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Opera is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers, but is distinct from musical theatre. Such a "work" (the literal translation of the Italian word "opera") is typically a collaboration between a composer and a librettist and incorporates a number of the performing arts, such as acting, scenery, costume, and sometimes dance or ballet. The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble, which since the early 19th century has been led by a conductor.

Opera is a key part of the Western classical music tradition. Originally understood as an entirely sung piece, in contrast to a play with songs, opera has come to include numerous genres, including some that include spoken dialogue such as musical theatre, Singspiel and Opéra comique. In traditional number opera, singers employ two styles of singing: recitative, a speech-inflected style, and self-contained arias. The 19th century saw the rise of the continuous music drama.

Opera originated in Italy at the end of the 16th century (with Jacopo Peri's mostly lost Dafne, produced in Florence in 1598) especially from works by Claudio Monteverdi, notably L'Orfeo, and soon spread through the rest of Europe: Heinrich Schütz in Germany, Jean-Baptiste Lully in France, and Henry Purcell in England all helped to establish their national traditions in the 17th century. In the 18th century, Italian opera continued to dominate most of Europe (except France), attracting foreign composers such as George Frideric Handel. Opera seria was the most prestigious form of Italian opera, until Christoph Willibald Gluck reacted against its artificiality with his "reform" operas in the 1760s. The most renowned figure of late 18th-century opera is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who began with opera seria but is most famous for his Italian comic operas, especially The Marriage of Figaro (Le nozze di Figaro), Don Giovanni, and Così fan tutte, as well as Die Entführung aus dem Serail (The Abduction from the Seraglio), and The Magic Flute (Die Zauberflöte), landmarks in the German tradition.

The first third of the 19th century saw the high point of the bel canto style, with Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti and Vincenzo Bellini all creating signature works of that style. It also saw the advent of Grand Opera typified by the works of Daniel Auber and Giacomo Meyerbeer. The mid-to-late 19th century was a golden age of opera, led and dominated by Giuseppe Verdi in Italy and Richard Wagner in Germany. The popularity of opera continued through the verismo era in Italy and contemporary French opera through to Giacomo Puccini and Richard Strauss in the early 20th century. During the 19th century, parallel operatic traditions emerged in central and eastern Europe, particularly in Russia and Bohemia. The 20th century saw many experiments with modern styles, such as atonality and serialism (Arnold Schoenberg and Alban Berg), Neoclassicism (Igor Stravinsky), and Minimalism (Philip Glass and John Adams). With the rise of recording technology, singers such as Enrico Caruso and Maria Callas became known to much wider audiences that went beyond the circle of opera fans. Since the invention of radio and television, operas were also performed on (and written for) these media. Beginning in 2006, a number of major opera houses began to present live high-definition video transmissions of their performances in cinemas all over the world. Since 2009, complete performances can be downloaded and are live streamed.

Opera Media

339,492 media by topicpage 1 of 3395
Federico II re di Prussia. Libretto. Italian

Federico II re di Prussia. Libretto. Italian

del Sig. Felice Romani ; da rappresentarsi nell'I. e R. teatro Goldoni nella primavera dell'anno 1821 ; sotto la protezione di S.A.I. e R. Ferdinando III., gran-duca di Toscana ... (statement of responsibility)... More

Grand pot pouri brillant

Grand pot pouri brillant

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

Selections from Leonora, part IV

Selections from Leonora, part IV

cover only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyright D... More

Ah! With rapture my heart is beating [from] Linda di Chamounix

Ah! With rapture my heart is beating [from] Linda di Chamounix

cover page only From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In bound volumes: Copyri... More

Idol mio = Oh return love, aria

Idol mio = Oh return love, aria

English translation by W.J. Wetmore From: Music Copyright Deposits, 1820-1860 (Microfilm M 3106) Also available through the Library of Congress Web Site as facsimile page images. (additional physical form) In b... More

Due precettori. Libretto. Italian

Due precettori. Libretto. Italian

di L.C. ; posto in musica da Francesco D'Arcais ; da rappresentarsi al teatro Rossini nel carnevale 1858. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Two acts; legal notice--p. 2; "Avvertimento"--... More

Turkey's bill boards There are no operas of a [sic] serious plays in Constantinople. The people content themselves with cheap vaudiville [sic] or moving pictures of an indifferent quality. This picture shows one of the leading theatres of the city.

