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Opera is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers, but is distinct from musical theatre. Such a "work" (the literal translation of the Italian word "opera") is typically a collaboration between a composer and a librettist and incorporates a number of the performing arts, such as acting, scenery, costume, and sometimes dance or ballet. The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble, which since the early 19th century has been led by a conductor.

Opera is a key part of the Western classical music tradition. Originally understood as an entirely sung piece, in contrast to a play with songs, opera has come to include numerous genres, including some that include spoken dialogue such as musical theatre, Singspiel and Opéra comique. In traditional number opera, singers employ two styles of singing: recitative, a speech-inflected style, and self-contained arias. The 19th century saw the rise of the continuous music drama.

Opera originated in Italy at the end of the 16th century (with Jacopo Peri's mostly lost Dafne, produced in Florence in 1598) especially from works by Claudio Monteverdi, notably L'Orfeo, and soon spread through the rest of Europe: Heinrich Schütz in Germany, Jean-Baptiste Lully in France, and Henry Purcell in England all helped to establish their national traditions in the 17th century. In the 18th century, Italian opera continued to dominate most of Europe (except France), attracting foreign composers such as George Frideric Handel. Opera seria was the most prestigious form of Italian opera, until Christoph Willibald Gluck reacted against its artificiality with his "reform" operas in the 1760s. The most renowned figure of late 18th-century opera is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who began with opera seria but is most famous for his Italian comic operas, especially The Marriage of Figaro (Le nozze di Figaro), Don Giovanni, and Così fan tutte, as well as Die Entführung aus dem Serail (The Abduction from the Seraglio), and The Magic Flute (Die Zauberflöte), landmarks in the German tradition.

The first third of the 19th century saw the high point of the bel canto style, with Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti and Vincenzo Bellini all creating signature works of that style. It also saw the advent of Grand Opera typified by the works of Daniel Auber and Giacomo Meyerbeer. The mid-to-late 19th century was a golden age of opera, led and dominated by Giuseppe Verdi in Italy and Richard Wagner in Germany. The popularity of opera continued through the verismo era in Italy and contemporary French opera through to Giacomo Puccini and Richard Strauss in the early 20th century. During the 19th century, parallel operatic traditions emerged in central and eastern Europe, particularly in Russia and Bohemia. The 20th century saw many experiments with modern styles, such as atonality and serialism (Arnold Schoenberg and Alban Berg), Neoclassicism (Igor Stravinsky), and Minimalism (Philip Glass and John Adams). With the rise of recording technology, singers such as Enrico Caruso and Maria Callas became known to much wider audiences that went beyond the circle of opera fans. Since the invention of radio and television, operas were also performed on (and written for) these media. Beginning in 2006, a number of major opera houses began to present live high-definition video transmissions of their performances in cinemas all over the world. Since 2009, complete performances can be downloaded and are live streamed.

Opera Media

339,493 media by topicpage 1 of 3395
Federico II re di Prussia. Libretto. Italian

Federico II re di Prussia. Libretto. Italian

del Sig. Felice Romani ; da rappresentarsi nell'I. e R. teatro Goldoni nella primavera dell'anno 1821 ; sotto la protezione di S.A.I. e R. Ferdinando III., gran-duca di Toscana ... (statement of responsibility)... More

Grand pot pouri brillant

Grand pot pouri brillant

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

Selections from Leonora, part IV

Selections from Leonora, part IV

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

Ah! With rapture my heart is beating [from] Linda di Chamounix

Ah! With rapture my heart is beating [from] Linda di Chamounix

cover page only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyri... More

Idol mio = Oh return love, aria

Idol mio = Oh return love, aria

English translation by W.J. Wetmore From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In b... More

Due precettori. Libretto. Italian

Due precettori. Libretto. Italian

di L.C. ; posto in musica da Francesco D'Arcais ; da rappresentarsi al teatro Rossini nel carnevale 1858. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Two acts; legal notice--p. 2; "Avvertimento"--... More

Olivette, overture[cornetts 1st & 2nd]
Valse d' Valse doiseau
Turkey's bill boards There are no operas of a [sic] serious plays in Constantinople. The people content themselves with cheap vaudiville [sic] or moving pictures of an indifferent quality. This picture shows one of the leading theatres of the city.

Turkey's bill boards There are no operas of a [sic] serious plays in C...

