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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. In a state of total war, directly involving more than 100 million personnel from more than 30 countries, the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, resulting in 70 to 85 million fatalities, with more civilians than military personnel killed. Tens of millions of people died due to genocides (including the Holocaust), premeditated death from starvation, massacres, and disease. Aircraft played a major role in the conflict, including in strategic bombing of population centres, the development of nuclear weapons, and the only two uses of such in war.

World War II is generally considered to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by the United Kingdom and France on the 3rd. From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, and formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan, along with other countries later on. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours: Poland, Finland, Romania and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, and the fall of France in mid-1940, the war continued primarily between the European Axis powers and the British Empire, with war in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, and the Battle of the Atlantic. On 22 June 1941, Germany led the European Axis powers in an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the Eastern Front, the largest land theatre of war in history and trapping the Axis, crucially the German Wehrmacht, in a war of attrition.

Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with the Republic of China by 1937. In December 1941, Japan attacked American and British territories with near-simultaneous offensives against Southeast Asia and the Central Pacific including an attack on the US fleet at Pearl Harbor. Following a US declaration of war against Japan, which followed one from the UK, the European Axis powers declared war on the United States in solidarity with their ally. Japan soon captured much of the Western Pacific, but its advances were halted in 1942 after losing the critical Battle of Midway; later, Germany and Italy were defeated in North Africa and at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union. Key setbacks in 1943—including a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and the Italian mainland, and Allied offensives in the Pacific—cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned towards Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945, Japan suffered reversals in mainland Asia, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands.

The war in Europe concluded with the liberation of German-occupied territories, and the invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the fall of Berlin to Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945. Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender on its terms, the United States dropped the first atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima, on 6 August 1945, and Nagasaki, on 9 August. Faced with an imminent invasion of the Japanese archipelago, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, and the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria on 9 August, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. In the wake of the war, Germany and Japan were occupied, and war crimes tribunals were conducted against German and Japanese leaders. Despite their well documented war crimes, mainly perpetrated in Greece and Yugoslavia, Italian leaders and generals were often pardoned, thanks to diplomatic activities.

World War II changed the political alignment and social structure of the globe. The United Nations (UN) was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts, and the victorious great powers—China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States—became the permanent members of its Security Council. The Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century-long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia. Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic recovery and expansion. Political integration, especially in Europe, began as an effort to forestall future hostilities, end pre-war enmities and forge a sense of common identity.

World War II Media

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Gen. Litzmann

Gen. Litzmann

Photograph shows Karl Litzmann (1850-1936), German World War I infantry general and later a Nazi official. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2013)

British troops in France

British troops in France

Photograph shows British soldiers in a train during World War I, France. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

American wounded at Bellevue. Convalescent American soldiers take a little exercise in the garden at Bellevue formerly the home of Isadora Duncan now taken over by the AMERICAN RED CROSS as a hospital for the treatment of gas cases

American wounded at Bellevue. Convalescent American soldiers take a li...

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Military Hospitals. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the America... more

Window of the AMERICAN RED CROSS dispensary (used both for Civilian and Military cases) at ..., in charge of Miss Cunningham, AMERICAN RED CROSS nurse. It was in this dispensary that during May and June much heroic work was done for wounded soldiers and civilians, the civilians pouring through ... in great numbers. This dispensary was also used as a canteen for the refugees and tables were arranged outside the dispensary where refugees were fed. The refugees were also housed temporarily in he Chateau of which the dispensary is a part

Window of the AMERICAN RED CROSS dispensary (used both for Civilian an...

Title from negative or negative sleeve. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: M. Pierce. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1... more

Neufmentier  [i.e., Chauconin-Neufmontiers] -- German wounded prisoners

Neufmentier [i.e., Chauconin-Neufmontiers] -- German wounded prisoner...

Photograph shows German prisoners at Chauconin-Neufmontiers, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011).

Hospital train, Germany

Hospital train, Germany

Wounded German soldier being helped off train by medical personnel. Bain News Service photograph. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).

Wounded Moroccan on stretcher

Wounded Moroccan on stretcher

Photograph shows a wounded soldier from Morocco on a stretcher during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

Women's Sick and Wounded Convoy Corps --- Eng.

Women's Sick and Wounded Convoy Corps --- Eng.

Photograph shows women training with a dog as part of the Women's Sick and Wounded Convoy Corps during World War I in England. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

Blessure par balle explosible, orifice d'entrée / phot. Reiss.