Turkey's bill boards There are no operas of a [sic] serious plays in C...

Photograph shows the entrance to a theater with signs and notices in Greek, Ottoman Turkish and French. Filed in: Turkey Reconstruction. Title from item. No. RC-3141. On mount: Turkey. Forms part of: American ... More

The Federal Arts Projects for New York City welcome the National Education Association of the United States Presenting plays, concerts, radio programs, art exhibits, publications, historical records, circus, Gilbert & Sullivan operas, guided tours of projects : For details inquire at NEA information booths.

The Federal Arts Projects for New York City welcome the National Educa...

Poster for New York City Federal Art Project presentation of festivities during the National Education Association's convention in New York City. Date stamped on verso: Sep 2 1938. Work Projects Administration ... More

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Performance of "The Flying Dutchman" Opera in Mobile, Alabama

Mobile Opera Guild Auxiliary (affiliated with the Metropolitan Opera Guild) presents mainstage productions and opera excerpts throughout a five-state area. Title, date, subject note, and keywords provided by th... More

Albrecht Dürer. Libretto. German

Albrecht Dürer. Libretto. German

Friedrich Leber ; Musik von Fritz Baselt. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Price on front cover: 50 Pfennig; "Vollständiges Textbuch."--title page; "Den Bühnen gegenüber als Manuscript ... More

Carmela Oper in drei Acten

Carmela Oper in drei Acten

von Joh. C. Visser ; Text von F. Michelsohn. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Imprint from front cover; texts of libretto proper and preliminaries in German; synopsis in Dutch for each ... More

Improvisator. Libretto. German

Improvisator. Libretto. German

Dichtung von Gustav Kastropp ; Musik von Eugen d'Albert. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "Textbuch"--front cover; legal notices--title page; "C.G. Röder, Leipzig 17107 .01"--p. 100; ad... More

Bacio al diavolo. Libretto. Italian

Bacio al diavolo. Libretto. Italian

parole di Francesco Barbieri ; musica del maestro Agostino Sauvage. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--p. 2. Singers' names not given.

Löwen Erwachen. Libretto. German

Löwen Erwachen. Libretto. German

Musik von Johann Brandl, Kapellmeister am k.k. priv. Karltheater ; am k.k. priv. Karltheater mit grossem Erfolg aufgeführt, ferner in Berlin (Friedrich-Wilhelmstadt), dann in Hamburg (Stadttheater) ... (stateme... More

Gentile da Varano. Libretto. Italian

Gentile da Varano. Libretto. Italian

con musica di Filippo Marchetti. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Avvertimento. "Il presente libretto e musica dello spartito essendo di esclusiva proprietà dell'appaltatore Domenico Ro... More

Maître de chapelle. Libretto. German

Maître de chapelle. Libretto. German

nach dem Französischen des Alexander Düval ; Musik von Pär. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Le maître de chapelle, ou, Le souper imprévu, libretto by S. Gay, presented in Germany as Wi... More

Edelknaben. Libretto. German

Edelknaben. Libretto. German

frei nach dem Inhalt eines französischen Lustspiels des Dezède bearbeitet und in Musik gesetzt vom Freiherrn vom Lichtenstein. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Price on title page: 2-1/... More

Arien und Gesänge aus Die Missverständnisse komische Oper in drei Akten

Arien und Gesänge aus Die Missverständnisse komische Oper in drei Akte...

nach dem Französischen des Etienne von Castelli ; Musik von Nicolo Isouard. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Singers' names not given.

