers garden with pathway after landscaping]

Christian workers' card. By Isaac C. Hoskins. [n. p. [c. 1906].

[Steel workers shearing hot slabs]

Boys working in Scotland Mill, Laurinburg, N.C. Smallest boy--Junior Bounds--Beginning. Next, Rollin Hudson - 3 years in mill. Next, Lloyd Willoughby - 3 years in mill. Next, Preston Torrent - 8 years in mill. 6 years night work - 14 years old now. "Haven't been in school more'n 3 days in my whole life." Father blind. 2 older sisters and 1 younger brother work in mill now. Has doffed all 8 years. Gets about 60 cents a day. Asked him if he didn't get tired, "No, when you get used to it you don't get tired. Some of the boys goes to sleep when they begin." Showed a remarkable degree of refinement and consideration for others. Work has not blunted this. Sunday, Dec. 6/08. Witness, Sara R. Hine. Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Mill folks, Salisbury Mills, (N.C.) Location: Salisbury, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Gastonia, N.C. Boy on right hand works nights. Sunday, November 9 [i.e., 8?], 1908. This mill was running nights at the time this photograph was taken. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Newberry Mills, Newberry, S.C. Going home to dinner. Dec. 3/08. Witness Sara R. Hine. Location: Newberry, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Melville Mfg. Co., Cherryville, N.C. View of spinning room. Location: Cherryville, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Closing hour Loray Mill, Gastonia, N.C. November 7, 1908. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Newberry Mills, (S.C.) Noon hour. Dec. 3, 08. Witness Sara R. Hine. Location: Newberry, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Young doffers in Mollahan Mills, Newberry, S.C. Dec. 3/08. Witness, Sara R. Hine. Location: Newberry, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Daniel Mill, Lincolnton, N.C. Group of women and two girls. Shows type of adolescent. Location: Lincolnton, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Ozark Mill, Gastonia, N.C. Work 12 hours at a stretch. No special time off to eat. "Eat a-workin'." 9:00 P.M. Friday, Nov. 6, 1908. Mill was running. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Group of mill hands working in Salisbury, N.C. Cotton Mills. Location: Salisbury, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Aven Mill, Gastonia, N.C. Work 12 hours without any stop for lunch. "Eat a-workin." 8:30 P.M. Friday. Mill running nights. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine., Nov. 6, 1908.

Dillon Mills, Dillon, S.C. Lizzie Davis, (smallest). Been in mill 2 years. Next--Nettie Arnet - Been in mill 8 years. Next--Monnie McCraney, been in mill 3 years. Next--Vater Arnet, been in mill 8 years. Next--Mattie Connor, spinners and Winders. Saturday, Dec. 5, 08. Location: Dillon, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

A spinner in Clyde Cotton Mill, Newton, N.C. Location: Newton, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

T. A. Wright, Supt. of the Whitnell [sic?] (N.C.) Cotton Mfg. Co. A typical boss,--except hat he was less gruff and suspicious than most. Began mill work at 10 years old. Been at it 18 years. I asked him if he excepts to send his own children to work in the mill. He smiled grimly, " Not if I keep my health, They're going to get an education." He said parents are responsible for so many children in the mills. Father loafs just as soon as children get old enough to work. Dec. 22, 08. Location: Whitnel, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Grace Harper (Looked 10 years old). Works in Lydia Mills, Clinton, S.C. Mother said she is very good hand at spinning. Been at it 3 years. Runs 4 and 5 sides, about 50 cents a day. Little sister Lettie helps. Mother said "she is learnin'." Looked 7 years old. Dec. 2/08. Witness Sara R. Hine. Location: Clinton, South Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Some of the operatives, Dickson Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. Dec. 6, 1908. Witness, Sara R. Hine. Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

Group of sweatshop workers in shop of M. Silverman. 30 Suffolk St., N. Y. Feb. 21, 1908. Location: New York, New York (State)

Holland Mfg. Co., Gastonia, N.C. 8:00 P.M. Mill running nights. Location: Gastonia, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.

View of Scotland Mills, Laurinburg, N.C. All these boys work in mill. Sunday, Dec. 6/08. Witness, Sara R. Hine. Location: Laurinburg, North Carolina / Photo by Lewis W. Hine.