Part of PICRYL.com. Not developed or endorsed by the Library of Congress

Aristocracy (Greek: ἀριστοκρατία aristokratía, from ἄριστος aristos 'excellent', and κράτος, kratos 'rule') is a form of government that places strength in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class, the aristocrats. The term derives from the Greek aristokratia, meaning 'rule of the best'.

At the time of the word's origins in ancient Greece, the Greeks conceived it as rule by the best qualified citizens—and often contrasted it favourably with monarchy, rule by an individual. The term was first used by such ancient Greeks as Aristotle and Plato, who used it to describe a system where only the best of the citizens, chosen through a careful process of selection, would become rulers, and hereditary rule would actually have been forbidden, unless the rulers' children performed best and were better endowed with the attributes that make a person fit to rule compared with every other citizen in the polity. Hereditary rule in this understanding is more related to Oligarchy, a corrupted form of Aristocracy where there is rule by a few, but not by the best. Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, Xenophon and the Spartans considered Aristocracy (the ideal form of rule by the few) to be inherently better than the ideal form of rule by the many (Democracy), but they also considered the corrupted form of Aristocracy (Oligarchy) to be worse than the corrupted form of Democracy (Mob Rule). This belief was rooted in the assumption that the masses could only produce average policy, while the best of men could produce the best policy, if they were indeed the best of men. Later Polybius in his analysis of the Roman Constitution used the concept of aristocracy to describe his conception of a republic as a mixed form of government, along with democracy and monarchy in their conception from then, as a system of checks and balances, where each element checks the excesses of the other. In practice, aristocracy often leads to hereditary government, after which the hereditary monarch appoints officers as they see fit.

In modern times, aristocracy was usually seen as rule by a privileged group, the aristocratic class, and has since been contrasted with democracy.

Aristocracy Media

15,508 media by topicpage 1 of 156
HM the Gyalmo, HH Prince Palden, HH Princess Hope

HM the Gyalmo, HH Prince Palden, HH Princess Hope

Photograph shows Queen Hope Cooke with her children, Prince Palden and Princess Hope Leezum, Gangtok, Sikkim.

[King Palden Thondup Namgyal accepting scarves, including one scarf from Alice Kandell, at his coronation, Gangtok, Sikkim]

[King Palden Thondup Namgyal accepting scarves, including one scarf fr...

Title devised by Library staff. Slide used for the presentation: "A Tour of the Lost Kingdom: Sikkim" by Dr. Alice S. Kandell and Hope Cooke, Library of Congress, March 13, 2010. Webcast available at: http://... More

[Prince Palden Gyumed and Princess Hope Leezum seated on white scarves, Sikkim]
[King and Queen of Sikkim and their daughter Hope Leezum watch birthday celebrations, Gangtok, Sikkim]

[King and Queen of Sikkim and their daughter Hope Leezum watch birthda...

Title devised by Library staff. Date from information for related slide: LC-KAN05-69. Slide used for the presentation: "A Tour of the Lost Kingdom: Sikkim" by Dr. Alice S. Kandell and Hope Cooke, Library of Co... More

Princess Hope & Queen Hope in the palace, Sikkim

Princess Hope & Queen Hope in the palace, Sikkim

Date from information on related slide: LC-KAN05-0072. Title from item. Forms part of: Dr. Alice S. Kandell Collection of Sikkim Photographs (Library of Congress). Also represented in LOT 14034-2, pg. no. 027 ... More

[Hope Cooke, Queen of Sikkim, seated, three-quarter length portrait, facing left]

[Hope Cooke, Queen of Sikkim, seated, three-quarter length portrait, f...

Title devised by Library staff. Date from related slide: LC-KAN05-072. Slide used for the presentation: "A Tour of the Lost Kingdom: Sikkim" by Dr. Alice S. Kandell and Hope Cooke, Library of Congress, March 1... More

[Palden Thondup Namgyal, King of Sikkim, and Hope Cooke, Queen of Sikkim, in brocaded dress, walking to the Tsuklakhang Main Temple (Palace Temple) during the King's birthday celebration, Gangtok, Sikkim]

[Palden Thondup Namgyal, King of Sikkim, and Hope Cooke, Queen of Sikk...

