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Music is an art form, and a cultural activity, whose medium is sound. General definitions of music include common elements such as pitch (which governs melody and harmony), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation), dynamics (loudness and softness), and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture (which are sometimes termed the "color" of a musical sound). Different styles or types of music may emphasize, de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping; there are solely instrumental pieces, solely vocal pieces (such as songs without instrumental accompaniment) and pieces that combine singing and instruments. The word derives from Greek μουσική (mousike; "art of the Muses"). See glossary of musical terminology.

In its most general form, the activities describing music as an art form or cultural activity include the creation of works of music (songs, tunes, symphonies, and so on), the criticism of music, the study of the history of music, and the aesthetic examination of music. Ancient Greek and Indian philosophers defined music in two parts: melodies, as tones ordered horizontally, and harmonies as tones ordered vertically. Common sayings such as "the harmony of the spheres" and "it is music to my ears" point to the notion that music is often ordered and pleasant to listen to. However, 20th-century composer John Cage thought that any sound can be music, saying, for example, "There is no noise, only sound."

The creation, performance, significance, and even the definition of music vary according to culture and social context. Indeed, throughout history, some new forms or styles of music have been criticized as "not being music", including Beethoven's Grosse Fuge string quartet in 1825, early jazz in the beginning of the 1900s and hardcore punk in the 1980s. There are many types of music, including popular music, traditional music, art music, music written for religious ceremonies and work songs such as chanteys. Music ranges from strictly organized compositions—such as Classical music symphonies from the 1700s and 1800s—through to spontaneously played improvisational music such as jazz, and avant-garde styles of chance-based contemporary music from the 20th and 21st centuries.

Music can be divided into genres (e.g., country music) and genres can be further divided into subgenres (e.g., country blues and pop country are two of the many country subgenres), although the dividing lines and relationships between music genres are often subtle, sometimes open to personal interpretation, and occasionally controversial. For example, it can be hard to draw the line between some early 1980s hard rock and heavy metal. Within the arts, music may be classified as a performing art, a fine art or as an auditory art. Music may be played or sung and heard live at a rock concert or orchestra performance, heard live as part of a dramatic work (a music theater show or opera), or it may be recorded and listened to on a radio, MP3 player, CD player, smartphone or as film score or TV show.

In many cultures, music is an important part of people's way of life, as it plays a key role in religious rituals, rite of passage ceremonies (e.g., graduation and marriage), social activities (e.g., dancing) and cultural activities ranging from amateur karaoke singing to playing in an amateur funk band or singing in a community choir. People may make music as a hobby, like a teen playing cello in a youth orchestra, or work as a professional musician or singer. The music industry includes the individuals who create new songs and musical pieces (such as songwriters and composers), individuals who perform music (which include orchestra, jazz band and rock band musicians, singers and conductors), individuals who record music (music producers and sound engineers), individuals who organize concert tours, and individuals who sell recordings, sheet music, and scores to customers. Even once a song or piece has been performed, music critics, music journalists, and music scholars may assess and evaluate the piece and its performance.

Music Media

35,760 media by topicpage 1 of 358
Dude sweet music, superb costumes.

Dude sweet music, superb costumes.

Harry Montague's Comedy Company. Forms part of: Theatrical poster collection (Library of Congress)

A  Company Making Music

A Company Making Music

Dutch (artist nationality) draughtsman, engraver, print publisher and painter (artist role) Recto: bottom center: (within image) Crispin de Pass inuent . excudit . ; bottom: (beneath image, in Latin) Concentu v... More

[Musical scales or range of sound ascribed by Kepler to Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Earth, Venus, and Mercury; and surrounding text]

[Musical scales or range of sound ascribed by Kepler to Saturn, Jupite...

Illus. and text in: Harmonices mundi / Johann Kepler. Lincii Austriae : J. Plancus, 1619, p. 207. Published in: The tradition of science / Leonard C. Bruno. Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1987, p. 35.