Photograph shows the entrance to a theater with signs and notices in Greek, Ottoman Turkish and French. Filed in: Turkey Reconstruction. Title from item. No. RC-3141. On mount: Turkey. Forms part of: American ... More

The Federal Arts Projects for New York City welcome the National Education Association of the United States Presenting plays, concerts, radio programs, art exhibits, publications, historical records, circus, Gilbert & Sullivan operas, guided tours of projects : For details inquire at NEA information booths.

The Federal Arts Projects for New York City welcome the National Educa...

Poster for New York City Federal Art Project presentation of festivities during the National Education Association's convention in New York City. Date stamped on verso: Sep 2 1938. Work Projects Administration ... More

Women in essential services. Ruth Anderson, San Francisco's only woman radio news reporter, has entered a field formerly open only to men. A graduate of radio soap operas, Miss Anderson began her newscasts last October on a probational basis and has been editing, preparing and broadcasting reports on world news ever since
Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Albrecht Dürer. Libretto. German

Albrecht Dürer. Libretto. German

Friedrich Leber ; Musik von Fritz Baselt. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Price on front cover: 50 Pfennig; "Vollständiges Textbuch."--title page; "Den Bühnen gegenüber als Manuscript ... More

Kunst und Liebe. Libretto. Libretto. German

Kunst und Liebe. Libretto. Libretto. German

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Fifteen scenes; libretto presumably detached from larger publication; title information taken from division title page; at head of title: III. Music and words by Reichardt--New Grove... More

Matteo Falcone. Libretto. German

Matteo Falcone. Libretto. German

Dichtung und Musik von Theodor Gerlach. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--title page; "L. 3245 O"--title page; "Kurzgefesste Inhaltsangabe"--p. 3-5; advertisements--p. 47, ... More

Merlin. Libretto. German Opera.

Merlin. Libretto. German Opera.

von Siegfried Lipiner ; Musik von Carl Goldmark. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. P. 48-49 presumably filmed twice; legal notice--title page; advertisements--p. [1] at end. Singers' nam... More

Meermann. Libretto. German Opera

Meermann. Libretto. German Opera

von Hans von Wolzogen ; Musik von Hans Sommer. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--title page; "Zur Sage vum Meermann"--p. 39-40. "Druck von Loren; Ellwanger, vorm. Th. Burge... More

Attaque du moulin. Libretto. German

Attaque du moulin. Libretto. German

Dichtung nach Emile Zola von Louis Gallet ; Musik von Alfred Bruneau ; deutsche Übertragung von Bolten-Baeckers. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Handwritten note on cover; dealer's sta... More

Bey of Morocco. Libretto. German

Bey of Morocco. Libretto. German

(nach dem Französischen) von Carl Norden ; Musik von Victor Hollaender ; Op. 80 ; Vollständiges Text- und Regiebuch. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Seinen teuren Sch... More

Arien und Gesänge aus Die Missverständnisse komische Oper in drei Akten

Arien und Gesänge aus Die Missverständnisse komische Oper in drei Akte...

nach dem Französischen des Etienne von Castelli ; Musik von Nicolo Isouard. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Singers' names not given.

Jour et nuit. Libretto. English

Jour et nuit. Libretto. English

Leterrier and Vanloo ; composed by Charles Lecocq ; english adaptation by H.B. Farnie. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Price on front cover: sixpence; advertisements--verso of title pa... More

Trésor supposé. Libretto. German

Trésor supposé. Libretto. German

Musik von Mehul ; nach dem Französischen neu bearbeitet von L. Schneider. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Caption title--p. 1849; running title; "XIII" and "[289]" at bottom of p. 1849... More

Feodora. Libretto. Libretto. German

Feodora. Libretto. Libretto. German

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Music by Ignaz Seyfried--Stieger. Opernlexikon. Libretto by Kotzebue--Stieger. Opernlexikon. "Mit Russisch Kaiserl. und Königl. Sächs. Censur"--p. 50. Performers' names not given.

Wer führt die Braut Heim. Libretto. German

Wer führt die Braut Heim. Libretto. German

von Julius Toll ; Musik von Paul Hassenstein. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Caption title; imprint from colophon; notation on p. 3: 1te Auff, 12/III. Performers' names not given.

Così fan tutte. Libretto. German

Così fan tutte. Libretto. German

nach Cosi fan tutte, von C.F. Brezner [i.e. Bretzner] ; die Musik ist von Mozart. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Libretto by Da Ponte--New Grove. Performers' names not given.

Ingwelde. Libretto. German Opera.

Ingwelde. Libretto. German Opera.

von Ferdinand Graf Sporck ; Musik von Max Schillings. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--front cover; price on front cover and title page: 60 Pfg.; statement re literary sou... More

Vogelhändler. Libretto. German Opera.

