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Italy (Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (listen)), officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana [reˈpubːlika itaˈljaːna]), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and several islands surrounding it. Italy is located in south-central Europe, and is considered part of western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with Rome as its capital, the country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial enclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in Tunisian waters (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.

Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout what is now modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia of Southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People. The Roman Republic initially conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the Italian peninsula, eventually expanding and conquering parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became a leading cultural, political and religious centre, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.

During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured the fall of the Western Roman Empire and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century numerous rival city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism. These mostly independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East, often enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe; however, part of central Italy was under the control of the theocratic Papal States, while Southern Italy remained largely feudal until the 19th century, partially as a result of a succession of Byzantine, Arab, Norman, Angevin, Aragonese and other foreign conquests of the region. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy's commercial and political power significantly waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of foreign meddling and conquest and the rivalry and infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left Italy politically fragmented, and it was further conquered and divided among multiple foreign European powers over the centuries.

By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was almost entirely unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy rapidly industrialised, mainly in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the four main allied powers in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of the Italian fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the Italian Resistance, the country abolished their monarchy, established a democratic Republic, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, and became a highly developed country.

Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the world's eighth-largest economy by nominal GDP (third in the European Union), sixth-largest national wealth and third-largest central bank gold reserve. It ranks very highly in life expectancy, quality of life, healthcare, and education. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs; it is both a regional power and a great power, and is ranked the world's eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the United Nations, NATO, the OECD, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the World Trade Organization, the Group of Seven, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more. The country has long been a global centre of art, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, and fashion, and has greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields including cinema, cuisine, sports, jurisprudence, banking and business. As a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to the world's largest number of World Heritage Sites (55), and is the fifth-most visited country.

Italy Media

118,620 media by topicpage 1 of 1187
[Da Mulla Palace, Venice, Italy]

[Da Mulla Palace, Venice, Italy]

Title from the Detroit Publishing Co., Catalogue J foreign section, Detroit, Mich. : Detroit Publishing Company, 1905. Print no. "6997". More information about the Photochrom Print Collection is available at ht... more

[The Capture of Christ]

[The Capture of Christ]

This drawing represents the central portion and main action of the painting--Christ's betrayal by Judas--of the Garden of Gethsemane. Dating is difficult, but it is likely that the sheet belongs to the artist... more

Aristotellis stragiritae de historia animalium liber primus

Aristotellis stragiritae de historia animalium liber primus

Decorative border and text in: De natura animalium [...] / Aristotle. Venice : Joannes and Gregorius de Gregoriis, de Forlivio, 1492. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C... more

[Plantain shown with snake and scorpion to indicate plant is antidote for their bites and stings; and surrounding text]

[Plantain shown with snake and scorpion to indicate plant is antidote ...

Illus. and text in: Herbarium / Apuleius Barbarus. Rome : J.P. Lignamine, ca. 1483-ca. 1484. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1987, p. 56.

Pope Urban II urging kings and knights to join a Crusade, Nov. 1095

Pope Urban II urging kings and knights to join a Crusade, Nov. 1095

Illus. in: Robertus Remensis, Historia itineris contra Turcos (Dutch), Gouda, ca. 1486. Referece copy may be in LOT 7012. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Incu... more

[Page of De mineralibus, with initial O]

[Page of De mineralibus, with initial O]

Page in: De mineralibus / Saint Albertus Magnus. Pavia : C. de Canibus, 1491. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1987, p. 199.

[Illustrated arithmetic problem showing man stamping on fruit in rectangular tub and man standing in round tub, with mathematical equations and surrounding text]

[Illustrated arithmetic problem showing man stamping on fruit in recta...

Woodcut illus. and text in: Aritmetica / Filippo Calandri. Florence : L. Morgiani and J. Petri, 1492. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1987, p. 234.

Cessolis. Libro de giuocho di Scacchi. Firenze...1493

Cessolis. Libro de giuocho di Scacchi. Firenze...1493

Man holding open book with one hand and flask with other; also 2 cuts of man on horseback and man holding scales. One of 15th century Italian prints dealing with books and reading reproduced in Max Sander, Le L... more

[Roman soldiers bearing the trophies in triumph]

[Roman soldiers bearing the trophies in triumph]

Title from shelflist card. Bartsch, 13. Ex. coll.: Marochetti (Lugt, 392). Hubbard Collection.