DCM 0949: Augustin Grenser I Flute in C

DCM 0949: Augustin Grenser I Flute in C

The block for the G# mount was broken off and has been filed away to receive a substitute, likely metal replacement saddle, also missing. It is also possible that the G# key was an addition in that there is ver... More

DCM 0767: Tuerlinckx; Heinrich Grenser Flute in C

DCM 0767: Tuerlinckx; Heinrich Grenser Flute in C

Lower body and foot joint by H. Grenser, head joint and possibly upper body joint by Tuerlinckx. Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Ebony, ivory cap, cork-setting mechanism and ferrules, silver keys.; 62.4 cm... More

L' Ouie (Hearing)

L' Ouie (Hearing)

German (artist nationality) engraver (artist role) Recto: u. c.: (in reverse) L'Ouie; u. r.: 173; l. c.: Auditus. L'Ouie. L'Udito. Das Gehör.; l. r.: Med. Folo. No. 45.; l. r.: Georg Balthasar Probst, excud. A.... More

DCM 0386: Johann Georg Otto Flute in C

DCM 0386: Johann Georg Otto Flute in C

The present steel spring appears to be a replacement and the foot joint bottom ferrule also appears to be a replacement. Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Boxwood, stained, ivory cap and ferrules, brass key.;... More

DCM 0997: Augustin Grenser I; Jeremias Schlegel Flute in C

DCM 0997: Augustin Grenser I; Jeremias Schlegel Flute in C

"Germany" stamped in English on the upper joint further confuses the identity. Possibly it pertains to the 1890 tariff mentioned in DCM 996, although that customs law does not apply to antiques. Instrument type... More

DCM 0405: Potter Flute in C

DCM 0405: Potter Flute in C

Instrument type: Flute in C Medium: Ivory, silver keys.; 66.2 cm. Key Holes System: 6 keys, square flaps, with pewter plug and silver mount for high C. Mark Maximum: POTTER / SENIOR / LONDON / 1778 Mark Additi... More

Newland / Zeuner collection

Newland / Zeuner collection

William Augustine Newland (1813-1901), Philadelphia organist, choirmaster, conductor, and music teacher. Charles Zeuner (1795-1857), student of Johann Nepomuk Hummel, settled in Boston in the 1820s and became w... More

Ukie jūnidan kangen no zu

Ukie jūnidan kangen no zu

Print shows a long hall receding into the background for a perspective view, with eight women playing musical instruments arranged along the sides and in the rear is a woman playing a koto; in the foreground, o... More

[Emblematical female figures engaged in the arts of painting, sculpture, architecture, and music]

[Emblematical female figures engaged in the arts of painting, sculptur...

Illus. in: Iconography; or a collection of Emblematical Figures, by George Richardson, 1779, four engravings (figs. 137-140). Ref. copy may be in SSF (Gr). On print: Published as the Act Directs Decr. 1777. Thi... More

--Cater ... an amateur of music well known at the Queen's Arms concert in Newgate Street / J.N. 1784 ; etched by J. Nixon.

--Cater ... an amateur of music well known at the Queen's Arms concert...

Print shows an elderly man sitting on a bench, holding a violin, with a music stand in front of him.

A cotilion sic

A cotilion sic

[By] W. H. Kingsbury. (statement of responsibility) A continuous strip mounted on linen (26 1/2 x 208 cm) folded, accordion fashion, to form 10 leaves. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as... More

[The music room]

[The music room]

Etching by James Abbott McNeill Whistler, 1834-1903. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

The cockney's travels

The cockney's travels

Lead sheet enclosed. Printed in USA in 1896.

