Turners Falls Power & Electric Company, Hampden Station, East bank of Connecticut River, Chicopee, Hampden County, MA
Significance: Turners Falls Power and Electric Company built only hydroelectric facilities until World War I, when it constructed the coal-fired, steam-powered Hampden Station to meet increased industrial demand and supplement hydro-generation. Although superficially typical of contemporary water-side steam electric stations, inefficient design features limited the useful operation of this plant. Design problems reflect the effects of wartime exigency, a search for low-cost construction, and perhaps inexperience with steam plants.
Survey number: HAER MA-126-A