Blessure par balle explosible, orifice d'entrée / phot. Reiss.

Photograph shows an entrance wound from an expanding bullet used by Austro-Hungarian troops during the First Invasion of Serbia in September, October, and November 1914. Stamped on verso: Serbian News Service. ... more

British troops outside Jerusalem[?]

British troops outside Jerusalem[?]

Photograph shows British troops possibly outside Baghdad, Iraq during World War I.

Putting sick from SOLACE in Navy ambulance

Putting sick from SOLACE in Navy ambulance

Photo shows the USS Solace, probably at the Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York City, bringing wounded soldiers back from Veracruz, Mexico in May, 1914 during the Mexican Revolution. (Source: Flickr Commons project... more

Wounded Austrian Officer on Patrol on Isonzo

Wounded Austrian Officer on Patrol on Isonzo

Photograph shows a wounded Austrian officer near the Isonzo River which flows near the border of Slovenia and Italy, during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

German officer's dog, wounded in battle

German officer's dog, wounded in battle

Photograph shows a German officer with his dog during World War I. Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). Genera... more

Neufmentier i.e., Chauconin-Neufmontiers -- German wounded prisoners

Neufmentier i.e., Chauconin-Neufmontiers -- German wounded prisoners

Photograph shows German prisoners at Chauconin-Neufmontiers, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011). Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: ... more

German Red Cross brigade carries arms

German Red Cross brigade carries arms

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Date on caption card: "December 1917" in error as photograph was publised in 1914. Photograph published in The Illustrated War News magazine, Oct. 18, 1914, p. 7. Ca... more

Russian Army officers - Pawlowski Reg't

Russian Army officers - Pawlowski Reg't

Photograph shows French and German wounded soldiers in a church, Chauconin-Neufmontiers, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library... more

Neufmentier i.e., Chauconin-Neufmontiers -- German wounded prisoners

Neufmentier i.e., Chauconin-Neufmontiers -- German wounded prisoners

Photograph shows German prisoners at Chauconin-Neufmontiers, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: G... more

Wounded Moroccan on stretcher

Wounded Moroccan on stretcher

Photograph shows a wounded soldier from Morocco on a stretcher during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George... more

German Red Cross dog seeking wounded

German Red Cross dog seeking wounded

Photograph shows German man with a Red Cross dog searching for wounded soldiers during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

British at Etaples buying from natives

British at Etaples buying from natives

Photograph shows British troops at Étaples, France with women selling food, during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Red Cross Transport in Forest of Laigle (i.e., Laigne)

Red Cross Transport in Forest of Laigle (i.e., Laigne)

Photograph shows a horse-driven ambulance carrying wounded soldiers in the Forest of Laigne, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

The Worcesters going into action

The Worcesters going into action

Photograph shows British troops marching and waving their helmets in greeting. Printed on front: Official photograph; Crown copyright reserved; Daily Mail War Pictures, 33. Title from item. In collection: Brit... more

Neufmentier [i.e., Chauconin-Neufmontiers] -- French & German wounded in church

Neufmentier [i.e., Chauconin-Neufmontiers] -- French & German wounded ...

Photograph shows French and German wounded soldiers in a church, in Chauconin-Neufmontiers, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

Red Cross Transport in Forest of Laigle (i.e., Laigne)

Red Cross Transport in Forest of Laigle (i.e., Laigne)

Photograph shows a horse-driven ambulance carrying wounded soldiers in the Forest of Laigne, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service o... more

Wounded Turcos in Paris

Wounded Turcos in Paris

Photograph shows wounded Algerian tirailleurs (infantry soldiers) in Paris, France, during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. ... more

French succoring wounded German

French succoring wounded German

Photograph shows French Moroccan soldiers, between Villeroy and Neufmoutiers, France, caring for a wounded German soldier during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

R.A.M.C. picking up wounded in a captured village

R.A.M.C. picking up wounded in a captured village

Photograph shows the Royal Army Medical Corps, with ambulances and wagons, collecting the wounded after a battle. Printed on front: Official photograph; Crown copyright reserved; Daily Mail War Pictures, 34. T... more

German wounded, recovered, returning singing to the front

German wounded, recovered, returning singing to the front

Photograph shows German soldiers marching and singing in the street during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: G... more

Wounded arrive at Chalons sur Marne

Wounded arrive at Chalons sur Marne

Photograph shows wounded soldiers on stretchers next to railroad cars at Chalons sur Marne (now Chalons-en-Champagne), France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Image copied by Bain from... more

Emblemas de la libertad y de la humanidad La Cruz Roja, Madre de todas las naciones.