Pieces, March 4, 1801. Song

Pieces, March 4, 1801. Song

Forms part of The Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606 to 1827; for additional information, see: http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/eadmss.ms008069 Pieces, March 4, 1801. Song. Original document scanned in 1999-2000 for the f... More

[Mr. Graupner - seated and holding music]

[Mr. Graupner - seated and holding music]

Drawing shows a portrait of Gottlieb Graupner, a music publisher in Boston, facing front while holding a sheet of music. (DLC/PP-1995:140.28) Philadelphia Print Shop inventory no. 28. Title from Philadelphia Pr... More

"A little music"--or--The delights of harmony / Js. Gillray.

"A little music"--or--The delights of harmony / Js. Gillray.

Print shows at center in a parlor a man playing a flute, he steps on a small dog's tail causing it to yelp, on the right a young woman is playing a pianoforte with some intent as a man holds her music book open... More

Young People's Concerts Scripts: The Sound of a Hall [typescript with emendation in pencil; "Music Cues"]

Young People's Concerts Scripts: The Sound of a Hall [typescript with ...

From: Young People's Concerts Television Scripts Series

Ryū ko niban

Ryū ko niban

Print shows a woman playing a koto with a dragon curled around her. Title and other descriptive information compiled by Nichibunken-sponsored Edo print specialists in 2005-2006. Format: double sheet Shikishi Ni... More

Reed and Stiles will execute bank notes and engraving of all kinds, in such a manner, and on such terms, as they think will give universal satisfaction. Orders thankfully received

Reed and Stiles will execute bank notes and engraving of all kinds, in...

Print shows an advertisement in the form of bank notes in the denominations of 2 and 3 advertising Reed and Stiles engraving and copperplate printing firm in Hartford and East Windsor, Connecticut. At the top o... More

Dubois & Stodart Hoogland sc

Dubois & Stodart Hoogland sc

Print shows a young woman sitting at and playing a "Dubois & Stodart" upright piano. Possibly an advertisement showing a type of piano manufactured by Dubois & Stodart. Title from item. Signed on plate at botto... More

The handsome man / E. B... ; N. Currier's lith., N.Y.

The handsome man / E. B... ; N. Currier's lith., N.Y.

Sheet music cover showing well-dressed man, with women admiring him from behind.

Blake's patriotic log cabin music

Blake's patriotic log cabin music

A Whig campaign song in praise of William Henry Harrison, illustrated with a rural tableau of the candidate's fabled log cabin on the Ohio River. The cabin stands in a clearing, and flies an American flag. A ci... More

Music
The Georgia melodies. As sung by the Georgia Champions / Lith. of E.W. Bouve, Boston.

The Georgia melodies. As sung by the Georgia Champions / Lith. of E.W....

Music cover illustrated with couple dancing on porch.

Music of the Ethiopian Serenaders

Music of the Ethiopian Serenaders

Music cover showing Pell playing bones, Harrington and White playing banjos, Stanwood playing accordian, and Germon playing tambourine. LOT subdivision subject: Negro Minstrels. Title and other information tran... More

Plantation melodies / J.H. Bufford's lith., Boston.

Plantation melodies / J.H. Bufford's lith., Boston.

Music cover showing two boys seated on bench, with one of them playing a flute, and the other holding book of music.

The Sons of Columbia. A national song. Written for the Fourth of July and set to music by Theodore Ascherfeld, Havre De Grace, Md. / Lith. by Otto Knirsch, Phila.

The Sons of Columbia. A national song. Written for the Fourth of July ...

Music cover showing soldiers on parade, probably in Philadelphia, Pa.

Solon Shingle! and his great apple sass case. Words and music published by Firth Son & Co. 563 Broadway N. Y ... J. E. Owens as Solon Shingle at the Howard Athenaeum tonight. [n. d.].

Solon Shingle! and his great apple sass case. Words and music publishe...

Verse. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 81, Folder 8.

Meda songs

Meda songs

Pictorial notation of an Ojibwa music board. Illus. in: Historical and statistical information respecting the history, condition and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States / Henry Rowe Schoolcraft.... More

Exhibition of the Philomathean Society of Danville, Ill. On Thursday evening, May 8th, 1851. Animus Imperatro Corpus.

