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Texas (, also locally ; Spanish: Texas or Tejas, pronounced [ˈtexas] (listen)) is a state in the South Central Region of the United States. It is the second largest U.S. state by both area (after Alaska) and population (after California). Texas shares borders with the states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the south and southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U.S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed the "Lone Star State" for its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texas state seal. The origin of Texas's name is from the word táyshaʼ, which means "friends" in the Caddo language.

Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and the Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than ten percent of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the Big Bend.

The term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations that have ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to claim and control the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming the Republic of Texas. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state. The state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846. A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U.S. in early 1861, and officially joined the Confederate States of America on March 2 of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation.

Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. Before and after the U.S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the later 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including tourism, agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in state export revenue since 2002 and has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would have the 10th largest economy in the world.

Texas Media

72,873 media by topicpage 1 of 729
The upper reaches of Frost Bank Tower, a prominent Austin, Texas, skyscraper

The upper reaches of Frost Bank Tower, a prominent Austin, Texas, skys...

Title, date, and keywords based on information provided by the photographer. The 33-story building was developed by Cousins Properties from November 2001 to December 2003. It was the first high- rise building t... more

Plano del Lago de Sn. Bernardo situado en la costa del N. del Seno Mexicano su entrada en la l. N. de 28⁰24ʹ y en la long. de 278⁰27ʹ segun el meridiano de Tenerife.

Plano del Lago de Sn. Bernardo situado en la costa del N. del Seno Mex...

Prime meridian: Tenerife. Watermark: Strasburg fleur-de-lis. Pen-and-ink, pencil, and yellow watercolor. Mounted on cloth backing. Indexed. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 976 Available also through the Library of Cong... more

[Costa de Cuba desde Cabo de San Antonio a la bahía de Cardenas].

[Costa de Cuba desde Cabo de San Antonio a la bahía de Cardenas].

Scale ca. 1:270,000. Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor. Watermarks: D. & C. Blauw; and, the letters DCB in a shield with a double letter. Mounted on cloth backing. Oriented with north to the bottom. Depths... more

Plano del Lago de San Bernardo en el Seno Mexicano /

Plano del Lago de San Bernardo en el Seno Mexicano /

Oriented with north to the right. Pen-and-ink and pencil. Mounted on cloth backing. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 975 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Maggs number annotated ... more

Plano del Lago de Sn. Bernardo en el Seno Mexica no. /

Plano del Lago de Sn. Bernardo en el Seno Mexica no. /

Watermarks: J. Kool; and, Strasburg fleur-de-lis. Watermark dated as 1792. Pen-and-ink and pencil. Mounted on cloth backing. LC Luso-Hispanic World, 974 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site a... more

Map Polk County, Texas

Map Polk County, Texas

Shows names of residents. LC Land ownership maps, 1098 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

A chart of the internal part of Louisiana : including all the hitherto unexplored countries, lying between the River La Platte of the Missouri on the N., and the Red River on the S., the Mississippi east, and the mountains of Mexico west, with a part of New Mexico & the Province of Texas /

A chart of the internal part of Louisiana : including all the hitherto...

Scale ca. 1:2,450,000. Relief shown pictorially and by hachures. "Plate II." Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes notes. AACR2: 100; 651/1; 651/2

El Nuevo Mexico y Tierras Adyacentes Mapa Levantado para la demarcacion de los Limites de los Dominios Españoles y de los Estados Unidos por el P.D. Jose Pichardo quien lo dedica al Exmo. Sor. D. Fracisco Xavier Venegas Virrey de esta N.E. &. Año de 1811

El Nuevo Mexico y Tierras Adyacentes Mapa Levantado para la demarcacio...

Relief shown pictorially and by hachures. Spanish manuscript map of Spanish Texas, Louisiana Territory and the Trans-Mississippi West, prepared for the use by the Spanish Crown in defending its claims to Spanis... more

Mapa topográfico de la provincia de Texas.

Mapa topográfico de la provincia de Texas.

Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image. See Carlos E. Castañeda and Eary Martin, Jr., Three manuscript maps of Texas by Stephan F. Austin, p. 16-45... more

Declaration del Pueblo de Tejas, reunido enconvencion general ... En la imprenta de Baker y Bordens, San Feline de Austin 7 de Noviembre de 1835.

Declaration del Pueblo de Tejas, reunido enconvencion general ... En l...

