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World War I (or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1) was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously known as the Great War or "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated 9 million combatant deaths and 13 million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the related 1918 Spanish flu pandemic caused another 17–100 million deaths worldwide, including an estimated 2.64 million Spanish flu deaths in Europe and as many as 675,000 Spanish flu deaths in the United States.

On 28 June 1914, Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb Yugoslav nationalist, assassinated the Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, leading to the July Crisis. In response, Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia on 23 July. Serbia's reply failed to satisfy the Austrians, and the two moved to a war footing. A network of interlocking alliances enlarged the crisis from a bilateral issue in the Balkans to one involving most of Europe. By July 1914, the great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions: the Triple Entente, consisting of France, Russia, and Britain; and the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The Triple Alliance was only defensive in nature, allowing Italy to stay out of the war until April 1915, when it joined the Allied Powers after its relations with Austria-Hungary deteriorated. Russia felt it necessary to back Serbia, and approved partial mobilisation after Austria-Hungary shelled the Serbian capital of Belgrade, which was a few miles from the border, on 28 July. Full Russian mobilisation was announced on the evening of 30 July; the following day, Austria-Hungary and Germany did the same, while Germany demanded Russia demobilise within twelve hours. When Russia failed to comply, Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August in support of Austria-Hungary, the latter following suit on 6 August; France ordered full mobilisation in support of Russia on 2 August.

Germany's strategy for a war on two fronts against France and Russia was to rapidly concentrate the bulk of its army in the West to defeat France within 6 weeks, then shift forces to the East before Russia could fully mobilise; this was later known as the Schlieffen Plan. On 2 August, Germany demanded free passage through Belgium, an essential element in achieving a quick victory over France. When this was refused, German forces invaded Belgium on 3 August and declared war on France the same day; the Belgian government invoked the 1839 Treaty of London and, in compliance with its obligations under this treaty, Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August. On 12 August, Britain and France also declared war on Austria-Hungary; on 23 August, Japan sided with Britain, seizing German possessions in China and the Pacific. In November 1914, the Ottoman Empire entered the war on the side of Austria-Hungary and Germany, opening fronts in the Caucasus, Mesopotamia, and the Sinai Peninsula. The war was fought in (and drew upon) each power's colonial empire also, spreading the conflict to Africa and across the globe. The Entente and its allies eventually became known as the Allied Powers, while the grouping of Austria-Hungary, Germany and their allies became known as the Central Powers.

The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end of 1914, the Western Front settled into a war of attrition, marked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until 1917 (the Eastern Front, by contrast, was marked by much greater exchanges of territory). In 1915, Italy joined the Allied Powers and opened a front in the Alps. Bulgaria joined the Central Powers in 1915 and Greece joined the Allies in 1917, expanding the war in the Balkans. The United States initially remained neutral, though even while neutral it became an important supplier of war materiel to the Allies. Eventually, after the sinking of American merchant ships by German submarines, the declaration by Germany that its navy would resume unrestricted attacks on neutral shipping, and the revelation that Germany was trying to incite Mexico to initiate war against the United States, the U.S. declared war on Germany on 6 April 1917. Trained American forces did not begin arriving at the front in large numbers until mid-1918, but the American Expeditionary Force ultimately reached some two million troops.

Though Serbia was defeated in 1915, and Romania joined the Allied Powers in 1916 only to be defeated in 1917, none of the great powers were knocked out of the war until 1918. The 1917 February Revolution in Russia replaced the Monarchy with the Provisional Government, but continuing discontent with the cost of the war led to the October Revolution, the creation of the Soviet Socialist Republic, and the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by the new government in March 1918, ending Russia's involvement in the war. Germany now controlled much of eastern Europe and transferred large numbers of combat troops to the Western Front. Using new tactics, the German March 1918 Offensive was initially successful. The Allies fell back and held. The last of the German reserves were exhausted as 10,000 fresh American troops arrived every day. The Allies drove the Germans back in their Hundred Days Offensive, a continual series of attacks to which the Germans had no reply. One by one the Central Powers quit: first Bulgaria (September 29), then the Ottoman Empire (October 31) and the Austro-Hungarian empire (November 3). With its allies defeated, revolution at home, and the military no longer willing to fight, Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated on 9 November and Germany signed an armistice on 11 November 1918, ending the war.

