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A manuscript (abbreviated MS for singular and MSS for plural) was, traditionally, any document that is written by hand – or, once practical typewriters became available, typewritten — as opposed to being mechanically printed or reproduced in some indirect or automated way. More recently, the term has come to be understood to further include any written, typed, or word-processed copy of an author's work, as distinguished from its rendition as a printed version of the same. Before the arrival of printing, all documents and books were manuscripts. Manuscripts are not defined by their contents, which may combine writing with mathematical calculations, maps, music notation, explanatory figures or illustrations.

Manuscript Media

274,502 media by topicpage 1 of 2746
Leonard Bernstein to Marc Blitzstein, July 20, 1962

Leonard Bernstein to Marc Blitzstein, July 20, 1962

excerpt: "Am here Bay of Naples, en route to Monte Carlo & Spain, I think of you, S & V, being Jewish your Arabic [maid?]. I hope all continues to be as joyful as before."

Philip II letter, 1578 Dec. 2.

Philip II letter, 1578 Dec. 2.

ALS, written in Madrid, to Pedro Moya de Contreras, Archbishop of Mexico. Philip II complains to the Archbishop of Mexico City about his practice of appointing monolingual priests to Indian benefices. Philip ha... More

Thomas Appleton, no date, Notes on Lupinella Grass Seed
Phlegon of Trales, no date, Article, in French
Virginia Laws, no date, List of Court Appointed Positions
Thomas Jefferson, no date, Shorthand System Table
Delaware Indians, no date, Extract of Land Claims
Unknown, no date, Drawing of Horse-drawn Pump
Jose Correa da Serra, no date, Note on Arrival
Thomas Jefferson, no date, Ice Cream Recipe
Thomas Cooper, no date, Meteorology, Dated February 3 and 17
Unknown to Daniel McKinnen,
Thomas Jefferson to William Robertson, no date, Mutilated
Unknown, , Notes; in French
Post Office, , List, Washington, D. C., to Orleans Territory

Post Office, , List, Washington, D. C., to Orleans Territory

List, Washington, D. C., to Orleans Territory

Staten Island, no date, Drawing of Staten Island
Thomas Jefferson, no date, Notes on Vetch
Congress, no date, Summary of Expenses
Unknown to Alexander Hamilton, no date, Illegible
Unknown, no date, Fragment, in French
Anonymous to Thomas Jefferson, February 29, 1805, Memorial Poem to Washington
Thomas Jefferson, no date, Plans for Writing Desk
Benjamin H. Latrobe, no date, Notes on Building Costs
Thomas Jefferson, no date, Biscuit de Savoy Recipe
Unknown, no date, Notes on Cost of Tin
Unknown to Congress, no date, Memo on Peace
Thomas Jefferson, , Itinerary of Trip from Washington, D. C. to Charlottesville, Virginia

Thomas Jefferson, , Itinerary of Trip from Washington, D. C. to Charlo...

Itinerary of Trip from Washington, D. C. to Charlottesville, Virginia

Thomas Jefferson, , Notes
Thomas Jefferson, no date, Note on Carpeting Costs
Thomas Jefferson, no date, Estimates on Grist Mill Timbers
Thomas Jefferson to Charles Pinckney and Caleb Strong, , Notes
Virginia Colonial Commissioners, March 12, 1651, Articles on the Relation Between James City and Great Britain

Virginia Colonial Commissioners, March 12, 1651, Articles on the Relat...

Articles on the Relation Between James City and Great Britain

France and Great Britain, 1689-1783, Chart Comparing France and Great Britain
Thomas Jefferson, , Note
Thomas Jefferson, 1762, Early Law Notes
Thomas Jefferson, 1762, Notes on Church Laws
Letter from Pietro Metastasio to Pietro Buontempi,  13 August 1768
House of Commons, March 1770, Notes on Grenville Bill; Procedures for Settling Disputed Elections

House of Commons, March 1770, Notes on Grenville Bill; Procedures for ...

Notes on Grenville Bill; Procedures for Settling Disputed Elections

Thomas Jefferson to Unknown, June 30, 1771, Suit Brought by Martar
James MacPherson to Charles McPherson, August 7, 1773, Refusal to Allow Copy of Gaelic Version of Ossian's Poems

James MacPherson to Charles McPherson, August 7, 1773, Refusal to Allo...