L'Aquatinta magnanimo duca

L'Aquatinta magnanimo duca

Decorated initial L showing mathematician Luca Paccioli as Franciscan monk, surrounded by text, and rope-patterened border. Illus. and text in: Somma di arithmetica, geometria, proporzione e proporzionalita / L... more

[Earth-centered universe, with orbits of moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and the firmament in concentric circles]

[Earth-centered universe, with orbits of moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, J...

Illus. and text in: De caelo / Aristoteles. Venice : B. Locatellus for O. Scotus, 1495. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1987, p. 255.

[Remondino de Luzzi overseeing assistant in dissection of cadaver as students watch in an early fourteenth century anatomy class at Bologna]

[Remondino de Luzzi overseeing assistant in dissection of cadaver as s...

Illus. in: Fasciculus medicinae / Johannes de Ketham. Venice : J. and G. Gregoriis, de Forlivio, 1495. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1987, p. 140.

Acorus calamus

Acorus calamus

Sweet flag or sweet rush plant with wading bird; and surrounding text. Woodcut illus. and text in: Herbarius latinus. Venice : S. Bevilaqua, 1499. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Wash... more

Fortitude

Fortitude

Allegorical print showing a woman as Fortitude, one of the cardinal virtues, snapping off a portion of a pillar. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washing... more

The Tiburtine sibyl and the Emperor Augustus

The Tiburtine sibyl and the Emperor Augustus

Print shows a female prophet directing Emperor Augustus's gaze upward towards a group of spirits in the clouds. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washingt... more

Raphael and his beloved

Raphael and his beloved

Print showing Raphael standing before Margherita Luti, seated, looking up at him. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress, 1979... more

Circe

Circe

Print showing Circe, standing on a wharf with dragon-like serpents, offering a drink to sailors as their ship passes. Title provided by researcher 10/2017. Alternate title from "The 'Pembroke' album of chiarosc... more

Faith

Faith

Allegorical print showing a woman as Faith, one of the theological virtues, holding a chalice, with one knee on a low wall outside a temple(?). Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints an... more

Prudence

Prudence

Allegorical print showing a woman as Prudence, one of the cardinal virtues, seated with left elbow resting on left knee, looking to the left into a mirror which she is holding in her right hand; with a large ur... more

Circe drinking

Circe drinking

Oval chiaroscuro woodcut by Ugo da Capri, 1486-after 1532; After Parmigianino, published by Andreani. Bartsch VII 8, 2nd state. Mayer I: 726 (24); QJ 60. Monogram of Andreani in lower left corner of block. Mars... more

Prudence

Prudence

Allegorical print shows a woman as Prudence, one of the cardinal virtues, seated with left elbow resting on left knee, looking to the left into a mirror which she is holding in her right hand; with a large urn ... more

[Figure of a woman with raised hand, possibly Sybil in the Sistine Chapel at the Vatican]

[Figure of a woman with raised hand, possibly Sybil in the Sistine Cha...

This record contains unverified, preliminary data. Title devised by Library staff. Attributed on mat: "follower of Polidoro da Carravaggio according to Jana Brabcová́, Nat'l Gallery, Prague. Farinato (H.R.)" In... more

[The visitation]

[The visitation]

Print after Albrecht Dürer's woodcut Visitation, no. 8 in his Life of the Virgin series, shows the Virgin and St. Elizabeth, both pregnant, greeting each other as Zacharias stands in a doorway. Dürer's pet dog ... more

The resurrection

The resurrection

Print shows Jesus, dressed in a shroud, stepping out of his tomb as it rests in a cave. On the right, the women weap, and on the left, the guards tumble over each other in fright. Title from Graphic sampler / ... more

St. Peter preaching the gospel

St. Peter preaching the gospel

Print shows the apostle Peter, at left, with arm extended, preaching to a group. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress, 1979,... more

Ceiling with three angels / IV.R.,IVE.

Ceiling with three angels / IV.R.,IVE.

Print shows three angels in flight just below a ceiling, surrounded by columns. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress, 1979, ... more

The death of Ananias / Raphael Urbinas, perugo da carpo.

The death of Ananias / Raphael Urbinas, perugo da carpo.

Print shows Ananias lying on the ground in front of the disciples and other observers. The disciple Peter condemns him for telling a lie. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Pho... more

Venus and cupids / perugo da carpo.

Venus and cupids / perugo da carpo.