World War I was a significant turning point in the political, cultural, economic, and social climate of the world. The war and its immediate aftermath sparked numerous revolutions and uprisings. The Big Four (Britain, France, the United States, and Italy) imposed their terms on the defeated powers in a series of treaties agreed at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, the most well known being the German peace treaty: the Treaty of Versailles. Ultimately, as a result of the war, the Austro-Hungarian, German, Ottoman, and Russian Empires ceased to exist, and numerous new states were created from their remains. However, despite the conclusive Allied victory (and the creation of the League of Nations during the Peace Conference, intended to prevent future wars), a second world war followed just over twenty years later.

World War I Media

23,465 media by topicpage 1 of 235
Zeichnet 7. Kriegsanleihe / Alfred Offner.

Zeichnet 7. Kriegsanleihe / Alfred Offner.

Poster shows soldiers and their weapons behind a barricade of Austrian coins. Text: Subscribe to the 7th War Loan, Vienna Commercial Bank. Title from item.

DCM 0479: V. Kohlert's Söhne One-Handed Flute in C, for the left hand

DCM 0479: V. Kohlert's Söhne One-Handed Flute in C, for the left hand

See DCM 478. This is made in reverse for a performer missing the right hand and/or arm. Instrument type: One-Handed Flute in C, for the left hand Medium: Grenadilla(?), nickel silver keys and ferrules.; 67.55 ... More

Uncle George Washington Bings. "Well, the horse jumped over the sun, hey, he's bucking us off!"

Uncle George Washington Bings. "Well, the horse jumped over the sun, h...

Four-frame comic strip in which a toy-like horse bucks off a man (perhaps Uncle George) and two children who land in a pond lily. Inscribed in pencil upper right: The pond lily boat. No copyright information fo... More

Nicholaus i.e., Nicholas Ahlern

Nicholaus i.e., Nicholas Ahlern

Photograph shows Nicholas Emil Harman Ahlers, a German diplomat of English background, who was tried in England for treason during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by... More

Gen. von Scheffer Boyadel

Gen. von Scheffer Boyadel

Photograph shows German general Reinhard Freiherr von Scheffer Boyadel (1851-1925), who was appointed governor of Warsaw in 1915 during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provid... More

Col. E.M. House

Col. E.M. House

Photograph shows American diplomat, politician and presidential advisor Edward Mandell House (1858-1938) also known as Colonel House. He was a foreign policy advisor to President Woodrow Wilson during World War... More

Volunteer of 15, from Brandenburg

Volunteer of 15, from Brandenburg

Photograph shows a 15 year old soldier on horseback, from Brandenburg, Germany during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Print... More

Gen. Sir. I. Hamilton

Gen. Sir. I. Hamilton

Photograph shows General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton (1853- 1947) who led the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force at the Battle of Gallipoli during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title... More

ANDREA DORIA, Italy

ANDREA DORIA, Italy

Photograph shows the Italian battleship Andrea Doria which served in World War I and II. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Gen. Fieldmarshall von der Goltz

Gen. Fieldmarshall von der Goltz

Photograph shows Wilhelm Leopold Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz (1843-1916), a Prussian Field Marshal who served in World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

Adm. Hugh Rodman

Adm. Hugh Rodman

Photograph shows Admiral Hugh Rodman (1859-1940), who served as an officer in the United States Navy during the Spanish-American War and World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provi... More

Aldershot - recruits on practice hike

Aldershot - recruits on practice hike

Photograph shows British soldiers at Aldershot army camp in England during World War I. Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library... More

Victomtess De Rancoigne

Victomtess De Rancoigne

Photograph shows the Vicomtesse de Rancougne, born Giselle Bunau-Varilla, who was on tour of the United States to raise wartime relief funds for Paris artists affected by World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons p... More

