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An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to fly by gaining support from the air. It counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines. Common examples of aircraft include airplanes, helicopters, airships (including blimps), gliders, paramotors and hot air balloons.

The human activity that surrounds aircraft is called aviation. The science of aviation, including designing and building aircraft, is called aeronautics. Crewed aircraft are flown by an onboard pilot, but unmanned aerial vehicles may be remotely controlled or self-controlled by onboard computers. Aircraft may be classified by different criteria, such as lift type, aircraft propulsion, usage and others.

Aircraft Media

4,708 media by topicpage 1 of 48
Le pilote

Le pilote

Print shows two men standing in basket of balloon, "Le Pilote". Title from item. Tissandier collection.

[Ariel, the first carriage of the Aerial Transit Company] / W. Walton lith. ; Day & Haghe lithrs. to the Queen.

[Ariel, the first carriage of the Aerial Transit Company] / W. Walton ...

Print showing a winged boat, or "carriage," flying over the Nile river, with pyramids in the background. Inscription lower right: Restrike. Title devised by Library staff. Bella C. Landauer collection. Exhibite... More

Pennington & Cos. aerial steam ship or composite ballon lith. of P.S. Duval, Philada

Pennington & Cos. aerial steam ship or composite ballon lith. of P.S. ...

Print shows an aerial steamship labeled "New Era" that has a chimney at top and a house-like building on the bottom. Includes a portrait of John H. Pennington with facsimile signature and a description of "Stea... More

Mr. Pennington's steam balloon, signs of the times : The Oregon

Mr. Pennington's steam balloon, signs of the times : The Oregon

Print shows an early design for a dirigible-shaped "aerostat" that is powered by steam which drives side-paddles; includes a smokestack at top center and flags at both ends. Title from item. Includes five lines... More

Taking views from an aeroplane
Le Sortie de l'opéra en l'an 2000 / A. Robida.

Le Sortie de l'opéra en l'an 2000 / A. Robida.

Print shows a futuristic view of air travel over Paris as people leave the Opera. Many types of aircraft are depicted including buses and limousenes, police patrol the skies, and women are seen driving their ow... More

[Airplane over a town at night]

[Airplane over a town at night]

Title devised by cataloger. (DLC/PP-1939:0060). Forms part of: Cabinet of American illustration (Library of Congress). Published in: Jungle Haven.

The McKinley flying machine (with respectful apologies to Prof. Langley)

The McKinley flying machine (with respectful apologies to Prof. Langle...

No accession number. Published in: Washington post. This catalog record contains preliminary or unverified data from a project done in BRS software, ca. 1985. mm / 860224.

Louis Bleriot, 1872-1936

Louis Bleriot, 1872-1936

Head, in his monoplane, with another person. Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Websters 1872-1936. Caption card tracings:... More

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Frank Stanton

Frank Stanton

Head, seated in biplane, 6 men around him with a dog, (1- left profile). Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Caption card t... More

[Futuristic air travel] / Harry Grant Dart.

[Futuristic air travel] / Harry Grant Dart.

Drawing shows a woman at the wheel of a futuristic aircraft. A man sits beside her. The drawing appeared on the cover of "All Story" magazine. Title devised by Library staff. Accession box no. 55 (C size)

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4th July
Baron Caters in his biplane

Baron Caters in his biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... More

World Cruiser airplane

World Cruiser airplane

Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantham Bain Collection is availabl... More

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Glenn Curtiss

Glenn Curtiss

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... More

Frank Stanton

Frank Stanton

Full length, standing in front of biplane with dog (Lieut. Lindley), (3 - facing left - left side of face is most visible). Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Ba... More

Cockburn in Farman Biplane

Cockburn in Farman Biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... More

Aeroplane in flight

Aeroplane in flight

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... More

Arbre in Biplane at Reims

Arbre in Biplane at Reims

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... More

Vernon Castle

Vernon Castle

Photograph shows ballroom dancer Vernon Castle (1887-1918) with a monkey on his shoulder, standing near an airplane. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Vernon Castle

Vernon Castle

Photograph shows ballroom dancer Vernon Castle (1887-1918) in an airplane. Vernon Castle worked and taught with his wife Irene (Foote) Castle (1893-1969). (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing Curtiss biplane

Deck of "Pennsylvania" showing Curtiss biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... More

A.B. Thaw

A.B. Thaw

His wrecked plane. Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). www (-1973); NYT Obit. No O 6, 25:6. Caption card tracings: Airplane... More

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L.G. Bergdoll's aeroplane in hangar

L.G. Bergdoll's aeroplane in hangar

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... More

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L. J. Bergdoll

L. J. Bergdoll

Aviator; full length, standing in front of his airplane inside building, (3 - facing left - left side of face is most visible). Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantha... More

Lt. E.W. Bagnell

Lt. E.W. Bagnell

Aviator; h/s in airplane, (7 - facing right - right side of face is most visible). Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). 3947... More

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H.C. Cooke in Curtis biplane

H.C. Cooke in Curtis biplane

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... More

Arbre in #3 Biplane at Reims

Arbre in #3 Biplane at Reims

Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. General information about the George Grantha... More

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Library Of Congress

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