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A manuscript (abbreviated MS for singular and MSS for plural) was, traditionally, any document that is written by hand – or, once practical typewriters became available, typewritten — as opposed to being mechanically printed or reproduced in some indirect or automated way. More recently, the term has come to be understood to further include any written, typed, or word-processed copy of an author's work, as distinguished from its rendition as a printed version of the same. Before the arrival of printing, all documents and books were manuscripts. Manuscripts are not defined by their contents, which may combine writing with mathematical calculations, maps, music notation, explanatory figures or illustrations.

Manuscript Media

3,034,533 media by topicpage 1 of 30346
Greek Manuscripts 1251. Sticherarion, Byzantine

Greek Manuscripts 1251. Sticherarion, Byzantine

Manuscript was filmed and made available in 1952. Copied on paper.

Greek Manuscripts 812. Oktoëchos Oktoechos
Greek Manuscripts 1251. Sticherarion, Byzantine

Greek Manuscripts 1251. Sticherarion, Byzantine

Manuscript was filmed and made available in 1952. Copied on paper.

Greek Manuscripts 1251. Sticherarion, Byzantine

Greek Manuscripts 1251. Sticherarion, Byzantine

Manuscript was filmed and made available in 1952. Copied on paper.

Greek Manuscripts 812. Oktoëchos Oktoechos
[Embossed leather binding on 12th century manuscript]

[Embossed leather binding on 12th century manuscript]

Title devised by Library staff. Alternate title from: Library of Congress Quarterly journal of current acquisitions, v. 5, no. 3 (1948 May), p. 50. Illus. in: Exposicio mistica super exod[um]. [Germany, ca. 115... More

Arabic Firmans 507-681. Deeds
Syriac Manuscripts 155. Psalter - Mount Sinai
[Portolan chart of the Mediterranean Sea ca. 1320-1350 : manuscript chart of the Mediterranean and Black seas on vellum].

[Portolan chart of the Mediterranean Sea ca. 1320-1350 : manuscript ch...

Anonymous nautical chart in portolan style probably drawn in Genoa. Covers Mediterranean Sea from the Balearic Islands to the Levantine coast; also covers western part of Black Sea. Oldest original cartographic... More

Bible. Manuscripts. Latin. Biblia latina. April 4, 1452-July 9, 1453. "Giant Bible of Mainz"

Bible. Manuscripts. Latin. Biblia latina. April 4, 1452-July 9, 1453. ...

Opening of Leviticus. No file prints. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Bible O.T.

Bible. Manuscripts. Latin. Biblia latina. April 4, 1452-July 9, 1453. "Giant Bible of Mainz"

Bible. Manuscripts. Latin. Biblia latina. April 4, 1452-July 9, 1453. ...

Opening of Genesis. No file prints. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Bible O.T.

Bible. Manuscripts. Latin. Biblia latina. April 4, 1452-July 9, 1453. "Giant Bible of Mainz"

Bible. Manuscripts. Latin. Biblia latina. April 4, 1452-July 9, 1453. ...

First leaf. No file prints. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Bible O.T.

Bible. Manuscripts. Latin. Biblia latina. April 4, 1452-July 9, 1453. "Giant Bible of Mainz"

Bible. Manuscripts. Latin. Biblia latina. April 4, 1452-July 9, 1453. ...

Jerome's preface to Pentateuch. Rosenwald 5 No file prints. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Bible O.T.

[Marcus Tullus Cicero, bust portrait on page of Latin text]

[Marcus Tullus Cicero, bust portrait on page of Latin text]

Illuminated vellum manuscript. Illus. in: Cicero, De Officii (Manz, 1465). Reference copy may be in Biog. File. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

[Page of text in Physica, with decorated initial Q]

[Page of text in Physica, with decorated initial Q]

Text in: Physica / Aristoteles. [Louvain : C. Braem, ca. 1475]. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1987, p. 254.

[Woodcuts used to illus. Fables from incunabula...1966: the fox and the crane, ca. 1479 - item 57]

[Woodcuts used to illus. Fables from incunabula...1966: the fox and th...

Reference copy may be in LOT 4442. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

[Fable of the lion and the fox; the ass and the wolf]

[Fable of the lion and the fox; the ass and the wolf]

Illus. in: Aesopus, Vita et fabulae (Latin), Strassburg, ca. 1481. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Incunabula; Fables; RBD; Shelf.

[Geometric diagrams in margins of text of first printed edition of Euclid's "Elements," which they illus.: 2 diagrams at left of text (page headed "Liber")]

[Geometric diagrams in margins of text of first printed edition of Euc...