Gen. Sir H. Smith-Dorrien

Gen. Sir H. Smith-Dorrien

Photograph shows General Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien (1858- 1930), who served during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Gen. Sir Beauchamp Duff

Gen. Sir Beauchamp Duff

Photograph shows General Sir Beauchamp Duff (1855-1918) who served in the British Indian Army in World War I as Commander in Chief. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2014)

Gen. Mackensen

Gen. Mackensen

Photograph shows August von Mackensen (1849-1945), a German soldier and field marshal who served during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on t... More

Virginia Mackay-Smith

Virginia Mackay-Smith

Photograph shows Virginia Mackay-Smith, daughter of the Episcopal Bishop of Pennsylvania Alexander Mackay-Smith. In 1921 she married Karl Boy-Ed (1872-1930), who had served as naval attaché to the German Ambass... More

Gen. V. Mudra

Gen. V. Mudra

Photograph shows Karl Bruno Julius von Mudra (1851-1931), who was a Saxon General of Infantry in World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the nega... More

Gen. Neidenoff

Gen. Neidenoff

Photograph shows Bulgarian General Kalin Neidenoff (1865-1925), who served as Minister of Defense of Bulgaria during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013) Title from data provided by the Bain News... More

Maharaja of Bikaner

Maharaja of Bikaner

Photograph shows General Sir Ganga Singh (1880-1943), the Maharaja of the state of Bikaner, India. He served in the British Imperial War Cabinet during World War I as its only non-Anglo member. (Source: Flickr ... More

British armored autos in France

British armored autos in France

Photograph shows British soldiers and cars in France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham ... More

Joffre & Kitchener

Joffre & Kitchener

Photograph shows French general Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (1852-1931) with British Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener (1850-1916). Both men served in World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013)... More

Gen. von Gallwitz

Gen. von Gallwitz

Photograph shows German general Max Karl Wilhelm von Gallwitz (1852- 1937) who served in World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Fo... More

Crown Prince -- Germ. i.e., Germany

Crown Prince -- Germ. i.e., Germany

Photograph shows German Crown Prince Wilhelm (1882-1951) with two other soldiers during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2015) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. For... More

German & Austrian prisoners in Russia

German & Austrian prisoners in Russia

Photograph shows German and Austrian prisoners in Russia during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grant... More

Gen. Sir W.G. Nicholson

Gen. Sir W.G. Nicholson

Photograph shows Field Marshal William Gustavus Nicholson, 1st Baron Nicholson (1845-1918), a British Army officer who served in India and during the Boer War and World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, ... More

Mrs. Wynne in Western Trenches

Mrs. Wynne in Western Trenches

Photograph shows Hilda Wynne of the British Red Cross with soldiers during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: G... More

Gen. Fieldmarshall von der Goltz

Gen. Fieldmarshall von der Goltz

Photograph shows Wilhelm Leopold Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz (1843-1916), a Prussian Field Marshal who served in World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News S... More

Gen. Von Reckowski i.e., Rekowski

Gen. Von Reckowski i.e., Rekowski

Photograph shows General Otto Gynz von Rekowski (1850-1915) who served in the German Army during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the nega... More

Gen. Polivanoff, War Minister of Russia

Gen. Polivanoff, War Minister of Russia

Photograph shows Alexei Andreyevich Polivanov (1855-1920), a Russian military officer who as Minister of War during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013) Title from data provided by the Bain News ... More

Leopold of Bavaria

Leopold of Bavaria

Photograph shows Leopold Maximilian Joseph Maria Arnulf, Prinz von Bayern (1846-1930) who served as a commander in the German and Austro-Hungarian forces during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Gen. Ivanoff

Gen. Ivanoff

Photograph shows Nikolay Iudovich Ivanov (1851-1919) who served as a general in the Imperial Russian Army during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013)

French Aviator Burri

French Aviator Burri

Photo shows Swiss aviator Ernest Burri who flew for the French in World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2008)