Vogelhändler. Libretto. German Opera.

M. West und L. Held ; Musik von Carl Zeller. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: "Text der Gesänge"; legal notices--title page; "C.G. Röder, Leipzig"--p. [1] at end; adve... More

Baby. Libretto. German Opera.

Baby. Libretto. German Opera.

von H. v. Waldberg und A.M. Willner ; Musik von Richard Heuberger. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Textbuch der Gesänge; legal notice--title page; advertisements--p. ... More

Bacio al diavolo. Libretto. Italian

Bacio al diavolo. Libretto. Italian

parole di Francesco Barbieri ; musica del maestro Agostino Sauvage. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--p. 2. Singers' names not given.

Voitures versées. Libretto. German

Voitures versées. Libretto. German

von Boyeldieu. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Königsstädtisches Theater. Libretto by Dupaty--New Grove. Personen: DORMEUIL. Hr. Wiedermann -- ELISE. Dlle. Eva Bambe... More

Jean de Paris. Libretto. German

Jean de Paris. Libretto. German

nach dem Französischen des St. Just ; die Musik ist von Boildieu. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Singers' names not given.

Orfeo ed Euridice. Libretto. Hungarian

Orfeo ed Euridice. Libretto. Hungarian

irta Moline ; forditotta Ábrányi Emil ; zenéjét irta Gluck. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Publisher's list--inside of front cover, cont. on inside and outside of back cover. "Budapes... More

Berggeist. Libretto. German Opera

Berggeist. Libretto. German Opera

von Herrn Alois Gleich ; die Musik von Herrn Joseph Drechsler, Professor der Harmonie. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Singers' names not given.

Matilde Bentivoglio. Libretto. Italian

Matilde Bentivoglio. Libretto. Italian

di G. Bonfiglio ; musica del M.o Pietro Platania. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--p. 2; "Elenco ..."--back cover. Singers' names not given.

Loreley. Libretto. German Opera.

Loreley. Libretto. German Opera.

Dichtung und Musik von Otto Fiebach. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices--title page; caption title at head of act 1: Lorley [sic]; "Druck von M. Siltz in Neusalz a. O."--p. ... More

Orlando paladino. Libretto. German

Orlando paladino. Libretto. German

nach dem Italienischen ; die Musik von Haydn. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Performers' names not given.

Kirchtag von Petersdorf. Libretto. German

Kirchtag von Petersdorf. Libretto. German

die Musik ist von Herrn Wenzel Müller, Kapellmeister. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Imprint taken from partially obscured stamp on title page; "I" at bottom left of title page. Libre... More

Schauspieldirektor. Libretto. German Opera.

Schauspieldirektor. Libretto. German Opera.

Musik von W.A. Mozart ; Text der Gesänge. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Libretto by Stephanie jr.--New Grove. Performers' names not given.

Lieb' und Treue. Libretto. German

Lieb' und Treue. Libretto. German

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "I." at head of title; series statement at bottom left on title page. Libretto by composer--New Grove. Performers' names not given.

Wilde Jäger. Libretto. German

Wilde Jäger. Libretto. German

frei nach Julius Wolff's gleichnamiger Dichtung von G. Wagner und G. Langenbeck ; Musik von A. Schulz. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices--title page; "Den Bühnen gegenüber ... More

Nozze d'Enea con Lavinia. Libretto. Italian

Nozze d'Enea con Lavinia. Libretto. Italian

di Giacomo Badoaro N.V. ; rapresentata nel Teatro di S.S. Gio: e Paolo l'anno 1641 ; posta in musica da Claudio Monteverde maestro di capella della Basilica di S. Marco. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM ... More

Armide. Libretto. German Opera

Armide. Libretto. German Opera

aus dem Französischen des Quinault übersetzt von J. von Voss ; Musik vom Ritter Gluck ; nach Anordnung der Königlichen General-Intendantur. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Price on tit... More

D. Alfonso re di Portogallo (ballo tragico). Scenario. Scenario. Italian. 1825

D. Alfonso re di Portogallo (ballo tragico). Scenario. Scenario. Itali...

del signore Felice Romani ; da rappresentarsi nel teatro grande di Brescia il carnovale dell'anno 1825. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Two acts; dedicated "Al signor conte Giuseppe Br... More

Vierjährige Posten. Libretto. German

Vierjährige Posten. Libretto. German

von Isidor Seiss ; Text frei nach Th. Körner. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--title page. Performers' names not given.