Imprin 3. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as facsimile page images. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 1.

Map of Texas with parts of the adjoining states

Map of Texas with parts of the adjoining states

Relief shown by hachures. Prime meridians: Washington and Greenwich. "Entered according to Act of Congress the 17th day of March 1830 by H.S. Tanner of the state of Pennsylvania." "The latitude and longitude of... more

Gobierno supremo del estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El Vice-gobernador del Estado de Coahuila y Tejas en ejercicio del supreme poder ejecutiva à todos sus habitantes sabed: que el congreso del mismo Estado ha decretado lo que sigue ... Dado e

Gobierno supremo del estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El Vice-goberna...

Imprint 2. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as facsimile page images. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 2.

Gobierno supreme del Estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El Gobernador del Estado de Coahuila y Tejas, a todos sus habitantes sabed: que el Congreso del misma Estado ha decretado la siguiente ... Dado en la Ciudal de Monclova ; 26 de Abril de 1834

Gobierno supreme del Estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El Gobernador d...

Imprint 2. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as facsimile page images. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 6.

Gobierno supremo del Estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El gobernador del Estado de Coahuila y Tejas á todes sus habitantes sared: que la honorable diputacion permanente, unida con el Ecsmo, consejo, y senores dipatados que se hallan en la capita

Gobierno supremo del Estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas. El gobernador d...

Imprint 2. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as facsimile page images. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 4.

El gobernador del estado libre de Coahuila y Texas á sus habitantes ... Monclova 31 de agosto de 1834. Juan José Elguezabal. Juan Antonio Padilla secretario.

El gobernador del estado libre de Coahuila y Texas á sus habitantes .....

Imprint 2. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as facsimile page images. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 5.

Proclamation of Sam. Houston, Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Texas...December 12, 1835 [to] Citizens of Texas...

Proclamation of Sam. Houston, Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Texas....

Broadside, no illus., of silk. Reference copy may be in LOT 4414T. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Prints on cloth; Texas History; PI; Rare Bk. Div.; Broadsid... more

Houston, Santa Anna, and Cos

Houston, Santa Anna, and Cos

An imaginative portrayal (with overt propaganda value) of an event in the Texas war of independence --the surrender of Mexican commander Santa Anna and his brother-in-law General Martin Perfecto de Cos, to Amer... more

Map of Texas with parts of the adjoining states /

Map of Texas with parts of the adjoining states /

Relief shown by hachures. Prime meridians: Washington and Greenwich. "Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1835 by H.S. Tanner in the Office of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania." "The latitude ... more

Major Joe Bunker's last parade, or the fix of a senator and his 700 independents

Major Joe Bunker's last parade, or the fix of a senator and his 700 in...

Democratic senator Nathaniel P. Tallmadge of New York was the leader of the conservative or pro-Bank Democrats. Here Clay satirizes Tallmadge's attempts to undermine party support for Van Buren's hard money fis... more

[Photostats of $1, $20, $50, and $100 bills of currency issued by the Republic of Texas, 1837-1841].

[Photostats of $1, $20, $50, and $100 bills of currency issued by the ...

Currency. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 7.

Anti-Texas Meeting at Faneuil Hall!, Friends of Freedom! ... Jan. 24, 1838

Anti-Texas Meeting at Faneuil Hall!, Friends of Freedom! ... Jan. 24, ...

Reference copy may be in LOT 4414T. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Title from item. Caption card tracings: Mass. Boston Hist.; Statehood (Amer. politics); Texas Hist.; Broadsides 1... more

Texan universal pills. Prepared after a careful personal examination of the diseases incident to this climate, and with a particular reference to the health, comfort, and happiness of the citizens of this Republic. By James B. Gilman. Houston, 1

Texan universal pills. Prepared after a careful personal examination o...

0642G 1 24 F 48.; Rec. 3-29-48 $12.50. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 7a.

Mr. Calhoun- Mr. Van Buren- Texas. As the time when the Convention is to assemble seems to be settled, I propose to discuss the opinions of some leading members of our party, who are likely to receive its nomination ... [Signed] Simenes. [1839?]

Mr. Calhoun- Mr. Van Buren- Texas. As the time when the Convention is ...

Ximenes.; On verso: Texas; 8899. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 231, Folder 22.

Sketch of Texas with the boundaries of Mexican States as shown on General Austin's map of Texas published by R. S. Tanner, 1839.