Exhibition of the Philomathean Society of Danville, Ill. On Thursday e...

Handwritten on verso: Ira Mayfield, J. B. Lemon, Daniel Clap, Dr. Balch.

My New England home Words & music by L. Wade / / T. Sinclair's lith., Phila.

My New England home Words & music by L. Wade / / T. Sinclair's lith., ...

Two Native Americans watch as Pilgrims come ashore.

The grave of my mother Poetry and music composed and respectfully dedicated to Miss Megee of Philadelphia by the author of Mary's beauty / / Queen ; C. Schuessele del. ; P.S. Duval & Co. steam lith. press.

The grave of my mother Poetry and music composed and respectfully dedi...

Print showing title page illustration with girl looking sadly at "the grave of my mother." Title from item. Drawn on stone by James Queen.

S. Jackson's rudiments, no. 5

S. Jackson's rudiments, no. 5

instructional table From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Co... More

S. Jackson's rudiments, no. 4

S. Jackson's rudiments, no. 4

instructional table From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Co... More

[Sheet music cover]

[Sheet music cover]

Title and other information from Beall. American prints in the Library of Congress : a catalog of the collection / compiled by Karen F. Beall... Baltimore : John Hopkins Press, 1970, p. 519.

S. Jackson's rudiments, no. 3

S. Jackson's rudiments, no. 3

instruction From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright ... More

S. Jackson's rudiments, no. 1

S. Jackson's rudiments, no. 1

instruction From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright ... More

Stationery, music, pianos, fancy goods, &c. ... John F. Ellis. Pa. Avenue, between 9th & 10th Sts. Washington, D. C. [1853].

Stationery, music, pianos, fancy goods, &c. ... John F. Ellis. Pa. Ave...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 201, Folder 22.

Adelina Patti, full-length studio portrait, facing front, standing, with a table on the left and a music stand on the right, pointing with her left hand at a portrait of Jenny Lind printed on sheet music on the music stand

Adelina Patti, full-length studio portrait, facing front, standing, wi...

Title devised by Library staff. Inscribed in pencil on mount: Portrait of Adelina Patti. Jenny Lind music on stand. c[a]. 1854. (DLC/PP-1999:126). Forms part of: Marian S. Carson collection at the Library of Congress.

Louis M. Gottschalk

Louis M. Gottschalk

Title from unverified information on negative sleeve. Annotation from negative, glass side: Lous M. Gottschalk (pianist). Credit line: Brady-Handy photograph collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photogra... More

Wm. Vincent Wallace

Wm. Vincent Wallace

Title from unverified information on negative sleeve. Musical Composer. Credit line: Brady-Handy photograph collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. Purchase; Alice H. Cox and Mary H. ... More

Louis M. Gottschalk

Louis M. Gottschalk

Title from unverified information on negative sleeve. Noted Pianist; He accompanied Patti on tour of Mexico; "Illustrated News" p. 301; is said to be as good as any living performer of his time. Credit line: Br... More

Wm. Vincent Wallace

Wm. Vincent Wallace

Title from unverified information on negative sleeve. Annotation from negative, scratched into emulsion: Brady NY. Musical Composer. Credit line: Brady-Handy photograph collection, Library of Congress, Prints a... More

Beethoven, Ludwig van, 1770-1827, full lgth., standing holding pen and music "bronze statue...by Crawford, presented to the Music Hall, Boston"

Beethoven, Ludwig van, 1770-1827, full lgth., standing holding pen and...

Title and other information transcribed from caption card. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, vol. 1, no. 14 (1856 Mar. 15), p. 217. Reference copy may be in BIOG FILE. Caption card tracings: Mass... More

Signora Frezzolini, prima donna, Academy of Music, Fourteenth Street, New York City

Signora Frezzolini, prima donna, Academy of Music, Fourteenth Street, ...

Signora Frezzolini, half-length portrait, facing left. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, 1857 Oct. 10, p. 297 (top).