Emblemas de la libertad y de la humanidad La Cruz Roja, Madre de todas...

Poster showing two Red Cross nurses, one, a Madonna figure, cradling in her arms a wounded soldier(?) on a litter, between the flags of the Dominican Republic and the United States.

Wounded from battle of Vie i.e., Vic at Compiegne

Wounded from battle of Vie i.e., Vic at Compiegne

Photograph shows men wounded in the battle of Vic-sur-Aisne being helped off a cart at the Compiègne train station in France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011 and Gallica Digital Library... more

Wounded heroes of the Battle of Mons

Wounded heroes of the Battle of Mons

Photograph shows a woman with soldiers who were wounded in the Battle of Mons which took place on August 23, 1914 in France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by... more

Belgian Sisters and wounded Germans to whom they are ministering

Belgian Sisters and wounded Germans to whom they are ministering

Title, date and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: ARC, Underwood & Underwood (cop.) Group title: Hospital, Belgium. Used in: Ex. in... more

A French Military surgeon examining the foot of a wounded soldier in one of the hospitals in Berlin to which the wounded captives were taken

A French Military surgeon examining the foot of a wounded soldier in o...

Title and note from Red Cross caption card for #4480. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: ARC, Underwood & Underwood (cop.) Group title: Hospital, Germany. Date based o... more

Dr. Blake's Hospital, showing wounded soldier with arm extension used for fractured arm

Dr. Blake's Hospital, showing wounded soldier with arm extension used ...

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Military Hospitals. Plate to Secy. Genl. Print in album. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944... more

Kaiserin visiting a train of the wounded at Breslau

Kaiserin visiting a train of the wounded at Breslau

Photograph shows Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein (1858-1921), the last German Empress and Queen of Prussia (wife of Wilhelm II), visiting wounded soldiers on a train at Breslau, Prussia (now Wroclaw, Po... more

German wounded, recovered, returning singing to the front

German wounded, recovered, returning singing to the front

Photograph shows German soldiers marching and singing in the street during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Wounded with dum-dum bullet

Wounded with dum-dum bullet

Photograph shows a man holding the arm of a person with expanding bullet wounds.

Ludendorff-Spende für Kriegsbeschädigte / Ludwig Hohlwein, München.

Ludendorff-Spende für Kriegsbeschädigte / Ludwig Hohlwein, München.

Poster shows a wounded German soldier holding tools in one hand and a crutch in the other. Text: Ludendorff Fund for War Disabled. Forms part of: Rehse-Archiv für Zeitgeschichte und Publizistik. Title from item.

Another sort of war ruin - after several days in the trenches

Another sort of war ruin - after several days in the trenches

A British Red Cross orderly escorting a wounded, captured, German soldier to a field hospital for treatment. National Photo Company Collection. Photo by Central News Photo Service. No. 8800A.

Emblemas de la libertad y de la humanidad La Cruz Roja, Madre de todas las naciones.

Emblemas de la libertad y de la humanidad La Cruz Roja, Madre de todas...

Poster showing two Red Cross nurses, one, a Madonna figure, cradling in her arms a wounded soldier(?) on a litter, between the flags of Ecuador and the United States.

A poster displayed throughout Paris inviting the Public to an exhibit of work done by the mutiles. The American Red Cross has done great work along the lines of re-education for the men wounded in the war. Capt. Atherton-Smith was the organizer

A poster displayed throughout Paris inviting the Public to an exhibit ...

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American National Red Cross photograph c... more

The weaker sex? "Woman's place is in the home." - Anti-Suffragists Chamberlain

The weaker sex? "Woman's place is in the home." - Anti-Suffragists Cha...

Illustration shows a female nurse treating a wounded soldier as battle rages nearby; page also includes editorial "Stand-Up Patriotism." Title from item. Illus. in: Puck, v. LXXVI, no. 1966 (7 November 1914), p. 5.