Sketch of Texas with the boundaries of Mexican States as shown on Gene...

Manuscript. Red and black ink, watercolor, and pencil. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

Map of the River Sabine from its mouth on the Gulf of Mexico in the sea to Logan's Ferry in latitude 31°58ʹ24ʺ north : shewing the boundary between the United States and the Republic of Texas between said points : as marked and laid down by survey in 1840, under the direction of the Commissioners appointed for that purpose /

Map of the River Sabine from its mouth on the Gulf of Mexico in the se...

Phillips, 1384 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. LC copy in 3 parts. [See Sen. Doc. 199 2nd Session, 27th Congr. LC Vo. 397 for text and smaller maps] Mounted on cloth. ... more

Texas meeting in Nashville [Nashville, 184-].

Texas meeting in Nashville [Nashville, 184-].

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 175, Folder 13a.

Map of Texas.

Map of Texas.

Signed by W. Bollaert. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.

Map of Texas /

Map of Texas /

Relief shown by hachures. "London, pub'd 17 April, 1841 by John Arrowsmith, 10 Soho Square." Sectioned together in 18 pieces mounted on cloth backing. Torn around edges on some sections. Includes hand written n... more

Map of the river Sabine from Logan's Ferry to 32nd degree of north latitude : shewing the boundary between the United States of America and the Republic of Texas between said points, as marked and laid down by survey in 1841, under the direction of the Joint Commission appointed for that purpose under the 1st article of the convention signed at Washington on the 25th day of April 1838 /

Map of the river Sabine from Logan's Ferry to 32nd degree of north lat...

Relief shown by hachures. " ... it appears from a letter of J.H. Overton, United States Commissioner, dated Opelousas, Louisiana, August 10 1841 ... and the reply of October 1, 1841 ... that the maps ... had no... more

Footrace, Pennsylvania Avenue. Stakes $25,000

Footrace, Pennsylvania Avenue. Stakes $25,000

The race for a $25,000 prize (the president's salary) is a metaphor for the 1844 campaign. The favored contender here is Henry Clay. The other runners are James K. Polk and John Tyler, while commentaries are of... more

The little magician invoked

The little magician invoked

Martin Van Buren, known as "the Little Magician" for his remarkable political agility, summons spirits to divine the Democratic or "Loco Foco" prospects for election in 1844. He sits in an astrological circle, ... more

Matty meeting the Texas question

Matty meeting the Texas question

A satire on the Democrats' approach to the delicate question of the annexation of Texas. In marked contrast to his portrayal of the issue as a beautiful woman in "Virtuous Harry" (no. 1844-27), the artist here ... more

Sale of dogs

Sale of dogs

Seeking a middle course between the issues of the annexation of Texas on one hand and abolitionism on the other, Van Buren lost the support of southern Democrats, including elderly statesman Andrew Jackson. Her... more

Going to Texas after the election of 1844

Going to Texas after the election of 1844

A comic scene anticipating a Whig victory in the upcoming presidential election. The date is 1845, after an election supposedly decided on the Texas question, the tariff issue, and Democratic identification wi... more

The masked battery or Loco-Foco strategy

The masked battery or Loco-Foco strategy

Another commentary on the Texas question (see "Texas Coming In," no. 1844-28), illustrating Democratic campaign strategy as advanced by Andrew Jackson. The idea of the annexation of Texas, repudiated by many of... more

Anti annexation procession

Anti annexation procession

A cynical look at the opposition to American annexation of Texas during the 1844 campaign. At the head of a motley procession is Whig candidate and professed anti-annexationist Henry Clay, riding a raccoon (wh... more

[Memucan Hunt, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

[Memucan Hunt, half-length portrait, three-quarters to the right]

Envoy, Minister Plenipotentiary, from Republic of Texas. Identification from engraving in DeBow's Southern and Western Review, October, 1852, frontispiece. Scratched on face of plate: 207; Hunt, Texas. Scratche... more

The two bridges

The two bridges

As in "Texas Coming In" (no. 1844-28), a bridge over Salt River is the central motif, making the difference between the Whigs' successful crossing to the "Presidential Chair" and the disastrous route taken by t... more

Map of Texas and the countries adjacent.

Map of Texas and the countries adjacent.

"Published by order of the U.S. Senate." Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.

