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Convent of St. Catherine i.e., Monastery of St. Catherine, Sinai Mts.i.e., mountains

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Convent of St. Catherine i.e., Monastery of St. Catherine, Sinai Mts.i.e., mountains

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Summary

Title from negative sleeve.
Photograph taken from the slopes of Gebel El Dier (Selib-Baraka) to the north of Saint Catherine Monastery in Wadi El Dier (Biblical Holy Valley), looking northwest and showing the eastern slopes of Gebel Rubsha (El Ghabsheh) to the right from a 4.8km distance, the orchard and fortress of Saint Catherine Monastery in the valley, and the mountain slopes of Gebel Armaziya and Gebel El Sefsafa behind the monastery. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
Saint Catherine Monastery was constructed in 545 CE by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (527-565 CE). The monastery's bell tower was constructed in 1871 CE next to 6th century CE basilica (visible in the centre) and the Fatimid's whitewashed medieval minaret in early 12th century CE to its right, towering the Byzantine and medieval chapels and buildings inside Justinian's fortress. The gravel ground next to the walls of the monastery in the foreground in lower-left had been used as a camel station and camping ground for travellers and tourists to the summit of Mount Sinai (Biblical Sinai), since the construction of Siqqat Abbas Basha in 19th century CE. Abbas Helmi I, the Khedive of Egypt (1849-54), visited Sinai Peninsula in 1853-54 CE and paved several paths in the vicinity of Mount Sinai and along the pilgrimage routes in the peninsula. (Source: A. Shams, Sinai Peninsula Research, 2018)
Taken either by the American Colony Photo Department or its successor, the Matson Photo Service.
Guide card: Sinai.
Gift; Episcopal Home; 1978.

The G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection is a source of historical images of the Middle East. The majority of the images depict Palestine (present-day Israel and the West Bank) from 1898 to 1946. Most of the Library of Congress collection consists of over 23,000 glass and film photographic negatives and transparencies created by the American Colony Photo Department and its successor firm, the Matson Photo Service. The American Colony Photo Department in Jerusalem was one of several photo services operating in the Middle East before 1900. Catering primarily to the tourist trade, the American Colony and its competitors photographed holy sites, often including costumed actors recreating Biblical scenes. The firm’s photographers were residents of Palestine with knowledge of the land and people that gave them an advantage and made their coverage intimate and comprehensive. They documented Middle East culture, history, and political events from before World War I through the collapse of Ottoman rule, the British Mandate period, World War II, and the emergence of the State of Israel. The Matson Collection also includes images of people and locations in present-day Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, Iraq, and Turkey. Additionally, the firm produced photographs from an East African trip. The collection came to the Library of Congress between 1966 and 1981, through a series of gifts made by Eric Matson and his beneficiary, the Home for the Aged of the Protestant Episcopal Church of the Diocese of Los Angeles (now called the Kensington Episcopal Home).

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Date

01/01/1898
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Location

egypt
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Source

Library of Congress
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No known restrictions on publication.

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