Wounded from battle of Vie [i.e., Vic] at Compiegne

Wounded from battle of Vie [i.e., Vic] at Compiegne

Photograph shows men wounded in the battle of Vic-sur-Aisne being helped off a cart at the Compiègne train station in France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011 and Gallica Digital Library website)

Taking Luggage off "Solace"

Taking Luggage off "Solace"

Photo shows the USS Solace, probably at the Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York City, bringing wounded soldiers back from Veracruz, Mexico in May, 1914 during the Mexican Revolution. (Source: Flickr Commons projec... more

Main street of Lodz after German Occupation

Main street of Lodz after German Occupation

Photograph probably shows Piotrkowska Street in Lodz, Poland during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George G... more

Wounded heroes of the Battle of Mons

Wounded heroes of the Battle of Mons

Photograph shows a woman with soldiers who were wounded in the Battle of Mons which took place on August 23, 1914 in France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

Reviving wounded German with Pulmotor

Reviving wounded German with Pulmotor

Photograph shows a German being revived with a Pulmotor, an artificial respiration device, during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Would you mind being a patient here? The staff of an A.R.C. hospital, a beautiful chateau, behind the lines in the American sector

Would you mind being a patient here? The staff of an A.R.C. hospital, ...

Group of doctors and nurses, Vittel. Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: Hine. Group title: Recreation for Wounded American... more

British Going on Picket -- Mesopotamia

British Going on Picket -- Mesopotamia

Photograph shows British troops, probably in Iraq during World War I.

African chasseur & his wounded horse

African chasseur & his wounded horse

Photograph shows and African cavalry soldier with his dying horse, probably in France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

Emblems of liberty and humanity The Red Cross, mother of all nations.

Emblems of liberty and humanity The Red Cross, mother of all nations.

Poster showing two Red Cross nurses, one, a Madonna figure, cradling in her arms a wounded soldier(?) on a litter, between the flags of China and the United States. Text also in Chinese.

Blessure par balle explosible, orifice de sortie / phot. Reiss.

Blessure par balle explosible, orifice de sortie / phot. Reiss.

Photograph shows an exit wound from an expanding bullet used by Austro-Hungarian troops during the First Invasion of Serbia in September, October, and November 1914. Stamped on verso: Serbian News Service. Voys... more

Blessure par balle explosible (jambe), orifice de sortie / phot. Reiss.

Blessure par balle explosible (jambe), orifice de sortie / phot. Reiss...

Photograph shows a leg exit wound from an expanding bullet used by Austro-Hungarian troops during the First Invasion of Serbia in September, October, and November 1914. Stamped on verso: Serbian News Service. V... more

Symboles de la liberté et de l'huma[nité] La Croix Rouge, la mère de toutes les nations.

Symboles de la liberté et de l'huma[nité] La Croix Rouge, la mère de t...

Poster showing two Red Cross nurses, one, a Madonna figure, cradling in her arms a wounded soldier(?) on a litter, between the flags of Haiti and the United States. Piece missing from lower right corner with so... more

Russian Army officers - Pawlowski Reg't

Russian Army officers - Pawlowski Reg't

Photograph shows French and German wounded soldiers in a church, Chauconin-Neufmontiers, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

'Pro Patria' - Le bon evêque de Meaux

'Pro Patria' - Le bon evêque de Meaux

The bishop of Meaux with nurses and a member of the clergy, welcoming some wounded soldiers.

Mitbürger! Sammelt leere Mineralwasserflaschen

Mitbürger! Sammelt leere Mineralwasserflaschen

Poster shows a Red Cross nurse giving a wounded soldier a glass of water. Text asks people to collect empty mineral water bottles and donate them to the Red Cross.

Nursing wounded near Berlin

Nursing wounded near Berlin

Photograph shows nurses with wounded soldiers outside a building near Berlin, Germany during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Blessure par balle explosible à l'épaule gauche ... orifice de sortie / phot. Reiss.

Blessure par balle explosible à l'épaule gauche ... orifice de sortie ...

Photograph shows a shoulder exit wound from an expanding bullet used by Austro-Hungarian troops during the First Invasion of Serbia in September, October, and November 1914. Stamped on verso: Serbian News Servi... more

"Help!"

"Help!"

Red Cross recruitment poster showing a Red Cross nurse dragging a wounded soldier from the battlefield.

With the re-organized Serbian army on the Balkan front

With the re-organized Serbian army on the Balkan front

A wounded Serbian being carried into a Red Cross dressing station, on the front line. National Photo Company Collection. Photo by Central News Photo Service. No. 8733.