Print shows Venus standing among a group of cupids. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress, 1979, pp. 24-28. Print originally ... more

The sacrifice of Abraham

The sacrifice of Abraham

Print shows Abraham raising a sword against his son, Isaac. Anonymous artist fter Francesco Mazzuoli who was called Il Parmigianino. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photograp... more

Faith

Faith

Allegorical print shows a woman as Faith, one of the theological virtues, holding a chalice, with one knee on a low wall outside a doorway. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Ph... more

The Virgin in an oval

The Virgin in an oval

Print shows the Virgin Mary seated with a child in her lap. Anonymous artist after Francesco Mazzuoli who was called Il Parmigianino. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photogra... more

Fortitude

Fortitude

Allegorical print shows a woman as Fortitude, one of the cardinal virtues, snapping off a portion of a pillar. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washingto... more

The sacrifice

The sacrifice

Print shows the Roman knight Mutius Scaevola putting his hand into a flame while a group of Etruscans stands by. Anonymous artist after Francesco Mazzuoli who was called Il Parmigianino. Title from Graphic samp... more

The virgin, child and St. John

The virgin, child and St. John

Print shows the Virgin Mary holding the infant Jesus with his cousin in the background. After Francesco Mazzuoli who was called Il Parmigianino. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints a... more

[Milan Cathedral, plan, elevation, and architectural elements from handbook on classical architecture]

[Milan Cathedral, plan, elevation, and architectural elements from han...

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: De architectura / Vitruvius Pollio ; tr. & ed. by Cesare Cesariano. [Como : Impressa p G. de Pōte, a la spese e instantia del magnifico d. A. Gallo e del nobile d. A. ... more

[Title page with woodcut, showing 4 horsemen in Diego del Casstillo, Tractatus de duello. Turin, A. Ranotum, 1525 (Law)]

[Title page with woodcut, showing 4 horsemen in Diego del Casstillo, T...

Illus. in: Diego del Casstillo, Tractatus de duello. Turin, A. Ranotum, 1525, title page. No file print. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI WORKS; Duels; Hors... more

The philosopher Diogenes and the allegory of astronomy

The philosopher Diogenes and the allegory of astronomy

Allegorical print showing a seated man thinking and another figure looking at a globe. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress,... more

Diana hunting the stag

Diana hunting the stag

Allegorical print showing the Roman goddess Diana with hunting dogs; on the left, two dogs have caught the stag. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washing... more

The philosopher

The philosopher

Allegorical print showing a man sitting in a chair, thinking. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress, 1979, pp. 24-28. After P... more

Pallas

Pallas

Print showing Pallas, one of the Greek titans, holding a shield. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress, 1979, pp. 24-28. Attr... more

St. John

St. John

Print showing Saint John carrying a goblet. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress, 1979, pp. 24-28. Attributed to Antonio da ... more

[Saint Benedict presenting his monastic regulations to r. padre frate Rogiero di Barletta, who is kneeling before him]

[Saint Benedict presenting his monastic regulations to r. padre frate ...

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: Il padre san Benedetto con l'espositione d'il r. padre frate Rogiero di Barletta. [Bologna : Per V. Bonardo & Marc' Antonio da Capri,1539] Published in: The tradition ... more

Hope

Hope

Allegorical print showing a woman as Hope, one of the theological virtues, with one knee on a bench and both hands raised in prayer toward the sky. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Print... more

The adoration of the Magi / F.[...].

The adoration of the Magi / F.[...].

Allegorical print showing the nativity scene with the Magi presenting their offerings to the infant Jesus. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : ... more

[Title page of Extra ordinem classium libri, with border illustrations showing medical scenes from life of Galen, physician to Marcus Aurelius]

[Title page of Extra ordinem classium libri, with border illustrations...

Illus. in: Extra ordinem classium libri / Galenus. Veneti : Apud Haeredes L. Luntae, 1541. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1987, p. 129.

[Page in Opera, quae Quidem extant, omnia; with mathematical diagram keyed to Greek text]

[Page in Opera, quae Quidem extant, omnia; with mathematical diagram k...

Illus. and text in: Opera, quae quidem extant / Archimedes. Basileae : I. Heruagius, 1544. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1987, p. 256.

[Architectural plan and elevation of a bridge showing piers, arches, and columns]

[Architectural plan and elevation of a bridge showing piers, arches, a...