Title devised by Library staff. Date from information for related slide: LC-KAN05-69. Slide used for the presentation: "A Tour of the Lost Kingdom: Sikkim" by Dr. Alice S. Kandell and Hope Cooke, Library of Co... More

Scene from "The Lost Colony," a historical outdoor drama that marked 80 years of productions in 2017 in Manteo, a community on Roanoke Island in North Carolina's Outer Banks

Scene from "The Lost Colony," a historical outdoor drama that marked 8...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The play describes the late 16th-century attempt to establish a permanent English settlement, founded by Sir Walter Raleigh, in North ... More

Scene from "The Lost Colony," a historical outdoor drama that marked 80 years of productions in 2017 in Manteo, a community on Roanoke Island in North Carolina's Outer Banks

Scene from "The Lost Colony," a historical outdoor drama that marked 8...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The play describes the late 16th-century attempt to establish a permanent English settlement, founded by Sir Walter Raleigh, in North ... More

Scene from "The Lost Colony," a historical outdoor drama that marked 80 years of productions in 2017 in Manteo, a community on Roanoke Island in North Carolina's Outer Banks

Scene from "The Lost Colony," a historical outdoor drama that marked 8...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The play describes the late 16th-century attempt to establish a permanent English settlement, founded by Sir Walter Raleigh, in North ... More

Scene from "The Lost Colony," a historical outdoor drama that marked 80 years of productions in 2017 in Manteo, a community on Roanoke Island in North Carolina's Outer Banks

Scene from "The Lost Colony," a historical outdoor drama that marked 8...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The play describes the late 16th-century attempt to establish a permanent English settlement, founded by Sir Walter Raleigh, in North ... More

Scene from "The Lost Colony," a historical outdoor drama that marked 80 years of productions in 2017 in Manteo, a community on Roanoke Island in North Carolina's Outer Banks

Scene from "The Lost Colony," a historical outdoor drama that marked 8...

Title, date and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The play describes the late 16th-century attempt to establish a permanent English settlement, founded by Sir Walter Raleigh, in North ... More

[St. Jerome in his study] / AD [monogram].

[St. Jerome in his study] / AD [monogram].

Title from shelflist card. Signed with monogram and dated on plate. Library has two impressions. No. 59a: Coll. mark: Possibly Baron H.A. von Derschau (Lugt, 2510). Oliver Wendell Holmes Collection. No. 59b: Co... More

Hans Sebald Beham - [Madonna with the pear]

Hans Sebald Beham - [Madonna with the pear]

Title from shelflist card. Bartsch, 18. Pauli, 19. Coll. marks: Paul J. Sachs (Lugt, 2091) and Baron Adalbert von Lanna (Lugt, 2773). Hubbard Fund, 410096-1.

[Charles, Duke of Vendosmoys, seated at desk, writing]

[Charles, Duke of Vendosmoys, seated at desk, writing]

Illus. in: Nicole Gilles, Les Tres Elegantes...1527. Reference copy may be in LOT 4966. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

Sir Walter Raleigh - the true and lively

Sir Walter Raleigh - the true and lively

Portrait, head and shoulders, facing right. Engraving by Simon van de Passe (1591-1644). "Comp. Holland exe." This record contains unverified, old data from caption card, with subsequent revisions. Hubbard Collection.

Abris dero Schlacht vnd Victorien so in Siebenbvrgen geschehen, den 3. Avgvsti, Neu Cal., Anno 1601

Abris dero Schlacht vnd Victorien so in Siebenbvrgen geschehen, den 3....

Picture shows two panels with depiction of a battlefield scene of the Battle of Guruslău that occurred in Transylvania on August 3, 1601 between the Transylvanian forces of Sigismund Báthori and the Hapsburg tr... More

 Closter Reckum, the city of Luyck [Liège]

Closter Reckum, the city of Luyck [Liège]

Portraits and news photographs by Washington, D.C.-based firm, showing people, events, architecture in Washington, D.C. and elsewhere. Picture depicts a church in flames surrounded by troops on the banks of a ... More

Eygentlicher Abriss dess Scharmützels bey Neuheusel in Hungern daher Kays. auch zu Hngern vnd Böheim Königl. Majest. General Feld Obrister Herr Conte de Bucquoy blieben ist

Eygentlicher Abriss dess Scharmützels bey Neuheusel in Hungern daher K...

Print depicts the death of Imperial General Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy in battle during the siege of Érsekújvár (Neuhäusel) on 10 July 1621. Visible are soldiers on horseback brandishing... More

Eigentlicher Abriss der vor vnüberwintlichen gehaltnen vnd in der vndern Churpfaltz gelegnen Statt vnd Festung Mannheimb wie nemblich dieselb im eingang des Monats Octobris Anno 1622. durch Herrn Grafen von Tilli belägert hernach den 18. dito, durch den Engellendischen General Horatium Veer die Statt im Brandt gesteckt vnd letztlich den 4. Nouembris Anno eodem gegen der hieunden benennten Conditionen die Festung der Röm. Kays. Majest. vbergeben worden

Eigentlicher Abriss der vor vnüberwintlichen gehaltnen vnd in der vnde...

Print shows birds-eye view of the battlefield and troop formations along the confluence of the Neckar River and the Rhine River at Mannheim during the siege of Mannheim which the Duke of Tilly occupied between ... More

Lob vnd Klagspruch der Augspurischen Confession uber die ritterlichen Heldenthaten vnd hochselligsten Ableiben dess Durchleuchtigsten Grossmächtigsten Fürsten vnd Herrn Herrn Gustavi Adolphi Magni von Gottes Gnaden der Schweden Gothen vnd Wenden König Gross Fürst von Fenland Hertzogen zu Ehsten vnd Carelten Herrn vber Ingermanland etc. Höchstselligster Gedächtnuss auff dess hochlöblichsten Nahmen gerichtet

Lob vnd Klagspruch der Augspurischen Confession uber die ritterlichen ...