Refusal to Allow Copy of Gaelic Version of Ossian's Poems

United States Congress, 1774-82, List of Dated Topics: "Resolution of Order," Maryland Affairs; Post Office, Admiralty, etc.

United States Congress, 1774-82, List of Dated Topics: "Resolution of ...

List of Dated Topics: "Resolution of Order," Maryland Affairs; Post Office, Admiralty, etc.

Thomas Jefferson, May 9, 1774, Notes on Progress of Three Pending Bills
Virginia Colonial Convention, August 1774, Declaration of Rights
Virginia Gazette (newspaper), February 4, 1775, Article on Speech by Chief Logan (Indian Warrior)

Virginia Gazette (newspaper), February 4, 1775, Article on Speech by C...

Article on Speech by Chief Logan (Indian Warrior)

Edmund Randolph to Thomas Jefferson, August 31, 1775, Relations Between Colonies and Great Britain; Desertions

Edmund Randolph to Thomas Jefferson, August 31, 1775, Relations Betwee...

Relations Between Colonies and Great Britain; Desertions

Thomas Jefferson, 1775, Summary of British Armaments Act
Ebenezer Hazard to Thomas Jefferson, June 30, 1775, Collection of Papers Relating to Virginia
Edmund Pendleton to Thomas Jefferson, November 16, 1775, Skirmishes with the British at Hampton, Norfolk, and Jamestown, Virginia

Edmund Pendleton to Thomas Jefferson, November 16, 1775, Skirmishes wi...

Skirmishes with the British at Hampton, Norfolk, and Jamestown, Virginia

British Colonies in North America, 1775, Table of Exports from South Carolina: Rice, Indigo, Hemp, Indian Corn

British Colonies in North America, 1775, Table of Exports from South C...

Table of Exports from South Carolina: Rice, Indigo, Hemp, Indian Corn

George Wythe to Thomas Jefferson, November 11, 1776, British Troop Movements in New York
Virginia Delegates in Continental Congress to Virginia Convention, April 18, 1776, Appointment of Surgeons; Canadian Campaign; Notation on Coin Production

Virginia Delegates in Continental Congress to Virginia Convention, Apr...

Appointment of Surgeons; Canadian Campaign; Notation on Coin Production

Foulke, July 24, 1776, Testimony on British and American Sympathies of Various Soldiers; Hughes, et al

Foulke, July 24, 1776, Testimony on British and American Sympathies of...

Testimony on British and American Sympathies of Various Soldiers; Hughes, et al

Thomas Jefferson, October 1776, Notes on Shaftesbury; Virginia Laws and Statutes Covering the Church of England

Thomas Jefferson, October 1776, Notes on Shaftesbury; Virginia Laws an...

Notes on Shaftesbury; Virginia Laws and Statutes Covering the Church of England

Thomas Jefferson, June-July 1776, Map of Action at Gwyn's Island, Chesapeake Bay
Thomas Jefferson, June 1776, Building Instructions
Robert C. Nicholas to Thomas Jefferson, August 24, 1776, Financial Accounts
Thomas Jefferson, October 1776, Notes on Bill to Move the Virginia Seat of Government; Capitol; Courthouse

Thomas Jefferson, October 1776, Notes on Bill to Move the Virginia Sea...

Notes on Bill to Move the Virginia Seat of Government; Capitol; Courthouse

Bernis Brown, October 5, 1777, Account for Guarding British Prisoners
Thomas Jefferson to John Hancock, October 19, 1777, Finances; Possible Loan from Grand Duke of Tuscany; with Typescript

Thomas Jefferson to John Hancock, October 19, 1777, Finances; Possible...

Finances; Possible Loan from Grand Duke of Tuscany; with Typescript

Thomas Jefferson to John Jouett Jr., April 15, 1777, Military Recruitment; Receipt for Bounty Money
Thomas Jefferson, October 20, 1777, Notes on Virginia Committee on Laws; William Phillips letter of April 12, 1779

Thomas Jefferson, October 20, 1777, Notes on Virginia Committee on Law...

Notes on Virginia Committee on Laws; William Phillips letter of April 12, 1779

Thomas Jefferson to George Washington, April 18, 1777, Letter of Introduction for Strother Jones
Virginia General Assembly, 1777, Report from House of Delegates to Senate on Money Bills

Virginia General Assembly, 1777, Report from House of Delegates to Sen...