Rev. H.R. Salisbury

Rev. H.R. Salisbury

Photograph shows Rev. Homer Russell Salisbury (1870-1915), administrator and Superintendent of the Seventh Day Adventists for India, who died during the sinking of the SS Persia by German torpedoes on December ... More

Virginia Mackay-Smith

Virginia Mackay-Smith

Photograph shows Virginia Mackay-Smith, daughter of the Episcopal Bishop of Pennsylvania Alexander Mackay-Smith. In 1921 she married Karl Boy-Ed (1872-1930), who had served as naval attaché to the German Ambass... More

Col. E.M. House

Col. E.M. House

Photograph shows American diplomat, politician and presidential advisor Edward Mandell House (1858-1938) also known as Colonel House. He was a foreign policy advisor to President Woodrow Wilson during World War... More

Neufmentier i.e., Chauconin-Neufmontiers -- French & German wounded in church

Neufmentier i.e., Chauconin-Neufmontiers -- French & German wounded in...

Photograph shows French and German wounded soldiers in a church, in Chauconin-Neufmontiers, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on... More

Brig. Gen. E.C. Bethune

Brig. Gen. E.C. Bethune

Photograph shows Sir Edward Cecil Bethune (1855-1930) who served in the British Army in the Boer Wars and World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on... More

ANDREA DORIA, Italy

ANDREA DORIA, Italy

Photograph shows the Italian battleship Andrea Doria which served in World War I and II. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: ... More

Capt. Meyer-Waldeck

Capt. Meyer-Waldeck

Photograph shows Alfred Wilhelm Moritz Meyer (1864-1928), a Navy captain and Governor of the German controlled port of Tsingtau (now Quingdao), China during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

War Minister -- Wild V. Hohenborn

War Minister -- Wild V. Hohenborn

Photograph shows Heinrich Adolf Wild von Hohenborn (1860-1925), the German Lieutenant General who replaced Falkenhayn as Prussian War Minister from Jan. 1915 to Oct. 1916 during World War I. (Source: Flickr Com... More

Mrs. Catherine Boyle, 908 Young St., New Castle, Del.

Mrs. Catherine Boyle, 908 Young St., New Castle, Del.

Summary: Full-length studio portrait of Catherine Boyle, New Castle, Delaware, holding a tricolor suffrage flag and wearing a two-piece outfit with a locket or pocket watch pinned below her left shoulder, stand... More

Gen. Litzmann

Gen. Litzmann

Photograph shows Karl Litzmann (1850-1936), German World War I infantry general and later a Nazi official. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013)

Lt. Von Mucke in Berlin

Lt. Von Mucke in Berlin

Photograph shows Lieutenant Hellmuth von Mucke (1881-1957), a German Marine officer who served aboard the Emden in World War I; taken May 1915, possibly later. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from ... More

Mme. J.J. Jusserand

Mme. J.J. Jusserand

Photograph shows Elise Richards Jusserand, born in Paris, France to American parents, who became the wife of Jean Jules Jusserand, French ambassador to the United States during World War I. (Source: Flickr Comm... More

World War I Vet. Parade

World War I Vet. Parade

Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information about the George Grantha... More

Viviani

Viviani

Photograph shows Jean Raphaël Adrien René Viviani (1863-1925), who served as Prime Minister of France for the first year of World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2015)

Gen. Foch

Gen. Foch

Photograph shows Ferdinand Foch, a French general who served during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

Women's Sick and Wounded Convoy Corps --- Eng

Women's Sick and Wounded Convoy Corps --- Eng

Photograph shows women training with a dog as part of the Women's Sick and Wounded Convoy Corps during World War I in England. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News Se... More

Foch

Foch

Photograph shows Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (1851-1929), a French general who served as the Allied Supreme Allied Commander during the last year of World War I, with others. Title from data provided by t... More

Joffre in Tokyo

Joffre in Tokyo

Photograph shows French general Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (1852-1931) who served during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2015) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative.... More

Turk negotiations with Arabs

Turk negotiations with Arabs

Photo shows the official opening of Beersheba (Israel) by the Ottoman Turkish government before World War I. (Source: John D. Whiting Collection photographs: LOT 13833, no. 132 and no. 136) Forms part of: Georg... More

