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Jerusalem (; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִםYerushaláyim; Arabic: القُدسal-Quds or Bayt al-Maqdis, also spelled Baitul Muqaddas) is a city in the Middle East, on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, and is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.

Throughout its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed at least twice, besieged 23 times, captured and recaptured 44 times, and attacked 52 times. The part of Jerusalem called the City of David shows first signs of settlement in the 4th millennium BCE, in the shape of encampments of nomadic shepherds. In the Canaanite period (14th century BCE), Jerusalem was named as Urusalim on ancient Egyptian tablets, probably meaning "City of Shalem" after a Canaanite deity. During the Israelite period, significant construction activity in Jerusalem began in the 9th century BCE (Iron Age II), and in the 8th century the city developed into the religious and administrative center of the Kingdom of Judah. In 1538, the city walls were rebuilt for a last time around Jerusalem under Suleiman the Magnificent. Today those walls define the Old City, which has been traditionally divided into four-quarters—known since the early 19th century as the Armenian, Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Quarters. The Old City became a World Heritage Site in 1981, and is on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Since 1860 Jerusalem has grown far beyond the Old City's boundaries. In 2015, Jerusalem had a population of some 850,000 residents, comprising approximately 200,000 secular Jewish Israelis, 350,000 Haredi Jews and 300,000 Palestinians. In 2016, the population was 882,700, of which Jews comprised 536,600 (60.8%), Muslims 319,800 (36.2%), Christians 15,800 (1.8%), and 10,300 unclassified (1.2%).

According to the Bible, King David conquered the city from the Jebusites and established it as the capital of the united kingdom of Israel, and his son, King Solomon, commissioned the building of the First Temple. Modern scholars argue that Jews branched out of the Canaanite peoples and culture through the development of a distinct monolatrous – and later monotheistic – religion centered on El/Yahweh, These foundational events, straddling the dawn of the 1st millennium BCE, assumed central symbolic importance for the Jewish people. The sobriquet of holy city (עיר הקודש, transliterated 'ir haqodesh) was probably attached to Jerusalem in post-exilic times. The holiness of Jerusalem in Christianity, conserved in the Septuagint which Christians adopted as their own authority, was reinforced by the New Testament account of Jesus's crucifixion there. In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city, after Mecca and Medina. In Islamic tradition, in 610 CE it became the first qibla, the focal point for Muslim prayer (salat), and Muhammad made his Night Journey there ten years later, ascending to heaven where he speaks to God, according to the Quran. As a result, despite having an area of only 0.9 square kilometres (0.35 sq mi), the Old City is home to many sites of seminal religious importance, among them the Temple Mount with its Western Wall, Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Outside the Old City stands the Garden Tomb.

Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the core issues in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, West Jerusalem was among the areas captured and later annexed by Israel while East Jerusalem, including the Old City, was captured and later annexed by Jordan. Israel captured East Jerusalem from Jordan during the 1967 Six-Day War and subsequently annexed it into Jerusalem, together with additional surrounding territory. One of Israel's Basic Laws, the 1980 Jerusalem Law, refers to Jerusalem as the country's undivided capital. All branches of the Israeli government are located in Jerusalem, including the Knesset (Israel's parliament), the residences of the Prime Minister (Beit Aghion) and President (Beit HaNassi), and the Supreme Court. While the international community rejected the annexation as illegal and treats East Jerusalem as Palestinian territory occupied by Israel, Israel has a stronger claim to sovereignty over West Jerusalem.

Jerusalem Media

172,339 media by topicpage 1 of 1724
Ierusalem, cum suburbiis, prout tempore Christi floruit, accurate notatis omnibus insignibus et praecipuè iis locis... /

Ierusalem, cum suburbiis, prout tempore Christi floruit, accurate nota...