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: L'architettvra di Leonbatista Alberti / tr. by Cosimo Bartoli. Firenze : Appresso L. Torrentino, 1550. Published in: The tradition of technology : Landmarks of Western... more

[Male and female mandrake roots]

[Male and female mandrake roots]

Illus. in: Commentarii secundo auct, in libros sex Pedacii Dioscoridis / Pietro Andrea Mattioli. Venetiis : Ex Oficina Erasmiana, V. Valgrisij, 1558, p. 535. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. ... more

Vniversale descrittione di tvtta la terra conoscivta fin qvi.

Vniversale descrittione di tvtta la terra conoscivta fin qvi.

Relief shown pictorially. Based on an earlier map by Giacomo Gastaldi. From the Rosenwald Collection, Library of Congress, no. 1304. Originally printed on 2 sheets, each 48 x 40 cm. Available also through the L... more

Al S. Alberto Lavezzola Paolo Forlani Veronese. Con questo belissima et ordinatissima ordinanza suole, il gran sig.or Turco presentarsi alla batteria et all'assalto di qualche fortezza, ho volutto che il mondo uedendola uscire sotto il Mag.go nome de V.S. in questa picciola & commoda forma, la riconosca dalla molta sua cortesia, allaqualle quanto io debbo mi raccomando

Al S. Alberto Lavezzola Paolo Forlani Veronese. Con questo belissima e...

Engraving shows battalions of armies of soldiers and riders on horseback in circular formation on the outskirts of a walled city in flames. Tent encampments are visible around the outskirts. Title from image ca... more

Questo il uero disegno et forma della potentissima armata venetiana partita alli 23 luio da Corphu uerso Cipro ? trouat l'armata inimica 1570

Questo il uero disegno et forma della potentissima armata venetiana pa...

Engraved print shows sailing ships from the Venetian armada in formation from 1570. Title from first line of key caption. Reference copy in LOT 4601, no. 226B. Illustration in: Hauslab Album, plate 226B. Origin... more

Triplicus visus, directi, reflexi & refracti, de quo optica disputat, argumenta

Triplicus visus, directi, reflexi & refracti, de quo optica disputat, ...

Illustration showing aspects of optics: Battle scene with Archimedes' mirrors using sun to defend city of Syracuse against sailing ships, a rainbow, elephants crossing long bridge drawn in perspective, nude man... more

[Geometric figure of earth, sun, and moon calculated by Aristarchus to approximate real scale of the solar system]

[Geometric figure of earth, sun, and moon calculated by Aristarchus to...

Illus. in: De magnitudinibus, et distantiis solis, et lunae / Aristarchus of Samos. Pisauri : Apud. C. Francischinum, 1572, p. 30. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : L... more

Virgin and child with angel

Virgin and child with angel

Title from vendor. On shelflist card: "A.C.I.F. Pietro Stefanone for." Bartsch, 7. Hubbard Collection.

Dog A. Caraza

Dog A. Caraza

Title devised by Library staff. Trimmed to image. B259.

Mutius Scaevola

Mutius Scaevola

Print shows the Roman hero Mutius Scaevola, who saved Rome from the Etruscan king Lars Porsena in ca. 509 B.C., putting his hand into the fire. After Balthazar Peruzzi. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by ... more

The entombment

The entombment

Print shows Jesus Christ being supported by Joseph of Arimethia as Mary Magdalene gives comfort to the grieving Virgin Mary. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Divis... more

Titiani Vercellii pictoris celeberrimi ac famosissimi vera effigies

Titiani Vercellii pictoris celeberrimi ac famosissimi vera effigies

Titian, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left. Gardiner Greene Hubbard Collection (Library of Congress). Bartsch, 154 (2nd state). LeBlanc, 244. Published in: Eyes of the nation : a visual history of the Uni... more

[Obelisk, wrapped in a protective casing, on its side on rollers, moving along scaffolding from the Circus Nero to its new location at the Piazza of Saint Peter in Rome]

[Obelisk, wrapped in a protective casing, on its side on rollers, movi...

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: Della trasportatione dell'obelisco vaticano et delle fabriche di Nostro Signore papa Sisto v fatte dal cavallier Domenico Fontana. Roma : D. Basa, 1590. Published in: ... more

[Obelisk erected at the Piazza of Saint Peter in Rome following its relocation from the Circus Nero]

[Obelisk erected at the Piazza of Saint Peter in Rome following its re...

