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The sea, the world ocean, or simply the ocean is the connected body of salty water that covers about 71% of Earth's surface (361,132,000 square kilometres [139,434,000 sq mi]), with a total volume of roughly 1,332,000,000 cubic kilometres [320,000,000 cu mi]. It moderates Earth's climate and has important roles in the water cycle, carbon cycle, and nitrogen cycle. It has been travelled and explored since ancient times, while the scientific study of the sea—oceanography—dates broadly from the voyages of Captain James Cook to explore the Pacific Ocean between 1768 and 1779. The word sea is also used to denote smaller, partly landlocked sections of the ocean and certain large, entirely landlocked, saltwater lakes, such as the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea.

The most abundant solid dissolved in seawater is sodium chloride. The water also contains salts of magnesium, calcium, potassium, and mercury , amongst many other elements, some in minute concentrations. Salinity varies widely, being lower near the surface and the mouths of large rivers and higher in the depths of the ocean; however, the relative proportions of dissolved salts varies little across the oceans. Winds blowing over the surface of the sea produce waves, which break when they enter shallow water. Winds also create surface currents through friction, setting up slow but stable circulations of water throughout the oceans. The directions of the circulation are governed by factors including the shapes of the continents and Earth's rotation (the Coriolis effect). Deep-sea currents, known as the global conveyor belt, carry cold water from near the poles to every ocean. Tides, the generally twice-daily rise and fall of sea levels, are caused by Earth's rotation and the gravitational effects of the orbiting Moon and, to a lesser extent, of the Sun. Tides may have a very high range in bays or estuaries. Submarine earthquakes arising from tectonic plate movements under the oceans can lead to destructive tsunamis, as can volcanoes, huge landslides or the impact of large meteorites.

A wide variety of organisms, including bacteria, protists, algae, plants, fungi, and animals, live in the sea, which offers a wide range of marine habitats and ecosystems, ranging vertically from the sunlit surface and shoreline to the great depths and pressures of the cold, dark abyssal zone, and in latitude from the cold waters under polar ice caps to the colourful diversity of coral reefs in tropical regions. Many of the major groups of organisms evolved in the sea and life may have started there.

The sea provides substantial supplies of food for humans, mainly fish, but also shellfish, mammals and seaweed, whether caught by fishermen or farmed underwater. Other human uses of the sea include trade, travel, mineral extraction, power generation, warfare, and leisure activities such as swimming, sailing, and scuba diving. Many of these activities create marine pollution. The sea is important in human culture, with major appearances in literature at least since Homer's Odyssey, in marine art, in cinema, in theatre and in classic music.

Sea Media

14,563 media by topicpage 1 of 146
[Portolan chart of the Mediterranean Sea ca. 1320-1350 : manuscript chart of the Mediterranean and Black seas on vellum].

[Portolan chart of the Mediterranean Sea ca. 1320-1350 : manuscript ch...

Anonymous nautical chart in portolan style probably drawn in Genoa. Covers Mediterranean Sea from the Balearic Islands to the Levantine coast; also covers western part of Black Sea. Oldest original cartographic... More

Christ's miracles on the Sea of Galilee

Christ's miracles on the Sea of Galilee

Jesus and 12 Apostles on sailing ship at sea. Woodcut by Michael Wolgemut. Reference copy may be in LOT 4444 B. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Artists, Publ.... More

[Portolan chart of the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, and the coasts of Europe and northwest Africa].

[Portolan chart of the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, and the coasts of...

Portolan chart with seaport names given for all coastlines. Title devised by cataloguer. Contains 4 compass roses in a circle centered in Italy to the north of Rome and half of a fifth on the trimmed center lef... More

[Diagram of a ship at sea illustrating sight lines?]

[Diagram of a ship at sea illustrating sight lines?]

This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Illus. in: Martin Cortés, The arte of navigation, London, 1589, fol. 50. Caption card tracings: Shelf.

[Title page illus. with scenes of piratical barbarity]

[Title page illus. with scenes of piratical barbarity]

Illus. in: De Americaensche zee-roovers [Pirates of America] by A.O. Exquemelin. Publ. Amsterdam, 1678. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI; Pirates.