Relief shown pictorially. German. Titles in Latin and German. Shows Jerusalem during the time of Christ. Includes descriptive text in German. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

Siege of Jerusalem by Crusaders, 1099

Siege of Jerusalem by Crusaders, 1099

Illus. in: Robertus Remensis, Historia itineris contra Turcos (Dutch), Gouda, ca. 1486. Referece copy may be in LOT 7012. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Incu... more

Plan of Jerusalem /

Plan of Jerusalem /

Relief shown by hachures. Includes index. Lower right margin: S. Bellin, sculp. Mounted on cloth with paper matting. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

Citadel of Jerusalem without the walls

Citadel of Jerusalem without the walls

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 1-2, p. 13. Surrog... more

The Pool of Bethesda Jerusalem April 12th 1839 / David Roberts.

The Pool of Bethesda Jerusalem April 12th 1839 / David Roberts.

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 1-2, p. 12. Surrog... more

Fountain of Siloam Valley of Jehosophat

Fountain of Siloam Valley of Jehosophat

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 3-4, p. 2. Surroga... more

Entrance to the tombs of the kings, Jerusalem

Entrance to the tombs of the kings, Jerusalem

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 1-2, p. 7. Surroga... more

Citadel of Jerusalem April 19 1841

Citadel of Jerusalem April 19 1841

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 3-4, p. 9. Surroga... more

[Jerusalem from the North] Jerusalem April 1839

[Jerusalem from the North] Jerusalem April 1839

[Jerusalem from the North] Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v.... more

Crypt of the Holy Sepulchre Jerusalem

Crypt of the Holy Sepulchre Jerusalem

[Shows the Chapel of St. Helena] Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-18... more

Entrance to the holy sepulchre; title page, vol. 1.

Entrance to the holy sepulchre; title page, vol. 1.

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 1-2, p. 2. Surroga... more

Tomb of St. James, Valley of Jehosaphat/Jerusalem April 1839

Tomb of St. James, Valley of Jehosaphat/Jerusalem April 1839

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 1-2, p. 5. Surroga... more

Greek Church of the Holy Sepul., Jerusalem, April 11th, 1839 / David Roberts.

Greek Church of the Holy Sepul., Jerusalem, April 11th, 1839 / David R...

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 1-2, p. 4. Surroga... more

Shrine of the Holy Sepulchre April 10th 1839 / David Roberts.

Shrine of the Holy Sepulchre April 10th 1839 / David Roberts.

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 1-2, p. 14. Surrog... more

Gate of Damascus Jerusalem April 14th 1839

Gate of Damascus Jerusalem April 14th 1839

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 1-2, p. 3. Surroga... more

[Calvary] Jerusalem April 10th 1839 / David Roberts.

[Calvary] Jerusalem April 10th 1839 / David Roberts.

[Calvary] Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 3-4, p. ... more

Valley of Tombs of Kings. Thebes

Valley of Tombs of Kings. Thebes

People and pack animals make their way along road on the floor of the Valley of Kings, Egypt.

Jerusalem from the south April 12th 1839 / David Roberts.

Jerusalem from the south April 12th 1839 / David Roberts.

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 1-2, p. 10. Surrog... more

Valley of Tombs of Kings. Thebes

Valley of Tombs of Kings. Thebes

People and pack animals make their way along road on the floor of the Valley of Kings, Egypt. Title from item. No. 1856. On verso: Thebes. Valley of the Tombs of the Kings.

Absaloms Pillar Valley of Jehoshaphat

Absaloms Pillar Valley of Jehoshaphat

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 3-4, p. 10. Surrog... more

Chancel of the Church of St. Helena / D. Roberts, R.A.

Chancel of the Church of St. Helena / D. Roberts, R.A.

[Shows the chapel of St. Helena inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre]. Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by... more

Tombs of the khalifs, Cairo / David Roberts, R.A.

Tombs of the khalifs, Cairo / David Roberts, R.A.

Mosque of the Sultan Kait bey. Illus. in: Egypt & Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1846-1849, v. 3, p. 12.

Ancient Jerus̈alem, previous to its destruction by Titus / from the original painting by G. Wunderlich ; on stone by J. Queen.

