Library Of Congress
Library Of CongressPublic Domain ArchivePart of Not developed or endorsed by the Library of Congress
Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 76, Jamestown, James City County, VA

Architectural Remains, Unit B, Sub-unit 76, Jamestown, James City County, VA



Significance: Structure 16 had a long rectangular footprint measuring 34' x 12' with framed side walls and north gable end. The walls rested on sills underpinned by a single row of brick footings. The south gable was defined by the chimney; the hearth was laid on mortar applied to the clay sub-floor. Two brick vats were found near the hearth, suggesting a commercial or industrial use that called for a source of heat. The shape and finish of the vats indicate they were made to hold liquid. The most likely use of the building was as a tannery.

The utilitarian structure stood through the American Revolutionary War, and its proximity to the Travis house site (HABS No. VA-28) suggests tanning was part of that plantation's economy.

Legal records suggest Structure 16 could have been a public tannery. Legislation ordered each county to have "tan-house" as early as 1662 and was renewed in the 1680s, 1733 and 1752.
Survey number: HABS VA-30
Building/structure dates: ca. 1700 Initial Construction



Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
Talbott, Ann
Travis, Edward Champion




Library of Congress

Copyright info

No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted.

Library Of Congress

The objects in this archive are from Library of Congress - the nation’s first established cultural institution and the largest library in the world, with millions of items including books, recordings, photographs, maps and manuscripts in its collections. The Library provides Congress, the federal government and the American people with a rich, diverse and enduring source of knowledge to inform, inspire and engage them and support their intellectual and creative endeavors.

Disclaimer: A work of the Library of Congress is "a work prepared by an officer or employee" of the federal government "as part of that person's official duties." In general, under section 105 of the Copyright Act, such works are not entitled to domestic copyright protection under U.S. law and are therefore in the public domain. This website is developed as a part of the world's largest public domain archive,, and not developed or endorsed by the Library of Congress,

Developed by GetArchive, 2015-2020