Armide. Libretto. German

Armide. Libretto. German

aus dem Französischen des Quinault übersetzt von J. von Voss ; Musik vom Ritter Gluck ; nach Anordnung der Königlichen General-Intendantur. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Price on tit... More

Berggeist. Libretto. German

Berggeist. Libretto. German

von Herrn Alois Gleich ; die Musik von Herrn Joseph Drechsler, Professor der Harmonie. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Singers' names not given.

Pfarrer von Meudon. Libretto. German

Pfarrer von Meudon. Libretto. German

von Felix von Woyrsch ; Op. 20. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices--title page. "Text der Gesänge eingerichtet nach dem Scenarium des Hamburger Stadt-Theaters"--front cover.... More

Chevalier d'Harmental. Libretto. German

Chevalier d'Harmental. Libretto. German

nach Alexandre Dumas und Auguste Maquet von Paul Ferrier ; Deutsch von Max Kalbeck ; Musik von André Messager. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Publisher's label on front cover: Wallish... More

Treuer Schelm. Libretto. German

Treuer Schelm. Libretto. German

Textdichtung von Axel Delmar ; Musik von Ferdinand Hummel ; Op. 64. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Publisher's number on title page: 10590; "Vollständiges Textbuch"--title page; price... More

Attila Oper in drei Akten und einem Vorspiele

Attila Oper in drei Akten und einem Vorspiele

frei nach Felix Dahn's gleichnamigen Roman von Karl Dibbern ; Musik von Adolf Gunkel. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Cover title; caption title--p. 1; dance movements mentioned. "Druc... More

Così fan tutte. Libretto. German

Così fan tutte. Libretto. German

die Musik ist von Mozart. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Königsstädtisches Theater. Libretto by Da Ponte--New Grove. Performers' names not given. Performance: Berlin... More

Fest im Eichthale. Libretto. German

Fest im Eichthale. Libretto. German

frey bearbeitet nach Bock ; in Musik gesetzt von H.C. Ebell. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Singers' names not given.

Finta giarginiera. Libretto. German

Finta giarginiera. Libretto. German

mit Neuem Text und Dialog von Max Kalbeck ; Musik von W.A. Mozart ; den bühnen gegenüber Manuscript. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Libretto presumably by Calzabigi, revised by Coltel... More

Pyramus und Thisbe. Libretto. German

Pyramus und Thisbe. Libretto. German

die Musi ist von Herrn Musikdirektor Bierey. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Librettist unknown. Singers' names not given.

Notte critica. Libretto. German

Notte critica. Libretto. German

nach dem Italienischen des Dr. Goldoni ; die Musik von Piccini. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Performers' names not given.

Fürst und Sänger. Libretto. German

Fürst und Sänger. Libretto. German

die Dichtung ist nach Idee und Plan des Komponisten ; in Versen ausgeführt von J.V. Widmann ; Musik von Felix Mottl. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Front cover illustrated; "C.G. Röde... More

Orestes. Libretto. German

Orestes. Libretto. German

von Dr. Georg Reinbeck ; nebst einem Vorwort desselben über die deutsche Oper an die Gebildeten des weiblichen Geschlechts. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. P. 141-142 missing; p. 160-1... More

Locandiera. Libretto. Italian

Locandiera. Libretto. Italian

parole di Giuseppe Barilli ; musica del maestro Emilio Usiglio. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--p. 2; "Elenco"--back cover. Singers' names not given.

Jean de Paris. Libretto. German

Jean de Paris. Libretto. German

nach dem Französischen des St. Just ; die Musik ist von Boildieu. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Singers' names not given.

Iphigénie en Tauride. Libretto. German

Iphigénie en Tauride. Libretto. German

Musik von Gluck ; die zur Handlung gehoörigen Ballets find von dem königlichen Balletmeister Hoguet. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: "Königliche Schauspiele; price on... More

Fest im Eichthale. Libretto. German

Fest im Eichthale. Libretto. German

frei bearbeitet nach Bok ; in Musik gesetzt von H.C. Ebell. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Singers' names not given.

