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Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 76, Jamestown, James City County, VA

Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 76, Jamestown, James City County, VA

description

Summary

Significance: Structure 16 had a long rectangular footprint measuring 34' x 12' with framed side walls and north gable end. The walls rested on sills underpinned by a single row of brick footings. The south gable was defined by the chimney; the hearth was laid on mortar applied to the clay sub-floor. Two brick vats were found near the hearth, suggesting a commercial or industrial use that called for a source of heat. The shape and finish of the vats indicate they were made to hold liquid. The most likely use of the building was as a tannery.

The utilitarian structure stood through the American Revolutionary War, and its proximity to the Travis house site (HABS No. VA-28) suggests tanning was part of that plantation's economy.

Legal records suggest Structure 16 could have been a public tannery. Legislation ordered each county to have "tan-house" as early as 1662 and was renewed in the 1680s, 1733 and 1752.
Survey number: HABS VA-30
Building/structure dates: ca. 1700 Initial Construction

person

Contributors

Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
Talbott, Ann
Travis, Edward Champion
place

Location

create

Source

Library of Congress
copyright

Copyright info

No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html

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