Angels playing music in heaven, harpies playing music in Hell

Angels playing music in heaven, harpies playing music in Hell

Title devised by Library staff. Stamped in lower left: From the file of James F. Queen artist, 1824-1889. Cochran, 626 (DLC/PP-1997:105). Forms part of: Marian S. Carson collection at the Library of Congress. F... More

For the twenty-fifth National anti-slavery subscription anniversary, at the Music Hall, Boston, Wednesday evening, January 26, 1859 ... Boston. Prentiss, Sawyer, & Co., Printers 19 Water St. [1859].

For the twenty-fifth National anti-slavery subscription anniversary, a...

Antislavery fair.; Verse. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 64, Folder 4.

Salzburg. Statue of Mozart

Salzburg. Statue of Mozart

In album: Prague, Innsbruck, Munich, Nuremberg, Dresden, Berlin, Hombourg, Edinburgh, opposite p. 153. No. 300.

Grand ball given by the citizens of New York to the Prince of Wales, at the Academy of Music, October 12, 1860

Grand ball given by the citizens of New York to the Prince of Wales, a...

Illustration showing an elaborate ball at the Academy of Music in New York. Title from item. Illus. in: Harper's weekly, v. 4, no. 199 (1860 Oct. 20), pp. 664-5.

The sheomakers' strike in Lynn, Mass. - procession, in the midst of a snow storm, of eight hundred women operatives joining the strike..., preceded by the Lynn City Guards with music, and followed by four thousand workmen

The sheomakers' strike in Lynn, Mass. - procession, in the midst of a ...

Illus. in: Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, (1860 March 17), p. 242 and 251. Reference copy may be in LOT 4404. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Militia M... More

Willie has gone to the war. Words by George Cooper. Music by Stephen C. Foster. New York Charles Magnus. [186-].

Willie has gone to the war. Words by George Cooper. Music by Stephen C...

Colored illus. upper third of the page. Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 127, Folder 55.

The political quadrille. Music by Dred Scott

The political quadrille. Music by Dred Scott

A general parody on the 1860 presidential contest, highlighting the impact of the Dred Scott decision on the race. That controversial decision, handed down in 1857 by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, ruled that ne... More

Cheer, boys, cheer or Morgan's war song

Cheer, boys, cheer or Morgan's war song

Music associated with the Confederate side

The Brooklyn Academy of Music - exterior

The Brooklyn Academy of Music - exterior

Print shows an exterior view of the Brooklyn Academy of Music. Title from item. Illus. in: Harper's weekly, v. 5, no. 214 (1861 February 2), p. 77.

The eighteenth annual course of lectures before the Mercantile library association will be delivered in the Boston Music Hall on successive Wednesday evenings, commencing Wednesday Evening, January 9, 1861 ... [Boston, 1861].

The eighteenth annual course of lectures before the Mercantile library...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 67, Folder 1.

The Brooklyn Academy of Music - interior - opening concert on Tuesday, January 15, 1861

The Brooklyn Academy of Music - interior - opening concert on Tuesday,...

Print shows an interior view of the concert hall during a play at the Brooklyn Academy of Music. Title from item. Illus. in: Harper's weekly, v. 5, no. 214 (1861 February 2), p. 77.

Brooklyn Sanitary Fair, 1864 Interior view of the Academy of Music, as seen from the dress circle / / Lith. of A. Brown & Co. 47 Nassau St. N.Y.

Brooklyn Sanitary Fair, 1864 Interior view of the Academy of Music, as...

Illus. in: History of the Brooklyn and Long Island Fair, February 22, 1864 / prepared and published by authority of the Executive Committee. Brooklyn : "The Union" Steam Presses, 1864, bet. pp. 32-33. Title from item.

The story of Gettysburg Music composed for the piano, respectfully dedicated to H. T. Helmbold, manufacturer of Helmbold's Extract Buchu / / J. Queen del.