Gentile da Varano. Libretto. Italian

Gentile da Varano. Libretto. Italian

con musica di Filippo Marchetti. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Avvertimento. "Il presente libretto e musica dello spartito essendo di esclusiva proprietà dell'appaltatore Domenico Ro... More

Falsche Prima Donna Opera

Falsche Prima Donna Opera

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Königsstädtisches Theater. Operas from which melodies were taken listed at the head of each number. Personen: HERR VON BÜFFEL. Hr. Rösicke -- MATHILDE. Dlle. Gehse ... More

Orestes. Libretto. German Opera

Orestes. Libretto. German Opera

von Dr. Georg Reinbeck ; nebst einem Vorwort desselben über die deutsche Oper an die Gebildeten des weiblichen Geschlechts. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. P. 141-142 missing; p. 160-1... More

Pescatrice. Libretto. German Opera.

Pescatrice. Libretto. German Opera.

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "Die Musik ist von Herrn Nikolaus Piccini"--verso of title page. Performers' names not given. Performance: Regensburg, Hoftheater. (venue)

Duch wojewody. Libretto. German

Duch wojewody. Libretto. German

nach dem Polnischen des W. Lad. Anczyc von Anton Langer ; Musik von Louis Grossmann. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Dance movements mentioned; legal notices--title page. "Das Bühnen-A... More

Liebesring. Libretto. German Opera.

Liebesring. Libretto. German Opera.

von Dr. H.T. Schmid ; Musik von G.R. Dörstling ; Text der Gesänge. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Singers' names not given.

Die Rose von Woodstock grosse romantische Oper in vier Aufzügen

Die Rose von Woodstock grosse romantische Oper in vier Aufzügen

von Gustav Bouillon ; Musik von Wilhelm Bennewitz. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Singers' names not given.

Nachtlager in Granada. Libretto. English & German

Nachtlager in Granada. Libretto. English & German

the music by Conradin Kreutzer ; now performing at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, under the direction of Herr Roeder. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Libretto in German and English on ... More

Tidian. Libretto. German Opera.

Tidian. Libretto. German Opera.

Gedicht von Carl Hey ; Musik von Albert Schröder. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "Den Bühnen gegenüber als Manuscript gedruckt"--title page; stamp on title page. "Druck von G. Basse i... More

Pfarrer von Meudon. Libretto. German

Pfarrer von Meudon. Libretto. German

von Felix von Woyrsch ; Op. 20. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices--title page. "Text der Gesänge eingerichtet nach dem Scenarium des Hamburger Stadt-Theaters"--front cover.... More

Königin von Saba. Libretto. Hungarian

Königin von Saba. Libretto. Hungarian

irta Mosenthal J. ; zenéjét Goldmark Károly. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Publication information from outside of back cover. Libretto by S.H. Mosenthal--New Grove. Place of perform... More

Manru. Libretto. German Opera

Manru. Libretto. German Opera

Dichtung von Alfred Nossig ; Musik von I.J. Paderewski. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "Textbuch"--front cover; legal notices--title page; "Druck von C.G. Röder, Leipzig"--verso of ti... More

Drac. Libretto. German Opera.

Drac. Libretto. German Opera.

nach George Sand und Paul Meurice von Louis Gallet ; Deutsch von Emma Klingenfeld ; Musik von P.L. Hillemacher. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Personen: ANDREAS. Herr Nebe -- FRANZINE... More

Folkunger. Libretto. German Opera

Folkunger. Libretto. German Opera

von S.H. Mosenthal ; Musik von Edmund Kretschmer. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--title page; dance movements mentioned. Singers' names not given.

Fervaal. Libretto. German Opera

Fervaal. Libretto. German Opera

Dichtung und Musik von Vincent D'Indy ; Deutsch von Emma Klingenfeld. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--p. 2. Libretto by composer--New Grove. Performers' names not given.

Alte Dessauer. Libretto. German

Alte Dessauer. Libretto. German

von Paul Kurth ; Musik von Otto Neitzel. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Series title on front cover; "Königliche Schauspiele"--at head of title; "als manuscript gedruckt"--title page;... More

Arcifanfano. Libretto. Italian Opera

Arcifanfano. Libretto. Italian Opera

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Three acts; composer's dedication, signed: Giuseppe Scolari--p. [5]-[8]; scene descriptions--p. [10]; collector's stamp--p. 106; apology--p. [1] at end. "Con licenza de' superiori"--... More

Donauweibchen 2. T. German

Donauweibchen 2. T. German

nach einer Sage der Vorzeit von K.F. Hensler ; die Musik ist vom Musikdirector Kauer. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Act one incipit: Der Liebe Opfer ist vollbracht. Singers' names not given.