Ancient Jerus̈alem, previous to its destruction by Titus / from the or...

Title from item. Forms part of: Marian S. Carson collection (Library of Congress)

Mosque of Asha. Jerusalem

Mosque of Asha. Jerusalem

Exterior view of al-Aqṣá Mosque. Title from item. No. 586. On verso: Mosque of Aksa. Jerusalem.

Mosque of Omar. Jerusalem

Mosque of Omar. Jerusalem

Minbar stands next to arches, on outdoor plaza near the Dome of the Rock. Title from item. No. 584. On verso: Mosque of Omar. Fine Saracenia Pulpit.

The Golden Gate. Jerusalem

The Golden Gate. Jerusalem

Title from item. No. 587. On verso: Golden Gate.

[Holy Sepulchre, exterior] / W. Hammerschmidt.

[Holy Sepulchre, exterior] / W. Hammerschmidt.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 96. "No. 104" written in image.

[Holy Sepulchre, interior] / W. Hammerschmidt.

[Holy Sepulchre, interior] / W. Hammerschmidt.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 97. "No. 105" written in image.

[Near St. Stephen's gate. Tower of Antonia, outside of walls] / P. Bergheim.

[Near St. Stephen's gate. Tower of Antonia, outside of walls] / P. Ber...

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 111. "No. 20" written in image.

[Tree of Agony, Gethsemane] / P. Bergheim.

[Tree of Agony, Gethsemane] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 118. "No. 24 " written in image.

[Group of tourists with indigenous people in cemetery outside walls of Jerusalem]

[Group of tourists with indigenous people in cemetery outside walls of...

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 112.

[Tomb of Absalom] / P. Bergheim.

[Tomb of Absalom] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 116. "No. 25" written in image.

[Solomon's Pools]

[Solomon's Pools]

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 132.

[Mosque El Aksa] / P. Bergheim.

[Mosque El Aksa] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 106. "No. 12"? written in image.

[Pool of Bethesda]

[Pool of Bethesda]

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 101.

[Golden Gate. Exterior] / P. Bergheim.

[Golden Gate. Exterior] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 109. "No. 21" written in image.

Femme de Jerusalem / Dumas Ph.

Femme de Jerusalem / Dumas Ph.

Woman from Jerusalem, full-length portrait, seated, facing front, holding rosary. Title from item. No. 2138. On verso: Asia. Syria-Natives. Palestine. Jerusalem Woman.

[Tomb of David] / P. Bergheim.

[Tomb of David] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 126. "No. 32" written in image.

[St. Stephen's gate] / P. Bergheim.

[St. Stephen's gate] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 107. "No. 19" written in image.

[Tower of Hippicus or of David. Built in time of Herod] / P. Bergheim.

[Tower of Hippicus or of David. Built in time of Herod] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 92. "No. 2" written in image.

[General view of Jerusalem from North East] / P. Bergheim.

[General view of Jerusalem from North East] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 87. "No. 49" written in image.

[Joab's Well] / P. Bergheim.

[Joab's Well] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 114. "No. 29" written in image.

[Tomb of the Holy Virgin] / P. Bergheim.

[Tomb of the Holy Virgin] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 119. "No. 23" written in image.

[Dome of the Chain - Dome of the Rock] / P. Bergheim.

[Dome of the Chain - Dome of the Rock] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 105. "No. 10" written in image.

[Via Dolorosa - arch of "Ecce Homo"] / P. Bergheim.

[Via Dolorosa - arch of "Ecce Homo"] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 98. "No. 6" written in image.

[Fountain of Kait Bey]

[Fountain of Kait Bey]

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 104.

[Jews' wailing place]

[Jews' wailing place]

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 102.

Patriarque Maronite Jerusalem / Dumas Ph.

Patriarque Maronite Jerusalem / Dumas Ph.

Maronite patriarch, half-length portrait, facing front. Title from item. No. 2132. On verso: Maronite Patriarch. Asia. Syria-Natives. Palestine. Jerusalem.