Tajemstvé. Libretto. German

Tajemstvé. Libretto. German

von Elisabeth Krasnohorska ; für die deutsche Bühne frei bearbeitet von Max Kalbeck ; Musik von Friedrich Smetana. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Price on front cover and title page: ... More

Gilette de Narbonne. Libretto. German

Gilette de Narbonne. Libretto. German

von Henri Chivot und Alfred Duru ; Musik von Eduard Audran. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "Als Manuskript gedruckt"--title page; legal notice--title page. Singers' names not given.

Bey of Morocco. Libretto. German

Bey of Morocco. Libretto. German

(nach dem Französischen) von Carl Norden ; Musik von Victor Hollaender ; Op. 80 ; Vollständiges Text- und Regiebuch. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Seinen teuren Sch... More

Jadwiga. Libretto. German

Jadwiga. Libretto. German

frei nach Scribe von P. Hirschberger und Rob. Pohl ; Musik von Rudolf Dellinger. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Text der Gesänge; legal notice on title page; "Den Bü... More

Trésor supposé. Libretto. German

Trésor supposé. Libretto. German

Musik von Mehul ; nach dem Französischen neu bearbeitet von L. Schneider. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Caption title--p. 1849; running title; "XIII" and "[289]" at bottom of p. 1849... More

Madelaine, die Rose de Bretagne komische Oper in 2 Aufzügen, nach dem Lustspiele l'Image

Madelaine, die Rose de Bretagne komische Oper in 2 Aufzügen, nach dem ...

frei bearbeitet von Wilhelm Gabriel ; Musik von Heinrich Weidt. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Title spelled: Madeleine -- Gruber. Opern-Urauffürungen. Performers' names not given.

Ghismonda. Libretto. German

Ghismonda. Libretto. German

mit Benutzung des dramatischen Gedichts von Immermann von Eugen d'Albert ; Dichtung. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Series title from front cover; list of titles in series--back cover... More

Voitures versées. Libretto. German

Voitures versées. Libretto. German

von Boyeldieu. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Königsstädtisches Theater. Libretto by Dupaty--New Grove. Personen: DORMEUIL. Hr. Wiedermann -- ELISE. Dlle. Eva Bambe... More

Donauweibchen 2. T. German

Donauweibchen 2. T. German

nach einer Sage der Vorzeit von K.F. Hensler ; die Musik ist vom Musikdirector Kauer. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Act one incipit: Der Liebe Opfer ist vollbracht. Singers' names not given.

Tidian. Libretto. German

Tidian. Libretto. German

Gedicht von Carl Hey ; Musik von Albert Schröder. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "Den Bühnen gegenüber als Manuscript gedruckt"--title page; stamp on title page. "Druck von G. Basse i... More

Macbeth. Libretto. German

Macbeth. Libretto. German

nach dem Französischen des Rouget de Lille [i.e. Lisle] frei bearbeitet von Cäsar Max Heigel ; Musik von Andreas Hypolite Chélard, Königl. Baier. Kapellmeister. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto ... More

Table et le logement. Libretto. German

Table et le logement. Libretto. German

Musik vom konigl. bayer. Kapellmeister H. Chelard. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Handwritten number in upper right hand corner of title page. The opera is a revision of La table et l... More

Mariage au tambour. Libretto. German

Mariage au tambour. Libretto. German

nach Alexandre Dumas ; von Paul Burani ; Musik von Leon Vasseur. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Imprint from p. 52 Performers' names not given.