Texas coming in

Texas coming in

A pro-Democrat cartoon forecasting the collapse of Whig opposition to the annexation of Texas. James K. Polk, the expansionist candidate, stands at right near a bridge spanning "Salt River." He holds an America... more

Virtuous Harry, or set a thief to catch a thief!

Virtuous Harry, or set a thief to catch a thief!

A satire on the Whig party's anti-annexation platform. The question of whether or not to annex Texas was a large issue separating candidates in the 1844 campaign. Annexation's serious implications for the futur... more

Texas: Church of Alamo, San Antonio de Bexar

Texas: Church of Alamo, San Antonio de Bexar

Illus. in: The Illustrated London News, 1844. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

No annexation of Texas. It having been announced by the government organ that a treaty for the annexation of Texas has been negociated and signed and will soon be presented to the Senate, the undersigned call upon the citizens of New York, witho

No annexation of Texas. It having been announced by the government org...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 119, Folder 26a.

Cleansing the Augean stable

Cleansing the Augean stable

A pro-Whig satire, envisioning the cleansing of the "Augean Stable" of government corruption by presidential candidate Henry Clay and other Whigs. The title derives from one of the twelve mythical labors of Her... more

Political cock fighters

Political cock fighters

A figurative portrayal of the 1844 presidential contest as a cock-fight, in which Whig candidate Henry Clay prevails. Clay and Democratic opponent Polk battle in a pit or ring as several prominent political fi... more

City of Houston - The Capitol of Texas

City of Houston - The Capitol of Texas

Illus. in: The Illustrated London News, 1845. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

Port of Galveston [Texas]

Port of Galveston [Texas]

Illus. in: The Illustrated London News, 1845 Jan. 4. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

Review of Texas troops

Review of Texas troops

Illus. in: The Illustrated London News, 1845 Jan. 4. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

The coon party crossing Cayuga Bridge Novr. 1844.  Or the effects of Cassius M. Clay's  political tour to western N. York

The coon party crossing Cayuga Bridge Novr. 1844. Or the effects of C...

A cartoon on the defeat of Whig Henry Clay in the 1844 presidential election, ascribing his loss of the state of New York to his cousin Cassius M. Clay's campaign tour on his behalf. Oddly, though given promine... more

Quartel general, exercito de ocupacion, Corpus Christi 8 de Marzo, de 1846. Orden Num. 30. El exercito de occupacion en Te jas ... Z. Taylor, Br. Bd. General en Gefe, Exercito de los Estados Unidos.

Quartel general, exercito de ocupacion, Corpus Christi 8 de Marzo, de ...

Imprint 2. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as facsimile page images. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 176, Folder 8.

The capture of General Vega (In the act of discharging a canon); by the gallant Capt. May, of the U.S. Army, during the engagement of the 9th May Lith. & pub. by Sarony & Major, 99 Nassau near Fulton St. N.Y

The capture of General Vega (In the act of discharging a canon); by th...

Print shows Captain Charles Augustus May, on horseback, stopping General Vega, in the act of lighting a fuse on a cannon; troops all around them are still fighting. No. 158. Title from item. Below image: Entere... more

The capture of General Vega (In the act of discharging a canon) by the gallant Capt. May, of the U.S. Army, during the engagement of the 9th May / / Lith. & pub. by Sarony & Major, 117 Fulton St. N.Y.

The capture of General Vega (In the act of discharging a canon) by the...

Print shows Captain Charles Augustus May, on horseback, stopping General Vega, in the act of lighting a fuse on a cannon; troops all around them are still fighting. Forms part of: Popular graphic art print fili... more

The brilliant charge of Capt. May--At the Battle of Resaca de la Palma (Palm Ravine) 9th of May 1846 [...]

The brilliant charge of Capt. May--At the Battle of Resaca de la Palma...

No. 554. Copyright by N. Currier. Currier & Ives : a catalogue raisonné / compiled by Gale Research. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1983, no. 772.

Provincias internas del reyno de Nuevo España /

Provincias internas del reyno de Nuevo España /

Shows Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, eastern Coahuila, and southern Texas in 179-? Relief shown by hachures and form lines. Copied by author in 1846. Pen-and-ink, blue and red inks, and pencil on tracing paper. Availa... more

Volunteers for Texas. As you were

Volunteers for Texas. As you were

A scornful portrayal of the poor caliber of American volunteers for the Mexican War. The print evidently appeared at the outset of the conflict, as the Library's impression was deposited for copyright on May 13... more

Texas /

Texas /

Relief shown by hachures. Prime meridians: Washington, Greenwich, Paris, and Ferro. In upper left corner: Myer's Handatlas. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

A map of the United States of Mexico : as organized and defined by the several acts of the Congress of that Republic /

A map of the United States of Mexico : as organized and defined by the...