Emblemas de la libertad y de la humanidad La Cruz Roja, Madre de todas las naciones.

Emblemas de la libertad y de la humanidad La Cruz Roja, Madre de todas...

Poster showing two Red Cross nurses, one, a Madonna figure, cradling in her arms a wounded soldier(?) on a litter, between the flags of Nicaragua and the United States.

Wounded "French" prisoner of Germans

Wounded "French" prisoner of Germans

Photograph shows a African soldier, probably a Senegalese tirailleur (infantry soldier fighting for the French forces), who was taken prisoner by German forces during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

German officer's dog, wounded in battle

German officer's dog, wounded in battle

Photograph shows a German officer with his dog during World War I.

A poster which was displayed thoughout the South of France to further the work of the American Red Cross among the mutiles. This organization was responsible for the great success of the whole system of re-education of the men who were wounded in the war. Capt. Atherton-Smith was the organizer

A poster which was displayed thoughout the South of France to further ...

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American National Red Cross photograph c... more

Turcos, wounded at Charleroi, in Paris

Turcos, wounded at Charleroi, in Paris

Photograph shows Algerian tirailleurs (infantry soldiers) in Paris, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Date from... more

Wounded arriving in Allenstein, Prussia

Wounded arriving in Allenstein, Prussia

Photograph shows wounded German soldiers being assisted by nurses as they get off a train in Allenstein (now Olsztyn, Poland) in Prussia, during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from da... more

Wounded arm rendered completely useless by shell

Wounded arm rendered completely useless by shell

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Medical and surgical pictures of wounded members. Plate to Secy. Genl. Print in album. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; Am... more

Kaiserin visiting a train of the wounded at Breslau

Kaiserin visiting a train of the wounded at Breslau

Photograph shows Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein (1858-1921), the last German Empress and Queen of Prussia (wife of Wilhelm II), visiting wounded soldiers on a train at Breslau, Prussia (now Wroclaw, Po... more

Wounded Turcos in Paris

Wounded Turcos in Paris

Photograph shows Algerian tirailleurs (infantry soldiers) in Paris, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms par... more

French succoring wounded German

French succoring wounded German

Photograph shows French Moroccan soldiers, between Villeroy and Neufmoutiers, France, caring for a wounded German soldier during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Image copied by Bain from an ... more

Your money or his life Subscribe to the war fund - Red Cross week - June 18th to 25th / / Ayer.

Your money or his life Subscribe to the war fund - Red Cross week - Ju...

Poster showing a Red Cross nurse offering a wounded soldier a drink from a canteen. Issued by: Committee on Public Safety, State of New Hampshire.

Princess Marie of Stolberg Werningen and wounded at her Chateau

Princess Marie of Stolberg Werningen and wounded at her Chateau

Photograph shows wounded soldiers during World War I. Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress). General information... more

Reviving wounded German with Pulmotor

Reviving wounded German with Pulmotor

Photograph shows a German being revived with a Pulmotor, an artificial respiration device, during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the neg... more

Boxes of surgical dressings prepared by A.R.C. at Rue St. Didier, Paris, ready for the doctors at first aid dressing stations, close behind the lines where soldiers first receive attention after being wounded at the front. Dressings in three sizes according to the nature of the wounds

Boxes of surgical dressings prepared by A.R.C. at Rue St. Didier, Pari...

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Surgical dressings. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about ... more

German Red Cross dog seeking wounded

German Red Cross dog seeking wounded

Photograph shows German man with a Red Cross dog searching for wounded soldiers during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Form... more

Wounded arm rendered completely useless by shell

Wounded arm rendered completely useless by shell

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Medical and surgical pictures of wounded members. Plate to Secy. Genl. Print in album. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; Am... more

A red cross moving "Fort". For rescuing between trenches

A red cross moving "Fort". For rescuing between trenches

Photograph shows a Red Cross vehicle used for gathering wounded from trenches during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative. Forms ... more

[Red Cross nurse seeing vision of wounded soldiers across stormy sea]

[Red Cross nurse seeing vision of wounded soldiers across stormy sea]

Caption label from exhibit "World War I ...": William Allen Rogers Pays Tribute to Wartime Nurses. A moving vision of wounded soldiers needing care sustains a Red Cross nurse on her storm-tossed voyage to the w... more

Turcos, wounded at Charleroi, in Paris

Turcos, wounded at Charleroi, in Paris

Photograph shows Algerian tirailleurs (infantry soldiers) in Paris, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

U.S. Navy in action at Vera Cruz, Mexico, 1914: rifleman walking behind 4 Mexicans carrying wounded man on stretcher

U.S. Navy in action at Vera Cruz, Mexico, 1914: rifleman walking behin...