Davis Elkins

Davis Elkins

Photograph shows Davis Elkins (1876-1959) who served in the U.S. Army during World War I and later became a senator from West Virginia. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2016) Title from data provided by the Bai... More

Joffre sailing

Joffre sailing

Photograph shows French general Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (1852-1931) who served during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2015) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative.... More

Wm. G. Sharp

Wm. G. Sharp

Photograph shows lawyer William Graves Sharp (1859-1922) who served as ambassador to France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Adm. Sir F.T. Hamilton

Adm. Sir F.T. Hamilton

Photograph shows Sir Frederick Tower Hamilton (1856-1917) a British admiral who served during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Gen. Michel

Gen. Michel

Photograph shows Victor Constant Michel (1850-1937), a French general who was commander of the French Army before World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011, 2014)

Karl Franz Josef

Karl Franz Josef

Photograph shows Karl Franz Joseph (Charles I of Austria) (1887-1922) with a soldier during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Gen. Maunoury

Gen. Maunoury

Photograph shows General Michel-Joseph Maunoury (1847-1923), who was a commander of the 6th French Army during the Battle of the Marne which took place in September 1914 during World War I. (Source: Flickr Comm... More

Joffre at Grant's tomb

Joffre at Grant's tomb

Photograph shows French general Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (1852-1931) who served during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2015)

Lady Londonderry

Lady Londonderry

Photograph shows Edith Helen Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Marchioness of Londonderry, probably at the time she was serving as Colonel of England's Women's Legion during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Capt. Boy-Ed

Capt. Boy-Ed

Photograph shows Karl Boy-Ed (1872-1930) who served as naval attaché to German Ambassador to the United States during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013)

Gen. Von Gallwitz in Servia [i.e. Serbia]

Gen. Von Gallwitz in Servia [i.e. Serbia]

Photograph shows Max Karl Wilhelm von Gallwitz (1852-1937, a German general from Breslau, Silesia, who served in World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013)

Recruits, Aldershot

Recruits, Aldershot

Photograph shows recruits at Aldershot army camp, England during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Gran... More

Sir Doug. Haig

Sir Doug. Haig

Photograph shows Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig (1861-1928), who served as a British senior officer during the World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2016) Title from data provided by the Bain... More

Mrs. M.W. Barton French

Mrs. M.W. Barton French

Photograph shows Mary Walker Fearn French (1866-1964) aboard the ship Rotterdam in 1915. During World War I she was a member of the women's committee of the American Ambulance Association and served as a nurse... More

Brig. Gen. H. J. S. Landon

Brig. Gen. H. J. S. Landon

Photograph shows Herman James Shelley Landon (1859-1948), a British Army officer who served during the Boer War and World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Gen. Oka

Gen. Oka

Photograph shows Baron Oka Ichinosuke (1860-1916) who served as a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and as Minister of War during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Joffre sailing

Joffre sailing

Photograph shows French general Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (1852-1931) who served during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2015)

Joffre at City Hall

Joffre at City Hall

Photograph shows French general Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (1852-1931) who served during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2015)

Gen. E.A. Alderson

Gen. E.A. Alderson

Photograph shows Lieutenant General Sir Edwin Alfred Hervey Alderson, a senior British Army officer who was in command of the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the first half of World War I. (Source: Flickr C... More

"MELVILLE"

"MELVILLE"

Photograph shows the USS Melville (AD-2), a Navy destroyer which served in World War I and World War II. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative.... More

Sister Beatrice Bartlett

Sister Beatrice Bartlett

Photograph shows Caroline Gardner Bartlett (1868-1938), a soprano singer, music educator, a relief worker during World War I who served under the name of "Sister Beatrice." (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013)

Capt. F.E. Beanell [i.e., Beadnell], Purser Robt' Edwards of CYMRIC

Capt. F.E. Beanell [i.e., Beadnell], Purser Robt' Edwards of CYMRIC

Photograph shows Captain Frank E. Beadnell, of the White Star Line who commanded the USS Cymric during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Dixmude