Print shows the dead King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden lying on his back under a tree above the battle plaing near Lutzen. Depicted standing next to him is the Virgin Mary. The Swedish king was killed in the Bat... More

Eigentliche Abcontrafactur und gründliche Beschreibung der abermals herrlichen bey Oldendorff eine Meil Wegs von Hameln erhaltenen Schlacht und Victori so den 28. Junii des 1633. Jahres die königl. hinterlassene Schwedische auch Hessische Armeen unter Ihr. Fürstl. Gn. Hertzog Georgen von Lüneburgg, General Feldmarschalk Kniphausen und Hessischen General Leutenand Melandern von Generalen beyden Graffen von Merode und Grontsfeld durch Gottes gnedigen Beystande den Kayserl. obtiniret und erlanget

Eigentliche Abcontrafactur und gründliche Beschreibung der abermals he...

Print shows birds-eye view of the battlefield and formation of troops outside of Hessisch Oldendorf on the Weser River in June 18, 1633 between the Swedish and Hessian armies under George, Duke of Brunswick-Lün... More

Eigentliche Abbildung und Ausführliche Beschreibung der berühmten Hoch-Fürstl. Residentz-und Gräntz-Stadt Mömpelgart ..

Eigentliche Abbildung und Ausführliche Beschreibung der berühmten Hoch...

Birds-eye view print shows view of the city of Montbéliard [Mömpelgard], France, belonging to the Duke Leopold Friedrich of Würtemberg. Includes views ot the walled city, college, castle, churches and the Princ... More

[Rembrandt leaning on a stone sill] / Rembrandt, 1639.

[Rembrandt leaning on a stone sill] / Rembrandt, 1639.

Title from shelflist card. Signed and dated in pencil. Trimmed inside plate mark. Ex. coll.: Kupferstich kabinett der Staatlichen Museen, Berlin (Lugt, 1612; sale stamp dated: a. 86). Baron H.A. von Derschau (L... More

Attacco e presa del Castello di Cronenburg fatta dal Generale Conte Vrangel G. Bouttats, sc

Attacco e presa del Castello di Cronenburg fatta dal Generale Conte Vr...

Birds-eye view print shows ships in the harbor and in the inlet between Kronborg castle and Helsingør looking out from Copenhagen, Denmark. Swedish general Carl Gustav Wrangel attacked and the castle was under ... More

Dissegno della Città e fortezza di Nitria attaccata, é presa dal General Conte di Sovches MDCLXIV

Dissegno della Città e fortezza di Nitria attaccata, é presa dal Gener...

Birds-eye view print shows plan of the fortress and view of the city of Nitra (Slovakia). Forces under field marshal Count Jean-Louis Raduit de Souches recaptured the city from the Turks in 1664. Includes views... More

Dissegno di Barcan dirimpeto a Strigonia preso et abbrvcciato col ponte di Barche dal Generale Conte di Sovches il de primo d'Agosto 1664

Dissegno di Barcan dirimpeto a Strigonia preso et abbrvcciato col pont...

Birds-eye view print shows view of the battlefield near Barcan (Parkany, now Štúrovo, Slovakia) across the River Danube from Strigonia (Esztergom, Hungary) in August 1664. Imperial forces under field marshal Co... More

"Villa Viziola." [Vila Viçosa] in Portugal

"Villa Viziola." [Vila Viçosa] in Portugal

Portraits and news photographs by Washington, D.C.-based firm, showing people, events, architecture in Washington, D.C. and elsewhere. Birds-eye view print shows plan with troop formations outside of a town id... More

Aussführliche Relation dess hefftigen See-Gefecthtes der zwey grossen See-Flotten als Ihr. Königl. Mayest. von Gross-Brittanien und der Hochmögenden Herren Staten der Vereinigten Niederlanden so Anno 1665 den 2. 3. und 4. Junij auff der Holländischen Kusten geschehen G.A. Wolfgang, sc

Aussführliche Relation dess hefftigen See-Gefecthtes der zwey grossen ...

Birds-eye view engraving shows galleon war ships engaged in battle on the sea. Smoke and fire are depicted as well as sinking ships and sailors in open boats on the water. Includes medallion portraits of the En... More

[Peter the Great, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly right]
Le Duc d. Albe / Henri. Causé, sculp.

Le Duc d. Albe / Henri. Causé, sculp.

Portrait print showing half-length portrait of the Duke of Alba, wearing armour. Tom. I., pag. 445. Possibly from edition of Don Quixote. Title from item.