The story of Gettysburg Music composed for the piano, respectfully ded...

Drawing for sheet music cover, published as A Message from the Battlefield, composed by Mark Hassler, shows wounded soldier surrounded by man, women, and a boy, with a bottle of Buchu on the bedside table.

Muzykal'nye instrumenty i muzykanty. Koshnaichi

Muzykal'nye instrumenty i muzykanty. Koshnaichi

Photograph shows a man playing a clarinet-like instrument. Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. 83. Title from item.

Muzykal'nye instrumenty i muzykanty. Nagarachi

Muzykal'nye instrumenty i muzykanty. Nagarachi

Photograph shows a man playing two small drums. Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. 83. Title from item.

Muzykal'nye instrumenty i muzykanty. Muzykal'nye instrumenty

Muzykal'nye instrumenty i muzykanty. Muzykal'nye instrumenty

Photograph shows musical instruments. Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. 83. Title from item.

Trupa muzykantov. Tas-baz mualakchi kairak baz

Trupa muzykantov. Tas-baz mualakchi kairak baz

Photograph shows troup of musicians and an acrobat(?). Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. 84. Title from item.

The Hebrew Purim Ball at the Academy of Music, March 14

The Hebrew Purim Ball at the Academy of Music, March 14

Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, 1865 April 1, p. 21.

Tadzhikskie remeslennye obriady (arbai pir). Obiet (buakhurdi)

Tadzhikskie remeslennye obriady (arbai pir). Obiet (buakhurdi)

Photograph shows a group of musicians, dancing boys(?) and female dancers. Title from item. Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. 91. "Arbai pir" transla... More

Hurrah for the Old Flag!, written by W. Dexter Smith, Jr., music by M. Keller

Hurrah for the Old Flag!, written by W. Dexter Smith, Jr., music by M....

Music cover showing Union soldier holding U.S. flag. LOT subdivision subject: Flags. Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. Copyright by G.D. Russell. Engraving by H.F. Greene.

Obshchestvennyia uveseleniia Sredneaziiatsev. Muzykanty. "Tamburi'

Obshchestvennyia uveseleniia Sredneaziiatsev. Muzykanty. "Tamburi'

Photograph shows a man playing a long necked stringed instrument. Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. 82. Title from item.

Trupa muzykantov. Zenbaz

Trupa muzykantov. Zenbaz

Photograph shows a female musician holding a frame drum (dayra). Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. 84. Title from item.

Trupa muzykantov. Petrushka (lukhtak baz) zachabaz

Trupa muzykantov. Petrushka (lukhtak baz) zachabaz

Photograph shows group of musicians, a batcha, and a man or boy lying on the rug in a sack(?). Title from item. Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. 84.... More

Obshchestvennyia uveseleniia Sredneaziiatsev. Muzykanty. "Surnaichi"

Obshchestvennyia uveseleniia Sredneaziiatsev. Muzykanty. "Surnaichi"

Photograph shows a man playing a long necked instrument called a karnay. The caption for this image is incorrect. Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. ... More

Obshchestvennyia uveseleniia Sredneaziiatsev. Muzykanty. "Mashki kamancha"

Obshchestvennyia uveseleniia Sredneaziiatsev. Muzykanty. "Mashki kaman...

Photograph shows a man playing a long-necked stringed instrument. Title from item. Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. 82.

Obshchestvennyia uveseleniia Sredneaziiatsev. Muzykanty. "Nai-sarbazi"

Obshchestvennyia uveseleniia Sredneaziiatsev. Muzykanty. "Nai-sarbazi"

Photograph shows a man playing a flute. Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. 82. Title from item.

Obshchestvennyia uveseleniia Sredneaziiatsev. Muzykanty. "Karnaichi"

Obshchestvennyia uveseleniia Sredneaziiatsev. Muzykanty. "Karnaichi"

Photograph shows a man playing small flute-like instrument called a surnay. The caption for this image is incorrect. This caption is for image no. 263. Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠... More

Order of exercises at the Boston music hall, on Saturday evening, February 4th, 1865 to celebrate the progress of freedom's great work in the United States of America. Boston. Wright & Potter, printers, 4 Spring Lane.