[View of Jerusalem walls from the southwest. Valley of Hinnora and lower pool of Gihon] / P. Bergheim.

[View of Jerusalem walls from the southwest. Valley of Hinnora and low...

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 88. "No. 31" written in image.

[Tombs of St. James and Zachariah in the Valley of Kedron] / P. Bergheim.

[Tombs of St. James and Zachariah in the Valley of Kedron] / P. Berghe...

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 115. "No. 26" written in image.

[Jaffa gate] / P. Bergheim.

[Jaffa gate] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 90. "No. 7" written in image.

[House of Pontius Pilate. Church of Ecce Homo]

[House of Pontius Pilate. Church of Ecce Homo]

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 99.

[Group of tourists with indigenous people outside walls of Jerusalem]

[Group of tourists with indigenous people outside walls of Jerusalem]

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 113.

[Zion Gate] / P. Bergheim.

[Zion Gate] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 121.

[Church of the Holy Sepulchre, principal door] / P. Bergheim.

[Church of the Holy Sepulchre, principal door] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 95. "No. 4?" written in image.

[General view of the Haram or Moriah. El Aksa - Omar - Church of St. Anne]

[General view of the Haram or Moriah. El Aksa - Omar - Church of St. A...

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 103.

[Masjid al-Aqṣá] / P. Bergheim.

[Masjid al-Aqṣá] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 127. "No. 34" written in image.

[Aceldama]

[Aceldama]

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 125.

Jerusalem / Frank M. Good, Phot. ; London.

Jerusalem / Frank M. Good, Phot. ; London.

City of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. Title from item.

[Tower of Antonia] / P. Bergheim.

[Tower of Antonia] / P. Bergheim.

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 100. "No. 7" written in image.

[Pool of Hezekiah, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and Hospice of the Knights of St. John, from Mediterranean Hotel] / P. Bergheim.

[Pool of Hezekiah, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and Hospice of the Kn...

In album: Jerusalem, Alexandria, Cairo, Rome, no. 93. "No. 3" written in image.

Famme de Bethlem / Dumas Ph.

Famme de Bethlem / Dumas Ph.

Woman from Jerusalem, three-quarter length portrait, standing, facing front, holding rosaries. Title from item. No. 2171. On verso: Asia. Syria-Natives. Palestine. Bethlehem Woman.

[Envelope addressed to Miss Fannie Ridley, Jerusalem, Southampton, Virginia; postmarked Richmond]

[Envelope addressed to Miss Fannie Ridley, Jerusalem, Southampton, Vir...

Handwritten envelope addressed to Miss Fannie Ridley; bears two 5-cent stamps. Title devised by Library staff. Notation: Col. Ridley. Possibly relates to Col. Thomas Ridley, 1809-1875, of Southampton County, Vi... more

Jerusalem, from Mount Scopus / Frith.

Jerusalem, from Mount Scopus / Frith.

Distant view of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. Signed and numbered on glass plate. Published in: Sinai and Palestine / Francis Frith. London : William Mackenzie, [1862?, pl. 12].

The Pool of Bethesda, &c, Jerusalem Frith

The Pool of Bethesda, &c, Jerusalem Frith

Distant view showing the Pool of Bethesda and the "Mosque of Omar", Jerusalem. Signed and numbered on glass plate. Published in: Sinai and Palestine / Francis Frith. London : William Mackenzie, [1862?, pl. 23].

The Mosque of Aksa, Jerusalem Frith

The Mosque of Aksa, Jerusalem Frith

Walls and buildings of the Masjid al-Aqṣá in Jerusalem. Signed on glass plate. Published in: Sinai and Palestine / Francis Frith. London : William Mackenzie, [1862?, pl. 14].

The Valley of Jehoshaphat, Jerusalem

The Valley of Jehoshaphat, Jerusalem

The Valley of Jehoshaphat showing tombs, olive trees, and stream, Jerusalem. Published in: Sinai and Palestine / Francis Frith. London : William Mackenzie, [1862?, pl. 15].