"Bartholomeus de Portugees"

"Bartholomeus de Portugees"

Head and shoulders, facing right. Illus. in: De Americaensche zee-roovers [Pirates of America] by A.O. Exquemelin. Publ. Amsterdam, 1678, pl. 40. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. C... More

"Rock, de Brasiliaen..."

"Rock, de Brasiliaen..."

Head and shoulders, facing left. Illus. in: De Americaensche zee-roovers [Pirates of America] by A.O. Exquemelin. Publ. Amsterdam, 1678, pl. 43. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Ca... More

[Ships in close combat in harbor]

[Ships in close combat in harbor]

Illus. in: De Americaensche zee-roovers [Pirates of America] by A.O. Exquemelin. Publ. Amsterdam, 1678. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Ships; Pirates.

Mediterranean Sea divided into its Principall parts or seas.

Mediterranean Sea divided into its Principall parts or seas.

Based on La Mer Mediterraneʹe divisee enses Principales Parties, ou Mers by Nicolas Sanson. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.

[Arms] By His Excellency the Governor. Whereas it hath been of absolute necessity, that a certain number of men should be impressed, for the service of their Majesties, in defence of this their Province, both at sea and land, against the common

[Arms] By His Excellency the Governor. Whereas it hath been of absolut...

Ford 191.; Evans 619. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 33, Folder 25c.

[Map showing portion of the Caribbean Sea from Florida Keys to Nicaragua].

[Map showing portion of the Caribbean Sea from Florida Keys to Nicarag...

Depths shown by soundings. Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Mounted on cloth backing. Maggs number annotated in pencil in lower right corner: 237. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 49 Available also through the Library of Con... More

A map of the West-Indies or the islands of America in the North Sea; with ye adjacent countries; explaning [sic] what belongs to Spain, England, France, Holland &c. also ye trade winds, and ye several tracts made by ye galeons and flota from place to place. According to ye newest and most exact observations,

A map of the West-Indies or the islands of America in the North Sea; w...

Scale ca. 1:4,300,000. Hand colored. Relief shown pictorially. "Sold by H. Moll and by I. King at ye Globe in ye Poultrey near Stocks Market." "To Wil. Paterson esq; this map of the West-Indies &c. is most humb... More

A map of the West-Indies or the islands of America in the North Sea; with ye adjacent countries; explaning [sic] what belongs to Spain, England, France, Holland, &c. also ye trade winds, and ye several tracts made by ye galeons and flota from place to place.

A map of the West-Indies or the islands of America in the North Sea; w...

Scale ca. 1:5,500,000. Hand colored. Relief shown pictorially. "Printed for Tho: Bowles in St. Pauls Church Yard and Iohn Bowles at the Black Horse in Cornhill." "To Wil. Paterson, Esq; this map of the West Ind... More

A prospect of the Moro [i.e. Morro] Castle and city of Havana from sea / drawn upon the spot by an officer ; P.C. Canot, sculp.

A prospect of the Moro [i.e. Morro] Castle and city of Havana from sea...

Title from item. Earliest date corresponds to year that Boydell opened shop at Cheapside; latest date corresponds to year that Canot died. Sheet trimmed at or within plate mark on right and left. Pencilled on r... More

A map of Savannah River beginning at Stone-Bluff, or Nexttobethell, which continueth to the sea; also, the four sounds Savañah, [Warsaw], Hossabaw, and St. Katharines, with their islands; likewise Neuport, or Serpent River, from its mouth to Benjehova Bluff.

A map of Savannah River beginning at Stone-Bluff, or Nexttobethell, wh...

Scale ca. 1:132,000. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Has watermark. Annotated with brown ink. Oriented with north to the right. Prime meridian: Ferro. Relief shown by hachures. Shows aspects of the phys... More

In Provincial congress, Watertown, June 30, 1775. Resolved that all offences committed by any of the soldiers rais’d for defence of the sea coast, shall be tried by a Court martial, consisting of the field officers of the regiment of militia wit

In Provincial congress, Watertown, June 30, 1775. Resolved that all of...