This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Shelf. Revolution.

Salvation Army prepares bandages for Europe's wounded. General view (Miss Booth writing in foreground)

Salvation Army prepares bandages for Europe's wounded. General view (M...

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Photographer name or source of original from caption card or negative sleeve: ARC, Underwood & Underwood (cop.) Group title: Supplies. Date based on date of negative... more

Wounded arm rendered completely useless by shell

Wounded arm rendered completely useless by shell

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Medical and surgical pictures of wounded members. Plate to Secy. Genl. Print in album. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; Am... more

Taking Luggage off "Solace"

Taking Luggage off "Solace"

Photo shows the USS Solace, probably at the Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York City, bringing wounded soldiers back from Veracruz, Mexico in May, 1914 during the Mexican Revolution. (Source: Flickr Commons projec... more

Christmas 1914

Christmas 1914

Drawing shows Red Cross nurse attending a wounded soldier near ruins of a church beneath an intact statue of Christ. Title from item. (DLC/PP-1932:0042). Forms part of: Cabinet of American illustration (Library... more

A poster which was displayed in the South of France to arouse interest in the work of the American Red Cross in the re-education of men wounded in the war. Capt. Atherton-Smith was the organizer

A poster which was displayed in the South of France to arouse interest...

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American National Red Cross photograph c... more

Will they never come? / printed and published by The Associated Newspapers, Ltd., Carmelite House, London, E.C.

Will they never come? / printed and published by The Associated Newspa...

Poster showing a wounded soldier with a rifle, standing over a fallen fellow soldier, and turning to a vignette of a rugby game in a stadium. Poster probably alludes to the recruitment of athletes for the Sport... more

Blesse. Wounded French soldier

Blesse. Wounded French soldier

Title and note information from Red Cross caption card. Group title: Wounded French soldiers. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information a... more

Wounded arriving in Allenstein, Prussia

Wounded arriving in Allenstein, Prussia

Photograph shows wounded German soldiers being assisted by nurses as they get off a train in Allenstein (now Olsztyn, Poland) in Prussia, during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

A red cross moving "Fort". For rescuing between trenches

A red cross moving "Fort". For rescuing between trenches

Photograph shows a Red Cross vehicle used for gathering wounded from trenches during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2012)

Lire dans L'Evenement. Coeurs virils . . . par Gabriel Mauriére

Lire dans L'Evenement. Coeurs virils . . . par Gabriel Mauriére

A nurse making an appeal to a wounded French soldier. In the background is Rheims Cathedral burning. Attributed to Castrez? Translation of title: Read in L'Evenement. 'Strong hearts . . .' by Gabriel Mauriére. ... more

Wounded Turcos in Paris

Wounded Turcos in Paris

Photograph shows Algerian tirailleurs (infantry soldiers) in Paris, France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

Emblemas de la libertad y de la humanidad La Cruz Roja, Madre de todas las naciones.

Emblemas de la libertad y de la humanidad La Cruz Roja, Madre de todas...

Poster showing two Red Cross nurses, one, a Madonna figure, cradling in her arms a wounded soldier(?) on a litter, between the flags of Bolivia and the United States.

A poster which was displayed in the South of France to arouse interest in the work of the American Red Cross among the mutiles. The re-education of the men who were wounded in the war, has been one of the greatest things which the Red Cross has accomplished. Capt. Atherton-Smith was the organizer

A poster which was displayed in the South of France to arouse interest...

Title and notes from Red Cross caption card. Date based on date range for negative series. Gift; American National Red Cross 1944 and 1952. General information about the American National Red Cross photograph c... more

African chasseur & his wounded horse

African chasseur & his wounded horse

Photograph shows and African cavalry soldier with his dying horse, probably in France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011) Title from data provided by the Bain News Service on the negative... more

Wounded arrive at Chalons sur Marne

Wounded arrive at Chalons sur Marne

Photograph shows wounded soldiers on stretchers next to railroad cars at Chalons sur Marne (now Chalons-en-Champagne), France during World War I. (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2011)

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