Dornröschen. Libretto. German Opera.

Dornröschen. Libretto. German Opera.

von Alexander Levy ; Musik von August Langert. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Dance movements mentioned. Singers' names not given.

Griselda. Libretto. German Opera

Griselda. Libretto. German Opera

die Musik ist vom Capellmeister Pär. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "V. S.S. Binda"--handwritten on title page. Libretto by A. Anelli entitled Griselda, ossia La virtù al cimento--New... More

Mariage au tambour. Libretto. German

Mariage au tambour. Libretto. German

nach Alexandre Dumas ; von Paul Burani ; Musik von Leon Vasseur. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Imprint from p. 52 Performers' names not given.

Gefesselte Fantasie. Libretto. Libretto. German

Gefesselte Fantasie. Libretto. Libretto. German

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "III" at bottom of title page. Music by Wenzel Müller, libretto by F. Raimund--Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Performers' names not given.

Jadwiga. Libretto. German Opera.

Jadwiga. Libretto. German Opera.

frei nach Scribe von P. Hirschberger und Rob. Pohl ; Musik von Rudolf Dellinger. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Text der Gesänge; legal notice on title page; "Den Bü... More

Johann Strauss - Jabuka. Libretto. German Opera

Johann Strauss - Jabuka. Libretto. German Opera

von Max Kalbeck und Gustav Davis ; Musik von Johann Strauss. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Title on front cover: Jabuka (Das Apfelfest); legal notices--title page; publisher's lists-... More

Glockengiesser. Libretto. German Opera

Glockengiesser. Libretto. German Opera

von Ludwig Storch ; Musik von A. Lübcke. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Cast list not given.

Die Küchen-Diplomat komische Operette in einem Akt ; Musik von Wilhelm Höhne

Die Küchen-Diplomat komische Operette in einem Akt ; Musik von Wilhelm...

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Honorarium form and legal notice--title page. Librettist unknown. "Den Bühnen gegenüber als Manuscript gedruckt und als ausschliessliches Eigenthum der Theater-Agentur von Otto Schrö... More

Fest im Eichthale. Libretto. German

Fest im Eichthale. Libretto. German

frey bearbeitet nach Bock ; in Musik gesetzt von H.C. Ebell. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Singers' names not given.

Locandiera. Libretto. Italian Opera

Locandiera. Libretto. Italian Opera

parole di Giuseppe Barilli ; musica del maestro Emilio Usiglio. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--p. 2; "Elenco"--back cover. Singers' names not given.

Tajemstvé. Libretto. German Opera.

Tajemstvé. Libretto. German Opera.

von Elisabeth Krasnohorska ; für die deutsche Bühne frei bearbeitet von Max Kalbeck ; Musik von Friedrich Smetana. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Price on front cover and title page: ... More

Andrea Chenier. Libretto. German

Andrea Chenier. Libretto. German

von L. Illica ; Musik von U. Giordano ; für die Deutsche Bühne bearbeitet von Max Kalbeck. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Half title--p. 1; legal notices--verso of title page; "Verlag... More

Guglielmo Ratcliff. Libretto. German

Guglielmo Ratcliff. Libretto. German

von Heinrich Heine ; Musik von Pietro Mascagni ; der deutsche Text ist nach der Uebersetzung von Maffei mit möglichster Beibehaltung des Heine'schen Originales von Emil Taubert bearbeitet worden. (statement of ... More

Improvisator. Libretto. German Opera

Improvisator. Libretto. German Opera

Dichtung von Gustav Kastropp ; Musik von Eugen d'Albert. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "Textbuch"--front cover; legal notices--title page; "C.G. Röder, Leipzig 17107 .01"--p. 100; ad... More

Treuer Schelm. Libretto. German

Treuer Schelm. Libretto. German

Textdichtung von Axel Delmar ; Musik von Ferdinand Hummel ; Op. 64. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Publisher's number on title page: 10590; "Vollständiges Textbuch"--title page; price... More

Duenna. Libretto. English Opera

Duenna. Libretto. English Opera

by Richard Brinsley Sheridan ; with the stage business, cast of characters, costumes, relative positions, &c. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. P. vi-vii are unnumbered; price on cover: ... More

Ghismonda. Libretto. German Opera.