Repr. of line drawing by Erhard Ratdolt, printer of the edition. Illus. in: Euclides Elementa Geometriae, Venice, 1482. Reference copy may be in LOT 4397 P. This record contains unverified, old data from captio... More

[Geometric diagrams in margins of text of first printed edition of Euclid's "Elements," which they illus.: 2 diagrams of text (page headed "II")]

[Geometric diagrams in margins of text of first printed edition of Euc...

Repr. of line drawing by Erhard Ratdolt, printer of the edition. Illus. in: Euclides Elementa Geometriae, Venice, 1482. Reference copy may be in LOT 4397 P. This record contains unverified, old data from captio... More

[Speculum humanae salvationis. French. [from old catalog]]Le mirouer de la rede[m]ption de humain lignaige.[Lyons] Matthias Huss, 3 Mar. 1483/84.

[Speculum humanae salvationis. French. [from old catalog]]Le mirouer d...

Title from colophon, which continues: tra[n]slate de latin en francoys ... veu corrige [et] translate par ... frere Iulien des Augustins de Lyon ... Signatures: pi⁴ a-z⁸ [et]⁸ [con]¹⁰. Goff S-662 Pierpont Morga... More

[Four illustrations of 15th c. daily live from the text of Boethius, De consolatione philosphiae. Dutch and Latin. Ghent, Arend de Kaysere, 3 May 1485]

[Four illustrations of 15th c. daily live from the text of Boethius, D...

Illus. in: Boethius, De consolatione philosphiae. Dutch and Latin. Ghent, Arend de Kaysere, 3 May 1485. No file print. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI WORK... More

[Pietro da Montagnana, a Paduan medical teacher surrounded by Greek and Arabic medical books, and three patients waiting to have their urine examined]

[Pietro da Montagnana, a Paduan medical teacher surrounded by Greek an...

Illus. in: Fasciculus medicinae / Johannes de Ketham. Venice : J. and G. de Gregoriis, de Forlivio, 1495. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1987, p. 130.

[Crowned Greek astronomer Ptolemy and his Renaissance translator Regiomontanus, seated beneath an armillary sphere and surrounded by decorated border]

[Crowned Greek astronomer Ptolemy and his Renaissance translator Regio...

Frontspiece in: Epytoma in Almagestum / Regiomontus. Venice : J. Hammam, 1496. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1987, p. 29.

[2 botanical illus. and page of text]

[2 botanical illus. and page of text]

Illus. in: Hortus Sanitatis [Maior] (1497). No reference copy. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

[Bien Avisé, Mal Avisé (Morality play) [from old catalog]]Bien Aduise Mal Aduise.Paris, Pierre Le Caron for Antoine Vérard [before 13 Oct. 1499]
[Envelope addressed to Gen. Howell Cobb, Commdr., etc., Quincy, Florida.; postmarked Savannah, Ga.]

[Envelope addressed to Gen. Howell Cobb, Commdr., etc., Quincy, Florid...

Handwritten envelope addressed to General Howell Cobb of 16th Georgia Infantry Regiment and General Staff; bears 10-cent stamp. Title devised by Library staff. Gift; Tom Liljenquist; 2010; (DLC/PP-2010:105). Fo... More

Typus arithmeticae. Book illustration from Library of Congress

Typus arithmeticae. Book illustration from Library of Congress

The form of arithmetic, possibly muse of arithmetic, shown as woman standing between Boethius writing Arabic numerals and Pythagorus doing reckoning with counters. Illus. in: Margarita philosophica / Gregor Rei... More

Quarta musculos commonstrantium figura, omnes in posteriori corporis

Quarta musculos commonstrantium figura, omnes in posteriori corporis

Anatomical rare view of cadaver standing on skull holding head sections, with bones and musculature keyed to surrounding text. Illus. and text in: De humani corporis fabrica librorum epitome / Andreas Vesalius.... More

[San Juan de Ulúa /

[San Juan de Ulúa /

Ground plan of a projected fortress. In black ink, with a part in yellow watercolor, on vellum. Mounted on cloth. Kraus, H.P. Sir Francis Drake, 47 Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a r... More

Philip II letter, 1578 Dec. 2.

Philip II letter, 1578 Dec. 2.

ALS, written in Madrid, to Pedro Moya de Contreras, Archbishop of Mexico. Philip II complains to the Archbishop of Mexico City about his practice of appointing monolingual priests to Indian benefices. Philip ha... More

Battle between Portuguese and Indians and Garasu near the harbor of Marin

Battle between Portuguese and Indians and Garasu near the harbor of Ma...