[Siege and relief of Vienna in 1683, with portraits of Ernst Rudiger von Starhemberg, Emperor Leopold I, Sultan Mehmed IV, Kara Mustafa, Count of Waldeck, Elector of Saxony, John III Sobieski, Elector of Bavaria, Charles V Duke of Lorraine]

[Siege and relief of Vienna in 1683, with portraits of Ernst Rudiger v...

Illus. in: Der Turckische Schau-Platz erofnet und ..., Hamburg, T. von Wiering, 1685. cf: Victory at Vienna: The Ottoman Siege of 1683, p. 22 and p. 23. This record contains unverified data from caption card. C... More

Umständliche Beschreibung dess in Irland zwischen König Wilhelm und König Jacob den 1. Julii bey Drogeda vorgegangenen Treffens nebst den wahren Bildnuss dess dabey gebliebenen tapfern Herzogs von Schomberg und dann des richtigen Grund-Risses der Stadt Dublin

Umständliche Beschreibung dess in Irland zwischen König Wilhelm und Kö...

Print shows two birds-eye views of the fortress city of Ireland and a battle scene with medallion portrait of the "Herzog von Schomberg" [Duke of Schomberg] who was killed in the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. Vi... More

[Title page and page opposite inscribed by John Evelyn to Sir Christopher Wren, of John Evelyn's Acetaria, a Discourse of Sallets. 1699]

[Title page and page opposite inscribed by John Evelyn to Sir Christop...

Illus. in: John Evelyn's Acetaria, a Discourse of Sallets. London, 1699, title page and page opposite. Reference copy may be in LCQJ, Spring 1981, p. 93. This record contains unverified, old data from caption c... More

L' Accord Parfait (Perfect Harmony)

L' Accord Parfait (Perfect Harmony)

after a painting by Jean Antoine, or Antoine, Watteau, painter of fêtes galantes, draughtsman and engraver, 1684-1721 (artist notes) French (artist nationality) engraver and etcher (artist role) Watteau, Antoin... More

Sieg dess grossen Adlers welcher in disem 1704 Jahr den 13. August durch Göttlichen Beystand, wider Franckreich und Chur-Bayern bey Höchstädt erhalten worden

Sieg dess grossen Adlers welcher in disem 1704 Jahr den 13. August dur...

Birds-eye view print shows battle scene with soldiers and cavalry, locations of troops in the Battle of Blenheim near Höchstädt, Germany in August 1704. Includes views of solders with guns, smoke rising on the ... More

Eigentliche Abbildung und Beschreibung der durch Göttliche Direction von denen Kayserli. und Hohen Alÿrten Truppen bey Höchstett erhaltenen gloriosen Victori und dess aus dem Feld völlig geschlagenen Feindts Anno 1704 den 13ten Augusti

Eigentliche Abbildung und Beschreibung der durch Göttliche Direction v...

Birds-eye view engraving shows battlefield with large numbers of fighting troops. In the foreground are soldiers on horseback with guns and swords, some fallen soldiers and horses are seen. In the middle and ri... More

Eigentlicher Abbildung der denckwürdiger Action so bey forcirung der feindlichen Linien in Braband bey Hillesheim durch tapfferen und klügen Angriff dess Herzogs von Marlborough den 18 Julii, Anno 1705 glücklich aussgeführet worden ist

Eigentlicher Abbildung der denckwürdiger Action so bey forcirung der f...

Birds-eye view print shows a battle with many infantry and cavalry. In the foreground are fallen soldiers and horses. Allegorical elements in the print include an angel carrying a flaming sword, a cherub blowin... More

Helden-Streich der Engel- und Holländischen Armee unter dem Herzog von Marleburg welchen er den 23 Maji 1706, denen Spanier, Franzosen u. Bairn kräfftigst zwischen Judoigne und Wavern, beygebracht , dadurch Löven, Brüssel, Mecheln, Lier etc. und fast gantz Brabant gefallen, unsägliche Munition, Stück und Bagage erobert, 14,0000 Mann auf dem Platz erlegt, 6000 gefangen und die Feinde durch mehr als ein Land gejaget worden

Helden-Streich der Engel- und Holländischen Armee unter dem Herzog von...

Birds-eye view print shows view of the battle plain in Belgium with locations of troop formations and towns such as Wavern [Wavre], S. Medardus [St. Medardus church in Wervik], Tienen, Brüssel [Brussels], Diest... More

Algernoon Piercy [i.e. Algernon Percy], Earl of Northumberland & c. / Sr. Ant. Vandyck pinx. ; Vertue sc.

Algernoon Piercy [i.e. Algernon Percy], Earl of Northumberland & c. / ...

Sir Algernon Percy, half-length portrait, facing right, wearing armor. No. 45.

Francis Eugene, Prince of Savoy, &c. / M.V. der Gucht, fecit.

Francis Eugene, Prince of Savoy, &c. / M.V. der Gucht, fecit.