Photographic copy.; Stamped on verso: 452. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. 2 duplicate copies Printed Ephemera Collection... More

In Provincial Congress, Watertown, June 27th, 1775. Resolved that there be immediately raised in the County of Essex, ten companies, to consist of fifty men each, officers included to be stationed upon the sea coast … In Provincial Congress June

In Provincial Congress, Watertown, June 27th, 1775. Resolved that ther...

Photographic copy.; Stamped on verso: 452. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. 2 duplicate copies Printed Ephemera Collection... More

A plan of the sea coast from Boston Bay to the light house near Rhode Island, reduced from the large survey.

A plan of the sea coast from Boston Bay to the light house near Rhode ...

Scale 1:253,440; 4 statute miles to 1 in. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Relief shown by shading. Has watermarks. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. LC Maps of N... More

An actual survey of the sea coast from New York to the I. Cape Briton, with tables of the direct and thwart courses & distances from place to place.

An actual survey of the sea coast from New York to the I. Cape Briton,...

Scale ca. 1:590,000. Shows longitude east and west from Boston. Soundings in feet. Includes tables, distance charts, and insets of New York, Boston and Halifax harbors, Casco Bay and Annapolis Royal, and "A map... More

An actual survey of the sea coast from New York to the I. Cape Brition, with tables of the direct and thwart courses & distances from place to place.

An actual survey of the sea coast from New York to the I. Cape Brition...

Scale ca. 1:590,000. Shows longitude east and west from Boston. Soundings in feet. Imperfect. Lower right section missing. Parts of upper right section torn away. Includes tables, distance charts, and insets of... More

To [blank] Sir, You are hereby impowered immediately to inlist a company to consist of [blank] able bodied and effective men (including officers) as soldiers in the Massachusetts service, for the defence of the sea coast in this Colony, agreeabl

To [blank] Sir, You are hereby impowered immediately to inlist a compa...

Positive Photostat.; Not in Evans.; Stamped on verso: 504. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. 2 duplicate copies Printed Eph... More

[The course of Delaware River from Philadelphia to Chester, exhibiting the several works erected by the rebels to defend its passage, with the attacks made upon them by His Majesty's land & sea forces.

[The course of Delaware River from Philadelphia to Chester, exhibiting...

Scale ca. 1:32,400. Title from the author's The course of Delaware River ... 1778. Manuscript, pen-and-ink (black and red) and watercolor. Shows soundings, disposition of ships, etc. Names "Fort Mifflin" and "F... More

The course of Delaware River from Philadelphia to Chester, exhibiting the several works erected by the rebels to defend its passage, with the attacks made upon them by His Majesty's land & sea forces.

The course of Delaware River from Philadelphia to Chester, exhibiting ...

Scale ca. 1:33,200. Hand colored. Shows soundings and disposition of ships, etc. Includes "A sketch of Fort Island" and "Profile and plan of the sunk frames or chevaux de frise which formed the stackadoes in th... More

A view of the lighthouse on Cape Henlopen, taken at sea, August 1780

A view of the lighthouse on Cape Henlopen, taken at sea, August 1780

Title from item. Illus. in: The Columbian magazine, or, Monthly miscellany. Philadelphia : Printed for Seddon, Spotswood, Cist, and Trenchard, 1788, February, opp. p. 108. Stauffer, 3293 Published in: The Ameri... More

Robert [i.e., Esek] Hopkins, Esqr., commodore of the American sea forces

Robert [i.e., Esek] Hopkins, Esqr., commodore of the American sea forc...

Print shows Esek Hopkins, full-length portrait, wearing military uniform, holding sword at left side, two pistols in his belt. He is standing on shore, pointing to his left, with ships in the background. Title ... More

The sea fight between Keppel and d'Orvilliers

The sea fight between Keppel and d'Orvilliers

Print shows a depiction of the naval engagement between the British fleet under Admiral Keppel and the French fleet under Count d'Orvilliers; framed with elaborate border. Title from item. Engraved for Cowley's... More

A Representation, of the sea fight, on the 5th of Sepr. 1781, between Rear Admiral Graves and the Count de Grasse.

A Representation, of the sea fight, on the 5th of Sepr. 1781, between ...