Relief shown by hachures. Cover title: Tanner's travelling map of Mexico. Prime meridian: Washington. "Entered according to Act of Congress, the 2nd day of April 1832, by H.S. Tanner, of the state of Pennsylvan... more

Plan of the ground situated to the north of Matamoras between the Rio Bravo & the Arroyo Colorado /

Plan of the ground situated to the north of Matamoras between the Rio ...

Relief shown by hachures. Shows the American routes & the battles indicated by Lt. Brereton's ordiance. Pen-and-ink and watercolor mounted on linen. Copy of a map taken from the portfolio of Gen. Arista after t... more

Ultimatum on the Oregon question

Ultimatum on the Oregon question

In his typically jingoist view of Polk's handling of the Oregon question, the artist Edward Williams Clay belittles the self-interested attitudes of Europe toward the dispute. The issue of whether to settle the... more

Mr. Clay taking a new view of the Texas question

Mr. Clay taking a new view of the Texas question

Illustration shows Henry Clay, dressed in doublet and breast plate with a brace of pistols at his waist, holding a carving knife and fork, at an open door in which a tiny "Mexican" cowers on a shelf. Below the ... more

The Democratic funeral of 1848

The Democratic funeral of 1848

Foreseeing political death for the Democrats in the election, the artist imagines a funeral of the party's standard-bearers with a procession of the faithful. Democratic senators (left to right) Sam Houston of ... more

[David Emanuel Twiggs, half-length portrait, facing right]

[David Emanuel Twiggs, half-length portrait, facing right]

Print shows General Twiggs, who became a general in the late 1840s during the Mexican-American War, commanded the Department of Texas for the U.S. Army, and accepted a commission in the Confederate Army in 1861... more

U.S. Reports: Bennett v. Butterworth, 49 U.S. (8 How.) 124 (1850)

U.S. Reports: Bennett v. Butterworth, 49 U.S. (8 How.) 124 (1850)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 49; Howard Volume 8; January Term, 1850; John H. Bennett, Plaintiff in error, v. Samuel F. Butterworth.

[Market Square, Cleburne, Texas]

[Market Square, Cleburne, Texas]

Photograph shows Market Square in Cleburne, Texas looking northeast; with people, horses, and wagons in foreground, Title devised by Library staff. On caption card: Reed Stroop Drug Co. On back of photo: Wittem... more

U.S. Reports: Bennett v. Butterworth, 52 U.S. (11 How.) 669 (1851)

U.S. Reports: Bennett v. Butterworth, 52 U.S. (11 How.) 669 (1851)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 52; Howard Volume 11; December Term, 1850; John H. Bennett, Plaintiff in error, v. Samuel F. Butterworth

U.S. Reports: League v. De Young et al., 52 U.S. (11 How.) 185 (1851)

U.S. Reports: League v. De Young et al., 52 U.S. (11 How.) 185 (1851)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 52; Howard Volume 11; December Term, 1850; Thomas M. League, Plaintiff in error, v. John De Young, Surveyor for the District of Galveston, and Samuel P. Brown, Deputy

U.S. Reports: Oakey v. Bennett et al., 52 U.S. (11 How.) 33 (1851)

U.S. Reports: Oakey v. Bennett et al., 52 U.S. (11 How.) 33 (1851)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 52; Howard Volume 11; December Term, 1850; Samuel W. Oakey, Plaintiff in error, v. John H. Bennett, Administrator of William Hall, and John H. Illies

Soliciting a vote

Soliciting a vote

A cynical view of party competition for the working man's vote in the presidential campaign of 1852. In a polling place, four candidates struggle to force their own election ticket on a short, uncouth-looking c... more

U.S. Reports: Christy v. Young, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 296 (1853)

U.S. Reports: Christy v. Young, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 296 (1853)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 55; Howard Volume 14; December Term, 1852; William Christy, Plaintiff in error, v. William Young

U.S. Reports: Kennett et al. v. Chambers, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 38 (1852)

U.S. Reports: Kennett et al. v. Chambers, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 38 (1852)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 55; Howard Volume 14; December Term, 1852; John Kennett, Ezekiel S. Haines, Eden B. Reeder, George Graham, Jr., John McCarty, Joshua Yorke, and Robert B. Bowler, Appellants, v. ... more

U.S. Reports: Christy v. Findley, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 296 (1853)

U.S. Reports: Christy v. Findley, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 296 (1853)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 55; Howard Volume 14; December Term, 1852; William Christy, Plaintiff in error, v. William Findley

U.S. Reports: Calkin and Company v. Cocke, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 227 (1853)

U.S. Reports: Calkin and Company v. Cocke, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 227 (1853...