Absalom's tomb, Jerusalem / Frith.

Absalom's tomb, Jerusalem / Frith.

Signed on glass plate. Published in: Sinai and Palestine / Francis Frith. London : William Mackenzie, [1862?, pl. 24].

Jerusalem, from the Well of en-Rogel Frith

Jerusalem, from the Well of en-Rogel Frith

Distant view of Jerusalem from the "Well of en-Rogel" showing roadway, mountains, and trees in the foreground. Signed and numbered (P107) on glass plate. Published in: Sinai and Palestine / Francis Frith. Londo... more

[Map of the environs of Petersburg from the Appomattox River to the Jerusalem Plank Road showing entrenchments occupied by Federal forces] /

[Map of the environs of Petersburg from the Appomattox River to the Je...

In addition to fortifications, the map shows roads, railroads, and houses and names of some residents. Annotated in pen and ink. Sun print. Civil War salted paper maps. AL-92. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.), 613.8... more

Exterior of the Haram-Ash-Shárif. Detail of masonry at wailing place / P. Bergheim, photo.

Exterior of the Haram-Ash-Shárif. Detail of masonry at wailing place /...

Illus. in: Ordnance survey of Jerusalem / by Charles W. Wilson, under the direction of Colonel Sir Henry James, 1865, p. 14b.

Exterior of the Haram-Ash-Shárif. Wailing place of the Jews / P. Bergheim, photo.

Exterior of the Haram-Ash-Shárif. Wailing place of the Jews / P. Bergh...

Illus. in: Ordnance survey of Jerusalem / by Charles W. Wilson, under the direction of Colonel Sir Henry James, 1865, p. 15b.

Panoramic view of the city. General view of the city, from the hill of Evil Counsel / McDonald, Sergt. R.E. photo.

Panoramic view of the city. General view of the city, from the hill of...

View of Jerusalem. Illus. in: Ordnance survey of Jerusalem, made with the sanction of the Right Hon. Earl de Grey and Ripon, Secretary of State for war, by Captain Charles W. Wilson, R.E., under the direction o... more

Caire. Chaire et sanctuaire de Kaït-Bey / Bonfils.

Caire. Chaire et sanctuaire de Kaït-Bey / Bonfils.

Minbar and mihrab in Mosque of Kait Bey. Title from item. No. 1111.

Panorama de Jérusalem, du clocher S'-Sauveur Np0s 1 Panorama of Jerusalem from the belfry of church S'-Sauver / / Bonfils.

Panorama de Jérusalem, du clocher S'-Sauveur Np0s 1 Panorama of Jerusa...

Photograph shows a panoramic view of Jerusalem from the belfry of St. Saviour Monastery, Jerusalem. Title from item. No. 812.

Portes du St. Sépulcre Gates of the Holy Sepulchre / / Bonfils.

Portes du St. Sépulcre Gates of the Holy Sepulchre / / Bonfils.

Courtyard of the Church of Holy Sepulchre with Orthodox clergymen and vendors with wares on blankets.

Chaire de la mosquée El-Aksa Pulpit in the interior of El-Aksa mosque / / Bonfils.

Chaire de la mosquée El-Aksa Pulpit in the interior of El-Aksa mosque ...

Minbar in al-Aqṣá Mosque. Title from item. No. 86.

Jérusalem. Mosquée d'Omar / Bonfils.

Jérusalem. Mosquée d'Omar / Bonfils.

The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem.

Arceaux dans les écuries de Salomon, Jerusalem / Bonfils.
Tombeau des Juges Tomb of the Judges / / Bonfils.

Tombeau des Juges Tomb of the Judges / / Bonfils.

Entrance to the rock carved Tomb of the Judges, ancient burial of the Sanhedrin (Supreme Court) of Jerusalem. Title from item. No. 1221.

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