Scale ca. 1:444,000. Shows engagement at entrance to Chesapeake Bay. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes text, index to positions, and list of British ships and c... More

[Allegorical cartouche showing a Native man with harpoon and a European man with two Natives in a tropical setting]

[Allegorical cartouche showing a Native man with harpoon and a Europea...

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: De nieuwe groote lichtende zee-fakkel ... / Claes Janszoon Vooght. Amsterdam : G.H. van Keulen, 1782, no. 37. Published in: The American Revolution in drawings and pri... More

[Allegorical cartouche showing West Indians harvesting cane, a Native woman breast feeding an infant, and cherubs]

[Allegorical cartouche showing West Indians harvesting cane, a Native ...

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: De nieuwe groote lichtende zee-fakkel ... / Claes Janszoon Vooght. Amsterdam : G.H. van Keulen, 1782, no. 1. Published in: The American Revolution in drawings and prin... More

[Allegorical cartouche showing America as the land of plenty]

[Allegorical cartouche showing America as the land of plenty]

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: De nieuwe groote lichtende zee-fakkel ... / Claes Janszoon Vooght. Amsterdam : G.H. van Keulen, 1782, no. 28. Published in: The American Revolution in drawings and pri... More

[Allegorical cartouche showing a Native man with European men]

[Allegorical cartouche showing a Native man with European men]

Title devised by Library staff. Illus. in: De nieuwe groote lichtende zee-fakkel ... / Claes Janszoon Vooght. Amsterdam : G.H. van Keulen, 1782, no. 42. Published in: The American Revolution in drawings and pri... More

Dominion of the sea, British Cartoon Print

Dominion of the sea, British Cartoon Print

Print shows Britannia in a boat with a fox on the prow at anchor in "Portland Road"; she is holding a staff with the banner of St. George and the British flag, and an olive branch in her right hand, her shield ... More

A view of the several flags which the following nations bear at sea ...

A view of the several flags which the following nations bear at sea .....

Print shows twenty flags of the major world powers. Illus. in: Bailey's Pocket Almanack for 1785 (Phila. 1784). Reference copy may be in LOT 4703. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Ca... More

A view of the sea & beach, from Mr. James Newbolds plantation, near Indian River / Trenchard sculp.

A view of the sea & beach, from Mr. James Newbolds plantation, near In...

Print shows building on the waterfront of the Indian River Bay in Delaware. Title from item. Illus. in: The Columbian magazine, or, Monthly miscellany. Philadelphia : Printed for Seddon, Spotswood, Cist, and Tr... More

The great South Sea caterpillar, transform'd into a Bath butterfly / Js.G. desn. et fect., British Cartoon Print

The great South Sea caterpillar, transform'd into a Bath butterfly / J...

Cartoon shows the metamorphosis of Sir Joseph Banks from a caterpillar to a butterfly upon his investiture with the Order of the Bath as a result of his South Sea expedition. Draped with the ribbon, and wearing... More

A new chart of the Mediterranean Sea / nautical chart

A new chart of the Mediterranean Sea / nautical chart

Depths shown by soundings in selected areas. Statement of dedication: To the Right Honorable Horatio Baron Nelson of the Nile and of Burnham Thorpe in Norfolk, Rear Admiral of the Blue, and Knight of the Milita... More

Sea bathing, Metropolitan Hotel Long Branch, New Jersey

Sea bathing, Metropolitan Hotel Long Branch, New Jersey

This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Sarony & Co.

Sea lions - Print, Library of Congress collection

Sea lions - Print, Library of Congress collection

D4632 U.S. Copyright Office. This record contains unverified data from PGA shelflist card. Associated name on shelflist card: Gibson & Co.

A map of Mackenzie's track from Fort Chipewyan to the north sea in 1789.

A map of Mackenzie's track from Fort Chipewyan to the north sea in 178...

"... Published 15 Oct. 1801 ..." Relief shown by hachures. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault

A map of America between latitudes 40 and 70 north and longitudes 45 and 180 west exhibiting Mackenzie's track from Montreal to Fort Chipewyan & from thence to the north sea in 1789 & to the west Pacific Ocean in 1793.