Matteo Falcone. Libretto. German

Matteo Falcone. Libretto. German

Dichtung und Musik von Theodor Gerlach. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--title page; "L. 3245 O"--title page; "Kurzgefesste Inhaltsangabe"--p. 3-5; advertisements--p. 47, ... More

Adolphe et Clara. Libretto. German

Adolphe et Clara. Libretto. German

nach Marsollier bearbeitet von F.K. Hiemer ; Musik von d'Aleyrac. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Libretto presumably detached from larger work. Performers' names not given.

Dornröschen. Libretto. German

Dornröschen. Libretto. German

von Alexander Levy ; Musik von August Langert. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Dance movements mentioned. Singers' names not given.

Mataswintha. Libretto. German

Mataswintha. Libretto. German

Text nach Felix Dahn's "Ein Kampf um Rom" von Ernst Koppel ; Musik von Xaver Scharwenka. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--title page; publisher's list--p. [1] at end, back... More

Wilhelm von Oranien. Libretto. German

Wilhelm von Oranien. Libretto. German

Dichtung von Roderich Fels ; Musik von Heinrich Hofmann. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Dance movements mentioned--p. 36 and 39; "Kompositionen von Heinrich Hofmann"--p. 47-50. Singer... More

Welfenbraut. Libretto. German

Welfenbraut. Libretto. German

Max Tull und Richard Geneée ; Musik von Alfred Zamara. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices at head of title and on title page; includes description of ballet occuring at the ... More

Im Raubritternest. Libretto. German

Im Raubritternest. Libretto. German

unter Mitverwendung der gefährlichsten Erfindungen der Neuzeit gedichtet, componirt und allen Freunden gesunden Humors freundlichst gewidmet von Carl Höpfner, op. 24 ; Regie- und Soufflirbuch. (statement of res... More

Wilde Jäger. Libretto. German

Wilde Jäger. Libretto. German

frei nach Julius Wolff's gleichnamiger Dichtung von G. Wagner und G. Langenbeck ; Musik von A. Schulz. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices--title page; "Den Bühnen gegenüber ... More

Tramonto. Libretto. German

Tramonto. Libretto. German

von Arrigo Boito ; aus dem Italienischen übersetzt von D.r Sigmund Arkel ; Musik von Gaetano Coronaro. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. One act; price on front cover: MK.-50; legal noti... More

Loreley. Libretto. German

Loreley. Libretto. German

Dichtung und Musik von Otto Fiebach. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices--title page; caption title at head of act 1: Lorley [sic]; "Druck von M. Siltz in Neusalz a. O."--p. ... More

Guglielmo Ratcliff. Libretto. German

Guglielmo Ratcliff. Libretto. German

von Heinrich Heine ; Musik von Pietro Mascagni ; der deutsche Text ist nach der Uebersetzung von Maffei mit möglichster Beibehaltung des Heine'schen Originales von Emil Taubert bearbeitet worden. (statement of ... More

Travellers. Libretto. English

Travellers. Libretto. English

by Andrew Cherry ... printed from the acting copy, with remarks, biographical and critical, by D.--G. ... to which are added, a description of the costume, cast of the characters, entrances and exits, relative ... More

Prinzessin Rebenblüthe phantastisch-komische Oper in 1 Aufzug

Prinzessin Rebenblüthe phantastisch-komische Oper in 1 Aufzug

von Robert Jonas ; Musik von W.C. Mühldorfer ; Text der Gesänge. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Performers' names not given.

Marquis von Rivoli. Libretto. German

Marquis von Rivoli. Libretto. German

von Richard Genée und B. Schier ; Musik von Louis Roth. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. P. 12-13 not included; legal notices--title page; "Druck von Basset & Co. in Hamburg"--verso of ... More

Griselda. Libretto. German

Griselda. Libretto. German

die Musik ist vom Capellmeister Pär. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "V. S.S. Binda"--handwritten on title page. Libretto by A. Anelli entitled Griselda, ossia La virtù al cimento--New... More