Illustration showing half-length portrait of the prince in armor, facing left. Frontispiece in: The Lives of the two illustrious generals, John, Duke of Marlborough, and Francis Eugene, Prince of Savoy ... Lond... More

A monument dedicated to posterity in commemoration of ye incredible folly transacted in the year 1720, British Cartoon Print

A monument dedicated to posterity in commemoration of ye incredible fo...

Satire of various financial schemes. Engraving by B. Baron after drawing by B. Picart. cf: P&P - NE55.7A3 vol. II, no. 1629. Forms part of : British Cartoon Prints Collection (Library of Congress). This record... More

A new map of South America, shewing it's general divisions, chief cities & towns; rivers, mountains & c.

A new map of South America, shewing it's general divisions, chief citi...

Scale ca. 1:23,000,000. Relief shown pictorially. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. LC copy annotated in black ink: This is map no. 40 of Wells (Edward) A new sett of ma... More

Monsieur Perrukesmore a French cavalier, & Sir Penitent Pig-back a Catalonian pilgrim

Monsieur Perrukesmore a French cavalier, & Sir Penitent Pig-back a Cat...

Two Lilliputian figures, a French landholder, and a Catalonian pilgrim headed for the Holy Land confront each other. Includes explanatory verse and ornamental and pictorial border.

Mr. Alexander Pope

Mr. Alexander Pope

Medley print shows pictures lying as if carelessly placed one over the other. All images relate to Alexander Pope. The center image is a portrait of Pope. Underneath the images is "An Encomium on Mr. Pope and... More

G. Washington, ne' en Virginie anneé 1733 F. Bonneville, del.; Ruotte, sculp

G. Washington, ne' en Virginie anneé 1733 F. Bonneville, del.; Ruotte,...

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Title from item. Associated name on shelflist card: Ruotte. (350089).

François Eugene de savoye chevlier de lordre de la toison d'or genl de l'armee de l'empereur en Italie né 18 Oct. 1663 Ka. P. gravé par E. Desrochers et sevent chés lui a Paris rue S. Jacque au Mecenas

François Eugene de savoye chevlier de lordre de la toison d'or genl de...

Print shows Prince Eugene of Savoy, head-and-shoulders portrait, turned to the left, facing front, wearing armor, in oval on pedestal with four lines of verse printed below. Title from item. Forms part of: Popu... More

View of such parts as are seen from the building at the head of the lake = Veüe de ce qui se voit ... / Rigaud & Baron del. & sculp.

View of such parts as are seen from the building at the head of the la...

View of lake, trees, people strolling and playing music on the grass. Illus. from: A General plan of the woods, park and gardens of Stowe ..., no. 2.

Full-length standing portraits of Charles, Prince of Wales, the future Charles II of England, James, Duke of York, the future James II of England, and Princess Mary, children of King Charles I of England, with their two dogs
A plan of Fort St. Louis, St. Joseph, St. Jago & of St. Philip scituated at ye entrance of Cartagena Harbour or Boca-Chica with ye parts adjacent and also of the attacks made against the said forts /

A plan of Fort St. Louis, St. Joseph, St. Jago & of St. Philip scituat...

In lower margin: To his grace Iohn Duke of Montagu, this plan is most humbly dedicated by his graces, most dutifull & most obedient servant, Iohn Thomas. Oriented with north to the left. Pen-and-ink and waterco... More

The Duke of N- - -tle and his cook, British Cartoon Print

The Duke of N- - -tle and his cook, British Cartoon Print

"The scene of this engraving is laid in the Duke of Newcastle's kitchen, where his cook, Chloe, is pointing to the "Proclamation against Papists", and remonstrating with the Duke, "Bégar, me can no rélish dis d... More

A Race from Preston Pans to Berwick, British Cartoon Print

A Race from Preston Pans to Berwick, British Cartoon Print

Print shows General Sir John Cope and two other British officers riding to the gates of Berwick and announcing the defeat of British forces at Prestonpans by the Scots under the leadership of Charles Edward Stu... More

The Highlanders Medley, or the Duke Triumphant

The Highlanders Medley, or the Duke Triumphant

Head and shoulders of Wm., Duke of Cumberland, with vignettes of popular battle scenes and satires and verses extolling his conquest of the Scots Highlanders.

Solomons glory, or the rival mistresses, British Cartoon Print

Solomons glory, or the rival mistresses, British Cartoon Print

Duke of Cumberland seated on a bank with the Savoyard girl, his arm about her neck. The Duke's rival mistresses stand behind, and are vehemently jealous. In the distance appear Windsor Castle and Eton College C... More

Indiens du Canada

Indiens du Canada

Photograph shows reproduction of drawing of two Indians. Title from item. Forms part of: Visual materials from the Ludwig, Baron von Closen papers (Library of Congress). Accession box no. DLC/PP-1988:012

Prince Ferdinand / Sherlock, sculp., Head and Shoulders Portrait

Prince Ferdinand / Sherlock, sculp., Head and Shoulders Portrait

Prince Ferdinand, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front, in a cameo.