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 55; Howard Volume 14; December Term, 1852; E. P. Calkin and Samuel Jones, trading under the Firm and Style of E. P. Calkin and Company, Plaintiffs in error, v. James H. Cocke

A bird's eye view of the city of New York View of Galveston, Texas.

A bird's eye view of the city of New York View of Galveston, Texas.

Illustration showing a bird's eye view of New York City looking toward Battery Park (?) and a view of Galveston from the bay, boats and ships in foreground. Illus. in: Gleason's pictorial, v. 2, no. 20 (1852 M... more

U.S. Reports: Christy v. Henley, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 297 (1853)

U.S. Reports: Christy v. Henley, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 297 (1853)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 55; Howard Volume 14; December Term, 1852; William Christy, Plaintiff in error, v. Hiram Henley

Loco Foco candidates travelling, on the canel system

Loco Foco candidates travelling, on the canel system

Several prospective Democratic presidential candidates travel along a canal in the "Salt River Barge," named after the proverbial river of political defeat. The passengers are (left to right): Lewis Cass, secre... more

Map of the state of Texas, engraved to illustrate Mitchell's School and family geography

Map of the state of Texas, engraved to illustrate Mitchell's School an...

"Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1852, by S.A. Mitchell in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania." Relief shown by hachures. Depths shown by form lin... more

U.S. Reports: Sheppard et al. v. Graves, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 505 (1853)

U.S. Reports: Sheppard et al. v. Graves, 55 U.S. (14 How.) 505 (1853)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 55; Howard Volume 14; December Term, 1852; Abram Sheppard and John Duncan, Plaintiffs in error, v. Peyton S. Graves

U.S. Reports: Doss et al. v. Tyack et al., 55 U.S. (14 How.) 297 (1853)

U.S. Reports: Doss et al. v. Tyack et al., 55 U.S. (14 How.) 297 (1853...

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 55; Howard Volume 14; December Term, 1852; Stephen W. Doss and Stewart Newell, Appellants, v. William Tyack and Lindley Murray

U.S. Reports: Christy v. Scott et al., 55 U.S. (14 How.) 282 (1853)

U.S. Reports: Christy v. Scott et al., 55 U.S. (14 How.) 282 (1853)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 55; Howard Volume 14; December Term, 1852; William Christy, Plaintiff in error, v. William T. Scott; William Christy v. James D. Findley; William Christy v. William Young; Willi... more

Map of the Cairo & Fulton Railroad exhibiting the principal tributary lines as projected and its connections with other railroads west of the Mississippi River, which unite with the Missouri Pacific Railroad, and south projected Pacific Railroad via Elpaso [sic] to the Pacific Ocean, showing also the connection by rail road of the cities of New Orleans & St. Louis. Little Rock, Ark. Sep. 1853.

Map of the Cairo & Fulton Railroad exhibiting the principal tributary ...

Map showing Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, and part of Texas. Shows drainage, cities and towns, and state boundaries, west of the Mississippi River. The adjoining area east of the Mississippi River shows only t... more

Map of a part of the State of Louisiana exhibiting the route of the New-Orleans, Opelousas & Great Western Rail Road.

Map of a part of the State of Louisiana exhibiting the route of the Ne...

Mississippi delta area shows drainage, sugar crop, parishes, major cities and towns, canals, and railroads with lines named and distances on the main line. This railroad was opened for first 50 miles on March 6... more

J. De Cordova's map of the state of Texas /

J. De Cordova's map of the state of Texas /

Relief shown by hachures. Shows counties. "Entered according to Act of Congress on the 28th day of July 1848 by J. De Cordova in the Clerks Office of the United States District Court for the District of Texas."... more

U.S. Reports: United States v. Davenport's Heirs, 56 U.S. (15 How.) 1 (1853)

U.S. Reports: United States v. Davenport's Heirs, 56 U.S. (15 How.) 1 ...