Ghismonda. Libretto. German Opera.

mit Benutzung des dramatischen Gedichts von Immermann von Eugen d'Albert ; Dichtung. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Series title from front cover; list of titles in series--back cover... More

Husarenstreich. Libretto. German Opera

Husarenstreich. Libretto. German Opera

von Otto Negendank ; Musikvon Franz Rosner. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices--at head of title and on title page; dealer's stamp--title page. Performers' names not given.

Iphigénie en Tauride. Libretto. German

Iphigénie en Tauride. Libretto. German

Musik von Gluck ; die zur Handlung gehoörigen Ballets find von dem königlichen Balletmeister Hoguet. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: "Königliche Schauspiele; price on... More

Finta giarginiera. Libretto. German

Finta giarginiera. Libretto. German

mit Neuem Text und Dialog von Max Kalbeck ; Musik von W.A. Mozart ; den bühnen gegenüber Manuscript. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Libretto presumably by Calzabigi, revised by Coltel... More

Sylvester komische Oper in drei Akten : Text nach einer Zschokkeschen Novelle

Sylvester komische Oper in drei Akten : Text nach einer Zschokkeschen ...

von C. Keller ; Musik von H. Willemsen. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Portions of p. 34-35 obscured on film. Performers' names not given.

Chevalier d'Harmental. Libretto. German

Chevalier d'Harmental. Libretto. German

nach Alexandre Dumas und Auguste Maquet von Paul Ferrier ; Deutsch von Max Kalbeck ; Musik von André Messager. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Publisher's label on front cover: Wallish... More

Travellers. Libretto. English Opera

Travellers. Libretto. English Opera

by Andrew Cherry ... printed from the acting copy, with remarks, biographical and critical, by D.--G. ... to which are added, a description of the costume, cast of the characters, entrances and exits, relative ... More

Mataswintha. Libretto. German Opera.

Mataswintha. Libretto. German Opera.

Text nach Felix Dahn's "Ein Kampf um Rom" von Ernst Koppel ; Musik von Xaver Scharwenka. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--title page; publisher's list--p. [1] at end, back... More

Merope. Libretto. German Opera.

Merope. Libretto. German Opera.

von Dr. Johannes Emanuel Ludwig ; Musik von H. Mühlenbruch. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Performers' names not given.

Welfenbraut. Libretto. German Opera.

Welfenbraut. Libretto. German Opera.

Max Tull und Richard Geneée ; Musik von Alfred Zamara. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices at head of title and on title page; includes description of ballet occuring at the ... More

Hans und Hanne. Libretto. German

Hans und Hanne. Libretto. German

von W. Friedrich ; Musik von E. Stiegmann. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Publisher's list--p. [1] - [2] at end, back cover. W. Friedrich was pseudonym of Wilhelm Friedrich Riese--Lib... More

Manuel Venegas. Libretto. German

Manuel Venegas. Libretto. German

Dichtung von Jos. V. Widmann ; Musik von Richard Heuberger. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Imprint from p. 52. "Selbstverlag des Componisten"--title page. Singers' names not given.

Opera Buffa ein komisches Singspiel in zwey Akten

Opera Buffa ein komisches Singspiel in zwey Akten

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Half-title; libretto presumably detached from larger work. Musik by Georg Ernst Gottlieb Kallenbach--Schatz. Handkatolog. Librettist unknown. Performers' names not given.

Gesänge aus Erinnerung Liederspiel in 2 Aufzügen

Gesänge aus Erinnerung Liederspiel in 2 Aufzügen

von Karl von Holtei. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Königsstädtisches Theater. Personen des ersten Aufzuges: DER HERR VON EHRENFELS. Hr. Meixner -- ELISABETH. Dlle. ... More

Rosenmädchen. Libretto. German Opera

Rosenmädchen. Libretto. German Opera

frei nach dem Französischen des Théaulon ; die Musik ist vom Musik-Direktor C.W. Henning. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. P. 33 misnumbered 35; at head of title: Königsstädtisches Thea... More

Chevalier von San Marco. Libretto. German

Chevalier von San Marco. Libretto. German

von H. Bohrmann und J. Riegen ; Musik von Josef Bayer, Mitglied der k.k. Hof-Opern-Capelle in Wien. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. p. 28-29 not filmed; legal notices--title page. Juli... More

Edelknaben. Libretto. German Opera

Edelknaben. Libretto. German Opera

frei nach dem Inhalt eines französischen Lustspiels des Dezède bearbeitet und in Musik gesetzt vom Freiherrn vom Lichtenstein. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Price on title page: 2-1/... More

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