A map of America between latitudes 40 and 70 north and longitudes 45 a...

"... Published 15 Oct. 1801 ..." Relief shown by hachures. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Vault

The king's friend boarded at sea, or the wife defeating her enemies, British Cartoon Print

The king's friend boarded at sea, or the wife defeating her enemies, B...

Cartoon showing Mrs. Rowley, in a military uniform, discovering Admiral Rowley rising from bed where another woman lies sleeping. Forms part of: British Cartoon Prints Collection (Library of Congress).

View of Algiers from the Sea

View of Algiers from the Sea

Aquatnint by L. Clark after drawing by Henry Parice. Illus. in: Pananti, Narrative of a Residence in Algiers (1818). Reference copy may be in LOT 4702A. This record contains unverified, old data from caption ca... More

[Title page of The Poetical Works of John Trumbull, Hartford, 1820, illustrated with man with bow and arrows, woman, with Liberty cap on pole, boy with sword, and sea serpent.]

[Title page of The Poetical Works of John Trumbull, Hartford, 1820, il...

/ E Tisdale, del.; W.H. Bassett fc. Engraving by W.H. Bassett after drawing by E. Tisdale. Illus. in: The Poetical Works of John Trumbull, Hartford, 1820. Ref. copy may be in SSF (Gr) - PATRIOTISM 1820. This re... More

Chart of the Red Sea : comprising the part above Jiddah, on Mercator's Projection, compiled from a stasimetric survey executed in the years 1830, 31, 32 and 33 in the Hon. Company's Ship Palinurus /

Chart of the Red Sea : comprising the part above Jiddah, on Mercator's...

Relief shown by hachures. Depths shown by soundings. North oriented to upper right. Some cities include names in Arabic. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes 7 mar... More

The wreck at sea

The wreck at sea

Print shows four men on wrecked boat being rescued by men in rowboat. Engraving by J.B. Neagle. Drawing by T. Birch. Illus. in: The Token and Atlantic Souvenir..., 1836, oppos. p. 151. Ref. copy may be in SSF (... More

Map of the River Sabine from its mouth on the Gulf of Mexico in the sea to Logan's Ferry in latitude 31°58ʹ24ʺ north : shewing the boundary between the United States and the Republic of Texas between said points : as marked and laid down by survey in 1840, under the direction of the Commissioners appointed for that purpose /

Map of the River Sabine from its mouth on the Gulf of Mexico in the se...

Phillips, 1384 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. LC copy in 3 parts. [See Sen. Doc. 199 2nd Session, 27th Congr. LC Vo. 397 for text and smaller maps] Mounted on cloth. ... More

Map of the River Jordan & Dead Sea : and the route of the party under the command of Lieut. W.F. Lynch, U.S.N. under his superintendence constructed from the joint labours of Lieut. Dale & himself by Passd. Midn. R. Aulick U.S.N. /

Map of the River Jordan & Dead Sea : and the route of the party under ...

Relief shown by hachures. Depths shown by contours, gradient tints, and soundings. Shows route of party and location of camps. Exhibition: The Call of Zion, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., Sep 16, 1998-J... More

City of Tibarias (i.e., Tiberias) on the Sea of Galilee April 22nd 1839 / David Roberts, R.A.

City of Tibarias (i.e., Tiberias) on the Sea of Galilee April 22nd 183...

View looking towards Hermon. Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, ... More

Sea of Galilee or Genazareth looking towards Bashan April 21st 1839

Sea of Galilee or Genazareth looking towards Bashan April 21st 1839

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 1, pts. 5-6, p. 6. Surroga... More

The Dead Sea looking towards Moab April 4th 1839 / David Roberts, R.A.

The Dead Sea looking towards Moab April 4th 1839 / David Roberts, R.A.

Illus. in: The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia / from drawings made on the spot by David Roberts ... ; lithographed by Louis Haghe. London : F.G. Moon, 1842-1845, v. 2, pts. 7-8, p. 6. Surroga... More

Hydrarchos!! greatest wonder of the world. or great sea serpent ... Now exhibiting for two weeks, at the Apollo saloon, 410 Broadway ... New York. Benjamin Owen, Book and Job Printer, 29 Ann-Street, Centre Building, September 19, 1845.