North America, performed under the patronage of Louis Duke of Orleans, First Prince of the Blood;

North America, performed under the patronage of Louis Duke of Orleans,...

Scale ca. 1:6,000,000. Hand colored. Relief shown pictorially. Shows provinces, cities and towns, forts, Indian villages and tribal territory. Also shows shoals, banks, and other navigational hazards off the co... More

Sir William Johnson, Major General of the English forces in America / T. Adams, delin.; Spooner, fecit.

Sir William Johnson, Major General of the English forces in America / ...

Print shows three-quarter length portrait of Sir William Johnson, with his arm resting on a cannon muzzle and holding a baton.

A North view of Fort Johnson, drawn on the spot by Mr. Guy Johnson, Sir Wm. Johnson's son / Huteu(?) fecit.

A North view of Fort Johnson, drawn on the spot by Mr. Guy Johnson, Si...

Illustration showing fort and outbuildings in New York.

Sir Isaac Newton, Head and Shoulders Portrait

Sir Isaac Newton, Head and Shoulders Portrait

Portrait, head and shoulders, facing right. Mezzotint by James McArdell after Enoch Seeman. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Orig. in Hubbard Coll. 5415-11 "A".

The tomb-stone. Book illustration from Library of Congress, British Cartoon Print

The tomb-stone. Book illustration from Library of Congress, British Ca...

Print shows several men, George Grenville, Lord Bute, the Duke of Bedford, and, as a small dog wearing clerical robes, Dr. W. Scott, labeled "AntiSejanus", dancing on a sarcophagus with bas-reliefs of "Britanni... More

The statue, or the adoration of the wise-men of the west, British Cartoon Print

The statue, or the adoration of the wise-men of the west, British Cart...

Print shows Dr. W. Scott on a pedestal, he is wearing clerical robes, a crown fashioned from tobacco leaves, and holding a branch from an apple tree in his right hand and a picture of the tax stamp; around the ... More

The new country dance, as danced at C****, July the 30th 1766, British Cartoon Print

The new country dance, as danced at C****, July the 30th 1766, British...

Print shows a number of prominent figures in a line dancing, above the dancers is John Wilkes riding behind a witch on a broom, he is defecating on Lord Bute; other dancers include the Prince of Wales, William ... More

The triumph of America, British Cartoon Print

The triumph of America, British Cartoon Print

Print shows William Pitt, the first Earl of Chatham, driving a triumphal carriage in which rides a Native American representing America. The carriage is drawn by a team of six horses, "Royal Oak, Crafty, Weathe... More

Sir Jeffery Amherst Knight of the most honorable Order of Bath, ... J. Reynolds pinxt. ; J. Watson fecit

Sir Jeffery Amherst Knight of the most honorable Order of Bath, ... J....

Sir Jeffery Amherst, three-quarter length, standing, facing left, wearing armor, helmet on table with map "Plan of the Island of Montreal & its Environs"; boatloads of troops on a river in the background. Title... More

An election entertainment at Brentford, British Cartoon Print

An election entertainment at Brentford, British Cartoon Print

A party of freeholders of Middlesex, seated at a table, dining, during the election of a M.P. for the county, Dec. 1768, when Sergeant Glynn, Wilkes's friend and counsel, opposed Sir William Beauchamp Proctor,... More

The north star. Book illustration from Library of Congress, British Cartoon Print

The north star. Book illustration from Library of Congress, British Ca...

Print shows Lord Bute seated on clouds from behind which project rays of the sun, he holds a cat-o'-nine-tails in one hand, a purse in the other, his feet rest on an open volume of "the Laws of England". To his... More

Frontispiece to the Middlesex Petition, British Cartoon Print

Frontispiece to the Middlesex Petition, British Cartoon Print

Broadside showing, above three columns of text (comprising the petition), George III seated on his throne receiving several men, one, kneeling before him, presents the petition, on May 24th 1769. Title from ite... More

The conference. Book illustration from Library of Congress, British Cartoon Print

The conference. Book illustration from Library of Congress, British Ca...

Print shows William Beckford rebuking Thomas Harley beneath which is printed a petition containing 14 points, "Instructions given to Sir Robert Ladbrooke, Knt. William Beckford, Esq; the Right Hon. Thomas Harle... More

The Chevalier D'--n producing his evidence against certain persons, British Cartoon Print

The Chevalier D'--n producing his evidence against certain persons, Br...