Dixmude

Photograph shows the town of Diksmuide, Belgium, which was heavily damaged during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Gen. Sir. I. Hamilton

Gen. Sir. I. Hamilton

Photograph shows General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton (1853- 1947) who led the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force at the Battle of Gallipoli during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

Gen. Wichura

Gen. Wichura

Photograph shows Georg Karl Wichura (1851-1923), Silesian General of Infantry who commanded the VIII Reserve Corps in World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain New... More

German Hospital R.R. car

German Hospital R.R. car

Photograph shows a hospital railroad car, probably during World War I. Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Ge... More

Com. W.S. Sims, U.S.N

Com. W.S. Sims, U.S.N

Photograph shows William Sowden Sims (1858-1936), who was the leader of U.S. Naval forces in Europe during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2015) Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Lib... More

Gen. von Zwehl

Gen. von Zwehl

Photograph shows Johann Hans von Zwehl, Prussian General of Infantry in World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: Geor... More

Gen. Joffre

Gen. Joffre

Photograph shows French general Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (1852-1931) who served during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative... More

Edith Cavell

Edith Cavell

Photograph shows British nurse Edith Louisa Cavell (1865-1915) a British nurse who was executed by German forces during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013). Title from data provided by the Bain ... More

Foch & Pershing

Foch & Pershing

Photograph shows Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (1851-1929), a French general who served as the Allied Supreme Allied Commander during the last year of World War I with American general John J. Pershing (186... More

HIYEI -- Japan

HIYEI -- Japan

Photograph shows the Hiei an Imperial Japanese Navy warship which served during World War I and World War II. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the nega... More

E.M. House

E.M. House

Photograph shows American diplomat, politician and presidential advisor Edward Mandell House (1858-1938) also known as Colonel House. He was a foreign policy advisor to President Woodrow Wilson during World War... More

Albert Thomas

Albert Thomas

Photograph shows Albert Thomas (1878-1932) who served as Minister of Armament for the France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the n... More

Mrs. Bartlett Boder

Mrs. Bartlett Boder

Photograph shows singer Mary Carter, one of the first American women to drive an ambulance in Europe during World War I. She later married Bartlett Boder. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013) Title from data ... More

Gen. Sir Beauchamp Duff

Gen. Sir Beauchamp Duff

Photograph shows General Sir Beauchamp Duff (1855-1918) who served in the British Indian Army in World War I as Commander in Chief. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2014) Title from data provided by the Bain Ne... More

Red Cross Canteen, Union Station, Wash., D.C., World War I

Red Cross Canteen, Union Station, Wash., D.C., World War I

Title from unverified data provided by the National Photo Company on the negative or negative sleeve. Date from negatives in same range. Gift; Herbert A. French; 1947. General information about the National Pho... More

Gen. Ian Hamilton

Gen. Ian Hamilton

Photograph shows Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton (1853-1947), a British Army general who was commander of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force during the Battle of Gallipoli in World War I. (Source: Flickr... More

Market, Wash. D.C., World War I period

Market, Wash. D.C., World War I period

Title devised by Library staff. Date from negatives in same range. Gift; Herbert A. French; 1947. General information about the National Photo Company collection is available at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.np... More

Autry in hands of Germans

Autry in hands of Germans

Photograph shows German soldiers in Autry, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bai... More

Foch

Foch

Photograph shows Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (1851-1929), a French general who served as the Allied Supreme Allied Commander during the last year of World War I. Title from data provided by the Bain News ... More

Kaiser and his Generals

Kaiser and his Generals

Photograph shows German Kaiser Wilhelm II with his generals during World War I: standing left to right: von Bulow, von Mackensen, von Molike, Crown Prince William of Prussia, von Francois, Ludendorff, von Falke... More

German Red Cross in Skiernewice

German Red Cross in Skiernewice

Photograph shows German Red Cross vehicles with flags in Skierniewice, Poland during World War I. Title from unverified data provided by the Bain News Service on the negatives or caption cards. Forms part of: G... More