Hydrarchos!! greatest wonder of the world. or great sea serpent ... No...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 119, Folder 31.

The great sea serpent. The sea serpent when first seen from H[er] M[ajesty's] S[hip] DAEDALUS

The great sea serpent. The sea serpent when first seen from H[er] M[aj...

Long sea monster in front of ship. Illus. in: The Illustrated London News, 1848 Oct. 28. Reference copy may be in SSF - Sea monsters. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tr... More

Balaklava, looking towards the sea / W. Simpson del. ; W. Walton lith.

Balaklava, looking towards the sea / W. Simpson del. ; W. Walton lith.

Print shows view of Balaklava looking over the rooftops toward the harbor which is getting crowded with British ships; two bell tents in the foreground, and remains of an old castle on the hillside in the background.

Sebastopol from the sea - sketched from the deck of H.M.S. Sidon / W. Simpson delt. ; T. Picken lith.

Sebastopol from the sea - sketched from the deck of H.M.S. Sidon / W. ...

Print shows sailors and cannons on deck of the H.M.S. Sidon, with a distant view of the forts and other buildings in Sevastopolʹ. Title from item. Plate in: The seat of war in the east : Dedicated by permission... More

Napha from the sea / from nature by W. Heine ; shipping by Lieut. H. Walke ; J. Queen, delt. ; P.S. Duval & Co., Phila.

Napha from the sea / from nature by W. Heine ; shipping by Lieut. H. W...

Title from item. Plate from: Narrative of the expedition of an American squadron to the China Seas and Japan ... in ... 1852, 1853, and 1854, under ... M.C. Perry ... / Matthew C. Perry ; Francis L. Hawks, comp... More

[Jesus appearing to his disciples on the Sea of Galilee] / JSvC [monogram].

[Jesus appearing to his disciples on the Sea of Galilee] / JSvC [monog...

The subject of the drawing is Jesus Appearing to His Disciples and the Miraculous Draft of Fishes. More precisely, as the artist transcribed from the Bible, this is the moment when Peter jumps into the water to... More

Columbia rules the sea

Columbia rules the sea

An emblem of an eagle supported by two American flags, illustrates the sheet music cover for a song by Josiah D. Canning. The eagle's wings are spread and its mouth holds a streamer with the composer's sobrique... More

Joppa from the sea / P. Bergheim.

Joppa from the sea / P. Bergheim.

In album: Constantinople, Smyrna, Beyrout, Ba'albec, Damascus, p. 42B, pl. 84. "No. 51" written in image.

[Three ships at sea]

[Three ships at sea]

Title devised. Formerly Waud no. C-20. Gift, J.P. Morgan, 1919 (DLC/PP-1919:R1.2.947) Forms part of: Morgan collection of Civil War drawings.

Please read the following letter! which will explain itself. Having witnessed an exhibition of Capt. E. C. Williams' panoramic representation of a South sea whaling voyage, we take great pleasure in bearing testimony to its great artistic merits

Please read the following letter! which will explain itself. Having wi...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 66, Folder 31.

Map of the seat of war exhibiting the surrounding country, the approaches by sea & land to the capitol of the United States, and the military posts, forts, &c.

Map of the seat of war exhibiting the surrounding country, the approac...

Scale 1:633,600. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 451.2 "Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1861 by Jacob Monk." General map of eastern Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware. Includes "Table of distances f... More

Sea coast defences. Historic map, Library of Congress

Sea coast defences. Historic map, Library of Congress

Scale not given. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed.), 365 Confederate imprint. Suggested "system of defence for smaller ports and inlets" in South Carolina, signed "G.M." and illustrated by a plan of a fort. Gabriel Ma... More

[Composite of scenes of] Our cotton campaign in South Carolina - gathering, ginning, packing and shipping the cotton crops of the Sea Island Royal, by the Federal Army, under General Sherman

[Composite of scenes of] Our cotton campaign in South Carolina - gathe...

Illus. in: Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 1862 Feb. 15, pp. 200-201. Reference copy may be in LOT 4397K. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: BI; Plantation... More

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