Print shows opposing groups of government officials; Chevalier D'Eon, portrayed as an ape, vomits on Lord Bute who stands before other members of the Duke of Grafton's ministry and astride the Earl of Hillsboro... More

The machine to go without asses, British Cartoon Print

The machine to go without asses, British Cartoon Print

Print shows George III and Liberty riding in a carriage labeled "Magna Charta" as it passes over the Duke of Grafton, the Earl of Bute, Lord Holland, and Lord Mansfield. Title from item. Design'd & engrav'd for... More

The ever-memorable peace-makers settling their accounts, British Cartoon Print

The ever-memorable peace-makers settling their accounts, British Carto...

Print shows the Duke of Bedford, the Earl of Bute, and Lord Holland portrayed as a fox, with the Devil behind him, seated at a table. Lord Holland writes in a ledger labeled "Unacd Millions". Title from item. C... More

The courtiers assembled, on hearing the news of the death of the Rt. Honble. Wm. Beckford, British Cartoon Print

The courtiers assembled, on hearing the news of the death of the Rt. H...

Print shows a group of ministers seated around a table commenting on the news of William Beckford's death. Depicted are Jeremiah Dyson, John Montagu Sandwich, William Murray Mansfield, Sir Fletcher Norton, Augu... More

Jefferies, in the character of Atropos, cutting the thread of English Liberty, British Cartoon Print

Jefferies, in the character of Atropos, cutting the thread of English ...

Print shows King John seated at a small table outside his tent, signing Magna Carta, behind him stand by two bishops. Four men are pulling a rope, the "thread of English Liberty", which is attached to King John... More

Political electricity; or, an historical & prophetical print in the year 1770 / Bute & Wilkes invent. ; Mercurius & Appeles fect., British Cartoon Print

Political electricity; or, an historical & prophetical print in the ye...

Detail showing convicts consisting of lords, esquires, and attorneys, in chains, boarding ship, for transport from England to Georgia, under the reign of King George III. Detail of British Museum Cartoon Collec... More

Shah Allum in distress, British Cartoon Print

Shah Allum in distress, British Cartoon Print

"A design in two compartments illustrating an article in Biblical phraseology, 'The First Chapter of the Book of Kings' and 'The Lamentations'. In the upper part is depicted a meeting of the General Court of th... More

Mayjor General Amherst. Book illustration from Library of Congress

Mayjor General Amherst. Book illustration from Library of Congress

Illustration showing Sir Jeffery Amherst, half-length portrait, facing right, wearing military uniform, in medallion. Illus. in: The Annual Register of World Events. Dublin : J. Exshaw, 1774, p. 98. Published i... More

His majesty King George the III - contemplating a medal of King Alfred

His majesty King George the III - contemplating a medal of King Alfred

Print shows King George III, full-length portrait, wearing coronation robes, standing in library with seal of England over the doorway; he holds a medal with portrait of Alfred the Great. Title from item. Illus... More

Charles Gravier comte de Vergennes - conseiller d'Etat ordinaire, ministre et secretaire d'Etat et chef du conseil royal des finances / Callet pinxt ; Vangelisti sculp.

Charles Gravier comte de Vergennes - conseiller d'Etat ordinaire, mini...

Print shows Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, three-quarter length portrait, facing slightly right, seated at ornately carved desk featuring portrait of Louis XVI. Includes armorial shield below portrait. Ti... More

The Whitehall pump. Book illustration from Library of Congress, British Cartoon Print

The Whitehall pump. Book illustration from Library of Congress, Britis...

Print shows Lord North pumping water from a water fountain topped with the head of George III onto the prostrate bodies of Britannia and a Native figure representing America. Several ministers and judges look o... More

A n.b.e. view of the fort on the western end of Sullivan Island with the disposition of His Majesty's fleet commanded by Commodore Sir Peter Parker Knt. & c. & c. & c. during the attack on the 28th of June 1776, which lasted 9 hours and 40 minutes

A n.b.e. view of the fort on the western end of Sullivan Island with t...

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Faden, Wm.

The state blacksmiths forging fetters for the Americans

The state blacksmiths forging fetters for the Americans

Print shows the interior of a blacksmith's shop with Lord Mansfield forging the links to a chain, Lord North standing to the left holding lorgnette and, in his right hand, a paper "An act for prohibiting all tr... More

Thomas Jefferson to John Hancock, October 19, 1777, Finances; Possible Loan from Grand Duke of Tuscany; with Typescript

Thomas Jefferson to John Hancock, October 19, 1777, Finances; Possible...

Finances; Possible Loan from Grand Duke of Tuscany; with Typescript

George the IIId, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland / Pollard sculpt.

George the IIId, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland / Pollard s...

Print shows King George III, head-and-shoulders portrait, right profile, wearing armor and a laurel wreath; in oval. Title from item. Engraved for Murray's History of the American War. Illus. in: An impartial h... More

Plan of the city of Philadelphia and its environs shewing its defences during the years 1777 & 1778, together with the siege of Mud Island on the River Delaware.

Plan of the city of Philadelphia and its environs shewing its defences...