Order of exercises at the Boston music hall, on Saturday evening, Febr...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 71, Folder 26.

Muzykal'nye instrumenty i muzykanty. Dutarchi

Muzykal'nye instrumenty i muzykanty. Dutarchi

Photograph shows a man playing long-necked fretted lute. Title from item. Illus. in: Turkestanskīĭ alʹbom, chastʹ ėtnograficheskai︠a︡..., 1871-1872, part 2, vol. 2, pl. 83.

O'er graves of the loved ones Poetry and music by John P. Ordway, M.D. ; to Louis P. Goussaud, Esq. / / Baker del ; John H. Bufford's Lith. 34 Chauncey St. Boston.

O'er graves of the loved ones Poetry and music by John P. Ordway, M.D....

Print showing title page illustration with a woman, man, and children decorating a tombstone with flowers. Title from item. Inscription: Oliver Ditson & Co. Proprietors, 16 July 1867, vol. 42 p. 747.

Grand masquerade ball of the Arion Society at the Academy of Music, New York, March 27, 1867 / TN.

Grand masquerade ball of the Arion Society at the Academy of Music, Ne...

Print shows a march with carnival-like figures around an interior view of a large hall and ballroom in which the carnival continues. Title from item. Illus. in: Harper's weekly, v. 11, no. 537 (1867 April 13), ... More

One little curl of auburn hair--Words and music by J.H. McNaughton / Clay, Cosack & Co.

One little curl of auburn hair--Words and music by J.H. McNaughton / C...

Sheet music cover showing young woman, seated, three-quarter length, facing left, with her head propped on her right hand, holding lock of hair. Copyright by William A. Pond & Co.

Idas Mazurka composed by Louis Hazelmayer, professor of music and magic

Idas Mazurka composed by Louis Hazelmayer, professor of music and magi...

Hazelmayer is playing "Stylocarfe" (marimba). LOT subdivision subject: Music and Musical Instruments. Title and other information transcribed from caption card and item. Copyright by L. Haselmeyer. Lithograph b... More

Preparation for the great national peace jubilee, at Boston, Mass. - the members of the mammoth oratorio chorus, numbering three thousand, rehearsing at the Boston Music Hall, May 19th / from a sketch by A. Berghaus.

Preparation for the great national peace jubilee, at Boston, Mass. - t...

Wood engraving from sketch. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, 1869 June 5, p. 188.

The band--"Music hath charms to soothe the savage beast"

The band--"Music hath charms to soothe the savage beast"

Photo shows mounted animals with monkeys playing musical instruments and a replica of a bear with a violin. Photographed by Haines; published by Hurst & Sons. Caption card tracings: Animals; Taxidermy; Shelf.

Yuma musician, Arizona / / Taber Photo., San Francisco

Yuma musician, Arizona / / Taber Photo., San Francisco

Photograph shows a portrait of a Yuma man in body paint, seated, facing front, playing a flute. At his feet are three playing cards face up. No. B 181. Title from item. Exhibited: American Treasures, Library o... More

Music evening at the Capitol grounds, Washington D.C. / Drawn by T. H. Nast.

Music evening at the Capitol grounds, Washington D.C. / Drawn by T. H....

Microfilm copy of wood engraving after Nast. Illus. in: Harper's Weekly, 1870 July 23, p. 472. No reference copy. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.

First annual reception of the Illinois state Republican association, at Music Hall, Masonic temple. Friday evening, January 6, 1871. Order of exercises ... [Washington,D.C.] Gibson Bros, prs. [1871].

First annual reception of the Illinois state Republican association, a...

Available also through the Library of Congress web site in two forms: as facsimile page images and as full text in SGML. Printed Ephemera Collection; Portfolio 206, Folder 14.