Report from House of Delegates to Senate on Money Bills

Horatio Gates to John Burgoyne, October 12, 1777, Protest at Cruelty of Retreating British Army; with note from Burgoyne

Horatio Gates to John Burgoyne, October 12, 1777, Protest at Cruelty o...

Protest at Cruelty of Retreating British Army; with note from Burgoyne

Continental Congress, November 28, 1777, List of Expenses; Budget
Arthur Lee to Continental Congress Secret Committee, April 2, 1778, Expense Account as Commissioner to the Court of France

Arthur Lee to Continental Congress Secret Committee, April 2, 1778, Ex...

Expense Account as Commissioner to the Court of France

Reverend James Madison, 1778, Notes on Williamsburg Weather Data
Thomas Jefferson, May 4, 1778, Notes on Virginia Committee on Laws
William Lee to Continental Congress Secret Committee, September 12, 1778, Commercial Treaties with Holland and France; Extract

William Lee to Continental Congress Secret Committee, September 12, 17...

Commercial Treaties with Holland and France; Extract

Thomas Jefferson to Friedrich Adolph, Baron von Riedesel, July 1779, Pass to Visit Medicinal Springs
William Phillips to Thomas Jefferson, September 12, 1779
Samuel McDowell to Thomas Jefferson, 1779, Request for Revised Bill
Rutledge Edward to Thomas Jefferson, February 12, 1779, Aid for Georgia
Richard Henry Lee to Thomas Jefferson, September 6, 1779
John Page to Thomas Jefferson, August 14, 1779
Thomas Jefferson to George Wythe, March 1, 1779, Memorandum on Bill to Regulate Practicing Attorneys; Changes in Court System

Thomas Jefferson to George Wythe, March 1, 1779, Memorandum on Bill to...

Memorandum on Bill to Regulate Practicing Attorneys; Changes in Court System

Virginia Committee on Laws, 1779, Suggested Revision for Land Office
Virginia Militia, October 8, 1779, List of Officers Guarding Convention Prisoners
Thomas Jefferson to George Washington, July 23, 1779, Request to Send Letter to Mr. Battora in New York under Flag of Truce

Thomas Jefferson to George Washington, July 23, 1779, Request to Send ...

Request to Send Letter to Mr. Battora in New York under Flag of Truce

William Phillips to Thomas Jefferson, April 12, 1779, Declines Jefferson's Invitation
Virginia General Assembly, May 1779, Bill on Salaries for Government Officials; Written on Fragment of Note from "Mr. Foster"

Virginia General Assembly, May 1779, Bill on Salaries for Government O...

Bill on Salaries for Government Officials; Written on Fragment of Note from "Mr. Foster"

Thomas Fitzgerald to Benjamin Franklin, September 14, 1779
Virginia Committee on Laws, 1779, Notes on Laws "Doubtful Whether to Be Retained"
Virginia Council to Thomas Jefferson, October 8, 1779, Instructions on Prisoners of War
Thomas Jefferson, 1780, Instructions for Serving at Mail Station under William Galvan

Thomas Jefferson, 1780, Instructions for Serving at Mail Station under...

Instructions for Serving at Mail Station under William Galvan

Horatio Gates to Abraham Buford, July 20, 1780
Horatio Gates to John S. Dart, October 8, 1780
Horatio Gates to Thomas Jefferson, 1780, Text Incomplete
John Magnall to Congress, July 16, 1780
Alexander Leslie to Earl Charles Cornwallis, November 4, 1780
Horatio Gates to Richard Caswell, August 5, 1780
Horatio Gates to William Smallwood, December 2, 1780
Horatio Gates to Stephen Drayton, September 6, 1780
Horatio Gates to W. H. Harrington, September 18, 1780
Horatio Gates to Samuel Huntington, September 20, 1780
Thomas White, et al to Benjamin Franklin, April 11, 1780
Horatio Gates to Martin Armstrong, November 16, 1780
Horatio Gates to John Christian Senf, October 14, 1780
Horatio Gates to Isaac Huger, October 10, 1780
Thomas Jefferson, October 1780, List of Military and Naval Questions
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