Illus. in: Theodor de Bry, America, Frankfurt, p. 5. Reference copy may be in LOT 4411. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

Fliegende Fisch im Meer

Fliegende Fisch im Meer

Flying fish seen at sea fourteen days out of the Canaries by Girolamo Benzoni's sailing ship going to the New World. By Theodor de Bry. Illus. in: [America, pt. 4]. Reference copy may be in LOT 4409A. This reco... More

[Columbus landing on Hispaniola, Dec. 6, 1492; greeted by Arawak Indians]

[Columbus landing on Hispaniola, Dec. 6, 1492; greeted by Arawak India...

Engraving by DeBry. Illus. in: DeBry, America, pt. 4, plate IX. Reference copy may be in Biog. File. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: RBD?; Columbus; Indians; Haiti.

Unknown, no date, Law on Capture of War Vessels
John Triplett, , Map of a Road from Georgetown to Stevensburg

John Triplett, , Map of a Road from Georgetown to Stevensburg

Map of a Road from Georgetown to Stevensburg

Unknown to Senate, no date
Unites States Commerce, , Notes on the Northern States
Hepburn, no date, Estimates on Building Timbers
Norfolk, Virginia, no date, Resolution on Steamboat Line
William Chatham, no date, Extract of Statement on Falkland Islands Debate
Congress, , Draft Bill Regarding the Awarding of Prizes

Congress, , Draft Bill Regarding the Awarding of Prizes

Draft Bill Regarding the Awarding of Prizes

Schweighauser & Dobree, no date, Cover Sheet for Case
[Sir Samuel Argall with the Eichodomine Indians, Virginia, 161-]
[Spanish conquistadors before throne of Indian king - full title page]

[Spanish conquistadors before throne of Indian king - full title page]

Engraving on full page of text. Illus. in: Historie Naturael en Morael van de Westersche Indien (Amsterdam, 1624). Reference copy may be in SSF - Indians of Mexico Misc. This record contains unverified, old dat... More

Pennsylvania Colony Laws and Statutes, 1652-92, List of "Acts of the Politinate and Lords"
Receipt, Luigi Battiferri
[Title page - no illus. of Triyals of...Witches... by Cotton Mather]

[Title page - no illus. of Triyals of...Witches... by Cotton Mather]

Illus. in: Tryals of ... Witches... by Cotton Mather (Boston, 1693) No file print. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Witchcraft; PI; Shelf.

Horticultural Society to Andrew Jackson
J. Nicks to Andrew Jackson
D. Green to Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson - Andrew Jackson correspondence
John Forsyth to Andrew Jackson
Fry to Andrew Jackson
S. Jackson to Andrew Jackson
James Alexander Hamilton to Andrew Jackson
[Major] Neville to Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson - Andrew Jackson correspondence
Andrew Jackson - Andrew Jackson correspondence
Benjamin Franklin Butler to Andrew Jackson
Legrange College to Andrew Jackson
I. McKeever to Andrew Jackson
William Patterson to Andrew Jackson
Thomas J. Hough et al. to Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson - Andrew Jackson correspondence
[Dr.] Overton to Andrew Jackson
William L. Fulton to Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson - Andrew Jackson correspondence
Andrew Jackson - Andrew Jackson correspondence
James Gwenn to Andrew Jackson
Henderson to Andrew Jackson
A. Skinner to Andrew Jackson
Bunker Hill Battle Committee to Andrew Jackson
Eligius Fromentin to Andrew Jackson
W. S. Barnes to Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson to Samuel L. Swartwout
Chase to Andrew Jackson
Collet to Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson - Andrew Jackson correspondence
Unknown to Andrew Jackson
Steel to Andrew Jackson
James Knox Polk to Andrew Jackson
William Berkeley Lewis to Andrew Jackson
Hunter to Andrew Jackson
A. Erwin et al. to Andrew Jackson
John Mills to Andrew Jackson
Mrs. Colston to Andrew Jackson
Pennsylvania Encampment to Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson, Jr. to T. Dodson, Jr.
John Forsyth to Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson - Andrew Jackson correspondence
Peeler to Andrew Jackson
Know all men by these presents that I for and in consideration of the sum of current money of the Province of .... have granted, bargained, sold, released; and by these present do fully, clearly and absolutely grant, bargain, sell and release un
Andrew Jackson to Mrs. Gillet
Unknown to Andrew Jackson
James Tenner to Andrew Jackson
Robert Butler to Andrew Jackson
Virginia Society to Andrew Jackson
Morgan to Andrew Jackson
J. N. Barker to Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson to Andrew Jackson, Jr.
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