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 56; Howard Volume 15; December Term, 1853; United States, Appellants, v. Samuel Davenport's Heirs, The

U.S. Reports: Christy v. Alford, 58 U.S. (17 How.) 601 (1855)

U.S. Reports: Christy v. Alford, 58 U.S. (17 How.) 601 (1855)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 58; Howard Volume 17; December Term, 1854; William Christy, Plaintiff in Error, v. Lodovick P. Alford, Administrator of Henry D. Bullard, deceased

Rio San Pedro - second crossing of Devil's Rivers J.D.S

Rio San Pedro - second crossing of Devil's Rivers J.D.S

Print shows a bird's-eye view of the Devil's River valley with a military camp in the middle ground on the left, with the river visible in the background, and with mountains on the right and beyond the river. A... more

Samuel Houston / engd. by W.J. Edwards, from a daguerreotype.

Samuel Houston / engd. by W.J. Edwards, from a daguerreotype.

Print shows Sam Houston, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right, in oval with scroll work border above a cartouche showing a view of the "City of Houston in Texas." Title from item. (DLC/PP-1998:151) Forms p... more

Cathedral Rock, south peak of Guadalupe Mountains, El Paso Co., Texas / Middleton, Wallace & Co., Cincinnati, O.

Cathedral Rock, south peak of Guadalupe Mountains, El Paso Co., Texas ...

Illus. in: Southern Pacific Railroad / A.B. Gray. Cincinnati : Wrightson & Co.'s Print., 1856, opp. p. 19.

The morning after the election--November 1856

The morning after the election--November 1856

The victorious James Buchanan sits under a trellis of grape vines, holding reports of election returns on his lap. He reflects, "What a happy morning for my country and myself. Here I find returns for myself & ... more

Texas, part of New Mexico & c

Texas, part of New Mexico & c

Longitude west from Washington and Greenwich. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Gift; William W. Carter; June 2003. Acquisitions control no. 2003-94

Guadalupe Mountains, near El Paso, Texas, viewed from the east / Middleton, Wallace & Co., Cincinnati, O.

Guadalupe Mountains, near El Paso, Texas, viewed from the east / Middl...

Illus. in: Southern Pacific Railroad / A.B. Gray. Cincinnati : Wrightson & Co.'s Print., 1856, opp. p. 18.

Pressler's map of the state of Texas /

Pressler's map of the state of Texas /

"General Land Office, Austin, November 18th 1857." Relief shown by hachures. Shows longitude West from Greenwich and Washington. "Entered according to an act of Congress, in the year 1858, by Jones, Root & Co. ... more

Map of Texas and part of New Mexico

Map of Texas and part of New Mexico

Shows towns, rivers and military outposts in Texas, New Mexico, and Mexico. Relief shown by hachures. Taped on verso: No. 103, Millard Fillmore May 15, 1861. Includes note, list to authoritires and list to name... more

Map of proposed Arizona Territory.

Map of proposed Arizona Territory.

Map of the U.S. Southwest and part of northern Mexico extending from El Paso, Tex., to the Pacific Ocean. Shows proposed and practicable railroad lines. Scale ca. 1:3,280,000. Relief shown by hachures. LC copie... more

U.S. Reports: Combs v. Hodge et al., 62 U.S. (21 How.) 397 (1858)

U.S. Reports: Combs v. Hodge et al., 62 U.S. (21 How.) 397 (1858)

Description: U.S. Reports Volume 62; Howard Volume 21; December Term, 1858; Leslie Combs, Complainant and Appellant, v. John L. Hodge, Administrator of Andrew Hodge, deceased, William L. Hodge, and James Love

[Matt Ward, Senator from Texas, Thirty-fifth Congress, half-length portrait]

[Matt Ward, Senator from Texas, Thirty-fifth Congress, half-length por...

Illus. in: McClees' gallery of photographic portraits of the senators, representatives & delegates of the thirty-fifth Congress... Washington: McClees & Beck, [1859], page 286. Each item includes subject's orig... more

Map of the military dep't of Texas : being a section of the map of the territory of the U.S. from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean /

Map of the military dep't of Texas : being a section of the map of the...

Relief shown by hachures. Shows Indian tribal locations, military posts, and routes and dates of expeditions and surveys. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.

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