Scale ca. 1:14,400. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Relief shown by shading. "To the Honble. Sir William Howe K.B. general and commander in chief of all His Majesty's forces within the colonies laying ... More

George Washington Papers, Series 4, General Correspondence: Cosmo de Medici, May 10, 1778, Report on North Carolina 3rd Continental Light Dragoons

George Washington Papers, Series 4, General Correspondence: Cosmo de M...

Report on North Carolina 3rd Continental Light Dragoons

The Hon[ora]ble S[i]r Wm. Howe, Knight of the Bath and commander in chief of his magesty's forces in America / Corbutt, delin; se bend chez J.M. Will, à Augsbourg.

The Hon[ora]ble S[i]r Wm. Howe, Knight of the Bath and commander in ch...

Print shows Sir William Howe, three-quarter length portrait, in uniform. Title from item. Reference copy in BIOG. FILE. Catalogue of prints and drawings in the British Museum. Division I, political and personal... More

The botching taylor cutting his cloth to cover a button / John Simpson aqua forti., British Cartoon Print

The botching taylor cutting his cloth to cover a button / John Simpson...

Print shows George III sitting on a table with the Earl of Bute preparing to cut a piece of cloth labeled "Ireland Great Britain Hanover." Lord North is standing to the left holding a piece of cloth already cut... More

Hell in triumph or The devil has got his own / Peepo Mellico, scratchavit., British Cartoon Print

Hell in triumph or The devil has got his own / Peepo Mellico, scratcha...

Print shows Sir Hugh Palliser, a naval admiral and accuser of Admiral Augustus Keppel following the inconclusive battle off the coast of Ushant in 1778, being pulled off a cliff by demons toward the open mouth ... More

By his majestys royal letters patent - the new invented method of punishing state criminals, British Cartoon Print

By his majestys royal letters patent - the new invented method of puni...

Print shows Britannia drawn and quartered at a crossroad by ropes attached to three horses, one labeled "Tyranny" racing down the road "to America", another labeled "Venality" racing down the road "to Spain", a... More

Argus. Book illustration from Library of Congress, British Cartoon Print

Argus. Book illustration from Library of Congress, British Cartoon Pri...

Print shows George III seated in a chair asleep, on the left stands a judge (possibly the Earl of Mansfield) with his left hand on the crown, behind the throne stands the Earl of Bute, speaking to Mansfield, he... More

General Grey / Pollard sc., Head and Shoulders Portrait

General Grey / Pollard sc., Head and Shoulders Portrait

Print shows General Sir Charles Grey, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left, wearing military uniform, in oval.

Mr. Doughty beheaded by order of Sir Francis Drake, at Port St. Julian, on the coast of Patagonia / Dodd delin. ; Goldar sculp.

Mr. Doughty beheaded by order of Sir Francis Drake, at Port St. Julian...

Print shows the 1578 beheading of Thomas Doughty in Port St. Julian, Patagonia, during Drake's circumnavigation voyage.

The Hon. Sir Willm. Howe Kt. of the Bath, commander in chief of all his majesty's forces in America

The Hon. Sir Willm. Howe Kt. of the Bath, commander in chief of all hi...

Print shows William Howe, full-length portrait, standing, facing left and pointing to the left with his sword. Illus. in: Illus. in: An impartial history of the war in America, between Great Britain and her col... More

Reddition de l'Armée angloises commandée par Mylord Comte de Cornwallis aux armees combinées des Etats Unis de l'Amérique et de France aux ordres des Generaux Washington et de Rochambeau a Yorck Touwn et Glocester dans la Virginie, le 19 Octobre 1781.
Count De Grasse. Book illustration from Library of Congress

Count De Grasse. Book illustration from Library of Congress

François Joseph Paul de Grasse, Comte de Grasse, full-length portrait, wearing uniform with hat, holding sword, standing, facing left, against studio backdrop showing ships during battle.

Wonders wonders wonders & wonders - dedicated to the wonderfull wonderfull wonderer

Wonders wonders wonders & wonders - dedicated to the wonderfull wonder...

Print shows Britannia and America, several British ministers, and King George III, they appear as couples shaking hands, except for the central figure of three. Standing on the left is Britannia with the Britis... More

George III, King of Great Britain &c / Pollard sculp.

George III, King of Great Britain &c / Pollard sculp.

Print shows King George III, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly right wearing ermine robe and powdered wig, in oval topped with crown. Title from item. After a Reynolds coronation portrait. Illus. in:... More

Earl Temple, Head and Shoulders Portrait

Earl Temple, Head and Shoulders Portrait

Print shows George Grenville, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly right; medallion with ribbon at top, on pedestal. Title from item. Illus. in: The Westminster magazine, 1782 (September), opp. p. 449. ... More

General Clinton, Head and Shoulders Portrait

General Clinton, Head and Shoulders Portrait

General Sir Henry Clinton, head-and-shoulders portrait, wearing uniform, facing left, in oval.

Previous

of 156

Next