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: Della trasportatione dell'obelisco vaticano et delle fabriche di Nostro Signore papa Sisto v fatte dal cavallier Domenico Fontana. Roma : D. Basa, 1590. Published in: ... more

[Obelisk at the Circus Nero prior to its relocation to the Piazza of Saint Peter in Rome]

[Obelisk at the Circus Nero prior to its relocation to the Piazza of S...

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: Della trasportatione dell'obelisco vaticano et delle fabriche di Nostro Signore papa Sisto v fatte dal cavallier Domenico Fontana. Roma : D. Basa, 1590. Published in: ... more

[Scaffolding used for support when lowering obelisk at the Circus Nero prior to its relocation to the Piazza of Saint Peter in Rome]

[Scaffolding used for support when lowering obelisk at the Circus Nero...

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: Della trasportatione dell'obelisco vaticano et delle fabriche di Nostro Signore papa Sisto v fatte dal cavallier Domenico Fontana. Roma : D. Basa, 1590. Published in: ... more

[Overhead view showing path of obelisk during move from the Circus Nero to its new location at the Piazza of Saint Peter in Rome]

[Overhead view showing path of obelisk during move from the Circus Ner...

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: Della trasportatione dell'obelisco vaticano et delle fabriche di Nostro Signore papa Sisto v fatte dal cavallier Domenico Fontana. Roma : D. Basa, 1590. Published in: ... more

[Symbolic picture in alchemical text showing crowned man standing on sun and crowned woman standing on moon joining flowers with descending dove, which represents marriage and the union of two substances]

[Symbolic picture in alchemical text showing crowned man standing on s...

Illus. and text in: Artis auriferae. Basileae : Excudebat C. Waldkirch : Expensis C. de Marne, & I. Aubry, 1593. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress... more

[Madonna and Child, with angel looking on]

[Madonna and Child, with angel looking on]

Engraving by Annibale Carracci (1560-1609). This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI; Religion Madonna; Artists works; Religion Madonnas; Shelf. DCRM(G) example 1.B... more

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 1]

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 1]

Plate 1 from series showing people in triumphal procession of Julius Caesar. After the painting by Andrea Mantegna. Bartsch, v. XII, p. 101.11. Gift; Ian Woodner; (DLC/PP-1984:513).

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 7]

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 7]

Plate 7 from series showing people in triumphal procession of Julius Caesar. After the painting by Andrea Mantegna. Bartsch, v. XII, p. 101.11. Gift; Ian Woodner; (DLC/PP-1984:513).

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 3]

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 3]

Plate 3 from series showing people in triumphal procession of Julius Caesar. After the painting by Andrea Mantegna. Bartsch, v. XII, p. 101.11. Gift; Ian Woodner; (DLC/PP-1984:513).

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 6]

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 6]

Plate 6 from series showing people in triumphal procession of Julius Caesar. After the painting by Andrea Mantegna. Bartsch, v. XII, p. 101.11. Gift; Ian Woodner; (DLC/PP-1984:513).

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 4]

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 4]

Plate 4 from series showing people in triumphal procession of Julius Caesar. After the painting by Andrea Mantegna. Bartsch, v. XII, p. 101.11. Gift; Ian Woodner; (DLC/PP-1984:513).

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 9]

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 9]

Plate 9 from series showing people in triumphal procession of Julius Caesar. After the painting by Andrea Mantegna. Bartsch, v. XII, p. 101.11. Gift; Ian Woodner; (DLC/PP-1984:513).

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 8]

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 8]

Plate 8 from series showing people in triumphal procession of Julius Caesar. After the painting by Andrea Mantegna. Bartsch, v. XII, p. 101.11. Gift; Ian Woodner; (DLC/PP-1984:513).

[Horse, drawn to show muscle structure and anatomy]

[Horse, drawn to show muscle structure and anatomy]

Illus. in: Dell' anotomia et dell' infirmita del cavallo / Carlo Ruini. Bologna : Presso gli heredi di G. Rossi, 1598, p. 295. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Libra... more

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 5]

[Triumph(us) Caesaris (The triumph of Julius Caesar), plate 5]

Plate 5 from series showing people in triumphal procession of Julius Caesar. After the painting by Andrea Mantegna. Bartsch, v. XII, p. 101.11. Gift; Ian Woodner; (DLC/PP-1984:513).