Königin von Saba. Libretto. Hungarian

Königin von Saba. Libretto. Hungarian

irta Mosenthal J. ; zenéjét Goldmark Károly. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Publication information from outside of back cover. Libretto by S.H. Mosenthal--New Grove. Place of perform... More

Rosenmädchen. Libretto. German

Rosenmädchen. Libretto. German

frei nach dem Französischen des Théaulon ; die Musik ist vom Musik-Direktor C.W. Henning. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. P. 33 misnumbered 35; at head of title: Königsstädtisches Thea... More

Schauspieldirektor. Libretto. German

Schauspieldirektor. Libretto. German

Musik von W.A. Mozart ; Text der Gesänge. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Libretto by Stephanie jr.--New Grove. Performers' names not given.

Cloches de Corneville. Libretto. German

Cloches de Corneville. Libretto. German

Dichtung von Claireville und Gabet ; Musik von Robert Planquette ; vollständiger Text mit Dialog und Scenerie. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Series title on front cover; legal notice... More

Die Küchen-Diplomat komische Operette in einem Akt ; Musik von Wilhelm Höhne

Die Küchen-Diplomat komische Operette in einem Akt ; Musik von Wilhelm...

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Honorarium form and legal notice--title page. Librettist unknown. "Den Bühnen gegenüber als Manuscript gedruckt und als ausschliessliches Eigenthum der Theater-Agentur von Otto Schrö... More

Pescatrice. Libretto. German

Pescatrice. Libretto. German

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "Die Musik ist von Herrn Nikolaus Piccini"--verso of title page. Performers' names not given. Performance: Regensburg, Hoftheater. (venue)

Arezzo grosse Oper in vier Acten

Arezzo grosse Oper in vier Acten

Text und Musik von Max Leythäuser-Melano ; (Text nach seiner gleichnamigen Tragödie bearbeitet). (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--title page. Singers' names not given.

Trentajäger. Libretto. German

Trentajäger. Libretto. German

nach dem epischen Gedicht Zlatorog von Rudolf Baumbach ; Musik von Victor Gluth. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "Bühnen gegenüber als Manuskript"--title page; legal notice--title page... More

Orpheus og Eurydike. Libretto. German

Orpheus og Eurydike. Libretto. German

nach dem daenischen von Carl Friedrich Cramer ; die Musik vom Herrn Capellmeister Naumann. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Three acts. "Vorrede" on p. III-XXXI includes passages from "... More

Figlio di papà. Libretto. Italian

Figlio di papà. Libretto. Italian

di Gaetano Micci ; musica del maestro G. Zoboli. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--p. 2. Singers' names not given.

Gesänge aus Erinnerung Liederspiel in 2 Aufzügen

Gesänge aus Erinnerung Liederspiel in 2 Aufzügen

von Karl von Holtei. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Königsstädtisches Theater. Personen des ersten Aufzuges: DER HERR VON EHRENFELS. Hr. Meixner -- ELISABETH. Dlle. ... More

Pächter und der Tod. Libretto. German

Pächter und der Tod. Libretto. German

von A. Gleich ; Musik von W. Müller, und Musikdirektor Kugler. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. At head of title: Königsstädtisches Theater. Personen: GRAF SELBERG. Hr. Laddey -- KRONAU... More

Feodora. Libretto. Libretto. German

Feodora. Libretto. Libretto. German

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Music by Ignaz Seyfried--Stieger. Opernlexikon. Libretto by Kotzebue--Stieger. Opernlexikon. "Mit Russisch Kaiserl. und Königl. Sächs. Censur"--p. 50. Performers' names not given.