Circe / AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani].

Circe / AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani].

Print showing Circe, standing on the water, with dragon-like serpents, drinking from a cup in front of sailors as their ship passes. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photograp... more

Jason returning with the golden fleece / AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani] in Mantoua 160.

Jason returning with the golden fleece / AA [monogram of Andrea Andrea...

Print showing Jason wearing armor and holding sword in right hand, returning to his ship on the left with right arm raised and carrying the golden fleece over his left arm. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled... more

Surprise / AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani].

Surprise / AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani].

Allegorical print showing, in an oval, a man as Surprise, one of the states of emotion, with his arms spread as though startled by what he sees. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints a... more

St. Cecilia / AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani].

St. Cecilia / AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani].

Print showing Saint Cecilia in medallion with two angels, one possibly holding a stringed instrument. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Libra... more

Temperance / AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani].

Temperance / AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani].

Allegorical print showing a woman as Temperance, one of the cardinal virtues, seated, facing right, pouring liquid from a chalice, possibly diluting wine with water. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Ren... more

The adoration of the Magi / AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani] MDCV.

The adoration of the Magi / AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani] MDCV.

Allegorical print showing the nativity scene with the Magi presenting their offerings to the infant Jesus. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : ... more

Christ curing the lepers / Ain mantoua, 1608.

Christ curing the lepers / Ain mantoua, 1608.

Print shows Jesus, with his disciples, raising his arm to ten lepers who kneel before him. Monogram of Andreani. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washing... more

Christ at the table of Simon the Pharisee / Raphel VRB in Ven, In Mantoua, 1609.

Christ at the table of Simon the Pharisee / Raphel VRB in Ven, In Mant...

Print shows Jesus sitting at one end of a table at which others are seated. He talks to Simon while another person washes his feet. Earlier attributed to Raphael. Monograpm of Andreani. Title from Graphic samp... more

The miraculous draught of fishes / Raphelurb inven. AA [monogram of Andrea Andreani] in Mantoua 1609.

The miraculous draught of fishes / Raphelurb inven. AA [monogram of An...

Print showing two boats with several men in them, Jesus sitting at the stern of one is telling Simon to "launch out into the deep and led down your nets"; the men in the second boat have lowered their nets. Tit... more

The Virgin and child surrounded by saints and kneeling donor / AA, in Mantova, MDCX.

The Virgin and child surrounded by saints and kneeling donor / AA, in ...

Print shows the Virgin Mary seated with the infant Jesus at her side surrounded by saints and one man kneeling. Monogram of Andreani. Sometimes attributed to Girolamo da Carpi. Title from Graphic sampler / comp... more

S. Carlo Borromeo

S. Carlo Borromeo

Print shows St. Charles Borromeo kneeling in prayer before a crucifix upon an altar, with angels chatting behind him. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Wa... more

Galileo Galilei, 1564-1642

Galileo Galilei, 1564-1642

Head and shoulders, facing left. Engraving by F. Villamoena. Illus. in: Il saggiatore nel quale con bilancia esquisita ... Rome, 1623, preceding p. 1. No ref. copy. This record contains unverified data from cap... more

[Landscape with a castle on a hill and three figures and horse]

[Landscape with a castle on a hill and three figures and horse]

It is tempting to suggest that the subject is the Flight into Egypt. The figure to the left of the donkey appears to have wings. Perhaps Mary is standing with the child, and Joseph, on the donkey, is pointing ... more

Sibyll

Sibyll

Print shows a seated woman, draped head bowed and resting on her hand, with a tablet, quill, and pot of ink sitting nearby. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Divisi... more

Head of Cupid

Head of Cupid

Print shows head and shoulders of Cupid with eyes closed. After Guido Reni. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress, 1979, pp. ... more

The Virgin and Child / Bart. Coriolanus Fecit. Bononiae anno 1630.

The Virgin and Child / Bart. Coriolanus Fecit. Bononiae anno 1630.

Print shows Mary and infant Jesus. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress, 1979, p. 28. Print originally part of Pembroke albu... more

[The Virgin and Child]

[The Virgin and Child]

Print shows Mary and infant Jesus. Title from Graphic sampler / compiled by Renata V. Shaw, Prints and Photographs Division. Washington : Library of Congress, 1979, p. 28. Print originally part of Pembroke albu... more

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