Attaque du moulin. Libretto. German

Attaque du moulin. Libretto. German

Dichtung nach Emile Zola von Louis Gallet ; Musik von Alfred Bruneau ; deutsche Übertragung von Bolten-Baeckers. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Handwritten note on cover; dealer's sta... More

Jabuka. Libretto. German

Jabuka. Libretto. German

von Max Kalbeck und Gustav Davis ; Musik von Johann Strauss. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Title on front cover: Jabuka (Das Apfelfest); legal notices--title page; publisher's lists-... More

Nachtlager in Granada. Libretto. English & German

Nachtlager in Granada. Libretto. English & German

the music by Conradin Kreutzer ; now performing at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, under the direction of Herr Roeder. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Libretto in German and English on ... More

Der Guckkasten, oder, Das Beste komt zulezt eine komische Operette in zwei Aufzügen ; nach einem italienischen Text

Der Guckkasten, oder, Das Beste komt zulezt eine komische Operette in ...

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Opera composed by J.C. Kaffka--Schatz. Handkatalog. Librettist unknown. Singers' names not given.

Silver Slipper. Libretto. German

Silver Slipper. Libretto. German

Text von Owen Hall ; Deutsch von W. Mannstädt ; Musik von Leslie Stuart. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "Textbuch"--front cover; legal notice--title page; "Druck von C.G. Röder in Lei... More

Re Nala. Libretto. Italian

Re Nala. Libretto. Italian

di Vincenzo Valle ; musica di Antonio Smareglia. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notice--p. 2; note--p. 3. Singers' names not given.

Husarenstreich. Libretto. German

Husarenstreich. Libretto. German

von Otto Negendank ; Musikvon Franz Rosner. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices--at head of title and on title page; dealer's stamp--title page. Performers' names not given.

Rose von Bacharach. Libretto. German

Rose von Bacharach. Libretto. German

von Ludwig Scherff. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. "Den Bühnen gegenüber als Manuscript gedruckt"--title page; advertisement--p. 3. Libretto by composer--Stieger. Opernlexikon. "Gedru... More

Merope. Libretto. German

Merope. Libretto. German

von Dr. Johannes Emanuel Ludwig ; Musik von H. Mühlenbruch. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Performers' names not given.

Maestro di cappella burlato. Libretto. German

Maestro di cappella burlato. Libretto. German

nach einem Italiänischen Texte, und Lorazi's Komposition, von Back. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. P. 192-193 presumably filmed twice, the first time out of sequence; publisher's list... More

Duenna. Libretto. English

Duenna. Libretto. English

by Richard Brinsley Sheridan ; with the stage business, cast of characters, costumes, relative positions, &c. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. P. vi-vii are unnumbered; price on cover: ... More

Meister Tutenbach, oder, Das Abenteuer auf dem Sängerfest komische Operette in zwei Akten für Männer-Gesangvereine und Liedertafeln

Meister Tutenbach, oder, Das Abenteuer auf dem Sängerfest komische Ope...

Text und Musik letztere theils componirt, theils arrangirt von Hermann Kipper, Op. 58. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices--at head of title and on title page; "Regie- und So... More

Hirlanda. Libretto. German

Hirlanda. Libretto. German

von Wilhelm Bruch. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Price written by hand on front cover: 50 [ ]; "Als Manuscript gedruckt"--title page; legal notice--verso of title page; handwritten ... More

Kellner und Lord komische Operette in 1 Akt : besonders zur Aufführung in Männergesangvereinen, Liedertafeln ec. bestimmt

Kellner und Lord komische Operette in 1 Akt : besonders zur Aufführung...

von Hermann Kipper, Op. 36. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Legal notices--at head of title and on title page; "Regie- und Soufflirbuch"--title page; price on title page: 4 Ngr., "nett... More

Bräutigamspiegel. Libretto. Libretto. German

Bräutigamspiegel. Libretto. Libretto. German

U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Opera composed by Heinrich Carl Ebell--New Grove. Librettist unknown. Singers' names not given.

Merlin. Libretto. German

Merlin. Libretto. German

von Siegfried Lipiner ; Musik von Carl Goldmark. (statement of responsibility) U.S. RISM Libretto Project. P. 48-49 presumably filmed twice; legal notice--title page; advertisements--p. [1] at end. Singers' nam... More